Stats: Data and Models

Stats: Data and Models, 5th edition

  • Richard D. De Veaux, 
  • Paul F. Velleman, 
  • David E. Bock

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Overview

Stats: Data and Models uses technology, innovative methods, and a sense of humor—maintaining core concepts, coverage, and most importantly, readability.

Published by Pearson (July 15th 2020) - Copyright © 2020

ISBN-13: 9780136880790

Subject: Statistics, Introductory

Category: Introductory Statistics

Table of contents

Index of Applications

I: EXPLORING AND UNDERSTANDING DATA

1. Stats Starts Here
1.1 What Is Statistics?
1.2 Data
1.3 Variables
1.4 Models

2. Displaying and Describing Data
2.1 Summarizing and Displaying a Categorical Variable
2.2 Displaying a Quantitative Variable
2.3 Shape
2.4 Center
2.5 Spread

3. Relationships Between Categorical Variables–Contingency Tables
3.1 Contingency Tables
3.2 Conditional Distributions
3.3 Displaying Contingency Tables
3.4 Three Categorical Variables

4. Understanding and Comparing Distributions
4.1 Displays for Comparing Groups
4.2 Outliers
4.3 Re-Expressing Data: A First Look

5. The Standard Deviation as a Ruler and the Normal Model
5.1 Using the Standard Deviation to Standardize Values
5.2 Shifting and Scaling
5.3 Normal Models
5.4 Working with Normal Percentiles
5.5 Normal Probability Plots
Review of Part I: Exploring and Understanding Data

II. EXPLORING RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN VARIABLES

6. Scatterplots, Association, and Correlation
6.1 Scatterplots
6.2 Correlation
6.3 Warning: Correlation ≠ Causation
*6.4 Straightening Scatterplots

7. Linear Regression
7.1 Least Squares: The Line of "Best Fit"
7.2 The Linear Model
7.3 Finding the Least Squares Line
7.4 Regression to the Mean
7.5 Examining the Residuals
7.6 R2–The Variation Accounted for by the Model
7.7 Regression Assumptions and Conditions

8. Regression Wisdom
8.1 Examining Residuals
8.2 Extrapolation: Reaching Beyond the Data
8.3 Outliers, Leverage, and Influence
8.4 Lurking Variables and Causation
8.5 Working with Summary Values
*8.6 Straightening Scatterplots–The Three Goals
*8.7 Finding a Good Re-Expression

9. Multiple Regression
9.1 What Is Multiple Regression?
9.2 Interpreting Multiple Regression Coefficients
9.3 The Multiple Regression Model–Assumptions and Conditions
9.4 Partial Regression Plots
*9.5 Indicator Variables
Review of Part II: Exploring Relationships Between Variables

III. GATHERING DATA

10. Sample Surveys
10.1 The Three Big Ideas of Sampling
10.2 Populations and Parameters
10.3 Simple Random Samples
10.4 Other Sampling Designs
10.5 From the Population to the Sample: You Can't Always Get What You Want
10.6 The Valid Survey
10.7 Common Sampling Mistakes, or How to Sample Badly

11. Experiments and Observational Studies
11.1 Observational Studies
11.2 Randomized, Comparative Experiments
11.3 The Four Principles of Experimental Design
11.4 Control Groups
11.5 Blocking
11.6 Confounding
Review of Part III: Gathering Data

IV. RANDOMNESS AND PROBABILITY

12. From Randomness to Probability
12.1 Random Phenomena
12.2 Modeling Probability
12.3 Formal Probability

13.Probability Rules!
13.1 The General Addition Rule
13.2 Conditional Probability and the General Multiplication Rule
13.3 Independence
13.4 Picturing Probability: Tables, Venn Diagrams, and Trees
13.5 Reversing the Conditioning and Bayes' Rule

14. Random Variables
14.1 Center: The Expected Value
14.2 Spread: The Standard Deviation
14.3 Shifting and Combining Random Variables
14.4 Continuous Random Variables

