Policy Watch

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Policy Watch is our regular policy update service, covering national and international developments in the world of education. We try to keep things simple, sharing the latest news and information with you through weekly updates, monthly summaries, papers and events.

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About Steve

As head of UK education policy at Pearson, Steve’s been running the Policy Watch service for almost 20 years. He’ll keep you informed on all things education, along with the rest of his subscribers – there were more than 10,000 at the last count!

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  • Pocket Watch – Spending Review 2015: The Education Bits

    Much of the education world breathed a huge sigh of relief as the Chancellor sat down this week having set out his spending plans and priorities for the remainder of this Parliament in his latest Spending Review.

    Ever since the summer and the latest raid on the dept budgets, the sector had been holding its breath while rumours of deep cuts circulated. In the event, there were cuts to some budgets, the Education Services Grant for schools and potentially the Student Opportunities Fund in HE and further efficiencies, a much–used word, will follow but it could have been worse. Jonathan Simons, the head of education at the think tank Policy Exchange, even called it “a staggeringly good result.”

    As Paul Johnson, the director of the respected Institute for Fiscal Studies underlined, ‘this isn’t the end of austerity’ but for education at least, things feel better than they did a few months ago. It’s early days but here’s how it’s shaping up for schools and colleges.   


    Here, the manifesto pledge to protect the school age budget in real terms remains as does the commitment to provide free school meals for infants and the pupil premium, both the subject of debate in recent weeks. The dept will have to make 20% of admin savings over this Parliament and its capital budget remains tight but its resource or day-to-day budget increases from £53.6bn currently to £57.1bn by 2020 and additional money is put in for childcare. Four points stand out:

    • The academisation of the schools sector remains a core objective. The Prime Minister has referred to this in a number of key speeches, the manifesto targets 500 more free schools by 2020 and the Spending Review continues the theme with at least some of the £23bn promised under capital investment to go into making this happen. The aspiration appears to be to rid schools of local authority control even though the school system is hardly in the kind of local grip that the government envisages. Para 1.167 in the accompany Report however sets the tone: “the Review and the Statement represent the next step towards the government’s goal of ending local authorities’ role in running schools and all schools becoming an academy.” The academy shift therefore seems likely to continue.
    • Both the dept and schools will have to get used to efficiencies. The dept itself is having to offer up a large chunk of the Education Services Grant, £600m out of the current £800+m to be precise, something that will hit academies as this is the money they use to compensate for services they would have had under the local authority. As for schools, the Chancellor launched the Spending Review in July calling for greater joint working and efficiencies for schools and is targeting over £1bn a year in procurement savings by the end of this Parliament. It will set out further details on this early next year.
    • Teacher recruitment is not forgotten and the Review pledges over £1.3bn over the lifetime of this Parliament to attract new teachers particularly in STEM and EBacc subjects where according to the latest teacher training figures, the pressures are greatest.
    • The long-awaited ‘fair’ national funding formula for schools has moved a step closer. The Prime Minister was lobbied on this again just the other week and the Chancellor confirmed that consultation on this will take place early in 2016 with a view to implementing the new model from 2017. It will include high needs and early years and should help smooth out some of the iniquities in the current system but not everybody will be winners. 


    Unprotected and under severe strain, funding for 16-19 year olds had been a source of real worry for some time with the Sixth Form Colleges Association suggesting a dance of death for some colleges. The Review offered some comfort in two ways:

    • The current national base rate will at least be protected in cash terms. This may offer some re-assurance although colleges remain subject to other cost pressures and para 2.60 of the Review suggests the government sees the ‘declining demographic’ at 16-19 as a cost saver.
    • As part of the current area-wide reviews, Sixth Form Colleges will be given the option to join up with Multi-Academy Trusts thereby saving non-business VAT costs. This may be attractive to some but adds another dimension to the post-16 area reviews. 


    Apprenticeships remain in the Review’s words “the cornerstone of the skills system” and the government remains equally committed to meeting its 3m target by the end of this Parliament. It’s already taken a number of measures to ensure this, securing the legal status of apprenticeships through the Enterprise Bill and setting up an Implementation Taskforce and Delivery Board to help keep up the momentum. This Review adds two more:

    • Adoption of the levy procedure from 2017. This remains contentious for many employers, both the CBI and IoD have argued that it will impose a further cost on business and in the weeks before the Review there appears to have been fierce Whitehall discussion about what the levy threshold should be. The government has gone for 0.5% on paybills of £3m or more with an offset of £15,000 allowing it to claim that that less than 2% of UK employers will have to pay. The government is also saying it will continue to discuss but this will run.
    • Another new employer-led body is being set up not only to advise on the levy arrangements but also to set standards and oversee quality. It’ll be independent and is intended to help head off concerns about the future quality of training. 


