Nonverbal Behavior in Interpersonal Relations, 7th edition

  • Virginia Peck Richmond, 
  • James C. McCroskey, 
  • Mark L. Hickson

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Overview

Nonverbal Behavior in Interpersonal Relations offers clear insight into the principles of nonverbal communication and their applications in real-world scenarios. Engaging features prompt self-assessment and provide you with a deep understanding of how influential nonverbal communication is to basic human communication.

Published by Pearson (July 14th 2021) - Copyright © 2012

ISBN-13: 9780137612994

Subject: Communication

Category: Communication Styles & Methods

Table of contents

Table of Contents

  • Preface
  1. Communication and Nonverbal Behavior
    • Myths about Nonverbal Communication
    • Nonverbal versus Verbal Messages
    • The Linguistic Distinction
    • The Continuity Distinction
    • The Processing Distinction
    • The Outcome Distinction
    • The Absolute Distinction
    • Intentionality and Nonverbal Communication
    • Culture and Nonverbal Communication
    • Functions of Nonverbal Messages
    • Complementing
    • Contradicting
    • Accenting
    • Repeating
    • Regulating
    • Substituting
    • Categories of Nonverbal Messages
    • Physical Appearance
    • Gesture and Movement
    • Face and Eye Behavior
    • Vocal Behavior
    • Space
    • Touch
    • Environment
    • Time
    • Glossary of Terminology
  2. Physical Appearance
    • Attractiveness
    • Types of Attractiveness
    • What Is Attractive Today May Be Out Tomorrow
    • Image Fixation
    • Judgments Generated
    • Attractiveness: A Double-Edged Sword?
    • Effects of Attractiveness
    • Personal Body Concept
    • Nonverbal Messages of Body Shape and Size
    • Nonverbal Messages of Height, Weight, and Skin Color
    • Nonverbal Messages of Hair
    • Appearance and Dress
    • Why Do People Dress the Way They Do?
    • Generalizations about Dress
    • Artifacts and Accessories
    • Glossary of Terminology
  3. Gesture and Movement
    • A Theoretical Look at Gesture and Movement
    • Structural Approach to Kinesics
    • External Variable Approach to Kinesics
    • Types of Gesture and Movement
    • Emblems
    • Illustrators
    • Regulators
    • Affect Displays
    • Adaptors
    • Deception cues
    • Posture
    • How Does Posture Communicate?
    • Communicative Potential of Posture
    • Movement and COMMUNICATOR STYLE
    • The Dramatic Style
    • The Dominant Style
    • The Animated Style
    • The Relaxed Style
    • The Attentive Style
    • The Open Style
    • The Friendly Style
    • The Contentious Style
    • The Impression-Leaving Style
    • General Communicator Styles
    • Effects of Body Movements and Gestures
    • Communicator Style
    • Simplifying Encoding and Decoding
    • Role of Illustrators in Decoding
    • Positive and Negative Perceptions
    • Research on Immediacy
    • Glossary of Terminology
  4. Facial Behavior
    • Importance of Facial Expressions
    • Perspectives on Acquisition and Development
    • Perspective 1: Evolution and Natural Selection
    • Perspective 2: External Factors
    • Perspective 3: Innate and Learned
    • Facial Management and Expression of Emotion
    • Styles of Facial Expressions
    • Primary Affect Displays and Communication
    • Variations of Facial Expressions
    • Glossary of Terminology
  5. Eye Behavior
    • Properties and Functions of Eye Behavior
    • Properties of Eye Behavior
    • Functions of Eye Behavior
    • Types of Eye Behaviors
    • CLEMs
    • Eye Behavior and Individual Differences
    • Nature of Relationships
    • Cultural Differences
    • Contextual Differences
    • Personality Differences
    • Gender Differences
    • Glossary of Terminology
  6. Vocal Behavior
    • Categories of Vocal Behavior
    • Voice Set
    • Voice Qualities and Vocalizations
    • Voice Printing
    • Silence and Pauses
    • Uses of Silence in Communication
    • Vocal Behavior and Turn-Interaction Management
    • Turn-Maintaining
    • Turn-Yielding
    • Turn-Requesting
    • Turn-Denying
    • Interruptions
    • Accent and Dialect
