The Pearson Guide to Critical and Creative Thinking

The Pearson Guide to Critical and Creative Thinking, 1st edition

  • Robert J. DiYanni

Choose the option that's right for you

Single

$9.99 / mo

4-month minimum term for $39.96

  • Access this eText title
  • Up to 2 devices

Multi

$14.99 / mo

4-month minimum term for $59.96

  • Access over 1,500 titles
  • Up to 2 devices
  • Discounted tutor access

Learn more, spend less

  • Icon

    Study smarter, not harder

    Save time with study tools in your eText

  • Icon

    Listen on the go

    Learn how you like with full eText audio

  • Icon

    Learn anytime, anywhere

    Get the app to access your eText whenever you need it

  • Icon

    Make it your own

    Your notes. Your highlights. Your eText

  • Icon

    Find it fast

    Quickly navigate your eText with search

Overview

The Pearson Guide to Critical and Creative Thinking provides you with the tools, techniques and strategies for thinking both critically and creatively. A clear writing style makes concepts and theories accessible. The author encourages practice applying learned theories to examples, demonstrations and exercises.

Published by Pearson (July 14th 2021) - Copyright © 2015

ISBN-13: 9780137562817

Subject: Philosophy

Category: Critical Thinking

Table of contents

BRIEF TABLE OF CONTENTS

PART I: INTRODUCING CRITICAL AND CREATIVE THINKING
1. Developing Critical Thinking
2. Developing Creative Thinking

PART II: CRITICAL THINKING: ANALYSIS
3. Analyzing Language
4. Analyzing Images
5. Thinking, Reading, Writing

PART III: CRITICAL THINKING: ARGUMENT
6. Reasoning Well: Sound Thinking
7. Reasoning Badly: Thinking Fallacies
8. Analyzing and Constructing Arguments

PART IV: CREATIVE THINKING: GENERATING IDEAS
9. Parallel Thinking and Lateral Thinking
10. Finding Ideas Through Imaginative Thinking
11. Creative Whacks and Thinkertoys

PART V: CREATIVE THINKING: APPLICATIONS AND EXPLORATIONS
12. Thinking about Design
13. Thinking about Innovation
14. Thinking about Technology and Information

DETAILED TABLE OF CONTENTS

PART I: INTRODUCING CRITICAL AND CREATIVE THINKING
1. Developing Critical Thinking
Learning Goals
Overview
Focusing Questions
What is Critical Thinking?
Habits of Mind
Overcoming Obstacles to Thinking
A Model for Critical Thinking
Thinking about Thinking: How We Know What We Know
Focus on Perception: Perception and Knowledge
Being Wrong
Intuitions and Rationalizations
The Pleasures and Benefits of Error
The Perspective of Philosophy
Looking Back and Looking Ahead
Resources

2. Developing Creative Thinking
Learning Goals
Overview
Focusing Questions
What is Creative Thinking?
Seeking Alternatives and Possibilities
Broadening Perception
Reversing Relationships
Cross-Fertilization
Shifting Attention
Denying the Negative, Pursuing the Possible
The Eight Commandments of Ideation
SCAMPER
The Creative Habit
Developing Creative Confidence
Idea Killers and Idea Growers
Creative Questioning
Looking Back and Looking Ahead
Resources

PART II: CRITICAL THINKING: ANALYSIS
3. Analyzing Language
Learning Goals
Overview
Focusing Questions
Language Saturation
Words
The Prevalence of Metaphor
Language and Thought
Reports, Inferences, and Judgments
Language and Critical Analysis
An Approach to Analysis
Looking Back and Looking Ahead
Resources

4. Analyzing Images
Learning Goals
Overview
Focusing Questions
The Prevalence and Power of Images
Image, Icon, Symbol, Sign
The Vocabulary of Comics
Images with Words: Analyzing an Advertisement
Observations and Analysis: Allen Edmonds Shoe Ad
Images, Ideas and Emotion
Comparing Representational and Abstract Images
A Graphic Novel: Shaun Tan’s The Arrival
Two Powerful Images
Moving Images: The Power of Movies
The Attraction of Movies
Looking Back and Looking Ahead
Resources

5. Thinking, Reading, Writing
Learning Goals
Overview
Focusing Questions
Why Read?
The Pleasures of Reading
Kinds of Reading
Why Write?
The Pleasures of Writing
Kinds of Writing
Active Reading
The Interpretive Impulse
An Approach to Reading and Writing
Summarizing and Paraphrasing
Evaluation - Judging and Considering Values
Writing to Evaluate a Text
The Value of Reading
Digital Reading
Looking Back and Looking Ahead
Resources

PART III: CRITICAL THINKING: ARGUMENT
6. Reasoning Well: Sound Thinking
Learning Goals
Overview
Focusing Questions
The Pervasiveness of Argument
What is an Argument?
Argument Basics: Claims, Evidence, Assumptions
Argument and Implications
Going Further Into Evidence: Claims, Warrants, Backing
Inductive and Deductive Reasoning
Syllogisms and Argument
Argument and Authority
Argument and Analogy
Argument and Causality
Looking Back and Looking Ahead
Resources