    As another unprotected area in an unprotected dept, FE had been fearing the worst but with the additional monies expected to come through apprenticeship training, the salvaging of the 16-19 base rate and the cash re-assurance around the adult skills budget, has perhaps got off better than expected. The overall BIS budget sees a steady decline over the lifetime of this Parliament and the effects of those ubiquitous efficiencies on some of the agencies and activities that come under BIS have yet to be felt but the anticipated extension of tuition fee loans to 19+ year olds should help. Three quick points to pick up here:

    • The Productivity Plan is alive and well and FE continues to have a key role in this. The Chancellor listed a range of technologies he was keen to support, the new Infrastructure Commission meets again shortly and high skill training will be on the agenda.
    • A lot seems to be hinging on the area-based reviews. The Review is suggesting that these will help create a more efficient but potentially more flourishing system, see para 1.177.
    • Government spending on apprenticeships will almost have doubled by 2020 and as the Minister indicated at the recent AoC Conference, colleges need to get in on the action. 
    read more
  • Policy Eye – week ending November 20 2015

    It’s been colleges and skills week with the Association of Colleges (AoC) Annual Conference and the Skills Show both taking pride of place this week; a chance perhaps for the neglected middle-child of the education system to have its moment in the sun before the much anticipated funding storm clouds of next week.

    The week summed up

    Given all that FE has been through in recent years, it’s remarkable, as the chief executive of the AoC put it, that FE is as flourishing as it is and there was certainly an air of resilience around the Conference this week. There may be cuts and mergers coming, all the signs point that way, but the spirit of indomitability in the sector is warranted for three reasons. First because, FE has a lead role in delivering the government’s much vaunted productivity plan, the government and the Chancellor depend on it. Second, because FE delivers on social mobility like no other sector, no need for access targets here, FE hit all seven of the key social mobility targets around participation in learning as the department’s latest research itself indicates. And third, and it’s been said many times before, FE is the place where dreams can come true; enter with the aim of becoming a trainee or a technician, a chef or a craftsman, and FE will give the skills to help you on your way. It’s an alchemy that works.

    That said, funding and what the Chancellor might say on Wednesday remains a worry. One of the biggest areas of concern at present is around funding for 16-19 provision, unprotected and looking vulnerable as a result. The Sixth Form Colleges’ Association published a disturbing report in the summer suggesting that over 70% of such colleges were considering having to restrict their offer and some 30% were concerned about their sustainability generally. The topic was the subject of an Opposition led debate this week and a link to the Hansard transcript is listed below but in truth little new light was shed and some further re-positioning looks likely.

    Away from funding, there have been a number of other developments this week.

    For HE, Sir Paul Nurse published the second of the important trilogies reshaping HE at present (the Green Paper and the Spending Review are the other two) with his long-awaited report into the future of research funding, a fairly soft thud here. For FE, two more regions signed up to devo-deals, in each case gaining a greater say over the area-based reviews and future commissioning of adult skills funding. While for schools, Nick Gibb’s speech to the Publishers Association Conference and Sir Michael Wilshaw’s latest piece on school governance are both worth a read. Links to these and to other matters are all provided in the news section below. 

    Top headlines this week

    • ‘Students plan further protests against higher education reforms.’ (Monday)
    • ‘Migrants do not lower school results.’ (Tuesday)
    • ‘Head teachers appeal for funds ahead of spending review.’ (Wednesday)
    • ‘Ofqual signals it could get tougher on exam remarks.’ (Thursday)
    • ‘Budget pressures forcing schools in England to cut staff, survey suggests.’ (Friday

