Nutrition and Diet Therapy for Nurses, 2nd edition

  • Sheila Tucker, 
  • Vera Dauffenbach

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Overview

Nutrition and Diet Therapy for Nurses is a complete guide to nutrition care for nurses. The authors takes a holistic approach, acknowledging that nutrition isn't just about vitamins and minerals, but also cultural values, lifespan, nutrition fads and other topics that should be considered in nutrition planning.

The text gives you tools and resources to integrate nutrition into nursing care, including nursing care plans, complementary case studies and patient education checklists. You'll apply new knowledge through critical-thinking exercises and NCLEX®-style questions preparing you for exam success.

The 2nd Edition includes reorganized chapters, expanded content and a new feature on drug interactions. Building from principles to therapies, this edition establishes the perfect balance between clear, engaging material and the latest findings in evidence-based nutrition practice.

Published by Pearson (September 15th 2020) - Copyright © 2019

ISBN-13: 9780134442877

Subject: Fundamentals of Nursing

Category: Nutrition and Diet Therapy for Nurses

Overview

BRIEF TABLE OF CONTENTS

  1. Nursing and Nutrition Care

PART I: NUTRITION RECOMMENDATIONS, GUIDELINES, AND REGULATION

  1. Nutrition Recommendations and Standards

PART II: PRINCIPLES OF NUTRITION

  1. Carbohydrates
  2. Protein
  3. Fats
  4. Vitamins
  5. Minerals
  6. Fluid, Caffeine, and Alcohol
  7. Energy Balance

PART III: NUTRITION ASSESSMENT

  1. Nutritional Assessment

PART IV: COMMUNITY NUTRITION AND HEALTH PROMOTION

  1. Nutrition and Health Promotion
  2. Cultural Considerations in Nutrition
  3. Nutrition in Sports

PART V: NUTRITION IN THE LIFE CYCLE

  1. Pregnancy and Lactation
  2. Infants, Children, and Adolescents
  3. Adult and Older Adult

PART VI: CLINICAL NUTRITION AND DIET THERAPY

  1. Nutrition Care and Support
  2. Food, Nutrient, and Drug Interactions
  3. Dietary Supplements in Complementary Care
  4. Weight Management
  5. Cardiovascular Diseases and Lipid Disorders
  6. Diabetes Mellitus
  7. Disorders of the Gastrointestinal Tract, Liver, Pancreas, and Gallbladder
  8. Renal Disease
  9. Physiological Stress
  10. Cancer and Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Infection

Appendices

  1. Infant and Child Growth Charts
  2. Body Mass Index Table
  3. DRIs for Nutrients

DETAILED TABLE OF CONTENTS

  1. Nursing and Nutrition Care
    • Did You Know?
    • Key Terms
    • Nutrition and Health Promotion
    • Nutrition Standards
    • Dietary Guidelines
    • MyPlate Food Guidance System
    • Food Labels
    • Healthy People 2020: Objectives for the Nation
    • Nursing Process and Nutritional Health
    • Assessment
    • Nursing Diagnosis
    • Planning
    • Implementation
    • Evaluation
    • NURSING CARE PLAN: Nutrition for Weight Loss
    • Chapter Summary
    • Critical Thinking in the Nursing Process
    • NCLEX ® -style Questions
    • References

PART I: NUTRITION RECOMMENDATIONS, GUIDELINES, AND REGULATION

  1. Nutrition Recommendations and Standards
    • Did You Know?
    • Key Terms
    • What Is a Healthy Diet?
    • Nutrient-Specific Recommendations: Dietary Reference Intakes
    • Diet-Based Nutrition Recommendations
    • Dietary Guidelines for Americans
    • MyPlate
    • Pyramids and Guidelines from Around the World
    • Fruit and Veggies — More Matters Program
    • Disease Prevention Diet Pattern Guides
    • Food Labels
    • Ingredient List
    • Nutrition Facts Panel
    • Nutritional Claims
    • Nutritional Misinformation
    • NURSING CARE PLAN: The Language of Nutrition
    • Chapter Summary
    • Critical Thinking in the Nursing Process
    • NCLEX-style Questions
    • References

