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  3. The OPEN Process Framework: An Introduction

The OPEN Process Framework: An Introduction, 1st edition

  • Donald G. Firesmith
  • Brian Henderson-Sellers
  • Brian Henderson-Sellers

Published by Addison-Wesley Professional (December 6th 2001) - Copyright © 2002

1st edition

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Overview

"[The authors] have done an excellent job of bringing forth the power and the flexibility of this most useful framework in an easy to read and understand introduction. Although it has been written to be an introductory text in OPF, I found [it] also readily useable as a handbook for initial process definition, an accessible treatment of important issues in software process design, and a textbook in OPF."

Houman Younessi

Associate Professor of Computer Science, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute

 The OPEN Process Framework provides a template for generating flexible, yet disciplined, processes for developing high-quality software and system applications within a predictable schedule and budget. Using this framework as a starting point, you can create and tailor a process to meet the specific needs of the project.

Table of contents

 Contents  Preface xi  Part I Introduction  1  1 Processes and Process Frameworks  3  1.1 Processes in Information Technology 3  1.1.1 Software applications 4  1.1.2 Software-intensive systems 4  1.1.3 Business modeling 5  1.1.4 Component-based development (CBD) 5  1.1.5 Organizational scope 6  1.1.6 Stages in the life cycle 6  1.2 The need for process 7  1.3 What is a process? 10  1.4 From process to process framework 15  1.5 What is a process framework? 22  1.6 Specification for a process framework 26  1.6.1 Completeness 27  1.6.2 Flexibility 29  1.6.3 Rigor 30  1.6.4 Object orientation 30  1.6.5 Component-based development (CBD) 33  Summary 33  2 OPEN Process Framework Overview  37  2.1 OPEN 37  2.2 The OPEN Process Framework 43  2.2.1 Work Products 44  2.2.2 Producers 50  2.2.3 Endeavors 52  2.2.4 Work Units 52  2.2.5 Stages 55  2.2.6 Languages 58  2.3 Framework usage 59  2.4 OPEN compliance 61  Summary 61     Part II Process Components and Usage
Guidelines  63  3 Work Products  65  3.1 Classes of Work Products 65  3.1.1 Applications 66  3.1.2 Architectures 66  3.1.3 Components 68  3.1.4 Metrics 68  3.1.5 Models 69  3.1.6 Increments 71  3.1.7 Requirements 71  3.1.8 Diagrams 72  3.1.9 Documents 74  3.2 Management Set of Work Products 74  3.3 Engineering Work Products 76  Summary 83  4 Producers  85  4.1 Direct Producers 85  4.1.1 Person 85  4.1.2 Roles 85  4.1.3 Tools 91  4.2 Indirect Producers 91  4.2.1 Teams 91  4.2.2 Organizations 94  4.2.3 Endeavors 95  Summary 95  5 Work Units  97  5.1 Activities 98  5.2 Tasks 102  5.3 Techniques 108  5.4 Assertions 109  5.4.1 Pre-conditions 109  5.4.2 Post-conditions 109  5.4.3 Invariants 110  5.5 Work Performances 110

contents  # 5.5.1 Task Performances 110

 5.5.2 Work Flows 111  Summary 111  6 Stages  113  6.1 Cycles 113  6.1.1 Life Cycles 113  6.1.2 Development Cycles 114  6.1.3 Life Cycle Models 114  6.2 Phases 119  6.2.1 Initiation 119  6.2.2 Construction 119  6.2.3 Delivery 119  6.2.4 Usage 120  6.2.5 Retirement 120  6.3 Builds 120  6.4 Milestones 120  6.4.1 Management Milestones 120  6.4.2 Technical Milestones 121  6.5 A Typical Life Cycle Configuration 121  6.6 Timeboxes 122  6.7 Relationship of Stages to Work Units 122  Summary 124  7 Languages  125  7.1 Introduction 125  7.2 Natural Languages 125  7.3 Modeling Languages 127  7.3.1 Metamodel 127  7.3.2 Constraint Language 128  7.3.3 Notation 129  7.3.4 Example Modeling Languages 130  7.4 Implementation Languages 131  7.4.1 Coding Languages 131  7.4.2 Database Languages 132  7.4.3 Interface Languages 133  Summary 133  #  contentscontents  # E Work Units  241  Activities 241  Project Management 241  Project Initiation 242  Project Planning 243  Configuration Management 243  Risk Management 243  Metrics Engineering 244  Quality Engineering 245  Process Engineering 245  Environment Engineering 246  Website Development 247  Requirements Engineering 249  Architecting 250  Design 251  Component Selection 252  Build 253  Implementation 253  Integration 254  Evaluation 255  Testing 256  Deployment 257  Business Engineering 259  Reuse Engineering 260  Programme Management 261  Resource Planning 261  Training 262  Organization Assessment 263  Pre-development Acceptance 263  Technology Insertion 263  Tasks 264  Project Management Tasks 264  Configuration Management Tasks 267  Risk Management Tasks 267  Metrics Management Tasks 267  Quality Engineering Tasks 268  Process Engineering Tasks 269  Environment Engineering Tasks 269  Website Management Tasks 270

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