Pearson preliminary results for 2001

Pearson plc preliminary results 2001 press release

Year ended 31 December 2001

Financial summary
    Year to 31 Dec 2001 Year to 31 Dec 2000 %
Sales*   £4,225m £3,689m 15%
Operating profit (pre internet enterprises)*   £563m £610m -8%
Losses from internet enterprises   £(137)m £(196)m 30%
Operating profit*   £426m £414m 3%
Pre-tax profit   £294m £333m -12%
Adjusted earnings per share   22.5p 31.9p -29%
Dividend per share   22.3p 21.4p 4%

* Continuing operations (excludes RTL Group/ Pearson TV and Lazard) before goodwill amortisation, exceptional and non-operating items.
Strong competitive performances; results hit by advertising downturn


  • Underlying sales level with 2000; trading margin 13.6%; 94% cash conversion.
  • Pre-tax profit down £39 million as falling newspaper and television advertising-related profits (down £116 million) and increased interest charge (£12 million) more than offset improvements elsewhere (£89 million).
  • Strong growth in US education markets offset by downturn in technology publishing and Latin America. NCS Pearson underlying revenues up 6%; underlying operating profits up 47%, helped by integration savings.
  • Penguin underlying sales increase by 3% with underlying profits up 6%.
  • FT Group underlying sales down 7% as advertising volumes fall sharply; all business newspapers outperform their markets; FT Interactive Data delivers double-digit revenue and profits growth.
  • £153 million of non-cash write-downs, mostly relating to the Dorling Kindersley acquisition and the value of equity investments.

Outlook for 2002

  • Good prospects for education operations boosted by $250m of new federal contracts won by NCS Pearson.
  • Lower costs across business newspapers and online services will help FT Group mitigate a difficult advertising market.
  • Dorling Kindersley expected to be profitable this year.
  • Internet enterprises on track to hit break-even targets with losses expected to fall by more than half.
  • Lower interest costs to more than offset higher group tax charge.

Marjorie Scardino, Pearson’s Chief Executive, said:
"The recession in advertising and technology markets meant that it was not possible last year to build on the steady improvement in performance which our shareholders have come to expect. Good growth in our less cyclical businesses allowed us to keep the overall level of sales and profit roughly level with the year before and, as we look ahead into 2002, we are confident of resuming our progress whatever the economic climate."

For more information:

John Fallon/ Luke Swanson Pearson plc + 44 (0) 20 7010 2310

Pearson’s preliminary results presentation for investors and analysts will be webcast live today from 0930 GMT - and available for replay from 1200 GMT - via

We will also be holding a conference call for US investors at 1500 GMT (1000 EST). To participate in the conference call or to listen to the audiocast, please register at

Full Financials

Financial review


In 2001, sales increased 15% from £3,689m to £4,225m and operating profit before goodwill and exceptional items increased 3% to £426m (this excludes the profit contribution from Pearson’s 22% stake in the RTL Group, the disposal of which was announced on 24 December 2001). The 2001 figures include the first full-year contributions from Dorling Kindersley and NCS Pearson and losses from our internet enterprises, which reduced by 30% to £137 million from £196 million. Adjusted earnings per share fell 29% to 22.5p with the growth in profits from continuing operations offset by a major drop in the earnings contribution from RTL Group, higher interest and tax charges and the impact of minorities. Profits from newspaper and television advertising-related operations were £116 million lower than in 2000. On an underlying basis, sales were flat year-on-year and operating profits fell 2%.

A reported loss for the year of £391 million (a loss per share of 49.2p) reflects increased goodwill amortisation charges, £153 million of write-downs relating to Dorling Kindersley and a number of smaller acquisitions and equity investments, and a further £123 million of non-operating losses relating to businesses closed or sold in the course of the year. Integration charges increased from £40 million to £74 million, reflecting the costs of integrating Dorling Kindersley and NCS Pearson. The total negative cash impact of all these items was £5 million.


