Children's Speech: An Evidence-Based Approach to Assessment and Intervention

Children's Speech: An Evidence-Based Approach to Assessment and Intervention, 1st edition

  • Sharynne McLeod, 
  • Elise Baker

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Overview

Children's Speech distills scientific evidence from around the world on sound disorders across the areas of speech acquisition, assessment, analysis, diagnosis and intervention, and presents it with practical knowledge to prepare you to work with children and their families.

Published by Pearson (January 25th 2021) - Copyright © 2017

ISBN-13: 9780137411382

Subject: Speech Science and Disorders

Category: Introduction to Communication Disorders

Table of contents

Brief Table of Contents

1. Children with Speech Sound Disorders
2. Classification, Causes, and Co-occurrence
3. Articulatory Foundations of Speech
4. Transcription of Speech
5. Theoretical Foundations of Children's Speech
6. Children's Speech Acquisition
7. Assessment Preparation, Purpose, and Types
8. Assessment of Children's Speech
9. Analysis of Children's Speech
10. Goal Setting
11. Intervention Principles and Plans
12. Intervention Procedures and Evaluation
13. Phonological Intervention Approaches
14. Articulatory and Motor Speech Intervention Approaches
15. Evidence-Based Practice in Practice
16. Individual Children with Speech Sound Disorders: Case Studies

Glossary
References

Detailed Table of Contents

1. Children with Speech Sound Disorders
Overview
Defining SSD
Prevalence and Impact
Prevalence of Communication Disorders
Natural History and Long-Term Manifestation of SSD
Impact and Outcomes of Childhood SSD
Risk and Protective Factors for SSD
Evidence-Based Practice
summary / Suggested reading / Application of knowledge from 1

2. Classification, Causes, and Co-occurrence
Overview
Types of SSD in Children
Classification Systems of Children with SSD
SSD of Known and Unknown Origins
Co-occurrence of SSD with Other Types of Communication Impairment
summary / Suggested reading / Application of knowledge from 2

3. Articulatory Foundations of Speech
Overview
Anatomical Structures for Speech Production and Perception
Structures involved in speech production
Structures Involved in Speech Detection
Additional Anatomical Structures That Support Perception and Production of Speech
summary / Suggested reading / Application of knowledge from 3

4. Transcription of Speech
Overview
Transcription of Speech
Extensions to the IPA
Phonotactics
Understanding English Consonants Using Knowledge of Anatomy and Auditory Transcription
summary / Suggested reading / Application of knowledge from 4
Appendix 4-1. Transcription decision-making tree
Appendix 4-2. Inventory of consonants for 25 languages and dialects
Appendix 4-3. Extensions to the International Phonetic Alphabet
Appendix 4-4. Voice quality symbols

5. Theoretical Foundations of Children's Speech
Overview
Phonology-What Is It?
Phonological Theories
Classic Theories of Phonology
Contemporary Theories of Phonology
Speech Perception
Speech Production
summary / Suggested reading / Application of knowledge from 5

6. Children's Speech Acquisition
Overview
Part 1: Important Issues When Considering Children's Speech Acquisition
Typical Versus Acceptable Speech Acquisition
Theories of Child Development that have Influenced Our Understanding of Speech Acquisition
Methodological Issues in Studying Speech Acquisition
Part 2: Typical Speech Acquisition for English-Speaking children
Speech Acquisition for English-Speaking Infants and Toddlers from Birth to 2 Years
Speech Acquisition for English-Speaking Preschoolers from 3 to 5 Years
Speech Acquisition for English-Speaking School-Aged Children from 6 years
Part 3: Typical Speech Acquisition for All Children
summary / Recommended reading / Application of knowledge from 6
Appendix 6-1. Summary of studies of English-speaking children's speech acquisition

7. Assessment Preparation, Purpose, and Types
Overview
Typical assessments for children with suspected SSD
Preparation
Referral and Background Information
Purposes of Assessment
Types of Assessments
summary / Suggested reading / Application of knowledge from 7

8. Assessment of Children's Speech
Overview
Components of Children's Speech Assessments
Assessment of Intelligibility
Assessment of Speech Production: Elements
Assessment of Speech Production: Methods
Assessment of Oral Structure and Function
Assessment of Speech Perception
Assessment of Hearing
Assessment of Phonological Processing
Assessment of Emergent Literacy, Early Literacy, and Conventional Literacy Skills
Assessment of Psychosocial Aspects
Assessment of Children's Communicative Participation
Language, Voice, and Fluency Assessments
Using the ICF-CY Framework to Scaffold Assessment Planning
Strategic Assessments Suited to Children with Different Types of SSD
Assessments for Children with Suspected Phonological Impairment
Differential Diagnosis and Prognostic Statements
summary / Suggested reading / Application of knowledge from 8
Appendix 8-1. Assessment plan
Appendix 8-2. Assessment plan for Luke