7. Reasoning Badly: Thinking Fallacies
Learning Goals
Overview
Focusing Questions
How Thinking Goes Wrong
Fallacies - Errors in Reasoning
Looking Back and Looking Ahead
Resources

8. Analyzing and Constructing Arguments
Learning Goals
Overview
Focusing Questions
Analyzing Arguments
Logic and Rhetoric
Logos, Ethos, Pathos
Argument and Eloquence - "Letter from Birmingham Jail"
Constructing Arguments
Guidelines for Constructing an Argument
Argument and the Classical Oration
Rogerian Argument
Cultural Relativism
Looking Back and Looking Ahead
Resources

PART IV: CREATIVE THINKING: GENERATING IDEAS
9. Parallel Thinking and Lateral Thinking
Learning Goals
Overview
Focusing Questions
Thinking Tools
Six Thinking Hats
Lateral Thinking
Concepts
Essences
Concepts as Cognitive Tools
Looking Back and Looking Ahead
Resources

10. Finding Ideas Through Imaginative Thinking
Learning Goals
Overview
Focusing Questions
The Priority of Imagination
Imagination First: Unlocking Possibility
Why Imagination?
Imagination, Creativity, Innovation
Capacities for Imaginative Thinking
Raising Your Imagination Quotient
The Limits of Imagination
What is an Idea?
Why Ideas are Important
How to Get Ideas
Creation and Destruction
Looking Back and Looking Ahead
Resources

11. Creative Whacks and Thinkertoys
Learning Goals
Overview
Focusing Questions
Creative Whacks
Explorer, Artist, Judge, Warrior
Thinkertoys
Using Paradox
Combining Things
Thinking the Unthinkable
Walt Disney - Dreamer, Realist, Critic
Looking Back and Looking Ahead
Resources

PART V: CREATIVE THINKING: APPLICATIONS AND EXPLORATIONS
12. Thinking about Design
Learning Goals
Overview
Focusing Questions
What We Talk About When We Talk About Design
Design and Everyday Life
The Design of Processes
Good and Bad Design
Levels of Design
Design and Human Behavior
Designing for Error
Paradoxes of Design
Principles of Design
Design Constraints and Compromises
Anti-Design
Design Thinking
Design, Art, and Society
Design and Truth
Looking Back and Looking Ahead
Resources

13. Thinking about Innovation
Learning Goals
Overview
Focusing Questions
What is Innovation?
Principles of Innovation
Conditions of Innovation
Innovation and Resonance
Innovation Myths and Innovation Drivers
Inadvertent Discoveries
Achieving Insights
Group and Solo Innovation
Where Good Ideas Come From
Creating Innovators
Zig-Zag Innovation
Social Innovation
What Thwarts Innovation?
Balancing Innovation Factors
Looking Back and Looking Ahead
Resources

14. Thinking about Technology and Information
Learning Goals
Overview
Focusing Questions
The Power and Promise of Technology
The Internet and Responsibility
Into the Electronic Millennium
Technology Education
Technopoly
Technology and Ethics
Social Networking
Does Facebook Reduce Life to a Data Base?
The Implications of Artificial Intelligence
Technology and Our Brains
Digital Citizenship
Technology and Information
The River of Knowledge
The Trustworthiness of Information
Big Data
Information, Privacy, and Political Control
Information, Meaning, and Knowledge
Looking Back and Looking Ahead
Resources

Your questions answered

Introducing Pearson+. Reimagined learning, designed for you. Choose from one eText or over 1,500 eTexts and study tools, all in one place, for one low monthly subscription. A new way to buy books that fits your budget. Make the most of your study time with offline access, enhanced search, notes and flashcards — to get organized, get the work done quicker and get results. Plus, with the app, put textbooks in your pocket and learn wherever. It's time to upgrade the textbook and simplify learning, so you can have time to live too.

Pearson eText is an easy-to-use digital textbook available from Pearson+. Make it your own by adding notes and highlights. Download the Pearson+ mobile app to learn on the go, even offline. Listen on the go with our new audiobook feature, available for most titles.

When you choose a plan, you're signing up for a 4-month term. We will charge your payment method each month until your 4-month term has ended. After that, we'll automatically renew your subscription and charge you on a month-to-month basis unless you turn off auto-renewal in My account.

When you purchase a Pearson+ subscription, it will last a minimum of 4 months, and then automatically renew each month thereafter unless you turn off auto-renew in My account.

If you want to stop your subscription at the end of your 4-month term, simply turn off auto-renew from My account. To avoid the next payment charge, make sure you turn auto renewal off 1 day before the auto renewal date.

You can subscribe again after auto-renew has been turned off by purchasing another Pearson+ subscription.

We use your credit card to renew your subscription automatically. To make sure your learning is uninterrupted, please check your card details before your first monthly payment.

With a Multi Pearson+ subscription plan, you can download up to 5 titles on the Pearson+ app from My list on each of your authorized devices every month.

When you're using your Multi Pearson+ subscription plan in a browser, you can select and read from as many titles as you like.