    People/organisations in the news this week

    • The Skills Minister who gave nothing away about spending cuts when he addressed the AoC Conference this week but equally called on colleges to be ‘more flexible and entrepreneurial’ if they wanted a piece of the cake in future
    • Labour who held an Opposition debate this week on the threats to FE funding in general and 16-19 funding in particular. You can read a record of the debate in Hansard
    • Lib Dem leader Tim Farron who made a lengthy speech on the economy as part of the build-up to the Spending Review calling on the government not to cut funding for FE and HE
    • Eleven government departments (out of 20) who have now had their future spending plans agreed by the Treasury under spending plans to be announced next week
    • Sir Paul Nurse who published his report on research funding proposing among other things the creation of a new Research UK overseeing body headed by a single Accounting Officer
    • The think tank Bright Blue who published further research on the decline of part-time students in HE and who called for a lifetime tuition fee loan account and a graduate levy on large employers to help reverse the trend
    • Universities UK who have published some helpful one-page summaries of key aspects of the recent HE Green Paper
    • The Open University which has announced a £13m investment boost for FutureLearn to  help extend the international reach of its open learning platform
    • The West Midlands and Liverpool who have become the latest two regions to sign up to devolution deals that will include being responsible for chairing the current area reviews of post-16 skills provision and taking over responsibility for adult skills funding from 2018/19
    • Nadhim Zahawi, the government’s new apprenticeship adviser, who blogged about the importance of apprenticeships and how the government was supporting them
    • The National Audit Office who have listed two important reports for publication next spring, one on value for money in LEPs and the other on the government’s management of Apprenticeships
    • UKCES who in their latest ‘One Minute’ Update confirmed that three sectors - manufacturing, construction and non-market services - will provide the lion’s share of apprenticeships needed for the 3m target
    • The Federation of Master Builders who argued that the apprenticeship levy as currently taking shape could have a disastrous effect on the construction industry
    • Apprenticeship Trailblazers who seem to have met most of their required objectives according to the chart on page 13 of this final evaluation report
    • Tower Hamlets and Redbridge Colleges whose merger proposals are out for consultation
    • Three Shropshire Colleges who have announced proposals to band together and create potentially the largest Sixth Form College grouping in the country
    • The Publishers Association and British Education Suppliers Association who as part of their Annual Conference this week published guidelines on producing the best quality textbooks and resources for subjects such as English, maths and science
    • The DfE who published the latest stats on initial teacher training numbers for 2015/16 showing primary training courses running at capacity but those at secondary running at 82% of capacity with notable gaps among EBacc subject recruits
    • The Education Committee who had an away day at a school in Coventry as it continued its inquiry into the role of Regional Schools Commissioners
    • Sir Michael Wilshaw who used his latest monthly briefing to launch a major review by Ofsted of school governance, claiming that a lot of it was poor quality and that a more professional model was needed with potentially the chair and vice-chair remunerated
    • Ofcom’s whose latest report on media access and consumption provided a fascinating insight into how habits have changed over the last decade with children predictably accessing more and spending more time on different media but with worrying concerns equally about some of its impact particularly children believing what they’re seeing
    • The OECD who highlighted some of the important lessons that could be drawn from its earlier decade-long research into the impact of migration on schools and immigrant families and who confirmed that a fuller report will follow shortly
    • ASCL and brownejacobson whose latest survey of school leaders listed ‘managing a stagnant or declining budget’ as the top concern among school leaders over the coming year followed by ‘improving exam results’ and ‘implementing qualification changes’ 
    • The Future Leaders’ Trust who published a research report arguing that disadvantaged pupils struggle to perform as well in more isolated schools
    • The Youth Select Committee who published its report into young people’s mental health calling for much better support, recognition and funding to be given to the issue
    • Cardiff University who carried out one of the largest studies so far on the impact of healthy eating and pupil performance and found that children who eat a decent breakfast are almost twice as likely to get better scores in tests and assessments than those who didn’t
    • Teachers who have been asked to set aside half an hour, typically as part of INSET meetings as teachers return on 6 January or at any subsequent time up to February half-term, to discuss membership of the College of Teaching

    Tweet(s) of the week

    • “Apprenticeships are the future and I want the FE sector to lead the way.” @NickBolesMP
    • “A week off social media can make you happier.” @thei100
    • “Nick Gibb: All secondary schools should stock literary classics like Pride and Prejudice.” @SchoolsWeek
    • “The residents of Coronation Street are more likely to die a grisly death than complete a degree. But why?” @GdnHigherEd

