Bridging the Gap: College Reading, 13th edition

  • Brenda D. Smith, 
  • LeeAnn Morris

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Overview

Bridging the Gap: College Reading provides a comprehensive guide to reading, understanding and retaining college-level material. This trusted text gives offers ample opportunities to apply your skills, ultimately building new "bridges" with text-to-text, text-to-world and text-to-self connections.

Published by Pearson (June 11th 2021) - Copyright © 2020

ISBN-13: 9780137563012

Subject: Developmental English

Category: Developmental Reading

Table of contents

Table of Contents

  1. ACTIVE ACADEMIC READING
    • What Is Active Academic Reading?
    • What Can We Learn From Cognitive Psychology and Neuroscience?
    • Brain Booster: Are You Paying Attention?
    • Help Your Brain Absorb New Information
    • Poor Concentration: Causes and Cures
    • External Distractions
    • Internal Distractions
    • Brain Booster: Are You Curious?
    • Reader’s Tip: Improving Concentration
    • Reader’s Tip: Managing Electronic Communication
    • Is Reading Rate Important?
    • Varying Rate and Technique to Fit Purpose
    • Rate Variations and Prior Knowledge
    • Reader’s Tip: Efficient Reading: Adjusting Rate and Technique to Material and Purpose
    • What Is Your Baseline Reading Rate?
    • Brain Booster: Music to Our Ears and to Our Brains
    • Habits for Faster Reading
    • Plan for Success on Reading Comprehension Tests
    • Before Taking a Test
    • Brain Booster: Balance Memorization and Application in Test Preparation
    • During the Test
    • After the Test
    • Brain Booster: Turn Mistakes into Successes
    • Major Types of Comprehension Questions
    • Main Idea Questions
    • Detail Questions
    • Inference Questions
    • Author’s Purpose Questions
    • Vocabulary Questions
    • Essay Questions
    • Reader’s Tip: Key Words in Essay Questions
    • Locus of Control
    • SUMMARY POINTS
    • SELECTION 1 Psychology
    • “Are you Stalling? Win the Battle Against Procrastination!”
    • from Samuel E. Wood, Ellen Green Wood, and Denise G. Boyd
    • CONCEPT PREP FOR PSYCHOLOGY
    • SELECTION 2 History
    • “Home Front Workers, Rosie the Riveter, and Victory Girls”
    • from Jacqueline Jones, et al.
    • CONCEPT PREP FOR HISTORY
    • SELECTION 3 Science
    • “Is there Enough Earth for Everyone?”
    • from Teresa Audesirk, Gerald Audesirk, and Bruce E. Byers
    • CONCEPT PREP FOR SCIENCE
    • VOCABULARY BOOSTER: Over, Under, Around, and Through
  2. STRATEGIC READING AND STUDY
    • What Is Strategic Reading?
    • Four Types of Readers
    • The Stages of Reading
    • Stage 1: Strategies for Previewing
    • Signposts for Previewing
    • Reader’s Tip: Ask Questions While Previewing
    • Preview to Activate Schemata
    • Brain Booster: Schemata and Your Brain
    • Stage 2: Strategies for Integrating Knowledge While Reading
    • Integrating Ideas: How Do Good Readers Think?
    • Metacognition
    • Reader’s Tip: Using Thinking Strategies While Reading
    • Reader’s Tip: Developing Metacognition for Reading
    • Stage 3: Strategies for Recalling
    • Recalling Through Writing
    • The Three Steps of Recalling
    • Reader’s Tip: Thinking After Reading
    • Brain Booster: Use It to Remember It!
    • SUMMARY POINTS
    • SELECTION 1 History
    • “Madam C. J. Walker: Business Savvy to Generous Philanthropy”
    • from America.gov Archive
    • SELECTION 2 Health
    • “High-Risk Drinking and College Students”
    • from Rebecca J. Donatelle and Patricia Ketchum
    • SELECTION 3 Business
    • “The Entrepreneurial Spirit”
    • from Robert S. Feldman
    • CONCEPT PREP FOR BUSINESS
    • VOCABULARY BOOSTER: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly
  3. ORGANIZING TEXTBOOK INFORMATION FOR STUDY
    • Get Organized for College Study
    • Building Knowledge Networks
    • The Study Process
    • Organizing Textbook Information
    • Brain Booster: Exercise to Boost Brain Power
    • Annotating
    • Why Annotate?
    • Reader’s Tip: How to Annotate
    • When to Annotate
    • Note Taking
    • When and How to Take Notes
    • The Cornell Method
    • Reader’s Tip: How to Take Notes: The Cornell Method
    • Outlining
    • Reader’s Tip: Guidelines for Successful Outlining
    • Brain Booster: Sleep and Problem Solving
