Essential University Physics, 4th edition

  • Richard Wolfson

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Overview

Essential University Physics focuses on the fundamentals and makes physics relevant by sharing the latest applications in a succinct and captivating style.

Published by Pearson (July 15th 2020) - Copyright © 2020

ISBN-13: 9780136874256

Subject: Physics

Category: Calculus-Based Physics

Table of contents

  • Full Version, All Chapters: Chs 1-39
  • Volume 1: Chs 1-19
  • Volume 2: Chs 20-39
  • 1. Doing Physics
  • 1.1 Realms of Physics
  • 1.2 Measurements and Units
  • 1.3 Working with Numbers
  • 1.4 Strategies for Learning Physics

PART ONE: MECHANICS

  • 2. Motion in a Straight Line
  • 2.1 Average Motion
  • 2.2 Instantaneous Velocity
  • 2.3 Acceleration
  • 2.4 Constant Acceleration
  • 2.5 The Acceleration of Gravity
  • 2.6 When Acceleration Isn't Constant
  • 3. Motion in Two and Three Dimensions
  • 3.1 Vectors
  • 3.2 Velocity and Acceleration Vectors
  • 3.3 Relative Motion
  • 3.4 Constant Acceleration
  • 3.5 Projectile Motion
  • 3.6 Uniform Circular Motion
  • 4. Force and Motion
  • 4.1 The Wrong Question
  • 4.2 Newton's First and Second Laws
  • 4.3 Forces
  • 4.4 The Force of Gravity
  • 4.5 Using Newton's Second Law
  • 4.6 Newton's Third Law
  • 5. Using Newton's Laws
  • 5.1 Using Newton's Second Law
  • 5.2 Multiple Objects
  • 5.3 Circular Motion
  • 5.4 Friction
  • 5.5 Drag Forces
  • 6. Energy, Work, and Power
  • 6.1 Energy
  • 6.2 Work
  • 6.3 Forces That Vary
  • 6.4 Kinetic Energy
  • 6.5 Power
  • 7. Conservation of Energy
  • 7.1 Conservative and Nonconservative Forces
  • 7.2 Potential Energy
  • 7.3 Conservation of Mechanical Energy
  • 7.4 Nonconservative Forces
  • 7.5 Conservation of Energy
  • 7.6 Potential-Energy Curves
  • 8. Gravity
  • 8.1 Toward a Law of Gravity
  • 8.2 Universal Gravitation
  • 8.3 Orbital Motion
  • 8.4 Gravitational Energy
  • 8.5 The Gravitational Field
  • 9. Systems of Particles
  • 9.1 Center of Mass
  • 9.2 Momentum
  • 9.3 Kinetic Energy of a System
  • 9.4 Collisions
  • 9.5 Totally Inelastic Collisions
  • 9.6 Elastic Collisions
  • 10. Rotational Motion
  • 10.1 Angular Velocity and Acceleration
  • 10.2 Torque
  • 10.3 Rotational Inertia and the Analog of Newton's Law
  • 10.4 Rotational Energy
  • 10.5 Rolling Motion
  • 11. Rotational Vectors and Angular Momentum
  • 11.1 Angular Velocity and Acceleration Vectors
  • 11.2 Torque and the Vector Cross Product
  • 11.3 Angular Momentum
  • 11.4 Conservation of Angular Momentum
  • 11.5 Gyroscopes and Precession
  • 12. Static Equilibrium
  • 12.1 Conditions for Equilibrium
  • 12.2 Center of Gravity
  • 12.3 Examples of Static Equilibrium
  • 12.4 Stability