    Quote(s) of the week

    • “It’s like saying that somebody who is overweight gets down to a normal weight and then you say well, continue your slimming until you are half your normal weight.” Sir Vince Cable sizes up rumoured further cuts
    • “But you do need, most of you, to change your approach.” The FE Minister doles out some advice at the Colleges Annual Conference
    • “We’re not just a department that delivers outcomes for individuals or business, we’re also a department that manages a whole range of important economic levers.” The Permanent Secretary of the BIS Dept interviewed a week before the crucial spending announcements
    • “One thing is certain: China won’t be cutting funding for education and training. Let’s hope our leaders don’t make that mistake.” The chief executive of the Association of Colleges remains hopeful ahead of next week’s Autumn Statement
    • “Telling people the truth with compassion is a really important point.” Former Metropolitan Police Commissioner Lord Blair advises college leaders on how to handle change
    • “My goodness, a sixth-form college would be better behaved than this.” Madam Deputy Speaker chides MPS during this week’s Opposition debate on 16-19 funding. 

    Number(s) of the week

    • 21% or 6% a year by 2019/20. The level of cuts facing the latest departments to sign up to the Treasury’s spending review terms
    • 49. The number of votes by which the Opposition motion on 16-19 funding was defeated
    • 499,900. The number of apprenticeship starts for 2014/15, up 13.5% on the previous year, now formally confirmed in the latest official figures
    • 10.2%. The latest quarterly figure on 16 -18 year old NEETs, down 0.3%
    • 31%. The number of teachers in a survey who are unsure if their school has introduced performance-related pay or not (Hint: it’s been in place for 2 years)
    • 74%. The number of 12-15 year olds who have a profile on Facebook (although Snapchat is becoming more popular) according to Ofcom’s latest research report. 

    What to look out for next week

    • European Jobs and Skills Summit (Monday)
    • All Party Parliamentary Group on FE meeting on apprenticeships (Monday)
    • Likely publication of OECD’s latest ‘Education at a Glance’ (Tuesday)
    • Autumn Statement and Spending Review announcements (Wednesday)
    • Proposed second day of action protests by students (Thursday).
    read more
  • Policy Eye – week ending November 13 2015

    Last Friday’s hefty higher education Green Paper has continued to attract comment for much of this week but the real elephant in the room and looming larger all the time is the Chancellor’s impending Autumn Statement now just over a week away and where things have ratcheted up this week.

    The week summed up

    This year’s Statement is particularly pertinent for three reasons. First because it will lay out the government’s public spending plans, an eye-watering £4 trillion for the next three years, and thus effectively set the tone for much of the rest of this Parliament. Second, because as the Social Market Foundation’s Chief Economist Nida Broughton put it in an excellent guide to the whole thing, the Chancellor’s attempting a very difficult balancing act, that of eliminating borrowing and running a surplus by 2019/20 and that could have implications for us all. And third, because, particularly for those of us in education, the omens in the build-up to the Review have been as scary as Macbeth’s witches. The latest incarnation of this followed a commissioned piece of analysis published by the Labour Party this week into post-16 education suggesting it was “on a cliff edge.” The government has been quick to dismiss claims that a number of sixth form and FE colleges could topple over yet it too has described the sector as being in a fragile state, hence the worries.

    The official position on the Spending Review was set out by the Chancellor in a speech at the start of the week in which he set out the three guiding principles behind any decisions being made: would it increase the economic security of working people or not; would it enhance our national security or not; would it extend opportunity or not?  In his own words: “if it does, we will do it; if not we won’t.” He went on to confirm that four depts had now had their spending plans approved, three more were nearly there and another three were still needing to finish their homework. The two education depts are somewhere in the middle, nearly there but not quite. Monday’s Guardian had a useful summary of the latest picture.

    Away from the Spending Review manoeuvres, the CBI has been in Annual Conference this week where the soon to depart Director-General continued his pursuit of a more skills based curriculum in schools, the Institute for Fiscal Studies and SchoolDash published some interesting data on ethnic groups going to university and regional differences in GCSE performance respectively and, as indicated, debate has continued about the virtues or otherwise of the HE Green Paper. Wonkhe’s ‘the closer you look, the less you see,’ Chris Husbands ‘five things we know and five speculations’ and  Roger King’s ‘Explainer,’ all offer excellent and very readable summaries. 