Looking ahead to 2002, we expect a number of factors to contribute to a significant recovery in adjusted earnings per share. We expect each of our businesses to deliver a strong competitive performance in their markets and benefit from actions taken to reduce costs. Losses from our internet enterprises should fall by more than 50% as the FT’s internet enterprises are on track to reach breakeven in the fourth quarter of the year and Learning Network’s cost base is substantially lower as it heads for breakeven by the end of 2003. The proceeds of 1.5 billion Euros from the disposal of our 22% stake in RTL Group have been used to reduce Pearson’s net debt. This, and actions we have taken to maintain the proportion of debt we pay at fixed and floating interest rates, should reduce interest charges in 2002 by some 40% (excluding a one-time cost this year of £39 million). The earnings benefit of this lower interest charge more than offsets a higher tax charge resulting from the implementation of new accounting standard, FRS 19.

Business review

Pearson Education

Pearson Education
£ millions   Year to 31 Dec 2001 Year to 31 Dec 2000 % Change Underlying Change
US School   978 732 34% 6%
US College   574 524 10% 5%
US Professional   417 248 68% (21%)
International   568 540 5% (2%)






Pearson Education   2,537 2,044 24% 1%






FT Knowledge   59 43 37% (15%)
Internet enterprises   8 3 - -






Total   2,604 2,090 25% 1%






Operating profit/(loss)          
Pearson Education   374 337 11%  
FT Knowledge   (23) (17) (35%)  
Internet enterprises   (77) (83) 7%  






Total   274 237 16%  







Includes a full-year contribution from NCS Pearson. In 2001, NCS Pearson contributed revenues of £592 million (2000: £146 million) and profits of £63 million (2000: £15 million).


Revenues and operating profits increased by 25% and 16% respectively, including the first full year contribution from NCS Pearson. Excluding NCS Pearson and other acquisitions and disposals, underlying revenues increased by 1% and operating profits fell by 5%. On a pro forma basis (i.e. if we had owned NCS Pearson for the whole of 2000), underlying revenues increased by 3%. Difficult market conditions hit the operating performance of our technology publishing and Latin American educational publishing operations, reducing operating profits by £30 million.

Our US School business increased underlying sales by 6% (8% on a pro forma basis.) Basal and supplementary publishing sales increased by 9%, ahead of the market. Scott Foresman, our elementary school publisher, took 25% of state adoption revenues (34% of those competed for) and had the year’s best-selling reading programme. Prentice Hall School, our secondary school publisher, took 30% of state adoption revenues, and is now the nation’s biggest secondary publisher. Assessment and testing revenues increased 18% as states such as California, Florida and Texas increased their testing programmes. Sales of curriculum and school enterprise software fell 2% as the uncertain economic outlook caused schools to defer discretionary spending.

Our US College business increased underlying sales by 5%, slightly ahead of the market as a whole. The business benefited from its online investment, with more than 60% of revenues generated through bundled textbook and internet programs. Over 900 colleges are now running courses on CourseCompass, the online course management system launched last year.

The underlying revenues of our US Professional business fell 21% (14% on a pro forma basis.) Our technology publishing business was hit hard by the industry-wide recession but gained market share and, through early action to reduce costs, sustained healthy margins. Our government solutions business, which helps to test and train federal staff in customer service and technology skills and operates large-scale data management projects, increased revenues by 18% (stripping out the benefits of the decennial Census contract in 2000 and an acquisition made in 2001). We saw modest revenue growth in our professional assessment and certification business offset by an expected fall in revenues from data management services.

Our International operations saw underlying revenues decline by 2% (and by 1% on a pro forma basis.) Growth in our English language training (ELT) business was offset by a fall in revenues from technology publishing. Our school and college publishing operations in Asia, Europe and South Africa all performed well. In Latin America, particularly in Argentina and Colombia, trading performance was badly hit by the economic downturn. We restructured our operations in the region, tightening our credit terms and increasing reserves for obsolescence and bad debts.

On a standalone basis, total sales at NCS Pearson were up 1% to £592 million and profits were up 30% to £63 million, benefiting from the integration into Pearson Education. Stripping out the benefit of the decennial US Census contract in 2000, underlying sales were up 6% and underlying operating profits were up 47%.

Losses of £23 million at FT Knowledge reflected a slowdown in the corporate training market, restructuring costs and the impact of the September 11 terrorist attacks on the New York Institute of Finance, which was based in the World Trade Center. Losses from education internet enterprises fell to £77 million. We fully integrated Learning Network, our consumer education portal, within Pearson Education, reducing its cost base by 75% by the end of the year. Pearson Broadband, our new multimedia education business, made a good start in its first year of operation. It launched KnowledgeBox, its interactive classroom curriculum product, in the US and Asia and created a joint venture to produce educational English language programming for CCTV, China’s state broadcaster.