PART TWO: OSCILLATIONS, WAVES, AND FLUIDS

  • 13. Oscillatory Motion
  • 13.1 Describing Oscillatory Motion
  • 13.2 Simple Harmonic Motion
  • 13.3 Applications of Simple Harmonic Motion
  • 13.4 Circular Motion and Harmonic Motion
  • 13.5 Energy in Simple Harmonic Motion
  • 13.6 Damped Harmonic Motion
  • 13.7 Driven Oscillations and Resonance
  • 14. Wave Motion
  • 14.1 Waves and Their Properties
  • 14.2 Wave Math
  • 14.3 Waves on a String
  • 14.4 Wave Energy
  • 14.5 Sound Waves
  • 14.6 Interference
  • 14.7 Reflection and Refraction
  • 14.8 Standing Waves
  • 14.9 The Doppler Effect and Shock Waves
  • 15. Fluid Motion
  • 15.1 Density and Pressure
  • 15.2 Hydrostatic Equilibrium
  • 15.3 Archimedes' Principle and Buoyancy
  • 15.4 Fluid Dynamics
  • 15.5 Applications of Fluid Dynamics
  • 15.6 Viscosity and Turbulence

PART THREE: THERMODYNAMICS

  • 16. Temperature and Heat
  • 16.1 Heat, Temperature, and Thermodynamic Equilibrium
  • 16.2 Heat Capacity and Specific Heat
  • 16.3 Heat Transfer
  • 16.4 Thermal-Energy Balance
  • 17. The Thermal Behavior of Matter
  • 17.1 Gases
  • 17.2 Phase Changes
  • 17.3 Thermal Expansion
  • 18. Heat, Work, and the First Law of Thermodynamics
  • 18.1 The First Law of Thermodynamics
  • 18.2 Thermodynamic Processes
  • 18.3 Specific Heats of an Ideal Gas
  • 19. The Second Law of Thermodynamics
  • 19.1 Reversibility and Irreversibility
  • 19.2 The Second Law of Thermodynamics
  • 19.3 Applications of the Second Law
  • 19.4 Entropy and Energy Quality

PART FOUR: ELECTROMAGNETISM

  • 20. Electric Charge, Force, and Field
  • 20.1 Electric Charge
  • 20.2 Coulomb's Law
  • 20.3 The Electric Field
  • 20.4 Fields of Charge Distributions
  • 20.5 Matter in Electric Fields
  • 21. Gauss's Law
  • 21.1 Electric Field Lines
  • 21.2 Electric Field and Electric Flux
  • 21.3 Gauss's Law
  • 21.4 Using Gauss's Law
  • 21.5 Fields of Arbitrary Charge Distributions
  • 21.6 Gauss's Law and Conductors
  • 22. Electric Potential
  • 22.1 Electric Potential Difference
  • 22.2 Calculating Potential Difference
  • 22.3 Potential Difference and the Electric Field
  • 22.4 Charged Conductors
  • 23. Electrostatic Energy and Capacitors
  • 23.1 Electrostatic Energy
  • 23.2 Capacitors
  • 23.3 Using Capacitors
  • 23.4 Energy in the Electric Field
  • 24. Electric Current
  • 24.1 Electric Current
  • 24.2 Conduction Mechanisms
  • 24.3 Resistance and Ohm's Law
  • 24.4 Electric Power
  • 24.5 Electrical Safety
  • 25. Electric Circuits
  • 25.1 Circuits, Symbols, and Electromotive Force
  • 25.2 Series and Parallel Resistors
  • 25.3 Kirchhoff's Laws and Multiloop Circuits
  • 25.4 Electrical Measurements
  • 25.5 Capacitors in Circuits
  • 26. Magnetism: Force and Field
  • 26.1 What Is Magnetism?
  • 26.2 Magnetic Force and Field
  • 26.3 Charged Particles in Magnetic Fields
  • 26.4 The Magnetic Force on a Current
  • 26.5 Origin of the Magnetic Field
  • 26.6 Magnetic Dipoles
  • 26.7 Magnetic Matter
  • 26.8 Ampère's Law
  • 27. Electromagnetic Induction
  • 27.1 Induced Currents
  • 27.2 Faraday's Law
  • 27.3 Induction and Energy
  • 27.4 Inductance
  • 27.5 Magnetic Energy
  • 27.6 Induced Electric Fields
  • 28. Alternating-Current Circuits
  • 28.1 Alternating Current
  • 28.2 Circuit Elements in AC Circuits
  • 28.3 LC Circuits
  • 28.4 Driven RLC Circuits and Resonance
  • 28.5 Power in AC Circuits
  • 28.6 Transformers and Power Supplies
  • 29. Maxwell's Equations and Electromagnetic Waves
  • 29.1 The Four Laws of Electromagnetism
  • 29.2 Ambiguity in Ampère's Law
  • 29.3 Maxwell's Equations
  • 29.4 Electromagnetic Waves
  • 29.5 Properties of Electromagnetic Waves
  • 29.6 The Electromagnetic Spectrum
  • 29.7 Producing Electromagnetic Waves
  • 29.8 Energy and Momentum in Electromagnetic Waves