PART II: PRINCIPLES OF NUTRITION

  1. Carbohydrates
    • Did You Know?
    • Key Terms
    • What Are Carbohydrates?
    • Simple Carbohydrates
    • Complex Carbohydrates
    • Function of Carbohydrates
    • Digestion and Metabolism
    • Simple and Complex Carbohydrates in Foods
    • Simple Sugars
    • Complex Carbohydrates
    • Carbohydrate Recommendations
    • Simple Sugars
    • Complex Carbohydrates
    • Nonnutritive and Nutritive Sweeteners
    • Nonnutritive Sweeteners
    • Nutritive Sweeteners
    • Wellness Concerns
    • Dental Health
    • Obesity and Weight Management
    • Behavior and Neurological Health
    • Altered Digestion or Metabolism
    • Fiber and Health
    • NURSING CARE PLAN: Constipation
    • Chapter Summary
    • Critical Thinking in the Nursing Process
    • NCLEX-style Questions
    • References
  2. Protein
    • Did You Know?
    • Key Terms
    • Structure of Proteins
    • Amino Acids
    • Physiological Functions of Protein
    • Tissue Growth and Maintenance
    • Protein Synthesis
    • The Regulatory Role of Proteins
    • Immune Function
    • Energy
    • Protein Metabolism
    • Protein Digestion
    • Amino Acid Catabolism
    • Protein from Food Sources
    • Complete and Incomplete Proteins
    • Protein and Satiety
    • Requirements for Dietary Protein
    • Wellness Concerns
    • Inborn Errors of Protein Metabolism
    • Protein Requirements in Illness or Injury
    • Protein Deficiency
    • High-Protein Diets
    • Vegetarianism
    • NURSING CARE PLAN: Protein for Athletic Enhancement
    • Chapter Summary
    • Critical Thinking in the Nursing Process
    • NCLEX-style Questions
    • References
  3. Fats
    • Did You Know?
    • Key Terms
    • What Are Fats?
    • Triglycerides
    • Phospholipids
    • Sterols
    • Functions of Fats
    • Digestion and Absorption
    • Where Are Fats in the Diet?
    • Recommendations for Fat Intake
    • Strategies for Modifying Fat Intake
    • Fat Substitutes
    • Wellness Concerns
    • Obesity
    • Cardiovascular Disease
    • Cancer
    • Fat Malnutrition
    • NURSING CARE PLAN: Patient with High Blood Lipid Levels
    • Chapter Summary
    • Critical Thinking in the Nursing Process
    • NCLEX-style Questions
    • References
  4. Vitamins
    • Did You Know?
    • Key Terms
    • Vitamins in Health
    • What Are Vitamins?
    • Do All Vitamins Have a Recommended Dietary Allowance?
    • Vitamin Deficiency and Toxicity
    • Choosing a Vitamin Supplement
    • Vitamin Classification
    • Fat-Soluble Vitamins
    • Water-Soluble Vitamins
    • NURSING CARE PLAN: Patient with Fatigue
    • Chapter Summary
    • Critical Thinking in the Nursing Process
    • NCLEX-style Questions
    • References
  5. Minerals
    • Did You Know?
    • Key Terms
    • Why Do We Need Minerals?
    • What Affects Mineral Balance?
    • Mineral Classification
    • What Are the Major Minerals?
    • What Are Trace Minerals?
    • Nonessential Trace Minerals
    • NURSING CARE PLAN: Iron and a Vegan Diet in Children
    • Chapter Summary
    • Critical Thinking in the Nursing Process
    • NCLEX-style Questions
    • References
  6. Fluid, Caffeine, and Alcohol
    • Did You Know?
    • Key Terms
    • Water
    • Function of Water
    • Water Balance in the Body
    • Recommended Intake
    • Sources
    • Hydration Assessment
    • Hypohydration/Dehydration
    • Hyperhydration/Water Toxicity
    • Wellness Concerns
    • Caffeine
    • Sources of Caffeine
    • Wellness Concerns
    • Alcohol
    • Sources of Alcohol
    • Wellness Concerns
    • NURSING CARE PLAN: Nutrition and Dehydration
    • Chapter Summary
    • Critical Thinking in the Nursing Process
    • NCLEX-style Questions
    • References
  7. Energy Balance
    • Did You Know?
    • Key Terms
    • What Is Energy and Energy Balance?
    • Energy Intake
    • Energy Expenditure
    • Energy Balance
    • Recommendations for Energy Intake and Expenditure
    • Wellness Concerns
    • Positive Energy Balance: Weight Gain
    • Negative Energy Balance: Weight Loss
    • Energy Balance in Critical Illness
    • NURSING CARE PLAN: Patient in an Automobile Accident
    • Chapter Summary
    • Critical Thinking in the Nursing Process
    • NCLEX-style Questions
    • References

