Short Guide to Writing about Biology, A, 9th edition

  • Jan A. Pechenik

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Overview

A Short Guide to Writing about Biology provides the tools to strengthen your writing and to reinforce critical thinking. This guide emphasizes writing as a way of examining, evaluating, and refining ideas, as you learn to read critically, study, evaluate and report data, and communicate with clarity.

Published by Pearson (July 14th 2021) - Copyright © 2016

ISBN-13: 9780137521043

Subject: Composition

Category: Rhetorics

Table of contents

Table of Contents

Part I General Advice about Writing and Reading Biology

  1. Introduction and General Rules
    • What Lies Ahead?
    • What Do Biologists Write About, and Why?
    • The Keys to Success
    • Avoiding Plagiarism
    • On Using Computers in Writing
    • On Using Computers for Data Storage, Analysis, and Presentation
    • Summary
    • Technology Tip 1. Using Shortcuts and AutoCorrect
  2. Locating Useful Sources
    • What Lies Ahead?
    • Easy Ways to Access The Primary Literature
    • Using Indexes
    • Using Science Citation Index
    • Using Current Contents Connect
    • Using Medline and Other Databases
    • Prowling the Internet
    • Conducting Web Searches: Developing Productive Search Strategies
    • Final Thoughts About Efficient Searching: Technology Isn’t Everything
    • Closing Thoughts
    • Summary
    • Technology Tip 2. Using Search Engines E ffectively
  3. General Advice on Reading, Note Taking, and Avoiding Plagiarism
    • What Lies Ahead?
    • Why Read and What to Read
    • Effective Reading
    • Reading Data: Plumbing the Depths of Figures and Tables
    • Take Notes in Your Own Words
    • Final Thoughts on Note Taking: Document Your Sources
    • Summary
  4. Reading and Writing About Statistical Analyses
    • What Lies Ahead?
    • Statistical Essentials
    • Summary: Using Statistics to Test Hypotheses
    • Moving Beyond p-Values
    • Reading About Statistics
    • Writing About Statistics
    • Summary
  5. Citing Sources and Listing References
    • What Lies Ahead?
    • Citing Sources
    • Summary of Citation Format Rules
    • Preparing the Literature Cited Section
    • A Sample Literature Cited Section
    • Technology Tip 3. Bibliographic Management S oftware
    • Technology Tip 4. Producing Hanging Indents
  6. Revising
    • What Lies Ahead?
    • Preparing the Draft for Surgery: Plotting Idea Maps
    • Revising for Content
    • Revising for Clarity
    • Revising for Completeness
    • Revising for Conciseness
    • Revising for Flow
    • Revising for Teleology and Anthropomorphism
    • Revising For Spelling Errors
    • Revising for Grammar and Proper Word Usage
    • Becoming a Good Reviewer
    • Checklist
    • Technology Tip 5. Tracking Changes Made to Documents 115

Part II Guidelines for Specific Tasks

  • Prelude: Why Are You Writing Papers and Proposals and Giving Talks?
  1. Writing Summaries, Critiques, Essays,and Review Papers
    • What Lies Ahead?
    • Writing Summaries and Critiques
    • Sample Student Summary
    • Writing Essays and Review Papers
    • Checklist for Essays and Review Papers
  2. Answering Essay Questions
    • Basic Principles
    • Applying the Principles
    • Summary
  3. Writing Laboratory and Other Research Reports
    • What Lies Ahead?
    • Why Are You Doing This?
    • The Purpose of Laboratory and Field Notebooks
    • Components of the Research Report
    • Where to Start
    • When to Start
    • Writing the Materials and Methods Section
    • Writing The Results Section
    • Citing Sources
    • What to Do Next?
    • Writing the Discussion Section
    • Writing the Introduction Section
    • Talking About Your Study Organism or Field Site
    • Deciding on a Title
    • Writing an Abstract
    • Preparing an Acknowledgments Section
    • Preparing the Literature Cited Section
    • Preparing a Paper for Formal Publication
    • A Note About Co-Authorship
    • Checklist for the Final Draft
    • Technology Tip 6. Using Computer Spreadsheets for Data Collection
    • Technology Tip 7. Graphing with Excel
  4. Writing Research Proposals
    • What Lies Ahead?
    • What Are Reviewers Looking For?
    • Researching Your Topic
    • What Makes a Good Research Question?
    • Writing the Proposal
    • Tightening the Logic
    • The Life of a Real Research Proposal
    • Checklist
  5. Presenting Research Findings: Preparing Talks and Poster Presentations
    • What Lies Ahead?
    • Oral Presentations
    • Writing the Talk
    • Giving the Talk
    • Dos and Don’ts for Oral Presentations
    • Common PowerPoint® Errors
    • Checklist for Being Judged
    • Poster Presentations
    • Checklist for Making Posters
  6. Writing Letters of Application
    • What Lies Ahead?
    • Before You Start
    • Preparing the CV
    • Preparing the Cover Letter
    • Getting Effective Letters of Recommendation

Appendix A Commonly Used Abbreviations

Appendix B Recommended Resources

Index

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