Rhetorical Grammar: Grammatical Choices, Rhetorical Effects

Rhetorical Grammar: Grammatical Choices, Rhetorical Effects, 8th edition

  • Martha J. Kolln, 
  • Loretta S. Gray

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Overview

Rhetorical Grammar emphasizes grammar as a valuable tool for writers. You'll learn how to recognize and use the grammatical and stylistic choices available to you, as well as the rhetorical effects of those choices on your readers. Uncover how grammar can open your mind to the versatility and possibilities of language.

Published by Pearson (July 23rd 2021) - Copyright © 2017

ISBN-13: 9780137518265

Subject: Composition

Category: Advanced Composition & Grammar

Table of contents

PART I.The Structure of Sentences

1. A Review of Words and Phrases
Chapter Preview
Open Classes
Nouns and Verbs
The Noun Phrase
The Verb Phrase
NP + VP = S
Adjectives and Adverbs
Prepositional Phrases
Key Terms

2. Sentence Patterns
Chapter Preview
Rhetorical Effects
The Be Patterns
The Linking Verb Pattern
The Intransitive Verb Pattern
The Basic Transitive Verb Pattern
Transitive Patterns with Two Complements
Sentence Pattern Summary
The Optional Adverbial
Questions and Commands
Punctuation and the Sentence Patterns
Basic Patterns in Prose
The Short Paragraph
Key Terms
Rhetorical Reminders
Punctuation Reminder

3. Our Versatile Verbs
Chapter Preview
The Expanded Verb
Using the Expanded Verbs
Special Uses of the Present Tense
Other Auxiliaries
Do-Support
Modal Auxiliaries
The Passive Voice
Forms of the Passive Voice
Using the Passive Voice
The Missing Agent
Well-Chosen Verbs: Showing, Not Telling
Key Terms
Rhetorical Reminders

4. Coordination and Subordination
Chapter Preview
Coordination within the Sentence
Parallel Structure
Coordination of the Series
Climax
Coordination with Correlative Conjunctions
Subject-Verb Agreement
Compound Sentences
Conjunctive Adverbs and Transitional Phrases
Compound Sentences with Semicolons
Compound Sentences with Colons
Punctuation Pitfalls
The Compound Sentence: Punctuation Review
Subordination: The Dependent Clauses
Effective Coordination and Subordination
Key Terms
Rhetorical Reminders
Punctuation Reminders

PART II. Making Choices: Form and Function

5. Choosing Adverbials
Chapter Preview
The Movable Adverbials
Adverb Phrases
Prepositional Phrases
The Proliferating Prepositional Phrase
Noun Phrases
Verb Phrases
Dependent Clauses
Punctuation of Adverbial Clauses
The Movability of Adverbial Clauses
The Because-Clause Myth
The Elliptical Adverbial Clause
Key Terms
Rhetorical Reminders
Punctuation Reminders

6. Choosing Adjectivals
Chapter Preview
The Noun Phrase
Preheadword Modifiers
Determiners
Adjectives and Nouns
Modifier Noun Proliferation
Postheadword Modifiers
Prepositional Phrases
Adjective Phrases
Participial Phrases
The Prenoun Participle
The Movable Participial Phrase
The Dangling Participle
Relative Clauses
The Relatives
The Broad-Reference Clause
Punctuation of Phrases and Clauses
A Punctuation Rule Revisited
Key Terms
Rhetorical Reminders
Punctuation Reminders

7. Choosing Nominals
Chapter Preview
Appositives
Colons and Dashes with Appositives
Avoiding Punctuation Errors
The Sentence Appositive
Nominal Verb Phrases
Gerunds
The Dangling Gerund
The Subject of the Gerund
Infinitives
Nominal Clauses
Nominals as Delayed Subjects
Key Terms
Rhetorical Reminders
Punctuation Reminders

8. Other Stylistic Variations
Chapter Preview
Style
Absolute Phrases
The Coordinate Series
Repetition
Word-Order Variation
Ellipsis
Antithesis
The Deliberate Fragment
Key Terms
Rhetorical Reminders
Punctuation Reminders

PART III. Controlling the Message

9. Cohesion
Chapter Preview
Reader Expectation
Repetition
The Known-New Contract
The Role of Pronouns
Personal Pronouns
Demonstrative Pronouns
The Role of the Passive Voice
Other Sentence Inversions
Parallelism
Parallelism and Repetition versus Redundancy and Wordiness
Key Terms
Rhetorical Reminders

10. Sentence Rhythm
Chapter Preview
Your Sense of Rhythm
End Focus
Controlling Rhythm
The It-Cleft
The What-Cleft
The There-Transformation
Transitional Phrases and Conjunctive Adverbs
Power Words
Adverbials of Emphasis
The Common Only
Correlative Conjunctions
Key Terms
Rhetorical Reminders
Punctuation Reminder

11. The Writer's Voice
Chapter Preview
Tone
Diction
Metaphor
Verbs and Formality
Nominalized Verbs and Abstract Subjects
Contractions
Metadiscourse
Point of View
Key Terms
Rhetorical Reminders
Punctuation Reminders

PART IV. Your Way with Words

12. Words and Word Classes
Chapter Preview
Your Lexicon
Parts of Speech
The Open Classes
Nouns
Plural-Only Forms
Collective Nouns
Proper Nouns
Verbs
Adjectives
Adverbs
Derivational Affixes
The Closed Classes
Determiners
Auxiliaries
Qualifiers
Prepositions
Particles
Conjunctions
Pronouns
Personal Pronouns
The Missing Pronoun
Case Errors
The Unwanted Apostrophe
The Ambiguous Antecedent
Reflexive Pronouns
Intensive Pronouns
Reciprocal Pronouns
Demonstrative Pronouns
Indefinite Pronouns
The Everyone/Their Issue
Key Terms
Rhetorical Reminders
Punctuation Reminders

PART V. Punctuation

13. Punctuation: Its Purposes and Its Rhetorical Effects
Chapter Preview
The Purposes of Punctuation Marks
Syntax
Prosody
Semantics
Open and Close Punctuation
The Rhetorical Effects of Punctuation
Key Terms
 
Glossary of Punctuation
Glossary of Terms
Bibliography
Answers to the Exercises
Index

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