PART III: NUTRITION ASSESSMENT

  1. Nutritional Assessment
    • Did You Know?
    • Key Terms
    • Nutritional Health and Assessment
    • Nutrition History
    • Diet Recall
    • Food Frequency Questionnaire
    • Food Record
    • Focused Interview
    • Physical Assessment
    • Anthropometric Measurements
    • Physical Findings
    • Laboratory Assessment
    • Plasma Proteins
    • Immunocompetence
    • Nitrogen Balance Assessment
    • Laboratory Measures of Nutrient Status
    • Laboratory Measurements Associated with Overnutrition
    • Cultural Considerations
    • Nutrition Screening and Assessment Tools
    • Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST)
    • Tools for Use in Older Adults
    • NURSING CARE PLAN: Nutrition Assessment for Weight Management
    • Chapter Summary
    • Critical Thinking in the Nursing Process
    • NCLEX-style Questions
    • References

PART IV: COMMUNITY NUTRITION AND HEALTH PROMOTION

  1. Nutrition and Health Promotion
    • Did You Know?
    • Key Terms
    • Creating Healthy Communities
    • Why Are Community Nutrition and Health Promotion Important?
    • Levels of Health Prevention
    • Nutrition in Health Promotion
    • Guidelines and Resources for Nutrition and Health Promotion
    • Food Intolerances and Allergies
    • Food Safety
    • Who Is in Charge of Food Safety?
    • Why Should We Be Concerned About Food Safety?
    • NURSING CARE PLAN: Safe Food Handling
    • Chapter Summary
    • Critical Thinking in the Nursing Process
    • NCLEX-style Questions
    • References
  2. Cultural Considerations in Nutrition
    • Did You Know?
    • Key Terms
    • Transcultural Nursing
    • Cultural Influences on Dietary Practices
    • Food Practices
    • Health Beliefs about Food and Dietary Habits
    • Beliefs about the Relationship between Body Size and Health
    • Beliefs about Healthcare Authority and Decision-Making
    • Guidelines for Culturally Sensitive Nutrition Care
    • Cultural Humility
    • Listen First
    • Nutrition Care Plan Development
    • Culturally Sensitive Nutritional Counseling
    • Cultural Background Influences Eating Patterns
    • Acculturation and Health Risks
    • Traditional Diets of Selected Cultural Subgroups in the United States
    • Mexican or Mesoamericans
    • Black or African American
    • Asian Population
    • Indian
    • Religious Considerations in Nutrition and Dietary Practices
    • Buddhism
    • Christianity
    • Hinduism
    • Islam/Muslim
    • Judaism
    • Sikhism
    • NURSING CARE PLAN: Culturally Sensitive Nutritional Care
    • Chapter Summary
    • Critical Thinking in the Nursing Process
    • NCLEX-style Questions
    • References
  3. Nutrition in Sports
    • Did You Know?
    • Key Terms
    • Introduction
    • What Fuels Exercise?
    • Energy Recommendations
    • Carbohydrate Recommendations
    • Protein Recommendations
    • Fat Recommendations
    • Vitamins and Minerals
    • Hydration: Fluid and Electrolytes
    • Fluid and Electrolyte Recommendations
    • Nutrition Considerations for Younger and Older Athletes
    • Sports Supplements and Ergogenic Aids
    • Do Alcohol and Caffeine Affect Performance?
    • NURSING CARE PLAN: Inadequate Carbohydrate Intake for Exercise
    • Chapter Summary
    • Critical Thinking in the Nursing Process
    • NCLEX-style Questions
    • References