15. Probability Models
15.1 Bernoulli Trials
15.2 The Geometric Model
15.3 The Binomial Model
15.4 Approximating the Binomial with a Normal Model
15.5 The Continuity Correction
15.6 The Poisson Model
15.7 Other Continuous Random Variables: The Uniform and the Exponential
Review of Part IV: Randomness and Probability

V. INFERENCE FOR ONE PARAMETER

16. Sampling Distribution Models and Confidence Intervals for Proportions
16.1 The Sampling Distribution Model for a Proportion
16.2 When Does the Normal Model Work? Assumptions and Conditions
16.3 A Confidence Interval for a Proportion
16.4 Interpreting Confidence Intervals: What Does 95% Confidence Really Mean?
16.5 Margin of Error: Certainty vs. Precision
*16.6 Choosing the Sample Size

17. Confidence Intervals for Means
17.1 The Central Limit Theorem
17.2 A Confidence Interval for the Mean
17.3 Interpreting Confidence Intervals
*17.4 Picking Our Interval up by Our Bootstraps
17.5 Thoughts About Confidence Intervals

18. Testing Hypotheses
18.1 Hypotheses
18.2 P-Values
18.3 The Reasoning of Hypothesis Testing
18.4 A Hypothesis Test for the Mean
18.5 Intervals and Tests
18.6 P-Values and Decisions: What to Tell About a Hypothesis Test

19. More About Tests and Intervals
19.1 Interpreting P-Values
19.2 Alpha Levels and Critical Values
19.3 Practical vs. Statistical Significance 19.4 Errors
Review of Part V: Inference for One Parameter

VI. INFERENCE FOR RELATIONSHIPS

20. Comparing Groups
20.1 A Confidence Interval for the Difference Between Two Proportions
20.2 Assumptions and Conditions for Comparing Proportions
20.3 The Two-Sample z-Test: Testing for the Difference Between Proportions
20.4 A Confidence Interval for the Difference Between Two Means
20.5 The Two-Sample t-Test: Testing for the Difference Between Two Means
*20.6 Randomization Tests and Confidence Intervals for Two Means
*20.7 Pooling
*20.8 The Standard Deviation of a Difference

21. Paired Samples and Blocks
21.1 Paired Data
21.2 The Paired t-Test
21.3 Confidence Intervals for Matched Pairs
21.4 Blocking

22. Comparing Counts
22.1 Goodness-of-Fit Tests
22.2 Chi-Square Test of Homogeneity
22.3 Examining the Residuals
22.4 Chi-Square Test of Independence

23. Inferences for Regression
23.1 The Regression Model
23.2 Assumptions and Conditions
23.3 Regression Inference and Intuition
23.4 The Regression Table
23.5 Multiple Regression Inference
23.6 Confidence and Prediction Intervals
*23.7 Logistic Regression
*23.8 More About Regression
Review of Part VI: Inference for Relationships

VII. INFERENCE WHEN VARIABLES ARE RELATED

24. Multiple Regression Wisdom
24.1 Multiple Regression Inference
24.2 Comparing Multiple Regression Model
24.3 Indicators
24.4 Diagnosing Regression Models: Looking at the Cases
24.5 Building Multiple Regression Models

25. Analysis of Variance
25.1 Testing Whether the Means of Several Groups Are Equal
25.2 The ANOVA Table
25.3 Assumptions and Conditions
25.4 Comparing Means
25.5 ANOVA on Observational Data

26. Multifactor Analysis of Variance
26.1 A Two Factor ANOVA Model
26.2 Assumptions and Conditions
26.3 Interactions

27. Statistics and Data Science
27.1 Introduction to Data Mining
Review of Part VII: Inference When Variables Are Related
Parts I - V Cumulative Review Exercises

Appendices:
A. Answers
B. Credits
C. Indexes
D. Tables and Selected Formulas

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