Essentials of Oceanography, 13th edition

  • Alan P. Trujillo, 
  • Harold V. Thurman

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Essentials of Oceanography combines dynamic visuals and an engaging narrative to bring oceanography to life.

Published by Pearson (February 5th 2019) - Copyright © 2020

ISBN-13: 9780135586723

Subject: Earth Science

Category: Oceanography

Table of contents

1. Introduction to Planet "Earth"
1.1 How Are Earth's Oceans Unique?
1.2 How Was Early Exploration of the Oceans Achieved?
1.3 What Fields of Science Does Oceanography Include?
1.4 What Is the Process of Science and the Nature of Scientific Inquiry?
1.5 How Were Earth and the Solar System Formed?
1.6 How Were Earth's Atmosphere and Oceans Formed?
1.7 Did Life Begin in the Oceans?
1.8 How Old Is Earth?
Essential Concepts Review

2. Plate Tectonics and the Ocean Floor
2.1 What Evidence Supports Continental Drift?
2.2 What Additional Observations Led to the Theory of Plate Tectonics?
2.3 What Features Occur at Plate Boundaries?
2.4 Testing the Model: Can Plate Tectonics Explain Other Features in the Ocean and on Land? 2.5 How Has Earth Changed in the Past, and How Will it Look in the Future?
Essential Concepts Review

3. Marine Provinces
3.1 What Techniques Are Used to Determine Ocean Bathymetry?
3.2 What Features Exist on Continental Margins?
3.3 What Features Exist in the Deep-Ocean Basins?
3.4 What Features Exist along the Mid-Ocean Ridge?
Essential Concepts Review

4. Marine Sediments
4.1 How Are Marine Sediments Collected, and what Historical Events Do They Reveal?
4.2 What Are the Characteristics of Lithogenous Sediment?
4.3 What Are the Characteristics of Biogenous Sediment?
4.4 What Are the Characteristics of Hydrogenous Sediment?
4.5 What Are the Characteristics of Cosmogenous Sediment?
4.6 How Are Pelagic and Neritic Deposits Distributed?
4.7 What Resources Do Marine Sediments Provide?
Essential Concepts Review

5. Water and Seawater
5.1 Why Does Water Have Such Unusual Chemical Properties?
5.2 What Important Physical Properties Does Water Possess?
5.3 Why Is Seawater Salty?
5.4 Why Does Seawater Salinity Vary?
5.5 How Does Seawater Salinity Vary at the Surface and with Depth?
5.6 How Does Seawater Density Vary with Depth?
5.7 Is the Ocean Acidic or Basic?
5.8 What Factors Control the Distribution of Carbon and Oxygen in the Ocean?
Essential Concepts Review

6. Air - Sea Interaction
6.1 What Causes Variations in Solar Radiation on Earth?
6.2 What Physical Properties Does the Atmosphere Possess?
6.3 How Does the Coriolis Effect Influence Moving Objects?
6.4 What Global Atmospheric Circulation Patterns Exist?
6.5 How Does the Ocean Influence Global Weather Phenomena and Climate Patterns?
6.6 Can Power from Wind Be Harnessed as a Source of Energy?
Essential Concepts Review

7. Ocean Circulation
7.1 How Are Ocean Currents Measured?
7.2 What Creates Ocean Surface Currents and How Are They Organized?
7.3 What Causes Upwelling and Downwelling?
7.4 What Are the Main Surface Circulation Patterns in Each Ocean Basin?
7.5 How Do Sea Ice and Icebergs Form?
7.6 How Do Deep-Ocean Currents Form?
7.7 Can Power from Currents Be Harnessed as a Source of Energy?
Essential Concepts Review

8. Waves and Water Dynamics
8.1 How Are Waves Generated, and How Do They Move?
8.2 What Characteristics Do Waves Possess?
8.3 How Do Wind-Generated Waves Develop?
8.4 How Do Waves Change in the Surf Zone?
8.5 How Are Tsunami Created?
8.6 Can Power from Waves Be Harnessed as a Source of Energy?
Essential Concepts Review

9. Tides
9.1 What Causes Ocean Tides?
9.2 How Do Tides Vary during a Monthly Tidal Cycle?
9.3 What Do Tides Look Like in the Ocean?
9.4 What Types of Tidal Patterns Exist?
9.5 What Tidal Phenomena Occur in Coastal Regions?
9.6 Can Tidal Power Be Harnessed as a Source of Energy?
Essential Concepts Review

10. Beaches, Shoreline Processes, 10 and the Coastal Ocean
10.1 How Are Coastal Regions Defined?
10.2 How Does Sand Move on the Beach?
10.3 What Features Are Typical of Erosional and Depositional Shores?
10.4 How Do Changes in Sea Level Produce Emerging and Submerging Shorelines?
10.5 How Does Hard Stabilization Affect Coastlines?
10.6 What are the Characteristics and Types of Coastal Waters?
10.7 What Issues Face Coastal Wetlands?
Essential Concepts Review

11. Marine Pollution
11.1 What Is Pollution?
11.2 What Marine Environmental Problems Are Associated with Petroleum Pollution?
11.3 What Marine Environmental Problems Are Associated with Non-Petroleum Chemical Pollution?
11.4 What Marine Environmental Problems Are Associated with Non-point Source Pollution, Including Trash?
11.5 What Can You Do to Help Prevent Marine Pollution?
11.6 What Marine Environmental Problems Are Associated with Biological Pollution?
Essential Concepts Review

12. Marine Life and the Marine Environment
12.1 What Are Living Things, and How Are They Classified?
12.2 How Are Marine Organisms Classified?
12.3 How Many Marine Species Exist?
12.4 How Are Marine Organisms Adapted to the Physical Conditions of the Ocean?
12.5 What Are the Main Divisions of the Marine Environment?
Essential Concepts Review

13. Biological Productivity and Energy Transfer
13.1 What Is Primary Productivity?
13.2 What Kinds of Photosynthetic Marine Organisms Exist?
13.3 How Does Regional Primary Productivity Vary?
13.4 How Are Energy and Nutrients Passed Along in Marine Ecosystems?
13.5 What Issues Affect Marine Fisheries?
Essential Concepts Review

14. Animals of the Pelagic Environment
14.1 How Are Marine Organisms Able to Stay above the Ocean Floor?
14.2 What Adaptations Do Pelagic Organisms Possess for Seeking Prey?
14.3 What Adaptations Do Pelagic Organisms Possess to Avoid Becoming Prey?
14.4 What Characteristics Do Marine Mammals Possess?
Essential Concepts Review

15. Animals of the Benthic Environment
15.1 What Communities Exist along Rocky Shores?
15.2 What Communities Exist along Sediment-Covered Shores?
15.3 What Communities Exist on the Shallow Offshore Ocean Floor?
15.4 What Communities Exist on the Deep-Ocean Floor?
Essential Concepts Review

16. The Oceans and Climate Change
16.1 What Comprises Earth's Climate System?
16.2 Earth's Recent Climate Change: Is It Natural or Caused by Human Activities?
16.3 What Causes the Atmosphere's Greenhouse Effect?
16.4 What Changes Are Occurring in the Oceans as a Result of Global Warming?
16.5 What Can Be Done to Reduce Greenhouse Gases?
Essential Concepts Review

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