The outlook for our education businesses is good.

In the US school market, we don’t expect any growth in publishing this year, largely due to the phasing of the state adoption cycle. We expect to continue to grow our testing business and benefit from the launch of a number of new early reading and online learning programmes, including NCS4School. Learning Network is now focused on supporting our US K-12 publishing business and we expect its losses to fall sharply this year as it moves toward breakeven by the end of 2003.

We expect the US College publishing market to grow more quickly this year and for us to gain share by using our lead in technology to increase adoption and sell-through rates. Our US professional business will benefit from the actions taken in 2001 to reduce costs in technology publishing and corporate training. We also expect strong revenue growth due to a number of new federal contracts valued at $250m (with half coming through this year) won by NCS Pearson. FT Knowledge is now focused on providing blended classroom and e-learning services to major corporations and we expect it to halve its losses in 2002.

In International, our priorities for the year are to restore profitability in Latin America, grow in school, college and English language publishing and expand our testing business in the UK and Australia. On a standalone basis, we would expect NCS Pearson to deliver at least 15% revenue growth and higher profits growth with the benefits from the second year of integration savings.

Financial Times Group

Financial Times Group
£ millions   Year to 31 Dec 2001 Year to 31 Dec 2000 % Change





Sales   750 802 (6%)
Internet enterprises   51 42 21%
Operating profit / (loss)        
FT Newspaper   31 81 (62%)
Les Echos   16 29 (45%)
Recoletos   23 38 (39%)
Interactive Data Corporation   67 59 14%
Associates and joint ventures   (10) (5) (100%)
FT Business   4 7 (43%)
FT Businesses sold   1 2  





Total   132 211 (37%)





Internet enterprises   (60) (113) 47%





    72 98 (27%)







In the toughest advertising market for a decade, in which business-to-business advertising was particularly adversely affected, the FT Group’s revenues declined by 6% and profits by 27%.

The Financial Times newspaper ended the year with December average daily sales of 501,259, an increase of 3% on the previous year. International circulation continued to grow strongly, particularly in the US with sales up 9% to 141,000. After a strong start to the year, advertising declined sharply in May and June and further still in the third and fourth quarters. For the full year, advertising volumes were down 29% and advertising revenues down 20%. Benefiting from a series of measures to protect profits, operating margins at the FT were significantly higher than in the last advertising recession.

At Les Echos, average circulation was flat at approximately 127,000, gaining share in a French national newspaper market that was down 4%. Advertising volumes were down 21% and advertising revenues down 20%, contributing to a 45% decline in profits at Groupe Les Echos. Actions taken to reduce costs ensured Groupe Les Echos remains France’s most profitable newspaper group.

At Recoletos, our Spanish media group, revenues were flat on last year, with advertising revenue declines offset by cover price increases and higher circulation revenues. Profits declined by 39% as Recoletos invested in new media channels and new markets in the Spanish-speaking world. Circulation was down 16% to 53,000 at business newspaper Expansion, down 8% to 372,000 at sports newspaper Marca and up 8% to 314,000 at El Mundo, the daily newspaper in which Recoletos holds a 30% stake.

Interactive Data Corporation (NASDAQ NM: IDCO), the FT’s asset pricing business, had an outstanding year with revenues up 12% and profits up 14%. Its institutional business, which provides asset pricing services to major financial institutions on a subscription basis and accounts for approximately 90% of IDC revenues, continued to prove extremely resilient.

The FT Group’s internet enterprises (which include the online businesses of the Financial Times, Les Echos and Expansion as well as our share of FT Deutschland’s,, CBSMarketWatch and eSignal) generated revenues of £51 million, up 21% on 2000, despite the advertising downturn. Losses were lower at £60 million as start-up costs fell away as planned and as we aggressively integrated the FT’s internet businesses.’s popularity continues to increase and in January 2002 it achieved 55 million page views (up 29% on January 2001) and 2.7 million unique monthly users (up 37%). has successfully introduced new revenue streams, including content syndication and premium services, so that advertising now accounts for approximately 60% of its revenues (compared with 85% in 2000).

