Little, Brown Handbook, The, 14th edition

  • H Ramsey Fowler, 
  • Jane E. Aaron, 
  • Michael Greer

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Overview

The Little, Brown Handbook answers your questions about the writing process, grammar and usage, researching writing, documentation, and writing in different disciplines. Extensive sections on critical reading, media literacy, academic writing, argument and more support you in a variety of fields.

Published by Pearson (July 14th 2021) - Copyright © 2019

ISBN-13: 9780137541485

Subject: Composition

Category: Handbooks

Table of contents

Table of Contents

I. The Process of Writing

  1. Assessing the Writing Situation
    • 1.1 How Writing Happens
    • 1.2 The Writing Situation
    • 1.3 Audience
    • 1.4 Purpose
    • 1.5 Subject
    • 1.6 Genre and Medium
  2. Discovering and Shaping Ideas
    • 2.1 Invention
    • 2.2 Thesis
    • 2.3 Organization
      • Sample Informative Essay
  3. Drafting, Revising, and Editing
    • 3.1 First Draft
      • Sample First Draft
    • 3.2 Revising
    • 3.3 Peer Review
    • 3.4 Sample Revision
      • Sample Revised Draft
    • 3.5 Editing
    • 3.6 Final Draft
      • Sample Final Draft
  4. Writing and Revising Paragraphs
    • 4.1 Flow
    • 4.2 Unity
    • 4.3 Coherence
    • 4.4 Development
    • 4.5 Introductions, Conclusions, and Transitions
  5. Presenting Writing
    • 5.1 Academic Writing
    • 5.2 Visuals and Media
    • 5.3 Writing Online
      • Sample Literacy Narrative Blog Post
    • 5.4 Oral Presentations
      • Sample Presentation Slides
    • 5.5 Portfolios

II. Reading and Writing in and out of College

  1. Writing in Academic Situations
    • 6.1 Purpose and Audience
    • 6.2 Genre
    • 6.3 Writing with Sources
    • 6.4 Academic Language
    • 6.5 Communication in Academic Settings
  2. Critical Reading and Writing
    • 7.1 Critical Thinking
    • 7.2 Techniques of Critical Reading
    • 7.3 Summarizing
    • 7.4 Critical Response
    • 7.5 Visual Analysis
    • 7.6 Writing a Critical Analysis
    • 7.7 Sample Critical Responses
      • Sample Critical Analysis of a Text
      • Sample Critical Analysis of a Visual
  3. Reading Arguments Critically
    • 8.1 The Elements of Argument
    • 8.2 Claims
    • 8.3 Evidence
    • 8.4 Reliability
    • 8.5 Assumptions
    • 8.6 Language and Tone
    • 8.7 Fallacies
    • 8.8 Visual Arguments
  4. Writing an Argument
    • 9.1 Subject
    • 9.2 Thesis, Purpose, and Audience
    • 9.3 Reasoning
    • 9.4 Evidence
    • 9.5 Engaging Readers
    • 9.6 Organizing and Revising
    • 9.7 Sample Argument
      • Sample Proposal Argument
  5. Taking Essay Exams
    • 10.1 Preparing
    • 10.2 Planning
    • 10.3 Writing
      • Sample Essay Exam Answer
  6. Public Writing
    • 11.1 Social Media
    • 11.2 Letters and Memos
      • Sample Business Letter
      • Sample Memo
    • 11.3 Job Applications
      • Sample Job Application Letter
      • Sample Résumés
    • 11.4 Reports and Proposals
      • Sample Report and Proposal
    • 11.5 Community Service
      • Sample Social-Media Post

III. Grammatical Sentences

  1. Understanding Sentence Grammar
    • 12.1 Sentence Basics
    • 12.2 Sentence Patterns
    • 12.3 Single-Word Modifiers
    • 12.4 Word Groups
    • 12.5 Compound Constructions
    • 12.6 Inverted Order
    • 12.7 Sentence Types
  2. Case of Nouns and Pronouns
    • 13.1 Subjective, Objective, and Possessive Cases
    • 13.2 Compound Subjects and Objects
    • 13.3 Common Questions about Case
  3. Verbs
    • 14.1 Verb Forms
    • 14.2 Easily Confused Verb Forms
    • 14.3 Verb Endings
    • 14.4 Helping Verbs
    • 14.5 Verbs with Gerunds and Infinitives
    • 14.6 Verbs with Particles
    • 14.7 Verb Tenses
    • 14.8 Sequence of Tenses
    • 14.9 Subjunctive Mood
    • 14.10 Active and Passive Voice
  4. Agreement
    • 15.1 Subject-Verb Agreement
    • 15.2 Unusual Word Order
    • 15.3 Subjects Joined by Conjunctions
    • 15.4 Indefinite and Relative Pronouns
    • 15.5 Collective and Plural Nouns
    • 15.6 Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement
  5. Adjectives and Adverbs
    • 16.1 Functions of Adjectives and Adverbs
    • 16.2 Comparative and Superlative Forms
    • 16.3 Double Negatives
    • 16.4 Nouns as Modifiers
    • 16.5 Determiners