    • Mapping
    • Reader’s Tip: How to Map
    • SUMMARY POINTS
    • SELECTION 1 Business Communications
    • “Marketing ‘Tasty Fun’ and ‘Dashing Speed’”
    • from Gary Armstrong and Philip Kotler
    • CONCEPT PREP FOR COMMUNICATIONS AND LANGUAGE
    • SELECTION 2 Health
    • “Managing Stress in College”
    • from Rebecca J. Donatelle
    • CONCEPT PREP FOR HEALTH
    • SELECTION 3 Criminal Justice
    • “Police DNA Collection Sparks Questions”
    • from the Associated Press
    • CONCEPT PREP FOR CRIMINAL JUSTICE
    • VOCABULARY BOOSTER: Who’s Who in Medicine?
  4. VOCABULARY
    • Remembering New Words and Unlocking Meaning
    • Associate Words in Phrases
    • Associate Words with Rhymes or Sounds
    • Brain Booster: Use Your Senses to Make More Sense!
    • Associate Words With Images
    • Seek Reinforcement
    • Create Concept Cards
    • Use Strategies to Unlock Meaning While Reading
    • Using Context Clues
    • Definition or Synonym Clues
    • Elaborating Details Clues
    • Examples
    • Comparison Clues
    • Contrast Clues
    • Antonyms
    • Limitations of Context Clues
    • Multiple Meanings of a Word
    • Understanding the Structure of Words
    • Using Word Reference Aids
    • Using a Dictionary
    • Using a Glossary
    • Using a Thesaurus
    • Brain Booster: Meaning Matters!
    • Deepening Word Meaning
    • Exploring Word Origins
    • Solving Analogies
    • Reader’s Tip: Categories of Analogy Relationships
    • Studying Easily Confused Words
    • SUMMARY POINTS
    • SELECTION 1 Health
    • “Mobile Devices, the Internet, and iDisorders”
    • from Rebecca J. Donatelle
    • VOCABULARY BOOSTER: What’s In, What’s Out? What’s Hot, What’s Not?
  5. MAIN IDEA AND SUPPORTING DETAILS
    • Topics, Main Ideas, and Supporting Details
    • What Is a Topic?
    • What Is a Main Idea?
    • What Are Supporting Details?
    • Distinguishing Topics, Main Ideas, and Details: A Closer Look
    • Strategies for Finding the Main Idea
    • Prior Knowledge and Constructing the Main Idea
    • Identifying Main Ideas Among Sentences
    • Reader’s Tip: Using Three Questions to Find the Main Idea
    • Questioning for the Main Idea
    • Stated Main Ideas
    • The Topic Sentence
    • How Common Are Stated Main Ideas?
    • Where Are Stated Main Ideas Located?
    • What Are Major and Minor Details?
    • Reader’s Tip: Signals for Significance
    • Unstated Main Ideas
    • Unstated Main Ideas in Sentences
    • Unstated Main Ideas in Paragraphs
    • Determining the Main Idea of Longer Selections
    • Reader’s Tip: Getting the Main Idea of Longer Selections
    • Brain Booster: Brains Need the Right Amount of Sleep
    • Summary Writing: A Main Idea Skill
    • Why Summarize?
    • Reader’s Tip: How to Summarize
    • Brain Booster: Chronic Stress and the Brain
    • SUMMARY POINTS
    • SELECTION 1 Psychology
    • “The Obedience Study”
    • from Carole Wade, Carol Tavris, and Maryanne Garry
    • CONCEPT PREP FOR PSYCHOLOGY
    • SELECTION 2 Short Story
    • “Life with Cooper”
    • from Julia Jones
    • CONCEPT PREP FOR LITERATURE
    • SELECTION 3 Criminal Justice
    • “Fighting Violent Gang Crime with Math”
    • from Stuart Wolpert
    • VOCABULARY BOOSTER: The Sun, the Moon, and the Stars
  6. PATTERNS OF ORGANIZATION
    • Textbook Organization: The Big Picture
    • What Do Transitional Words Do?
    • Words That Signal Addition
    • Words That Signal Examples or Illustrations
    • Words That Signal Time or Sequence
    • Words That Signal Comparison
    • Words That Signal Contrast
    • Reader’s Tip: Transitions and Their Functions
    • Words That Signal Cause and Effect
    • Patterns of Organization in Textbooks
    • Brain Booster: Brains Like Patterns
    • Simple Listing
    • Definition
    • Description
    • Time Order, Sequence, or Narration
    • Comparison
    • Contrast
    • Comparison and Contrast
    • Cause and Effect
    • Classification
    • Summary
    • Location or Spatial Order
    • Generalization and Example
    • Reader’s Tip: Patterns of Organization and Signal Words
    • Clues to the Organizational Pattern
    • Brain Booster: Watering the Brain
    • Mixed Organizational Patterns
    • SUMMARY POINTS
    • SELECTION 1 Communications
    • “Managing Conflict”
    • from Joseph A. DeVito
    • SELECTION 2 History
    • “North Americans Before Columbus”
