Tools of the Mind: The Vygotskian Approach to Early Childhood Education, 2nd edition

  • Elena Bodrova
  • Deborah J. Leong

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As the only text of its kind, this book provides in-depth information about Vygotsky's theories, neo-Vygotskians' findings, and concrete explanations and strategies that instruct teachers how to influence student learning and development.  Key changes to this edition include a new chapter on dynamic assessment, separate and expanded chapters on developmental accomplishments of infants and toddlers, preschool/kindergarten, and primary grades and on supporting those accomplishments, and elaborations of Vygotsky's ideas from neo-Vygotskians from Russia.




  • Written for the beginning student, the book provides a clear discussion of Vygotskian principles including...a historical overview and a complete chapter on the “Zone of Proximal Development,” (ZPD).
  • Each section of the book builds on the other...framework, strategies, and applications of the Vygotskian approach.
  • The work of Vygotsky is compared in a fair and balanced way with the work of Piaget.
  • Examples and activities have been class-tested in a variety of classroom environments including a Head Start program, private preschool, and in the Denver Public Schools.
  • Table of contents

    SECTION I        The Vygotskian Framework: The Cultural-Historical Theory of Development


    Chapter 1           Introduction to the Vygotskian Approach

    Chapter 2           Acquiring Mental Tools and Higher Mental Functions

    Chapter 3           The Vygotskian Framework and Other Theories of Development and Learning


    SECTION II       Strategies for Development and Learning


    Chapter 4           The Zone of Proximal Development

    Chapter 5           Tactics: Using Mediators

    Chapter 6           Tactics: Using Language

    Chapter 7           Tactics: Using Shared Activities


    SECTION III      Applying the Vygotskian Approach to Development and Learning in Early Childhood


    Chapter 8           Developmental Accomplishments and Leading Activity: Infants and Toddlers

    Chapter 9           Supporting the Developmental Accomplishments of Infants and Toddlers

    Chapter 10         Developmental Accomplishments and the Leading Activity: Preschool and Kindergarten

    Chapter 11         Supporting the Developmental Accomplishments in Preschool and Kindergarten

    Chapter 12         Developmental Accomplishments and the Leading Activity: Primary Grades

    Chapter 13         Supporting the Developmental Accomplishments in the Primary Grades

    Chapter 14         Dynamic Assessment: Application of the Zone of Proximal Development





    Author Index

    Subject Index


    Published by Pearson (September 20th 2006) - Copyright © 2007