IV. Clear Sentences

  1. Sentence Fragments
    • 17.1 Identifying Fragments
    • 17.2 Correcting Fragments
    • 17.3 Common Types of Fragments
    • 17.4 Acceptable Fragments
  2. Comma Splices and Fused Sentences
    • 18.1 Identifying Comma Splices and Fused Sentences
    • 18.2 Correcting Comma Splices and Fused Sentences
  3. Pronoun Reference
    • 19.1 Clear Reference
    • 19.2 Close Reference
    • 19.3 Specific Reference
    • 19.4 Appropriate You, Who, Which, and That
  4. Shifts
    • 20.1 Types of Shifts
    • 20.2 Person and Number
    • 20.3 Tense and Mood
    • 20.4 Subject and Voice
    • 20.5 Direct and Indirect Quotations and Questions
  5. Misplaced and Dangling Modifiers
    • 21.1 Clear Placement
    • 21.2 Limiting Modifiers
    • 21.3 Squinting Modifiers
    • 21.4 Separated Subjects, Verbs, and Objects
    • 21.5 Separated Infinitives and Verb Phrases
    • 21.6 Position of Adverbs
    • 21.7 Order of Adjectives
    • 21.8 Dangling Modifiers
  6. Mixed and Incomplete Sentences
    • 22.1 Mixed Grammar
    • 22.2 Mixed Meaning
    • 22.3 Incomplete Compounds
    • 22.4 Incomplete Comparisons
    • 22.5 Careless Omissions

V. Effective Sentences

  1. Emphasizing Ideas
    • 23.1 Subjects and Verbs
    • 23.2 Subject Beginnings and Endings
    • 23.3 Parallel Elements
    • 23.4 Repetition and Separation
    • 23.5 Conciseness
  2. Using Coordination and Subordination
    • 24.1 Coordination
    • 24.2 Subordination
    • 24.3 Connecting Words
  3. Using Parallelism
    • 25.1 Understanding Parallelism
    • 25.2 Equal Elements
    • 25.3 Coherence
  4. Achieving Variety
    • 26.1 Sentence Length and Structure
    • 26.2 Sentence Beginnings
    • 26.3 Word Order

VI. Punctuation

  • Chart: Commas, Semicolons, Colons, Dashes, and Parentheses
  1. End Punctuation
    • 27.1 Period
    • 27.2 Question Mark
    • 27.3 Exclamation Point
  2. The Comma
    • 28.1 Uses of the Comma
    • 28.2 Main Clauses Linked by Conjunctions
    • 28.3 Introductory Elements
    • 28.4 Nonessential Elements
    • 28.5 Series and Coordinate Adjectives
    • 28.6 Quotations and Other Conventional Uses
    • 28.7 Unnecessary Commas
  3. The Semicolon
    • 29.1 Main Clauses without Coordinating Conjunctions
    • 29.2 Main Clauses with Transitional Words
    • 29.3 Main Clauses That Are Long or Contain Commas
    • 29.4 Items in a Series
    • 29.5 Unnecessary Semicolons
  4. The Apostrophe
    • 30.1 Possession
    • 30.2 Contractions and Abbreviations
    • 31 Quotation Marks
    • 31.1 Direct Quotations
    • 31.2 Titles of Works
    • 31.3 Words Used in a Special Sense
    • 31.4 With Other Punctuation
  5. Other Punctuation Marks
    • 32.1 Colon
    • 32.2 Dash
    • 32.3 Parentheses
    • 32.4 Brackets
    • 32.5 Ellipsis Mark
    • 32.6 Slash