PART FIVE: OPTICS

  • 30. Reflection and Refraction
  • 30.1 Reflection
  • 30.2 Refraction
  • 30.3 Total Internal Reflection
  • 30.4 Dispersion
  • 31. Images and Optical Instruments
  • 31.1 Images with Mirrors
  • 31.2 Images with Lenses
  • 31.3 Refraction in Lenses: The Details
  • 31.4 Optical Instruments
  • 32. Interference and Diffraction
  • 32.1 Coherence and Interference
  • 32.2 Double-Slit Interference
  • 32.3 Multiple-Slit Interference and Diffraction Gratings
  • 32.4 Interferometry
  • 32.5 Huygens' Principle and Diffraction
  • 32.6 The Diffraction Limit

PART SIX: MODERN PHYSICS

  • 33 Relativity
  • 33.1 Speed c Relative to What?
  • 33.2 Matter, Motion, and the Ether
  • 33.3 Special Relativity
  • 33.4 Space and Time in Relativity
  • 33.5 Simultaneity Is Relative
  • 33.6 The Lorentz Transformations
  • 33.7 Energy and Momentum in Relativity
  • 33.8 Electromagnetism and Relativity
  • 33.9 General Relativity
  • 34. Particles and Waves
  • 34.1 Toward Quantum Theory
  • 34.2 Blackbody Radiation
  • 34.3 Photons
  • 34.4 Atomic Spectra and the Bohr Atom
  • 34.5 Matter Waves
  • 34.6 The Uncertainty Principle
  • 34.7 Complementarity
  • 35. Quantum Mechanics
  • 35.1 Particles, Waves, and Probability
  • 35.2 The Schrödinger Equation
  • 35.3 Particles and Potentials
  • 35.4 Quantum Mechanics in Three Dimensions
  • 35.5 Relativistic Quantum Mechanics
  • 36. Atomic Physics
  • 36.1 The Hydrogen Atom
  • 36.2 Electron Spin
  • 36.3 The Exclusion Principle
  • 36.4 Multielectron Atoms and the Periodic Table
  • 36.5 Transitions and Atomic Spectra
  • 37. Molecules and Solids
  • 37.1 Molecular Bonding
  • 37.2 Molecular Energy Levels
  • 37.3 Solids
  • 37.4 Superconductivity
  • 38. Nuclear Physics
  • 38.1 Elements, Isotopes, and Nuclear Structure
  • 38.2 Radioactivity
  • 38.3 Binding Energy and Nucleosynthesis
  • 38.4 Nuclear Fission 38.5 Nuclear Fusion\
  • 39. From Quarks to the Cosmos
  • 39.1 Particles and Forces
  • 39.2 Particles and More Particles
  • 39.3 Quarks and the Standard Model
  • 39.4 Unification
  • 39.5 The Evolving Universe

APPENDICES

  • A. Mathematics
  • B. The International System of Units (SI)
  • C. Conversion Factors
  • D. The Elements
  • E. Astrophysical Data
  • Answers to Odd-Numbered Problems

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