# Construction Estimating Using Excel, 3rd edition

• Steven J. Peterson,
• Frank R. Dagostino

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## Overview

Construction Estimating with Excel is a hands-on introduction to commercial and residential estimating. You'll move step-by-step through the estimating process, while deepening your understanding with the help of drawing sets, exercises and strategies for using Excel to improve your estimates.

ISBN-13: 9780137402847

Subject: Construction Management & Civil Technology

Category: Construction Estimation

PART I: INTRODUCTION TO ESTIMATING
1. THE ART OF ESTIMATING
The Estimator
Types of Estimates
Bid Package
Estimating Tools
Computerized Estimating Conclusion
Problems
References

2. OVERVIEW OF THE ESTIMATING AND BIDDING PROCESS
Planning the Bid
Pre - Bid-Day Activities
Bid-Day Activities
Post-Bid Activities
Information Flow
Conclusion
Problems

3. INTRODUCTION TO EXCEL
Conventions Used in This Book
Workbook Management
Working with Worksheets
Entering Data
Formatting Worksheets
Writing Formulas
Basic Functions
Printing
Conclusion
Problems

PART II: THE QUANTITY TAKEOFF
4. FUNDAMENTALS OF THE QUANTITY TAKEOFF
Performing a Quantity Takeoff
Work Packages
Communication with the Field
Counted Items
Linear Components
Sheet and Roll Goods
Volumetric Goods
Quantity-From-Quantity Goods
Waste
Building Information Modeling (BIM)
Conclusion
Problems
Reference

5. CONCRETE
Forms
Reinforcing
Concrete
Columns
Continuous Footings
Foundation Walls
Beams
Raised Slabs
Stairs
Sample Takeoff for the Residential Garage
Conclusion
Problems

6. MASONRY
Block and Structural Brick Walls
Brick Veneer
Conclusion
Problems

7. METALS
Types of Structural Steel
Common Shapes for Structural Steel
Beams, Girders, and Columns
Joists and Joist Girders
Metal Deck
Steel Trusses
Stairs and Handrail
Miscellaneous Steel
Conclusion
Problems

8. WOODS, PLASTICS, AND COMPOSITES
Floor Systems
Walls
Roof Systems
Finish Carpentry
Cabinetry and Countertops
Sample Takeoff for the Residential Garage
Conclusion
Problems
Reference

9. THERMAL AND MOISTURE PROTECTION
Waterproofing and Dampproofing
Building Paper and Vapor Barriers
Insulation
Exterior Insulation Finish System
Shingle Roofs
Siding, Soffit, and Fascia
Membrane Roofing
Sample Takeoff for the Residential Garage
Conclusion
Problems
References

10. OPENINGS
Doors
Windows
Commercial Storefront
Glazing
Hardware
Sample Takeoff for the Residential Garage
Conclusion
Problems
Reference

11. FINISHES
Metal Stud Partitions
Gypsum Board
Tile
Suspended Acoustical Ceilings
Wood and Laminate Floors
Sheet Vinyl
Vinyl Composition Tile
Rubber Base
Paint
Sample Takeoff for the Residential Garage
Conclusion
Problems

12. FIRE SUPPRESSION
Conclusion
Problems

13. PLUMBING
Water Supply
Drain-Waste-and-Vent System
Fixtures and Equipment
Conclusion
Problems

14. HEATING, VENTILATION, AND AIR-CONDITIONING (HVAC)
Residential HVAC Systems
Commercial HVAC Systems
Conclusion
Problems

15. ELECTRICAL
Residential Wiring
Commercial Wiring
Sample Takeoff for the Residential Garage
Conclusion
Problems

16. EARTHWORK
Characteristics of Soils
Swell and Shrinkage
Geometric Method
Average-Width-Length-Depth Method
Average-End Method
Modified-Average-End Method
Cross-Sectional Method
Comparison of Methods
Backfill
Soils Report
Sample Takeoff for the Residential Garage
Conclusion
Problems

17. EXTERIOR IMPROVEMENTS
Asphalt and Base
Site Concrete
Landscaping
Sample Takeoff for the Residential Garage
Conclusion
Problems