    Top headlines this week

    • ‘The teaching challenge for Britain’s universities.’ (Monday)
    • ‘Cuts could close 4 in 10 colleges say Labour.’ (Tuesday)
    • ‘Ofsted raises alarm over squalid illegal schools.’ (Wednesday)
    • ‘HE Green Paper could mean more than 1000 universities in England. (Thursday)
    • ‘Developing world beating maths teachers to take a decade.’ (Friday

    People/organisations in the news this week

    • The Prime Minister who set out some of the economic challenges facing business and the country, including the need to raise skill levels when he spoke to the CBI Annual Conference this week
    • The Chancellor who confirmed that 4 Depts had now negotiated their future spending plans with the Treasury and that a further 7 (including the two Education Depts) were still in negotiation with the Treasury as the Autumn Statement loomed just two weeks away
    • Education Secretary Nicky Morgan who used an address to the CBI Annual Conference to run through the government’s education reforms and how business could help
    • The Public Accounts Committee who called on the government to set clearer scrutiny and accountability arrangements as it reported on the early City Deals being used to help drive local growth 
    • The House of Commons Science and Technology Committee who completed its Inquiry into the annual £1.1bn Science budget by highlighting the importance of science and innovation to the economy
    • The Office for National Statistics whose latest quarterly report on the UK labour market up to Sept 2015 reported a further increase in employment levels but a mixed picture on wages
    • PWC whose latest ‘Economic Outlook’ Bulletin reported that while growth had slowed a little in the UK over the year, things remain relatively strong for the foreseeable future with all UK regions forecast to return growth of 1.6%-2.4% over the coming year
    • The Institute for Government whose latest report on the Spending Review suggested six ways including better management and greater use of digitalisation in which the government could ‘manage with less’
    • The Taxpayers Alliance who published the results of a survey into salary levels in state education indicating that over 7½ thousand university staff and just over a thousand school staff were paid more than £100,000 in 2013/14
    • HEFCE who published its latest, slightly more cautious, report on the financial health of the HE sector pointing to some concerns about future projected surplus levels and about the wide variation in the financial performance of some institutions
    • The Institute for Fiscal Studies who reported on recent BIS commissioned research which showed that white British students are now on average the least likely of all ethnic groups to go to university (32.6% compared for instance to 75.7% for those with a Chinese background)
    • Steve Smith, vice-chancellor of Exeter University who argued in a piece in The Guardian this week that leaving the EU would have a damaging effect on UKHE research capacity 
    • The Hull College Group who joined the Grimsby Institute, New College Durham, Newcastle and Warwicks Colleges to become the 5th college to gain foundation degree awarding powers
    • The Labour Party who produced commissioned research suggesting that as much as 40% of the college sector could be under threat if proposed spending review cuts go ahead
    • Chairs of 130 FE Colleges who have written to the Prime Minister urging him to resist making further cuts to FE
    • The Institute of Education’s new Centre for Post-14 Education and Work who hosted a briefing session for the House of Lords on the Centre’s recent report on the importance of the FE sector
    • John Cridland who in a valedictory speech as CBI Director-General at the organisation’s Annual Conference continued his call for a more balanced ‘academic–vocational’ school curriculum for young people
    • The British Chambers of Commerce who published further findings from its Business and Education Survey 2015 highlighting concerns about careers provision and the preparation for work of young people
    • David Laws, formerly Schools Minister under the Coalition and currently Executive Chairman at the think tank CentreForum who announced that the think tank had commissioned Alison Wolf to head up a review into post-18 funding and would issue a ‘State of the Nation’ report on English education generally in February 
    • Sir Michael Wilshaw who outlined some disturbing evidence found by inspectors at some unregistered schools and who called on the Dept to take immediate action including closing down such schools where necessary
    • The Sutton Trust whose latest commissioned research into the impact of student background on academic attainment found that white working class boys from deprived backgrounds are nearly twice as likely to stop studying at age 16 as their peers from more advantaged backgrounds
    • SchoolDash who produced an interesting series of maps illustrating North-South attainment gaps at GCSE
    • The Advisory Committee on Maths Education (ACME) who published a report suggesting ways of improving initial teacher education for maths teachers including for example a recommendation that trainee primary teachers should have studied maths up to age 18
    • The National Association of Writers in Education who ahead of their Conference this weekend is preparing to hand in a petition to Nicky Morgan calling for the Creative Writing A level not be scrapped as part of the 2017 review of subjects. 