PART V: NUTRITION IN THE LIFE CYCLE

  1. Pregnancy and Lactation
    • Did You Know?
    • Key Terms
    • Prepregnancy and Pregnancy
    • Nutritional Needs
    • Symptom Management
    • Wellness Concerns
    • Obesity
    • Diabetes Mellitus and Gestational
    • Diabetes Mellitus
    • Eating Disorders
    • Phenylketonuria
    • Lactation
    • Nutritional Needs
    • Wellness Concerns
    • NURSING CARE PLAN: Adequate Weight Gain and Pregnancy
    • Chapter Summary
    • Critical Thinking in the Nursing Process
    • NCLEX-style Questions
    • References
  2. Infants, Children, and Adolescents
    • Did You Know?
    • Key Terms
    • Introduction
    • Nutrition for Infants
    • Nutrient Needs
    • Infant Feeding Decisions
    • Tracking Pediatric Growth
    • Wellness Issues in Infancy
    • Early Childhood — Toddlers
    • Nutrient Needs
    • Fluids
    • Development of the Feeding Relationship
    • Wellness Concerns in Childhood
    • Later Childhood — The Preschooler
    • School-Age Children
    • Mealtime Nutrition Influences
    • Wellness Concerns
    • Adolescent Nutrition
    • Nutrient Needs
    • Adolescent Choices
    • NURSING CARE PLAN: Nutrition and the Overweight Child
    • Chapter Summary
    • Critical Thinking in the Nursing Process
    • NCLEX-style Questions
    • References
  3. Adult and Older Adult
    • Did You Know?
    • Key Terms
    • Introduction
    • Nutrition in the Adult
    • Preventive Nutrition in the Adult: What Are the Concerns?
    • Nutritional Health in the Older Adult
    • How Does Aging Affect Nutrition?
    • Nutrition Recommendations for the Older Adult
    • Nutrient Needs of the Older Adult
    • Nutrition Challenges in the Older Adult
    • Treatment of Undernutrition in the Older Adult
    • NURSING CARE PLAN: Nutrition and Unplanned Weight Loss in the Older Adult
    • Chapter Summary
    • Critical Thinking in the Nursing Process
    • NCLEX-style Questions
    • References