VII. Mechanics

  1. Capitals
    • 33.1 Conventions
    • 33.2 First Word of Sentence
    • 33.3 Titles and Subtitles
    • 33.4 Proper Nouns and Proper Adjectives
  2. Italics or Underlining
    • 34.1 Titles of Works
    • 34.2 Foreign Words and for Emphasis
  3. Abbreviations
    • 35.1 Abbreviations in Nontechnical Writing
    • 35.2 Misuses of Abbreviations
  4. Numbers
    • 36.1 Numerals and Words
    • 36.2 Dates and Addresses

VIII. Effective Words

  1. Using Appropriate Language
    • 37.1 Standard English
    • 37.2 Texting and Electronic Shortcuts
    • 37.3 Slang, Colloquialisms, Regionalisms, and Jargon
    • 37.4 Indirect or Pretentious Writing
    • 37.5 Sexist and Biased Language
  2. Using Exact Language
    • 38.1 Dictionary, Thesaurus, and Spelling Checker
    • 38.2 Denotation and Connotation
    • 38.3 Abstract and Concrete Words
    • 38.4 Idioms
    • 38.5 Figurative Language
    • 38.6 Trite Expressions
  3. Writing Concisely
    • 39.1 Achieving Conciseness
    • 39.2 Subjects and Verbs
    • 39.3 Empty Words and Phrases
    • 39.4 Unnecessary Repetition
    • 39.5 Other Strategies
  4. Spelling and the Hyphen
    • 40.1 Common Spelling Problems
    • 40.2 Spelling Rules
    • 40.3 Spelling Skills
    • 40.4 Hyphenating Words

IX. Research Writing

  1. Planning a Research Project
    • 41.1 The Process of Research Writing
    • 41.2 Research Questions
    • 41.3 Research Strategies
    • 41.4 Working Bibliographies
      • Sample Annotated Bibliography Entry
  2. Finding Sources
    • 42.1 Search Strategies
    • 42.2 Reference Works
    • 42.3 Books and Periodicals
    • 42.4 Web Search Strategies
    • 42.5 Social Media
    • 42.6 Government Publications
    • 42.7 Visuals and Media
    • 42.8 Primary Research
  3. Working with Sources
    • 43.1 Interacting with Sources
      • Sample Annotated Source
    • 43.2 Evaluating Sources
    • 43.3 Synthesizing Sources
    • 43.4 Summary, Paraphrase, and Quotation
    • 43.5 Integrating Sources
  4. Avoiding Plagiarism
    • 44.1 Defining Plagiarism
    • 44.2 Information You Do Not Need to Cite
    • 44.3 Information You Must Cite
    • 44.4 Documenting Sources
    • 44.5 Copyright and Permissions
  5. Writing the Paper
    • 45.1 Developing a Thesis
    • 45.2 Organizing Your Ideas
    • 45.3 Drafting a Research Paper
    • 45.4 Revising and Editing
    • 45.5 Preparing a Final Draft
  6. Using MLA Documentation and Format
    • 46.1 In-text Citations
    • 46.2 List of Works Cited
    • 46.3 MLA Paper Format
  7. Two Research Papers in MLA Style
    • 47.1 Sample Research Paper in MLA Style
      • “The Dream of Sustainable Agriculture”
    • 47.2 Sample Literary Research Paper in MLA Style
      • “Intersecting Race and Gender in Angelia Weld Grimké’s Rachel”

X. Writing in the Academic Disciplines

  1. Reading and Writing about Literature
    • 48.1 The Methods of Literary Analysis
    • 48.2 Writing Assignments in Literature
    • 48.3 The Tools and Language of Literary Analysis
    • 48.4 Citing Sources When Writing about Literature
    • 48.5 Writing a Literary Analysis
      • Sample Literary Analysis
  2. Writing in Other Humanities
    • 49.1 Methods and Evidence
    • 49.2 Common Writing Assignments
    • 49.3 Tools and Language
    • 49.4 Documenting Sources
    • 49.5 Paper Format
  3. Writing in the Social Sciences
    • 50.1 Common Genres in the Social Sciences
    • 50.2 Research Conventions in the Social Sciences
    • 50.3 In-text Citations in APA Style
    • 50.4 References in APA Style
    • 50.5 Research Paper Format in APA Style
    • 50.6 Sample Research Paper in APA Style
      • “Perceptions of Mental Illness on College Campuses”
  4. Writing in the Natural and Applied Sciences
    • 51.1 Methods and Evidence
    • 51.2 Common Writing Assignments
    • 51.3 Tools and Language
    • 51.4 CSE Style
    • 51.5 Paper Format
    • 51.6 Sample Paper
      • “Caterpillar Defense Mechanisms”

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