Hill's Chemistry for Changing Times, 15th edition

  • John W. Hill, 
  • Terry W. McCreary, 
  • Marilyn D. Duerst, 
  • Rill A. Reuter

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Overview

Chemistry for Changing Times is a visually appealing and readable intro to the subject, with engaging contemporary and relevant applications of chemistry.

Published by Pearson (May 31st 2019) - Copyright © 2020

ISBN-13: 9780135797976

Subject: Chemistry

Category: Liberal Arts Chemistry

Table of contents

1. Chemistry
1.1 Science and Technology: The Roots of Knowledge
1.2 Science: Reproducible, Testable, Tentative, Predictive, and Explanatory
1.3 Science and Technology: Risks and Benefit
1.4 Solving Society's Problems: Scientific Research
1.5 Chemistry: A Study of Matter and Its Changes
1.6 Classification of Matter
1.7 The Measurement of Matter
1.8 Density
1.9 Energy: Heat and Temperature
1.10 Critical Thinking

2. Atoms
2.1 Atoms: Ideas from the Ancient Greeks
2.2 Scientific Laws: Conservation of Mass and Definite Proportions
2.3 John Dalton and the Atomic Theory of Matter
2.4 The Mole and Molar Mass
2.5 Mendeleev and the Periodic Table
2.6 Atoms and Molecules: Real and Relevant

3. Atomic Structure
3.1 Electricity and the Atom
3.2 Serendipity in Science: X-Rays and Radioactivity
3.3 Three Types of Radioactivity
3.4 Rutherford's Experiment: The Nuclear Model of the Atom
3.5 The Atomic Nucleus
3.6 Electron Arrangement: The Bohr Model (Orbits)
3.7 Electron Arrangement: The Quantum Model (Orbitals/Subshells)
3.8 Electron Configurations and the Periodic Table

4. Chemical Bonds
4.1 The Art of Deduction: Stable Electron Configurations
4.2 Lewis (Electron-Dot) Symbols
4.3 The Reaction of Sodium with Chlorine
4.4 Using Lewis Symbols for Ionic Compounds
4.5 Formulas and Names of Binary Ionic Compounds
4.6 Covalent Bonds: Shared Electron Pairs
4.7 Unequal Sharing: Polar Covalent Bonds
4.8 Polyatomic Molecules: Water, Ammonia, and Methane
4.9 Polyatomic Ions
4.10 Guidelines for Drawing Lewis Structures
4.11 Molecular Shapes: The VSEPR Theory
4.12 Shapes and Properties: Polar and Nonpolar Molecules

5. Chemical Accounting
5.1 Chemical Sentences: Equations
5.2 Volume Relationships in chemical Equations
5.3 Avogadro's Number and the Names
5.4 Molar Mass: Mole-to-Mass and Mass-to-Mole Conversions
5.5 Solutions

6. Gases, Liquids, Solids…and Intermolecular Forces
6.1 Solids, Liquids, and Gases
6.2 Comparing Ionic and Molecular Substances
6.3 Forces between Molecules
6.4 Forces in Solutions
6.5 Gases: The Kinetic-Molecular Theory
6.6 The Simple Gas Laws
6.7 The Ideal Gas Law

7. Acids and Bases
7.1 Acids and Bases: Experimental Definitions
7.2 Acids, Bases, and Salts
7.3 Acidic and Basic Anhydrides
7.4 Strong and Weak Acids and Bases
7.5 Neutralization
7.6 The pH Scale
7.7 Buffers and Conjugate Acid-Base Pairs
7.8 Acids and Bases in Industry and in Daily Life

8. Oxidation and Reduction
8.1 Oxidation and Reduction: Four Views
8.2 Oxidizing and Reducing Agents
8.3 Electrochemistry: Cells and Batteries
8.4 Corrosion and Explosion
8.5 Oxygen: An Abundant and Essential Oxidizing Agent
8.6 Some Common Reducing Agents
8.7 Oxidation, Reduction, and Living Things

9. Organic Chemistry
9.1 Organic Chemistry and Compounds
9.2 Aliphatic Hydrocarbons
9.3 Aromatic Compounds: Benzene and Its Relatives
9.4 Halogenated Hydrocarbons: Many Uses, Some Hazards
9.5 Functional and Alkyl Groups
9.6 Alcohols, Phenols, Ethers, and Thiols
9.7 Aldehydes and Ketones
9.8 Carboxylic Acids and Esters
9.9 Nitrogen-Containing Compounds: Amines and Amides

