Multicultural Law Enforcement: Strategies for Peacekeeping in a Diverse Society

Multicultural Law Enforcement: Strategies for Peacekeeping in a Diverse Society, 7th edition

  • Robert M Shusta, 
  • Deena R Levine, 
  • Aaron T. Olson

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Overview

Multicultural Law Enforcement is a classic text on peacekeeping, cultural awareness and diversity in law enforcement. It offers practical insights on culturally sensitive policing, while exploring the influence of race, ethnicity, gender and sexual orientation on the role of the police and the communities they serve.

Published by Pearson (July 23rd 2021) - Copyright © 2019

ISBN-13: 9780137524143

Table of contents

PART I: IMPACT OF CULTURAL DIVERSITY ON LAW ENFORCEMENT
1. Multicultural Communities: Challenges for Law Enforcement
Introduction
The Interface of Law Enforcement and Diverse Communities
Attitudes about the Multicultural Society: Past and Present
Global Migration, Refugees, and Immigrants in the United States
Culture and Its Relevance to Law Enforcement
Dimensions of Diversity
Prejudice and Bias in Law Enforcement
Police Leadership in a Multicultural Society
Summary
Discussion Questions and Issues
References
2. The Changing Law Enforcement Agency: A Microcosm of Society
Introduction
Changing Workforce
Racism Within the Law Enforcement Workforce
Women in Law Enforcement
LGBTQ Employees in Law Enforcement
Commitment, Leadership, and Management in the Diverse Workforce
Summary
Discussion Questions and Issues
References
3. Multicultural Representation in Law Enforcement: Recruitment, Retention, and Promotion
Introduction
Recruitment of a Diverse Workforce
Attracting and Retaining Women and Minorities
Selection Processes
Retention and Promotion of a Diverse Workforce
Summary
Discussion Questions and Issues
References
4. Cross-Cultural Communication for Law Enforcement
Introduction
Language Barriers
Attitudes toward Limited English Speakers
Cross-Cultural Communication Insights
Cross-Cultural/Racial Communication Dynamics
The Importance of Verbal De-Escalation
Interviewing and Data-Gathering Skills
Nonverbal Communication
Male-Female Communication in Law Enforcement
Summary
Discussion Questions and Issues
References

PART II: CULTURAL AND COMMUNITY SPECIFICS FOR LAW ENFORCEMENT
5. Law Enforcement Contact with Asian/Pacific Americans
Introduction
Asian/Pacific American Defined
Historical Information
Demographics: Diversity among Asian/Pacific Americans
Labels and Terms
Myths and Stereotypes
The Asian/Pacific American Family
Communication Styles of Asian/Pacific Americans
Key Issues in Law Enforcement
Summary
Discussion Questions and Issues
References
6. Law Enforcement Contact with African Americans
Introduction
Historical Information
Demographics: Diversity among African Americans
Identity and Selected Movements
Stereotypes and Cross-Racial Perceptions
The African American Family
Language and Communication
Key Issues in Law Enforcement
Summary
Discussion Questions and Issues
References
7. Law Enforcement Contact with Latino/Hispanic Americans
Introduction
Latino/Hispanic Americans Defined
Historical Information
Demographics: Diversity among Latino/Hispanic Americans
Myths and Stereotypes
The Latino/Hispanic American Family
Communication Styles of Latino/Hispanic Americans
Key Issues in Law Enforcement
Summary
Discussion Questions and Issues
References
8. Law Enforcement Contact with Arab Americans and Other Middle Eastern Groups
Introduction
Middle Easterners and Related Terminology Defined
Historical Information and Arab American Demographics
Differences and Similarities
Stereotypes
Islamic Religion
Family Structure
Communication Styles and Cultural Practices
Key Issues in Law Enforcement
Summary
Discussion Questions and Issues
References
9. Law Enforcement Contact with Native Americans
Introduction
Historical Information and Background
Native American Populations, Reservations, Tribes, and Identity
Similarities among Native Americans
Language and Communication
Offensive Terms, Labels, and Stereotypes
Family and Acculturation Issues
Key Issues in Law Enforcement
Summary
Discussion Questions and Issues
References
10. Law Enforcement Contact with Gangs, Victims of Human Trafficking, the Homeless, and the Mentally Ill
Introduction
Types of Gangs and Criminal Activity
Reasons for Gang Formation
Law Enforcement Strategies to Reduce Gang Problems
Victims of Human Trafficking
Physical and Psychological Health Consequences on Victims
Law Enforcement Strategies to Stop Human Trafficking
The Demographics of Homelessness
Peacekeeping Responses to the Homelessness Crisis
Understanding Dimensions of Mental Illness
Police Protocol in Encounters with People Who Have Mental Illness
Proactive Response Strategies Between Police and People with Mental Illness
Summary
Discussion Questions and Issues
References

PART III: RESPONSE STRATEGIES FOR CRIMES MOTIVATED BY HATE/BIAS AND RACIAL PROFILING
11. Hate/Bias Crimes
Introduction
The Hate/Bias Crime Problem
Definition of Hate/Bias Crime and Hate/Bias Incident
Hate/Bias Crime Source Theories
Jews and Anti-Semitism
Anti-Arab/Muslim Victimization
LGBTQ and Gender Identity Victimization
Organized Hate Groups
Hate/Bias Crime and Incident Investigations
Hate/Bias Crime/Incident Control and Prosecution
Law Enforcement Response Strategies
Hate/Bias Crime and Incident Victimology
Summary
Discussion Questions and Issues
References
12. Racial Profiling
Introduction
Definitions
Historical Background of the Term Racial Profiling
Profiling Challenges and Terrorism
Police and Citizens' Perceptions of Racial Profiling
Profiling as a Legal Tool of Law Enforcement
Controversy around Racial Profiling and the "War on Terrorism"
Prevention of Racial Profiling in Law Enforcement
Professional Police Traffic Stops
Data Collection on Citizens' Race/Ethnicity
Summary
Discussion Questions and Issues
References

Appendices
A. General Distinctions among Generations of Immigrants
B. Cross-Cultural Communication Skills Assessment for Law Enforcement Professionals
C. Listing of Selected Gangs and Identifying Characteristics
D. Resources for Law Enforcement: Gangs and Human Trafficking
E. Organized Hate Groups
F. Resources for Hate/Bias Crimes Monitoring

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