Thinking About Biology: An Introductory Lab Manual, 6th edition

  • Mimi Bres, 
  • Arnold Weisshaar

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Thinking About Biology is a lab manual for an introductory biology lab course. It gives you practical experience to better understand concepts and answer biological questions. You'll learn how to pursue scientific investigation as a scientist would -- by asking questions, making observations and conducting experiments.

Published by Pearson (July 14th 2021) - Copyright © 2019

ISBN-13: 9780137520909

Subject: Biology

Category: Introductory Biology

Table of contents

Exercise 1: Introduction to the Scientific Method
Activity 1: Forming Hypotheses to Solve Problems
Activity 2: Testing Hypotheses
Activity 3: Interpreting Data
Activity 4: Performing an Experiment and Collecting Data
Activity 5: Graphing Your Results
Activity 6: Interpreting Data Using Simple Statistics

Exercise 2: Windows to a Microscopic World
Activity 1: Learning to Use the Dissecting Microscope
Activity 2: Making Observations with the Dissecting Microscope
Activity 3: Getting Familiar with the Compound Microscope
Activity 4: Parts of the Compound Microscope
Activity 5: Learning to Use the Compound Microscope
Activity 6: Preparing Temporary Slides: Wet Mounts
Activity 7: Using the Microscope to Answer a Question: What Do Aquarium Snails Eat?

Exercise 3: Functions and Properties of Cells
Activity 1: Cellular Organelles
Activity 2: Observing Living Cells
Activity 3: Amyloplasts in Potato Tubers
Activity 4: Stem Cells

Exercise 4: Movement of Molecules Across Cell Membranes
Activity 1: Water Molecules in Motion
Activity 2: Diffusion and Osmosis
Activity 3: Controls for the Diffusion and Osmosis Experiment
Activity 4: Completing the Diffusion and Osmosis Experiment
Activity 5: Osmosis in Elodea Cells

Exercise 5: Investigating Cellular Respiration
Activity 1: Do Microorganisms Perform Cellular Respiration?
Activity 2: Comparison of Classroom Air with Exhaled Air
Activity 3: Effect of Exercise on Carbon Dioxide Production
Activity 4: Alternatives to Aerobic Respiration
Activity 5: Anaerobic Respiration

Exercise 6: Photosynthesis
Activity 1: Absorption of Carbon Dioxide During Photosynthesis
Activity 2: Testing Leaves for Starch
Activity 3: Cells of the Leaf Epidermis

Exercise 7: Organic Molecules and Nutrition
Activity 1: Positive and Negative Indicator Tests
Activity 2: Testing Food Samples
Activity 3: An Embryo in a Peanut Seed
Activity 4: Dietary Intake and Good Health

Exercise 8: Factors that Affect Enzyme Activity
Activity 1: Demonstration of Enzyme Activity
Activity 2: Enzyme Activity in Food Vacuoles
Activity 3: Effect of Environmental Conditions on Protein Structure

Exercise 9: Introduction to Molecular Genetics
Activity 1: Removing DNA From Cells
Activity 2: The Basics of DNA Structure
Activity 3: Building a Model of DNA
Activity 4: Steps of Protein Synthesis
Activity 5: Building a Real Protein

Exercise 10: Mitosis and Asexual Reproduction
Activity 1: How Mitosis Works
Activity 2: Recognizing the Stages of Mitosis
Activity 3: Mitosis: The Real Thing!
Activity 4: Estimating the Duration of the Cell Cycle
Activity 5: Regeneration
Activity 6: Asexual Reproduction: Growing a Plant From a Cutting

Exercise 11: Connecting Meiosis and Genetics
Activity 1: Getting Started: Build a Pair of Chromosomes
Activity 2: Homologous Chromosomes Separate in Meiosis to Form Gametes
Activity 3: Fertilization: Nature's Equivalent to Rolling the Dice
Activity 4: What's Your Baby's Genotype?
Activity 5: Genotype Determines Phenotype
Activity 6: Passing On Traits
Activity 7: Practicing Genetics Problems

Exercise 12: Human Genetics
Activity 1: PTC Tasting
Activity 2: X-Linked Traits
Activity 3: Codominance and Sickle Cell Disease
Activity 4: A Family History of Sickle Cell Disease
Activity 5: Codominance and Multiple Alleles

Exercise 13: Evolution
Activity 1: Determining the Age of Rock Layers and Fossils
Activity 2: Reconstructing Fossil Evidence
Activity 3: Natural Selection

Exercise 14: Functions of Tissues and Organs
Activity 1: Skin: The Outer Protective Layer
Activity 2: The Epidermis
Activity 3: The Dermis
Activity 4: Hair Today, Gone Tomorrow
Activity 5: Below the Skin (the Hypodermis)
Activity 6: Touch Sensitivity

Exercise 15: The Cardiovascular System
Activity 1: Circulation of Blood Around the Body
Activity 2: A Closer Look at the Heart
Activity 3: Understanding Blood Pressure and Pulse Rate
Activity 4: Cardiovascular Disease

Exercise 16: Introduction to Anatomy: Dissecting the Fetal Pig
Activity 1: Getting Started
Activity 2: Following Anatomical Directions
Activity 3: External Anatomy of the Fetal Pig
Activity 4: Dissection of the Mouth
Activity 5: Dissection of the Neck
Activity 6: Dissection of the Thoracic Cavity
Activity 7: Measuring Lung Capacity

Exercise 17: Organs of the Abdominal Cavity
Activity 1: Dissection of the Abdominal Cavity
Activity 2: The Urinary System
Activity 3: Internal Structure of the Stomach
Activity 4: Examining the Small Intestine
Activity 5: The Importance of Surface Area
Activity 6: Earthworm Locomotion

Exercise 18: Introduction to Forensic Biology
Activity 1: Getting Started
Activity 2: Classifying Fingerprint Patterns
Activity 3: Analyzing Fingerprint Evidence
Activity 4: Blood Typing

Exercise 19: Biotechnology: DNA Analysis
Activity 1: Sources of DNA Evidence
Activity 2: Solving a Crime Using RFLP Fingerprints
Activity 3: The Use of PCR For STR Analysis
Activity 4: Solving a Criminal Case Using STR Evidence
Activity 5: Deciding a Paternity Suit Involving STR Analysis
Activity 6: DNA Barcodes

Exercise 20: Using Biotechnology to Assess Ecosystem Damage
Activity 1: Exploring Bioluminescence
Activity 2: Getting Started
Activity 3: Making Accurate Serial Dilutions
Activity 4: Preparing Bacterial Samples
Activity 5: Testing the Toxicity of Your Chemical

Exercise 21: Ecosystems
Activity 1: Food Chains
Activity 2: Loss of Energy in Food Chains
Activity 3: Food Chains Interact to Form Food Webs
Activity 4: Bioaccumulation

Exercise 22: Biodiversity and Conservation
Activity 1: Value of Biodiversity
Activity 2: Commercial Fishing as an Example of Tragedy of the Commons
Activity 3: Ecosystem Jenga®

Exercise 23: Population Ecology
Activity 1: Introduction to Sampling - An Ecological Tool
Activity 2: Sampling Quadrats to Estimate Population
Activity 3: The Mark and Recapture Technique for Estimating Population Size

Appendix 1: Game Cards for Exercise 22
Appendix 2: Self Test Answers

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