    • Effects of Vocal Behavior
    • Vocal Behavior and Emotions
    • Vocal Behavior and Personality
    • Vocal Behavior and Learning
    • Vocal Behavior and Persuasion
    • Vocal Behavior and Attractiveness
    • Vocal Behavior and Confidence
    • Vocal Characteristics of Good Delivery
    • Glossary of Terminology
  7. Space and Territoriality
    • Phenomenon of Territoriality
    • Categories of Territory
    • Territorial Defense and Encroachment
    • Types of Negative Encroachment
    • Encroachment Reactions
    • Factors Influencing Territorial Defense
    • Personal Space
    • Interpersonal Distance
    • Gender Differences
    • Cultural Differences
    • Age Differences
    • Personality Differences
    • Stigmas
    • Psychiatric and Deviant Groups
    • Crowding and Density
    • The Impact of High Density
    • Glossary of Terminology
  8. Touch and Communication
    • Life-Span Development and Touch
    • Touch in Animals
    • Human Development
    • Categories of Touch
    • Professional-Functional Touch
    • Social-Polite Touch
    • Friendship-Warmth Touch
    • Love-Intimacy Touch
    • Sexual-Arousal Touch
    • Touch Norms and Communication
    • Cultural Differences
    • Gender Differences
    • Touch Apprehension
    • What Does Touch Communicate?
    • Touch and Emotion
    • Touch and Status
    • Touch and Self-Intimacy
    • Effects of Touch Deprivation
    • Glossary of Terminology
  9. Environment and Physical Surroundings
    • Perceptual Characteristics of Environment
    • Perception of Formality
    • Perception of Warmth
    • Perception of Privacy
    • Perception of Familiarity
    • Perception of Constraint
    • Perception of Distance
    • Architecture and Environment
    • Spatial Arrangement
    • The Shapes of Tables
    • Seating Arrangement
    • Arrangement of Office Space
    • Other Environmental Factors
    • Environmental Attractiveness
    • Color in the Environment
    • Lighting in the Environment
    • Temperature and the Environment
    • Scent and Smell
    • Importance of Scents
    • Glossary of Terminology
  10. Time
    • Time Orientations
    • Psychological Time Orientation
    • Biological Time Orientation
    • Cultural Time Orientation
    • Punctuality
    • Monochronic and Polychronic Time
    • Effects of the Use of Time
    • Glossary of Terminology
  11. Immediacy and Communication
    • Immediacy
    • Verbal Immediacy
    • Nonverbal Behaviors
    • Nonverbal Immediacy
    • Physical Appearance
    • Gesture and Body Movements
    • Facial Expression and Eye Behavior
    • Vocal Behavior
    • Spatial Behavior
    • Tactile Behavior
    • Environmental Factors
    • Scent and Smell
    • Temporal Factors
    • Outcomes of Immediacy
    • Increased Liking, Affiliation, and Affect
    • More Approachable Communication Style
    • More Responsiveness, Understanding, and Assertiveness
    • Increased Solidarity between Participants
    • Decreased Anxiety
    • Decreased Status Differences
    • Increased Perceptions of Communication Competence
    • Drawbacks of Immediacy
    • Glossary of Terminology
  12. Female-Male Nonverbal Communication
    • Definition Issues: Sex and Gender
    • Development of Nonverbal Behavior in Females and Males
    • Distinctive and Similar Characteristics: The Dilemma
    • Appearance and Attractiveness
    • Gesture and Movement
    • Face and Eye Behavior
    • Vocal Behavior
    • Space
    • Touch
    • Liking and Courtship of the American Female and Male
    • Avoiding Problems
    • Nonverbal Sensitivity
    • Advantages of Immediacy
    • Disadvantages of Immediacy
    • The Androgynous Person
    • Glossary of Terminology
  13. Supervisor and Employee Relationships
    • Distinctive Characteristics
    • Role of Nonverbal Messages
    • Physical Appearance
    • Gesture and Movement
    • Face and Eye Behavior
    • Vocal Behavior
    • Space
    • Touch
    • Environment
    • Time
    • Conclusions about Supervisor-Employee Relationships
    • Immediacy in the Workplace
    • Advantages of Immediacy
    • Disadvantages of Immediacy

Glossary

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