    • from David Goldfield, et al.
    • Concept Prep for Art History
    • SELECTION 3 Business
    • “The Dark Side of Consumer Behavior”
    • from Michael R. Solomon
    • VOCABULARY BOOSTER: Can I Get That in Writing?
  7. INFERENCE
    • What Is an Inference?
    • What Is Required to Make a Reasonable Inference?
    • Implied Meaning in Humor
    • Brain Booster: The Brain’s Pleasure Center and Learning
    • Connotative Language
    • Euphemisms and Politically Correct Language
    • Figurative Language
    • Idioms
    • Similes
    • Metaphors
    • Hyperbole
    • Personification
    • Verbal Irony
    • Figurative Language in Poetry
    • Clues to Making Logical Inferences
    • Inferences Based on Facts
    • Inferences Based on the Voice of a Speaker or Narrator
    • Inferences Based on Action and Description
    • Inferences Based on Prior Knowledge
    • Brain Booster: Boost Brain Power Through Collaboration
    • Expanding Prior Knowledge
    • Reader’s Tip: Making Inferences
    • Drawing Conclusions
    • SUMMARY POINTS
    • SELECTION 1 Short Story
    • “A Dip in the Poole”
    • from Bill Pronzini
    • CONCEPT PREP FOR PHILOSOPHY AND LITERATURE
    • SELECTION 2 Philosophy/Religion
    • “Religion Today”
    • from Mary Pat Fisher and Robin Rinehart
    • SELECTION 3 Personal Narrative
    • “Fear the College Years”
    • from John Corcoran
    • CONCEPT PREP FOR POLITICAL SCIENCE
    • VOCABULARY BOOSTER: Say, What?
  8. POINT OF VIEW
    • What Is the Author’s Point of View?
    • Textbooks and the Author’s Point of View
    • What Is Bias?
    • Reader’s Tip: Questions to Uncover Bias
    • The Importance of the Reader’s Point of View
    • Brain Booster: Male and Female Brains and Their Points of View
    • What Are Facts and Opinions?
    • What Is the Author’s Purpose?
    • What Is the Author’s Tone?
    • Reader’s Tip: Recognizing an Author’s Tone
    • Using Tone and Other Clues to Determine the Point of View in Editorial Cartoons
    • SUMMARY POINTS
    • SELECTION 1 Philosophy
    • “Decision”
    • from Gary R. Kirby and Jeffery R. Goodpaster
    • SELECTION 2 Science
    • “Earth’s Changing Climate”
    • from Teresa Audesirk and Gerald Audesirk
    • SELECTION 3 Psychology
    • “Mental Disorder and Personal Responsibility”
    • from Carole Wade and Carol Tavris
    • VOCABULARY BOOSTER: Lights, Camera, Action!
  9. GRAPHIC ILLUSTRATIONS
    • What Graphics Do
    • Reader’s Tip: How to Read Graphic Illustrations
    • Types of Graphic Illustrations
    • Diagrams
    • Tables
    • Maps
    • Pie Graphs
    • Bar Graphs
    • Cumulative Bar Graphs
    • Line Graphs
    • Flowcharts
    • SUMMARY POINTS
    • SELECTION 1 Personal Narrative
    • “Little Income, Big Debt: Managing Money in College”
    • from Trent Hamm
    • SELECTION 2 Health
    • “Get Fit!”
    • from J.Scott K. Powers and Stephen L. Dodd
    • SELECTION 3 Teacher Education
    • “Freedom of Speech, Technology, and Teaching”
    • from Don Kauchak and Paul Eggen
    • VOCABULARY BOOSTER: Play It Again, Sam
  10. CRITICAL THINKING
    • What Is Thinking?
    • What Is Analytical Thinking?
    • What Is Critical Thinking?
    • Reader’s Tip: Four Habits of Effective Critical Thinkers
    • Critical Thinking Skills and College Goals
    • Barriers to Critical Thinking
    • Recognizing an Argument
    • Steps in Analyzing and Evaluating an Argument
    • Step 1: Identify the Position on the Issue
    • Step 2: Identify the Support in the Argument
    • Reader’s Tip: Types of Support for Arguments
    • Step 3: Evaluate the Support
    • Step 4: Evaluate the Argument
    • Inductive and Deductive Reasoning
    • Applying the Four Steps of Critical Thinking
    • Explanation of the Four Steps
    • Creative and Critical Thinking
    • Brain Booster: The Creative Brain
    • SUMMARY POINTS
    • Themed Readings
    • Technology, Crime, and Ethics
    • SELECTION 1 Criminal Justice
    • “Technology and Criminal Opportunity”
    • from Frank J. Schmalleger
    • SELECTION 2 Criminal Justice
    • “Technology in the Fight Against Crime”
    • from Frank J. Schmalleger
    • SELECTION 3 Essay
    • “The Writer and the Troll”
    • from Lindy West
    • VOCABULARY BOOSTER: Foreign Terms

Glossary

Credits

Index

Progress Chart for Reading Selections (inside rear cover)

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