PART VI: CLINICAL NUTRITION AND DIET THERAPY

  1. Nutrition Care and Support
    • Did You Know?
    • Key Terms
    • The Nutrition Care Process in Acute and Subacute Care
    • Hospital and Long-Term Care Nutrition Services
    • Malnutrition of the Hospitalized Patient
    • How Is Malnutrition Treated?
    • Nutrition Support: Enteral and Parenteral Nutrition
    • Enteral Nutrition
    • Parenteral Nutrition
    • Palliative Nutrition and End-of-Life Care
    • NURSING CARE PLAN: Nutrition and Home Enteral Feedings
    • Chapter Summary
    • Critical Thinking in the Nursing Process
    • NCLEX-style Questions
    • References
  2. Food, Nutrient, and Drug Interactions
    • Did You Know?
    • Key Terms
    • Introduction
    • How Do Drugs Interact with Food or Nutrients?
    • Alteration in Bioavailability
    • Alteration in Metabolism
    • Alteration in Excretion
    • Pharmacodynamic Effects
    • Drug Effects and Dietary Intake
    • Who Is at Risk for a Drug Interaction?
    • Medication Classes and Food/Nutrient Interactions
    • NURSING CARE PLAN: Nutrition and Diuretic Use
    • Chapter Summary
    • Critical Thinking in the Nursing Process
    • NCLEX-style Questions
    • References
  3. Dietary Supplements in Complementary Care
    • Did You Know?
    • Key Terms
    • Nutrition and Complementary Care
    • What Is a Dietary Supplement?
    • How Are Supplements Regulated?
    • Labeling and Advertising Requirements
    • Who Uses Dietary Supplements?
    • Supplement Safety
    • Popular Dietary Supplements
    • NURSING CARE PLAN: Nutrition and Dietary Supplements
    • Chapter Summary
    • Critical Thinking in the Nursing Process
    • NCLEX-style Questions
    • References
  4. Weight Management
    • Did You Know?
    • Key Terms
    • Overweight and Obesity
    • What Causes Overweight and Obesity?
    • Health Risks of Obesity
    • Medical and Nutritional Interventions for Overweight and Obesity
    • Assessment
    • Treatment Options
    • Lifestyle Modifications
    • Diet
    • Physical Activity
    • Behavior Modification
    • Medications and Dietary Supplements
    • Metabolic Surgeries
    • Types of Surgery
    • Postoperative Nutrition Concerns
    • Size Acceptance, Health at Every Size, and Sensitive Care of the Overweight
    • Eating Disorders
    • What Is an Eating Disorder?
    • What Causes an Eating Disorder?
    • Eating Disorder Assessment and Treatment
    • NURSING CARE PLAN: Nutrition and the Overweight Adult
    • Chapter Summary
    • Critical Thinking in the Nursing Process
    • NCLEX-style Questions
    • References
  5. Cardiovascular Diseases and Lipid Disorders
    • Did You Know?
    • Key Terms
    • Cardiovascular Disease and the Atherosclerotic Process
    • Reducing Risk of CVD: Targeting Diet and Nutrition
    • The Effects of Diet on Blood Cholesterol
    • Diet and Risk of CVD: Beyond Hyperlipidemia
    • Hypertension
    • Metabolic Syndrome
    • Nutrition Therapy for Metabolic Syndrome
    • Heart Failure: Nutritional Concerns
    • Medical Nutrition Therapy for Heart Failure
    • NURSING CARE PLAN: Nutrition and Hyperlipidemia
    • Chapter Summary
    • Critical Thinking in the Nursing Process
    • NCLEX-style Questions
    • References
  6. Diabetes Mellitus
    • Did You Know?
    • Key Terms
    • What Is Diabetes?
    • How Is Diabetes Classified?
    • Prediabetes
    • Type 1 Diabetes
    • Type 2 Diabetes
    • Gestational Diabetes
    • Diabetes and Metabolism
    • Carbohydrate Metabolism in Diabetes
    • Fat Metabolism in Diabetes
    • Protein Metabolism in Diabetes
    • Nutrition Therapy for Diabetes
    • Carbohydrate Intake Recommendations
    • Fat Intake Recommendations
    • Protein Intake Recommendations
    • Dietary Supplements
    • Alcohol Intake
