Nonverbal Behavior in Interpersonal Relations, 7th edition

  • Virginia Peck Richmond, 
  • James C. McCroskey, 
  • Mark L. Hickson

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Nonverbal Behavior in Interpersonal Relations offers clear insight into the principles of nonverbal communication and their applications in real-world scenarios. Engaging features prompt self-assessment and provide you with a deep understanding of how influential nonverbal communication is to basic human communication.

Published by Pearson (July 14th 2021) - Copyright © 2012

ISBN-13: 9780137612994

Subject: Communication

Category: Non Verbal Communication

Table of contents

Preface xvii

1 Communication and Nonverbal Behavior 
Myths about Nonverbal Communication 
Nonverbal versus Verbal Messages 

The Linguistic Distinction 
The Continuity Distinction 
The Processing Distinction 
The Outcome Distinction 
The Absolute Distinction 
Intentionality and Nonverbal Communication 
Culture and Nonverbal Communication 
Functions of Nonverbal Messages 
Categories of Nonverbal Messages 
Physical Appearance 
Gesture and Movement 
Face and Eye Behavior 
Vocal Behavior 
Glossary of Terminology

2 Physical Appearance 
Types of Attractiveness 
What Is Attractive Today May Be Out Tomorrow 
Image Fixation 
Judgments Generated 
Attractiveness: A Double-Edged Sword? 
Effects of Attractiveness 
Personal Body Concept 
Nonverbal Messages of Body Shape and Size 
Nonverbal Messages of Height, Weight, and Skin Color
Nonverbal Messages of Hair 
Appearance and Dress 
Why Do People Dress the Way They Do? 
Generalizations about Dress 
Artifacts and Accessories
Glossary of Terminology 

3 Gesture and Movement 
A Theoretical Look at Gesture and Movement 
Structural Approach to Kinesics 
External Variable Approach to Kinesics 
Types of Gesture and Movement 
Affect Displays 
Deception cues 
How Does Posture Communicate?
Communicative Potential of Posture 
The Dramatic Style 
The Dominant Style 
The Animated Style 
The Relaxed Style 
The Attentive Style 
The Open Style 
The Friendly Style 
The Contentious Style 
The Impression-Leaving Style 
General Communicator Styles 
Effects of Body Movements and Gestures 
Communicator Style 
Simplifying Encoding and Decoding 
Role of Illustrators in Decoding 
Positive and Negative Perceptions 
Research on Immediacy 
Glossary of Terminology

4 Facial Behavior 
Importance of Facial Expressions 
Perspectives on Acquisition and Development 
Perspective 1: Evolution and Natural Selection 
Perspective 2: External Factors 
Perspective 3: Innate and Learned 
Facial Management and Expression of Emotion 
Styles of Facial Expressions 
Primary Affect Displays and Communication 
Variations of Facial Expressions 
Glossary of Terminology 

5 Eye Behavior 
Properties and Functions of Eye Behavior 
Properties of Eye Behavior 
Functions of Eye Behavior 
Types of Eye Behaviors 
Eye Behavior and Individual Differences 
Nature of Relationships 
Cultural Differences 
Contextual Differences 
Personality Differences 
Gender Differences 
Glossary of Terminology 

6 Vocal Behavior 
Categories of Vocal Behavior 
Voice Set 
Voice Qualities and Vocalizations 
Voice Printing 
Silence and Pauses 
Uses of Silence in Communication 
Vocal Behavior and Turn-Interaction Management
Accent and Dialect 
Effects of Vocal Behavior 
Vocal Behavior and Emotions 
Vocal Behavior and Personality 
Vocal Behavior and Learning 
Vocal Behavior and Persuasion 
Vocal Behavior and Attractiveness 
Vocal Behavior and Confidence 
Vocal Characteristics of Good Delivery 
Glossary of Terminology 

7 Space and Territoriality 
Phenomenon of Territoriality 
Categories of Territory 
Territorial Defense and Encroachment 
Types of Negative Encroachment 
Encroachment Reactions 
Factors Influencing Territorial Defense 
Personal Space 
Interpersonal Distance 
Gender Differences 
Cultural Differences 
Age Differences 
Personality Differences 
Psychiatric and Deviant Groups 
Crowding and Density 
The Impact of High Density 
Glossary of Terminology 

