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Craft of System Security, The, 1st edition

  • Sean Smith
  • John Marchesini

Published by Addison-Wesley Professional (November 21st 2007) - Copyright © 2008

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Craft of System Security, The

ISBN-13: 9780132800341

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Overview

"I believe The Craft of System Security is one of the best software security books on the market today. It has not only breadth, but depth, covering topics ranging from cryptography, networking, and operating systems--to the Web, computer-human interaction, and how to improve the security of software systems by improving hardware. Bottom line, this book should be required reading for all who plan to call themselves security practitioners, and an invaluable part of every university's computer science curriculum."
--Edward Bonver, CISSP, Senior Software QA Engineer, Product Security, Symantec Corporation

"Here's to a fun, exciting read: a unique book chock-full of practical examples of the uses and the misuses of computer security. I expect that it will motivate a good number of college students to want to learn more about the field, at the same time that it will satisfy the more experienced professional."
--L. Felipe Perrone, Department of Computer Science, Bucknell University

Whether you're a security practitioner, developer, manager, or administrator, this book will give you the deep understanding necessary to meet today's security challenges--and anticipate tomorrow's. Unlike most books, The Craft of System Security doesn't just review the modern security practitioner's toolkit: It explains why each tool exists, and discusses how to use it to solve real problems.

After quickly reviewing the history of computer security, the authors move on to discuss the modern landscape, showing how security challenges and responses have evolved, and offering a coherent framework for understanding today's systems and vulnerabilities. Next, they systematically introduce the basic building blocks for securing contemporary systems, apply those building blocks to today's applications, and consider important emerging trends such as hardware-based security.

After reading this book, you will be able to

  • Understand the classic Orange Book approach to security, and its limitations
  • Use operating system security tools and structures--with examples from Windows, Linux, BSD, and Solaris
  • Learn how networking, the Web, and wireless technologies affect security
  • Identify software security defects, from buffer overflows to development process flaws
  • Understand cryptographic primitives and their use in secure systems
  • Use best practice techniques for authenticating people and computer systems in diverse settings
  • Use validation, standards, and testing to enhance confidence in a system's security
  • Discover the security, privacy, and trust issues arising from desktop productivity tools
  • Understand digital rights management, watermarking, information hiding, and policy expression
  • Learn principles of human-computer interaction (HCI) design for improved security
  • Understand the potential of emerging work in hardware-based security and trusted computing

Table of contents

Preface  xxiii
Acknowledgments  xxxi

Part I: History  1

Chapter 1: Introduction  3

1.1  The Standard Rubric  4
1.2  The Matrix  7
1.3  Other Views  9
1.4  Safe States and the Access Control Matrix  16
1.5  Other Hard Questions  18
1.6  The Take-Home Message  21
1.7  Project Ideas  22

Chapter 2: The Old Testament  23

2.1  The Basic Framework  23
2.2  Security Models  25
2.3  The Orange Book  33
2.4  INFOSEC, OPSEC, JOBSEC  43
2.5  The Take-Home Message  43
2.6  Project Ideas  43

Chapter 3: Old Principles, New World  45

3.1  Solving the Wrong Problem?  46
3.2  Lack of Follow-Through?  48
3.3  Too Unwieldy?  49
3.4  Saltzer and Schroeder  53
3.5  Modern Relevance  56
3.6  The Take-Home Messagev57
3.7  Project Ideas  57

Part II: Security and the Modern Computing Landscape  59

Chapter 4: OS Security  61

4.1  OS Background  61
4.2  OS Security Primitives and Principles  68
4.3  Real OSes: Everything but the Kitchen Sink  73
4.4  When the Foundation Cracks  77
4.5  Where Are We?  82
4.6  The Take-Home Message  86
4.7  Project Ideas  86

Chapter 5: Network Security  87

5.1  Basic Framework    88
5.2  Protocols  99
5.3  The Network as a Battlefield  104
5.4  The Brave New World  112
5.5  The Take-Home Message  121
5.6  Project Ideas  121

Chapter 6: Implementation Security  123

6.1  Buffer Overflow  124
6.2  Argument Validation and Other Mishaps  132
6.3  TOCTOU  139
6.4  Malware  140
6.5  Programming Language Security  143
6.6  Security in the Development Lifecycle  148
6.7  The Take-Home Message  152
6.8  Project Ideas  152

Part III: Building Blocks for Secure Systems  155

Chapter 7: Using Cryptography  157

7.1    Framework and Terminology  158
7.2    Randomness  161
7.3    Symmetric Cryptography  163
7.4    Applications of Symmetric Cryptography  172
7.5    Public-Key Cryptography  174
7.6    Hash Functions  180
7.7    Practical Issues: Public Key  183
7.8    Past and Future  186
7.9    The Take-Home Message  187
7.10  Project Ideas  187

Chapter 8: Subverting Cryptography  189

8.1 Breaking Symmetric Key without Brute Force  190
8.2 Breaking Symmetric Key with Brute Force  192
8.3 Breaking Public Key without Factoring  194
8.4 Breaking Cryptography via the Real World  202
8.5 The Potential of Efficiently Factoring Moduli  209
8.6 The Take-Home Message  212
8.7 Project

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