18. UTILITIES
Excavation
Bedding
Utility Lines
Backfill
Conclusion
Problems

PART III: PUTTING COSTS TO THE ESTIMATE
19. MATERIAL PRICING
Shipping Costs
Sales Tax
Storage Costs
Escalation
Conclusion
Problems

20. LABOR PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS
Factors Affecting Labor Productivity
Historical Data
Field Observations
National Standards
Labor Hours
Conclusion
Problems
Reference

21. LABOR RATES
Billable Hours
Wages
Fair Labor Standards Act
Davis-Bacon Act
Labor Contracts
State and Local Employment Laws
Cash Equivalents and Allowances
Payroll Taxes
Unemployment Insurance
Workers' Compensation Insurance
General Liability Insurance
Insurance Benefits
Retirement Contributions
Union Payments
Other Benefits
Annual Costs and Burden Markup
Conclusion
Problems
References

22. EQUIPMENT COSTS
Depreciation and Interest
Taxes and Licensing
Insurance
Storage
Hourly Ownership Cost
Tires and Other Wear Items
Fuel
Lubricants and Filters
Repair Reserve
Leased Equipment
Rented Equipment
Conclusion
Problems

23. CREW RATES
Conclusion
Problems

24. SUBCONTRACT PRICING
Request for Quote
Writing a Scope of Work
Historical
Bid Selection
Conclusion
Problems

25. MARKUPS
Building Permits
Payment and Performance Bonds
Conclusion
Problems
Reference

26. PRICING EXTENSIONS
Detail Worksheet
Material Costs
Labor Costs
Equipment Costs
Total Cost
Summary Worksheet
Sample Estimate. The Residential Garage
Conclusion
Problems

27. AVOIDING ERRORS IN ESTIMATES
List Cost Codes
Spend More Time on Large Costs
Prepare Detailed Estimates
Mark Items Counted during the Quantity Takeoff
Double-Check All Takeoffs
Include Units in Calculations
Use Well-Tested and Checked Formulas
Double-Check All Calculations
Perform Calculations in Two Ways
Drop the Pennies
Have Someone Review the Estimate
Review Each Cost Code as a Percentage of the Total Cost
Check Unit Costs for Each Cost Code
Compare Costs to Those for Another Project
Allow Plenty of Time
Conclusion
Problems

PART IV: FINALIZING THE BID
28. SUBMITTING THE BID
Bid Submission with Standardized Documents
Writing a Proposal
Letter Formats
Writing E-mails
Conclusion
Problems

Subcontracts
Purchase Orders
Contracts for Materials
Conclusion
Problems

30. THE ESTIMATE AS THE BASIS OF THE SCHEDULE
Estimating Durations
Sample Durations. The Residential Garage
Conclusion
Problems

31. ETHICS
Work Ethic
Bidding Practices
Loyalty to Employer
Ethical Dilemmas
Conclusion
Problems
Reference

32. CONVERTING EXISTING FORMS
Creating the Layout
Automating with Macros
Testing the Worksheets
Conclusion
Problems

33. CREATING NEW FORMS
Planning New Forms
Series
Naming Cells
Referencing Worksheets in a Formula
Concatenate
LOOKUP and VLOOKUP
Proposals
Conclusion
Problems

34. Other Estimating methods
Design Process
Delivery Methods
Project Comparison Method
Square-Foot Estimating
Assembly Estimating
And Beyond
Conclusion
Problems
References

Appendix A: REVIEW OF ESTIMATING MATH
Lengths
Scaling
Pythagorean Theorem
Areas
Volumes
Conversion Factors
Appendix B: SAMPLE JOB COST CODES
Appendix C: SAMPLE LABOR PRODUCTIVITY RATES
Appendix D: SAMPLE EQUIPMENT COSTS
Appendix E: MODEL SCOPES OF WORK
Footings and Foundations
Framing
Finish Carpentry
Drywall
Floor Coverings
Painting and Staining
Fire Sprinklers
Plumbing
HVAC
Electrical
Earthwork and Utilities-Roads and Parking Lots
Landscaping
Appendix F: GLOSSARY
Appendix G: INDEX OF DRAWING SETS

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