10. Polymers
10.1 Polymerization: Making Big Ones Out of Little Ones
10.2 Polyethylene: From the Battle of Britain to Bread Bags
10.3 Addition Polymerization: One + One + One + … Gives One!
10.4 Rubber and Other Elastomers
10.5 Condensation Polymers
10.6 Properties of Polymers
10.7 Plastics and the Environment

11. Nuclear Chemistry
11.1 Natural Radioactivity
11.2 Nuclear Equations
11.3 Half-Life and Radioisotopic Dating
11.4 Artificial Transmutation
11.5 Uses of Radioisotopes
11.6 Penetrating Power of Radiation
11.7 Energy from the Nucleus
11.8 Nuclear Bombs
11.9 Uses and Consequences of Nuclear Energy

12. Chemistry of Earth
12.1 Spaceship Earth: Structure and Composition
12.2 Silicates and the Shapes of Things
12.3 Carbonates: Caves, Chalk, and Limestone
12.4 Metals and Their Ores
12.5 Salts and "Table Salt"
12.6 Gemstones and Semi-Precious Stones
12.7 Earth's Dwindling Resources

13. Air
13.1 Earth's Atmosphere: Divisions and Composition
13.2 Chemistry of the Atmosphere
13.3 Pollution through the Ages
13.4 Automobile Emissions
13.5 Photochemical Smog: Making Haze While the Sun Shines
13.6 Acid Rain: Air Pollution Water Pollution
13.7 The Inside Story: Indoor Air Pollution
13.8 Stratospheric Ozone: Earth's Vital Shield
13.9 Carbon Dioxide and Climate Change
13.10 Who Pollutes? Who Pays?

14. Water
14.1 Water: Some Unique Properties
14.2 Water in Nature
14.3 Organic Contamination; Human and Animal Waste
14.4 The World's Water Crisis
14.5 Tap Water and Government Standards for Drinking Water
14.6 Water Consumption: Who Uses It and How Much?
14.7 Making Water Fit to Drink
14.8 Wastewater Treatment

15. Energy
15.1 Our Sun, a Giant Nuclear Power Plant
15.2 Energy and Chemical Reactions
15.3 Reaction Rates
15.4 The Laws of Thermodynamics
15.5 Fuels and Energy: People, Horses, and Fossils
15.6 Coal: The Carbon Rock of Ages
15.7 Natural Gas and Petroleum
15.8 Convenient Energy
15.9 Nuclear Energy
15.10 Renewable Energy Sources

16. Biochemistry
16.1 Energy and the Living Cell
16.2 Carbohydrates: A Storehouse of Energy
16.3 Carbohydrates in the Diet
16.4 Fats and Other Lipids
16.5 Fats and Cholesterol
16.6 Proteins: Polymers of Amino Acids
16.7 Structure and Function of Proteins
16.8 Protein in the Diet
16.9 Nucleic Acids: Parts, Structure, and Function
16.10 RNA: Protein Synthesis and the Genetic Code
16.11 The Human Genome

17. Nutrition, Fitness, and Health
17.1 Calories: Quality and Quantity
17.2 Minerals
17.3 Vitamins
17.4 Fiber, Electrolytes, and Water
17.5 Food Additives
17.6 Starvation and Malnutrition
17.7 Weight Loss, Diet, and Exercise
17.8 Fitness and Muscle

18. Drugs
18.1 Drugs from Nature and the Laboratory
18.2 Pain Relievers: From Aspirin to Oxycodone
18.3 Drugs and Infectious Diseases
18.4 Chemicals against Cancer
18.5 Hormones: The Regulators
18.6 Drugs for the Heart
18.7 Drugs and the Mind
18.8 Drugs and Society

19. Chemistry Down on the Farm
19.1 Growing Food with Fertilizers
19.2 The War against Pests
19.3 Herbicides and Defoliants
19.4 Sustainable Agriculture
19.5 Looking to the Future: Feeding a Growing, Hungry World

20. Household Chemicals
20.1 Cleaning with Soap
20.2 Synthetic Detergents
20.3 Laundry Auxiliaries: Softeners and Bleaches
20.4 All-Purpose and Special-Purpose Cleaning Products
20.5 Solvents, Paints, and Waxes
20.6 Cosmetics: Personal-Care Chemicals

21. Poisons
21.1 Natural Poisons
21.2 Poisons and How They Act
21.3 More Chemistry of the Nervous System
21.4 The Lethal Dose
21.5 The Liver as a Detox Facility
21.6 Carcinogens and Teratogens
21.7 Hazardous Wastes

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