Rhetorical Grammar: Grammatical Choices, Rhetorical Effects, 8th edition

  • Martha J. Kolln, 
  • Loretta S. Gray

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Overview

Rhetorical Grammar emphasizes grammar as a valuable tool for writers. You'll learn how to recognize and use the grammatical and stylistic choices available to you, as well as the rhetorical effects of those choices on your readers. Uncover how grammar can open your mind to the versatility and possibilities of language.

Published by Pearson (July 23rd 2021) - Copyright © 2017

ISBN-13: 9780137518265

Subject: Composition

Category: Advanced Grammar

Table of contents

Table of Contents

PART I. The Structure of Sentences

  1. A Review of Words and Phrases
    • Chapter Preview
    • Open Classes
    • Nouns and Verbs
    • The Noun Phrase
    • The Verb Phrase
    • NP + VP = S
    • Adjectives and Adverbs
    • Prepositional Phrases
    • Key Terms
  2. Sentence Patterns
    • Chapter Preview
    • Rhetorical Effects
    • The Be Patterns
    • The Linking Verb Pattern
    • The Intransitive Verb Pattern
    • The Basic Transitive Verb Pattern
    • Transitive Patterns with Two Complements
    • Sentence Pattern Summary
    • The Optional Adverbial
    • Questions and Commands
    • Punctuation and the Sentence Patterns
    • Basic Patterns in Prose
    • The Short Paragraph
    • Key Terms
    • Rhetorical Reminders
    • Punctuation Reminder
  3. Our Versatile Verbs
    • Chapter Preview
    • The Expanded Verb
    • Using the Expanded Verbs
    • Special Uses of the Present Tense
    • Other Auxiliaries
    • Do-Support
    • Modal Auxiliaries
    • The Passive Voice
    • Forms of the Passive Voice
    • Using the Passive Voice
    • The Missing Agent
    • Well-Chosen Verbs: Showing, Not Telling
    • Key Terms
    • Rhetorical Reminders
  4. Coordination and Subordination
    • Chapter Preview
    • Coordination within the Sentence
    • Parallel Structure
    • Coordination of the Series
    • Climax
    • Coordination with Correlative Conjunctions
    • Subject-Verb Agreement
    • Compound Sentences
    • Conjunctive Adverbs and Transitional Phrases
    • Compound Sentences with Semicolons
    • Compound Sentences with Colons
    • Punctuation Pitfalls
    • The Compound Sentence: Punctuation Review
    • Subordination: The Dependent Clauses
    • Effective Coordination and Subordination
    • Key Terms
    • Rhetorical Reminders
    • Punctuation Reminders

PART II. Making Choices: Form and Function

  1. Choosing Adverbials
    • Chapter Preview
    • The Movable Adverbials
    • Adverb Phrases
    • Prepositional Phrases
    • The Proliferating Prepositional Phrase
    • Noun Phrases
    • Verb Phrases
    • Dependent Clauses
    • Punctuation of Adverbial Clauses
    • The Movability of Adverbial Clauses
    • The Because-Clause Myth
    • The Elliptical Adverbial Clause
    • Key Terms
    • Rhetorical Reminders
    • Punctuation Reminders
  2. Choosing Adjectivals
    • Chapter Preview
    • The Noun Phrase
    • Preheadword Modifiers
    • Determiners
    • Adjectives and Nouns
    • Modifier Noun Proliferation
    • Postheadword Modifiers
    • Prepositional Phrases
    • Adjective Phrases
    • Participial Phrases
    • The Prenoun Participle
    • The Movable Participial Phrase
    • The Dangling Participle
    • Relative Clauses
    • The Relatives
    • The Broad-Reference Clause
    • Punctuation of Phrases and Clauses
    • A Punctuation Rule Revisited
    • Key Terms
    • Rhetorical Reminders
    • Punctuation Reminders
  3. Choosing Nominals
    • Chapter Preview
    • Appositives
    • Colons and Dashes with Appositives
    • Avoiding Punctuation Errors
    • The Sentence Appositive
    • Nominal Verb Phrases
    • Gerunds
    • The Dangling Gerund
    • The Subject of the Gerund
    • Infinitives
    • Nominal Clauses
    • Nominals as Delayed Subjects
    • Key Terms
    • Rhetorical Reminders
    • Punctuation Reminders
  4. Other Stylistic Variations
    • Chapter Preview
    • Style
    • Absolute Phrases
    • The Coordinate Series
    • Repetition
    • Word-Order Variation
    • Ellipsis
    • Antithesis
    • The Deliberate Fragment
    • Key Terms
    • Rhetorical Reminders
    • Punctuation Reminders

PART III. Controlling the Message

  1. Cohesion
    • Chapter Preview
    • Reader Expectation
    • Repetition
    • The Known–New Contract
    • The Role of Pronouns
    • Personal Pronouns
    • Demonstrative Pronouns
    • The Role of the Passive Voice
    • Other Sentence Inversions
    • Parallelism
    • Parallelism and Repetition versus Redundancy and Wordiness
    • Key Terms
    • Rhetorical Reminders
  2. Sentence Rhythm
    • Chapter Preview
    • Your Sense of Rhythm
    • End Focus
    • Controlling Rhythm
    • The It-Cleft
    • The What-Cleft
    • The There-Transformation
    • Transitional Phrases and Conjunctive Adverbs
    • Power Words
    • Adverbials of Emphasis
    • The Common Only
    • Correlative Conjunctions
    • Key Terms
    • Rhetorical Reminders
    • Punctuation Reminder
  3. The Writer’s Voice
    • Chapter Preview
    • Tone
    • Diction
    • Metaphor
    • Verbs and Formality
    • Nominalized Verbs and Abstract Subjects
    • Contractions
    • Metadiscourse
    • Point of View
    • Key Terms
    • Rhetorical Reminders
    • Punctuation Reminders

PART IV. Your Way with Words

  1. Words and Word Classes
    • Chapter Preview
    • Your Lexicon
    • Parts of Speech
    • The Open Classes
    • Nouns
    • Plural-Only Forms
    • Collective Nouns
    • Proper Nouns
    • Verbs
    • Adjectives
    • Adverbs
    • Derivational Affixes
    • The Closed Classes
    • Determiners
    • Auxiliaries
    • Qualifiers
    • Prepositions
    • Particles
    • Conjunctions
    • Pronouns
    • Personal Pronouns
    • The Missing Pronoun
    • Case Errors
    • The Unwanted Apostrophe
    • The Ambiguous Antecedent
    • Reflexive Pronouns
    • Intensive Pronouns
    • Reciprocal Pronouns
    • Demonstrative Pronouns
    • Indefinite Pronouns
    • The Everyone/Their Issue
    • Key Terms
    • Rhetorical Reminders
    • Punctuation Reminders

PART V. Punctuation

  1. Punctuation: Its Purposes and Its Rhetorical Effects
    • Chapter Preview
    • The Purposes of Punctuation Marks
    • Syntax
    • Prosody
    • Semantics
    • Open and Close Punctuation
    • The Rhetorical Effects of Punctuation
    • Key Terms

Glossary of Punctuation

Glossary of Terms

Bibliography

Answers to the Exercises

Index

Your questions answered

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