9. Analysis of Children's Speech
Overview
Traditional Articulation Analysis: Substitution, Omission, Distortion, Addition (SODA)
Differentiating Phonemic (Phonological) from Phonetic (Articulation) Errors
Independent and Relational Phonological Analyses
Children's Independent and Relational Phonological Analysis (CHIRPA)
Speech Measures
Instrumental Analyses of Children's Speech
summary / Suggested reading / Application of knowledge from 9
Appendix 9-1. Children's Independent and Relational Phonological Analysis (CHIRPA) Template
Appendix 9-2. Children's Independent and Relational Phonological Analysis (CHIRPA) Template:
Worked example for Luke (4;3 years)

10. Goal Setting
Overview
What Are Intervention Goals?
Identifying Goals for Children with SSD from Different Perspectives
Operationally Defined Goals
Goal Frameworks and Hierarchies
Generalization
Approaches to Goal Setting for Children with SSD
Goal Setting for Children with Phonological Impairment: The Importance of the Target
Goal Setting For Children with Articulation Impairment
Goal Setting Considerations for Children with Highly Unintelligible Speech
Goal Attack Strategies
summary / Suggested reading / Application of knowledge from 10
Appendix 10-1. Goal identification template

11. Intervention Principles and Plans
Overview
What Is Intervention?
Principles of Intervention
Intervention Plans
Progress and Discharge Planning
summary /Suggested reading / Application of knowledge from 11
Appendix 11-1. Speech Sound Disorder Management Plan
Appendix 11-2. Speech Sound Disorder Intervention Session Plan

12. Intervention Procedures and Evaluation
Overview
Intervention Procedures
Evaluating Intervention
A Framework for Problem-Solving Slow Progress
summary / Suggested reading / Application of knowledge from 12

13. Phonological Intervention Approaches
Overview
Principles of Phonological Intervention in Practice
Minimal Pair Approach
Maximal Oppositions and Treatment of the Empty Set
Multiple Oppositions
Metaphon
Cycles
Speech Perception Intervention
Intervention for Concomitant Phonology and Morphosyntax Difficulties
Stimulability Intervention
Intervention for Inconsistent Speech Disorder
Brief Overview of Other Approaches for Managing
Phonological Impairment in Children
Aligning Phonological Target Selection Approaches with
Phonological Intervention Approaches
Phonological Intervention for Children Who Are Late Talkers
Phonological Intervention for Multilingual Children
Addressing the Risk of Literacy Difficulties in Preschoolers with
Phonological Impairment
summary /Suggested reading / Application of knowledge from 13
Appendix 13-1. Core Vocabulary Words that may be relevant for working with children who speak Cantonese
Appendix 13-2. Core vocabulary words that may be relevant for working with children who speak Vietnamese
Appendix 13-3. Core vocabulary words that may be relevant for working with children who speak Spanish

14. Articulatory and Motor Speech Intervention Approaches
Overview
Historical Perspectives on Articulation and Motor Speech Interventions
Intervention for Articulation Impairment
Intervention for Childhood Apraxia of Speech (CAS)
Intervention for Childhood Dysarthria
summary / Suggested reading / Application of knowledge from 14

15. Evidence-Based Practice in Practice
Overview
What Is Evidence-Based Practice (EBP)?
Integrating External Published Evidence with the Reality of Clinical Practice and Client Factors,
Values, and Preferences
Ethical Guidelines for Clinical Practice
Policies Affecting Clinical Practice
Associations That Support SLPs' Clinical Practice and Continuing Education
summary / Suggested reading / Application of knowledge from 15

16. Individual Children with Speech Sound Disorders: Case Studies
Overview
Luke (4;3 years): Phonological Impairment
Susie (7;4 years): Articulation Impairment-Lateral Lisp
Jarrod (7;0 years): Inconsistent Speech Disorder
Michael (4;2 years): Childhood Apraxia of Speech (CAS)
Lian (14;2 years): Childhood Dysarthria
summary / Suggested reading / Application of knowledge from 16

Glossary
References

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