Language and Reading Disabilities, 3rd edition

  • Alan G. Kamhi, 
  • Hugh W. Catts

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Language and Reading Disabilities covers the identification, assessment and treatment of reading and writing disorders. Maintaining a strong clinical focus, it keeps pace with the rapid changes in the research on language and reading disabilities and includes the most up-to-date advances in the field.

Published by Pearson (July 14th 2021) - Copyright © 2012

ISBN-13: 9780137617791

Subject: Communication Sciences & Disorders

Category: Language Disorders

Table of contents



Contributors and Affiliations

CHAPTER 1: Language and Reading: Convergences and Divergences

Alan G. Kamhi and Hugh W. Catts

Defining Language
Defining Reading
Models of Spoken and Written Language Comprehension
Comprehending Spoken and Written Language
Perceptual Analyses
Word Recognition
Discourse-Level Processes
Differences between Spoken and Written Language
Physical Differences
Situational Differences
Functional Differences
Form Differences
Vocabulary Differences
Grammatical Differences
Processing Differences
Basic Factors in Reading and Language Development

CHAPTER 2: Reading Development
Alan G. Kamhi and Hugh W. Catts

Emergent Literacy Period (Birth--Kindergarten)
Joint Book Reading
Learning about Print
The Development of Word Recognition Skills
Logographic Stage
Alphabetic Stage
Orthographic Stage and Automatic Word Recognition
Problems with Stage Theories of Word Recognition
The Self-Teaching Hypothesis
Evaluating the Self-Teaching Hypothesis
The Development of Reading Comprehension
Misconceptions about Comprehension Development

CHAPTER 3: Defining and Classifying Reading Disabilities
Hugh W. Catts, Alan G. Kamhi, and Suzanne A. Adlof

Historical Basis of Reading Disabilities
Early Reports
Johnson and Myklebust
The Modern Era
Gender Differences
Defining Reading Disability
Exclusionary Factors
IDA Definition
Dyslexia as a Specific Learning Disability
Problems in Word Recognition and Spelling
Deficits in Phonological Processing
Unexpected Underachievement
Secondary Consequences
Classifying Dyslexia and Other Language-Based Reading Difficulties
Subtypes Based on the Simple View of Reading
Classification Studies
Other Subtyping Methods Based on Word Recognition Skills
Combining Subtypes in Research and Practice
Clinical Implications

CHAPTER 4: Causes of Reading Disabilities
Hugh W. Catts, alan G. Kamhi, and Suzanne A. Adlof

Extrinsic Causes of Reading Disabilities
Early Literacy Experience
Reading Instruction
Matthew Effects
Intrinsic Causes of Reading Disabilities
Genetic Basis
Neurological Basis
Visually-Based Deficits
Auditory Processing Deficits
Attention-Based Deficits
Language-Based Deficits

CHAPTER 5: Assessment and Instruction for Phonemic Awareness and Word Recognition Skills
Stephanie Al Otaiba, Marcia L.Kosanovich, and Joseph K. Torgeson

Development and Assessment of Phonemic Awareness
The Importance of Phonemic Awareness in Learning to Read
Purposes for Assessment of Phonemic Awareness
Procedures and Measures Used to Assess Phonemic Awareness
Development and Assessment of Word Recognition
Issues in the Assessment of Word Recognition
Commonly Used Measures of Word Recognition Ability
Code-focused Classroom Instruction and More Intensive Small-Group
Supplemental Intervention
What Do We Know about Effective Code-focused Classroom Instruction?
What Do We Know about Tier 1 Instructional Strategies that Maximize Reading Outcomes?
What Do We Know about Training Code-focused Skills through Supplemental Interventions?
What Do We Know about Poor Responders?
Issues for Future Research and Development

CHAPTER 6: Perspectives on Assessing and Improving Reading Comprehension
Alan G. Kamhi

Defining comprehension
Reader Abilities
Text Factors
Task Factors
A Model of Comprehension
Assessing Reading Comprehension
Comprehension Instruction
Strategy Instruction
Content Goals and Disciplinary Literacy
Summary and Conclusions

CHAPTER 7: Assessing and Remediating Text Comprehension Problems
Carol E. Westby

Cognitive and Linguistic Underpinnings for Literacy
Linguistic Skills for Literacy
Cognitive Understanding for Text Comprehension
Assessing Language and Cognitive Skills for Text Comprehension
Assessing Literate Language Style (Text Microstructures)
Assessing Knowledge of Narrative Content Schemata and Text Grammar Schemata (Text Macrostructures)
Assessing Recognition/Comprehension of Content Schemata
Assessing ability to organize schema content and text grammars
Facilitating Text Comprehension
Developing Linguistic Microstructures
Developing Macrostructure Schemas
Children's Materials

Appendix A: Books to Develop Connectives/Complex Clauses
Appendix B: Cinderella Stories

CHAPTER 8: Spelling Assessment and Intervention: A Multiple Linguistic Approach to Improving Literacy Outcomes

Kenn Apel, Julie J. Masterson, and Danielle Brimo
The Language Basis of Spelling
Phonological Knowledge
Orthographic Pattern Knowledge
Morphologic Knowledge
Semantic Knowledge
Mental Graphemic Representations
Relation between Spelling and Other Literacy Skills
Developmental Spelling Theories
Multi-linguistic Approach to Assessment
Determining GoalsMeasuring Progress
Multi-Linguistic Approach to Instruction and Intervention
Prescriptive, Multi-Linguistic Intervention
Improving Orthographic Pattern Knowledge
Other Orthographic Pattern Knowledge Strategies
Improving Morphological Knowledge
Supplementing Language Knowledge Strategies with Word-Specific Learning Tactics
Multi-linguistic Instruction at the Classroom Level

CHAPTER 9: Learning to Write
Cheryl M. Scott

A Framework for Writing
Emergent and Early School Writing: Age 4-8 Years
Learning to Write Genre-Specific Text: Ages 9+
Learning the Macrostructure of Writing: Genre Development
Interpretation of Genre Studies: Effects of Task and Curriculum
Learning the Microstructure of Writing: Sentence Grammar
Learning the Process of Writing
How Well Do Children Write: Incidence of Writing Disorder and National Assessments
Writing, Reading, and Oral Language

CHAPTER 10: Developing Knowledge and Skills for Writing
Carol E. Westby

Developing Writing Foundations
Production/Transcription Skills
Cognitive/Linguistic Skills
Exploring the post-modern genre
Expository texts
Syntactic Structures
Developing Writing Processes
Strategies for Generative Ideas and Planning
Strategies for Production
Strategies for Revising
Children's Books

Appendix 10.1

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