8 Touch and Communication 
Life-Span Development and Touch 
Touch in Animals 
Human Development 
Categories of Touch 
Professional-Functional Touch 
Social-Polite Touch 
Friendship-Warmth Touch 
Love-Intimacy Touch 
Sexual-Arousal Touch 
Touch Norms and Communication
Cultural Differences 
Gender Differences 
Touch Apprehension 
What Does Touch Communicate? 
Touch and Emotion
Touch and Status 
Touch and Self-Intimacy 
Effects of Touch Deprivation 
Glossary of Terminology 

9 Environment and Physical Surroundings 
Perceptual Characteristics of Environment 
Perception of Formality
Perception of Warmth 
Perception of Privacy 
Perception of Familiarity 
Perception of Constraint 
Perception of Distance 
Architecture and Environment
Spatial Arrangement 
The Shapes of Tables
Seating Arrangement 
Arrangement of Office Space 
Other Environmental Factors 
Environmental Attractiveness 
Color in the Environment 
Lighting in the Environment 
Temperature and the Environment 
Scent and Smell 
Importance of Scents 
Glossary of Terminology 

10 Time 
Time Orientations
Psychological Time Orientation
Biological Time Orientation 
Cultural Time Orientation 
Monochronic and Polychronic Time 
Effects of the Use of Time 
Glossary of Terminology 

11 Immediacy and Communication 
Verbal Immediacy 
Nonverbal Behaviors 
Nonverbal Immediacy 
Physical Appearance 
Gesture and Body Movements 
Facial Expression and Eye Behavior 
Vocal Behavior 
Spatial Behavior 
Tactile Behavior 
Environmental Factors 
Scent and Smell 
Temporal Factors 
Outcomes of Immediacy 
Increased Liking, Affiliation, and Affect 
More Approachable Communication Style 
More Responsiveness, Understanding, and Assertiveness 
Increased Solidarity between Participants 
Decreased Anxiety 
Decreased Status Differences 
Increased Perceptions of Communication Competence 
Drawbacks of Immediacy 
Glossary of Terminology 

12 Female-Male Nonverbal Communication
Definition Issues: Sex and Gender
Development of Nonverbal Behavior in Females and Males 
Distinctive and Similar Characteristics: The Dilemma 
Appearance and Attractiveness 
Gesture and Movement 
Face and Eye Behavior 
Vocal Behavior 
Liking and Courtship of the American Female and Male 
Avoiding Problems 
Nonverbal Sensitivity 
Advantages of Immediacy 
Disadvantages of Immediacy 
The Androgynous Person 
Glossary of Terminology 

13 Supervisor and Employee Relationships 
Distinctive Characteristics
Role of Nonverbal Messages 
Physical Appearance 
Gesture and Movement 
Face and Eye Behavior 
Vocal Behavior 
Conclusions about Supervisor-Employee Relationships 
Immediacy in the Workplace 
Advantages of Immediacy 
Disadvantages of Immediacy 
Glossary of Terminology

14 Teacher-Student Nonverbal Relationships 

Teacher Roles 
The Teacher as Speaker 
The Teacher as Moderator 
The Teacher as Trainer 
The Teacher as Manager 
The Teacher as a Coordinator 
The Teacher as Controller, Supervisor, and Helper 
Role of Nonverbal Communication 
Instructor Appearance 
Student Appearance 
Gesture and Movement 
Facial Behavior 
Eye Behavior 
Vocal Behavior 
Outcomes of Teacher Immediacy 
Potential Drawbacks of Teacher Immediacy 
Glossary of Terminology 

15 The Influence of Nonverbal Communication in the Courtroom
Legal Settings
Non-Jury Pretrial Practice
Jury and Non-Jury Trials
Non-Jury Proceedings
Jury Trials
Jury Selection
Direct Examination
Opening Statements
Closing Arguments or Summation
Nonverbal Communication by Judges
And No One Objected-For the Record
The Art of Judicial Misconduct
Judges' Instructions to Juries: Vocalics
The Changing Legal Context
Glossary of Terminology

16 Intercultural Relationships
Defining Intercultural Communication

Characteristics of Culture
Foundations of Culture
Nonverbal Behavior
Appearance and Attractiveness
Gesture and Movement
Face and Eye Behavior
Vocal Behavior
Goals to Seek
Glossary of Terminology
References and Selected Readings

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