    • Weight Management
    • Hypertension in Diabetes
    • Cardiovascular Risk Factors
    • Diabetic Nephropathy
    • Diabetic Neuropathies
    • Dietary Considerations for Special Populations
    • Older Adults Type 2 Diabetes
    • Children and Adolescents — Type 1 Diabetes
    • Children and Adolescents — Type 2 Diabetes
    • Cultural Considerations
    • NURSING CARE PLAN: Nutrition in Type 2 Diabetes
    • Chapter Summary
    • Critical Thinking in the Nursing Process
    • NCLEX-style Questions
    • References
  7. Disorders of the Gastrointestinal Tract, Liver, Pancreas, and Gallbladder
    • Did You Know?
    • Key Terms
    • How Are Nutrients Digested and Absorbed?
    • Disorders of the Gastrointestinal Tract
    • Dysphagia
    • Nausea and Vomiting
    • Gastroesophageal Reflux, Hiatal Hernia, and Ulcer Disease
    • Eosinophilic Esophagitis and Gastroenteritis
    • Dumping Syndrome
    • Gastroparesis
    • Lactose Intolerance
    • Inflammatory Bowel Disease
    • Short Bowel Syndrome
    • Celiac Sprue
    • Nonceliac Gluten Sensitivity
    • Irritable Bowel Syndrome
    • Diverticular Disease
    • Constipation
    • Bloating and Intestinal Gas
    • Diarrhea
    • Liver Disease
    • Fatty Liver
    • Hepatitis
    • Cirrhosis
    • Hepatic Encephalopathy
    • Hemochromatosis
    • Wilson Disease
    • Pancreatic Conditions
    • Pancreatitis
    • Cystic Fibrosis and Pancreatic Insufficiency
    • Gallbladder Disease
    • NURSING CARE PLAN: Nutrition and Irritable Bowel Syndrome
    • Chapter Summary
    • Critical Thinking in the Nursing Process
    • NCLEX-style Questions
    • References
  8. Renal Disease
    • Did You Know?
    • Key Terms
    • Kidney Function, Nutrition, and Renal Disease
    • Renal Failure
    • Acute Kidney Injury
    • Chronic Kidney Disease
    • Treatment
    • Medical Nutrition Therapy for Renal Failure
    • Nutrition Support in Acute and Chronic Renal Failure
    • Malnutrition in Renal Failure
    • Renal Transplantation
    • Nephrotic Syndrome
    • Nutrition Intervention
    • Kidney Stones
    • Nutrition Intervention
    • Urinary Tract Infection
    • NURSING CARE PLAN: Nutrition and Renal Failure
    • Chapter Summary
    • Critical Thinking in the Nursing Process
    • NCLEX-style Questions
    • References
  9. Physiological Stress
    • Did You Know?
    • Key Terms
    • What Is Physiological Stress?
    • Physical Consequences of the Stress Response
    • Nutritional Needs During Critical Illness
    • Energy Needs
    • Protein Needs
    • Fluid Needs
    • Vitamin and Mineral Needs
    • Nutrition Care
    • Surgery
    • Trauma
    • Infection and Sepsis
    • Burns
    • Pressure Ulcers
    • Pulmonary Disease and Mechanical Ventilation
    • NURSING CARE PLAN: Nutrition and Trauma
    • Chapter Summary
    • Critical Thinking in the Nursing Process
    • NCLEX-style Questions
    • References
  10. Cancer and Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Infection
    • Did You Know?
    • Key Terms
    • Cancer Prevention and Nutrition
    • Nutrition Challenges with Cancer or HIV
    • Medical Nutrition Therapy and Cancer
    • Disease-Related Nutrition Risk Factors
    • Treatment-Related Nutrition Risk Factors
    • Nutrition Intervention in Cancer Cancer
    • Medical Nutrition Therapy and HIV Infection
    • Virus-Related Nutrition Risk Factors
    • Treatment-Related Nutrition Risk Factors
    • Nutrition Intervention
    • NURSING CARE PLAN: Nutrition during Chemotherapy
    • Chapter Summary
    • Critical Thinking in the Nursing Process
    • NCLEX-style Questions
    • References

Appendices

  • A. Infant and Child Growth Charts
  • B. Body Mass Index Table
  • C. DRIs for Nutrients

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