NAME Helps Build an Educational Foundation in Brazil
Between 2000 and 2008, Brazil increased its per-student education expenditures by more than 120% for young students, according to the OECD, which is the highest increase among 30 countries with available data.
But only 40% of fifth grade students were adequately proficient in Portuguese, according to the data in Brazil’s Basic Education Development Index, called IDEB. By ninth grade, this percentage drops to 23%.
The rates in mathematics are even more concerning to education experts: Only 35% of fifth-grade students are proficient in math—a number that falls to 11% for ninth grade students, according to the same data.
NAME Sistema, or learning system, provides a full suite of educational and academic resources for public schools in Brazil. NAME’s goal is to help support local schools in improving students’ literacy and numeracy, as well as preparing them for the national exam.
"Previously very few students had access to good teaching materials. Only students of private schools had access to certain materials that would improve their education...the NAME Sistema came to show that everyone can have access to a quality education with different resources for the teacher to use in the classroom."
--Roseni Christiane Bueno, supervisor for the Brotas municipality in São Paulo
Increased school performance in external national standardized exams
Starting in 2005, all public school students in grades 5 and 9 take Prova Brasil, Brazil’s national exam measuring performance in mathematics and Portuguese. Pearson looked at performance in 22 schools, all of which implemented NAME for at least two years, on the 2015 Prova Brasil.
Students in NAME schools perform an entire level better than similar students in comparison schools for grade 5 mathematics and grade 9 Portuguese exams, after controlling for all of the identified student- and school-level factors:
- In the grade 5 mathematics exam, NAME students significantly outperformed comparison students by 28 points. The difference of 28 points equates to roughly one level higher on Prova Brasil.
- In the grade 5 Portuguese exam, NAME students also performed slightly higher than non-NAME students, but the differences were not statistically significant.
- In the grade 9 Portuguese exam, NAME students significantly outperformed comparison students by 14 points. The difference of 14 points equates to roughly one level higher on Prova Brasil.
- In the grade 9 mathematics exam, NAME students also performed slightly higher than non-NAME students, but the differences were not statistically significant.
Pearson researchers also looked at cumulative test data to determine the most effective type of implementation: if short-term use of NAME is effective or whether using NAME for an extended period of time might yield stronger results on Prova Brasil. To do that, a school’s total number of two-month semesters, called bimesters, were aggregated across all years that the school used NAME from 2005 to 2013 to create a cumulative measure of NAME use.
When analyzing a ‘cumulative’ effect of NAME exposure from 2005 to 2013 it was found that:
- Schools that implemented NAME across more consecutive years tended to have higher IDEB ratings.
- Schools that used NAME more consistently across multiple grade levels tended to have higher IDEB ratings.
"Our municipality has been working for three years with NAME, from kindergarten to 9th grade, with about 4,200 students...we have seen great advances since the first year. We have access to various materials that help us focus on student learning, developing a project to improve the quality of learning in the municipality."
--Laura Lopes Dos Santos, Secretary of Education for Santa Gertrudes municipality
A Record of Student Success
Founded in 1963, Sistema Educacional Brasileiro began providing test preparation services, teaching resources and educational materials for local school districts to help raise educational standards. In 2012, Pearson acquired one of the company’s premier sistemas, NAME, which in English stands for Center for Support to Municipalities and States. This sistema supports local schools in improving students’ literacy and numeracy, as well as preparing them for the national exam. NAME has a focus on helping low-income students achieve more and pass the national exam.
Since 2007, NAME partner schools and municipalities have had great results and improvements in their IDEB index and have consistently reported results above the national public schools average index.