The Economist Group, in which Pearson owns a 50% stake, increased circulation of its flagship weekly title by 10% to 830,000. It too felt the impact of the advertising downturn, with its contribution to the FT Group’s profits declining. The Economist Intelligence Unit has successfully transformed itself into a digital business, with more than 70% of revenues now being electronic, and Chief Financial Officer magazine is expanding internationally.

FT Deutschland, our joint venture with Gruner + Jahr, delivered robust circulation growth. For the fourth quarter, circulation was up 18% on the previous year to 78,000. FTD also continued to gain advertising market share, though the market was particularly tough.

FT Business, the FT Group’s UK specialist financial magazine publisher, increased share and maintained advertising revenues in a tough market. We have recently announced our intention to consider strategic options for FT Business, in order to focus more closely on our international network of business and financial newspapers and information companies.


Across the Financial Times Group, the advertising outlook remains uncertain.

In the first two months of the year advertising revenues were, as expected, down significantly on the same period last year. However, we are benefiting from the actions we started to take early last year to reduce costs across all our business newspapers including the Financial Times. Lower print, distribution and staff costs, and the benefits of integrating our internet businesses with their print counterparts, are helping to offset the decline in advertising revenues. is on track to break even by the fourth quarter of this year and make a growing profits contribution in the years ahead. This year we expect subscriptions from new premium services to add to the revenues generated by advertising, syndication and services. A successful cost reduction programme means that Recoletos has started 2002 with a significantly lower cost base and should generate strong profits growth. IDC is expecting another good year, boosted by the integration of the Merrill Lynch Securities Pricing Service and the launch of the first in a range of new products to provide intra-day pricing data.

The Penguin Group

The Penguin Group
£ millions   Year to 31 Dec 2001 Year to 31 Dec 2000 % Change Underlying Change






Sales   820 755 9% 3%
Operating profit   80 79 1% 6%







2001 includes a full-year contribution from Dorling Kindersley: revenues of £146 million and losses of £7million. The DK acquisition was completed on 6 May 2000 and in the remaining seven months of 2000 DK broke even on sales of £125 million. For the 12 months to 31 December 2000, DK made losses of £21 million on sales of £182 million.


The Penguin Group’s total sales increased 9%, boosted by a full-year contribution from Dorling Kindersley. Underlying sales were up 3% with continued strong bestseller performance partially offset by industry-wide softness in travel books and backlist sales. Total operating profits include losses of £7 million at Dorling Kindersley. Underlying operating profits increased by 6%.

In the US, Penguin Putnam posted a record performance on the bestseller lists for a fifth consecutive year. 139 Penguin Putnam titles reached the New York Times adult and children’s bestseller lists, an increase of 30%. In the UK, Penguin had another strong year of bestseller performance, with 41 titles reaching the Booktrack top 15 (up 5% on 2000). At Dorling Kindersley (assuming we had owned DK for the whole of 2000), pro forma sales were 20% lower due to the closure of the loss-making DKFL and multi-media operations and a one-off increase in returns in the US resulting from actions to improve the distribution network. Pro forma losses fell to £7 million from £21 million the previous year. Animal, the first title in DK’s new frontlist, exceeded all expectations, selling more than 500,000 copies in 23 languages since its launch in October 2001.


The outlook for the Penguin group is good.

The restructuring of Dorling Kindersley and its integration into Penguin is now largely complete and should deliver a significant boost to profits in 2002. As a result of the integration, DK is benefiting from a larger sales force, lower production costs, faster origination and a focus on fewer, bigger selling titles. Both Penguin Putnam and Penguin UK have a powerful frontlist for 2002, including new books by number one best-selling authors. This year, the release of titles will be more heavily weighted to the second half of the year.

Penguin and Pearson Education continue to work together on new publishing, back office integration and steps to improve working capital. Scott Foresman’s new elementary social sciences programme, launched next month, is the first to benefit from Dorling Kindersley’s creative approach, with other programmes in production. The two companies are combining warehousing, distribution and purchasing and salesforce clout. Worldwide, Penguin and Pearson Education are looking to reduce working capital through lower production costs, better forecasting and faster collection.

Except for the historical information contained herein, the matters discussed in this press release include forward-looking statements that involve risk and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those predicted by such forward-looking statements. These risks and uncertainties include international, national and local conditions, as well as competition. They also include other risks detailed from time to time in the company’s publicly-filed documents, including the company’s Annual Report on form 20-F. The company undertakes no obligation to publicly update any forward looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.

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