    Tweet(s) of the week

    • “One teacher turned author ruminates on staffroom morale: I can be happy or I can be a teacher.” @Ed_Dorrell
    • “Jo Johnson won’t fix teaching, he’ll just make life harder for academics.” @guardian
    • “Don’t be a troll at conferences. Ask productive questions instead of terrorising your peers.” @JudyFriedberg

    Quote(s) of the week

    • “We’re not making savings for savings’ sake: we will make savings for a purpose.” The Chancellor prepares for his Autumn Statement
    • “We are on track to reach 95% by the end of 2017.” The government on how it is rolling out superfast broadband
    • “We don’t need to have a massive bureaucracy…what we need is for the heads of universities to be heads of professional learning and teaching, themselves. They need to take responsibility.” Sir Anthony Seldon on the proposed new Teaching Excellence Framework for HE
    • “At its best it’s world class but too many 16 year olds every year leave school let down by the system.” John Cridland’s parting words on the education system
    • “I do believe in the diversity of the system and choice for parents and I don’t see why selection shouldn’t be part of that choice.” Nick Timothy, Director of the New Schools Network on a more diverse school system
    • “The answer to almost every issue in the classroom is to talk to the kids about what’s going on.” Nancie Atwell, Global Teacher of the Year visits London to pass on some tips. 

    Number(s) of the week

    • £4 trillion. How much the government is intending to spend in terms of public spending on areas like health, schools, defence over the lifetime of this Parliament (up from £3.6 trn over the last Parliament)
    • 2.4%. The CBI’s latest quarterly growth forecast for the UK (the forecast for next year is 2.6%, down from 2.8%)
    • 8.5%. The predicted overall increase in full-time undergraduate student numbers over the next 3 years as indicated in HEFCE’s latest overview of the sector’s financial forecasts
    • 3% of GDP. How much the government should spend on science and innovation according to the Commons Science and Technology Committee (nearly double the current spend)
    • 7.2%. The increase in late GCSE entries this year but a 19% drop in late entries at A level according to latest Ofqual stats

    What to look out for next week

    • International Education Week (all week)
    • Association of Colleges Annual Conference (Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday)
    • Education Committee witness session on the role of RSCs (Tuesday)
    • Skills Show (Thursday, Friday).
    read more
  • Policy breakfast briefing: "University Challenge"

    With changes to degree awarding powers, teaching excellence and potentially regulation all included in what the HE Minister called 'a wide-ranging' Green Paper, this Hot Breakfast event looked at how things are shaping up for UK higher education.

    read more
  • Policy Eye – week ending November 6 2015

    ‘We won’t waste a minute.’ That’s what David Cameron said as the Conservatives roared back into action six months ago and it’s certainly been the case this week with what Tom Bennett graphically described as “a hunter’s stew of policy announcements.” 

    Here’s the main bones.

    The week summed up

    For schools, the big story has been Nicky Morgan’s speech at the Policy Exchange think tank at the start of the week. Billed as her most important speech to date, it showed her prepared not just to continue her predecessor’s agenda but stamp her own mark on it as well. The theme was ‘educational excellence everywhere,’ her take on the real 3Es government should prioritise and contained a mix of updated and newly tuned announcements. The most contentious was around primary assessment: KS2 resits will go ahead and the government will look at assessment and reporting arrangements for 7 year olds. This has raised hackles about a return to KS1 testing and comes as concerns continue not just about the testing load but about how best to set baseline data for progress reporting. The other two big announcements were about the adoption of the EBacc for what will now be 90% of pupils in time, it’s currently at 38.6% for state schools, and the creation from next autumn of a new ‘Top Gun’ teaching force, intended to help out in those parts of the country where needs are greatest. Chris Husbands’ blog on the EBacc and Tom Bennett’s on the National Teacher Service both listed below offer interesting perspectives on each.

    Moving on, the government has also announced this week what it rather grandly calls ‘ground-breaking reform to technical and professional education.’ This turns out to be another move to consolidate and strengthen the tech route for young people, in this case 16-19 year olds, with an all-through progression pathway of some 20 employer endorsed programmes that will feed young people on to higher-level apprenticeships and other routes. Details at this stage are sketchy, an expert panel under Lord Sainsbury has been set up and will report back next spring. Many will welcome a high-status route, after all status for vocational learning has been an issue for a long time but whether this will bring the simplicity that government desires remains to be seen, particularly as we already have existing prescribed routes for this stage of learning.

    And so to the higher education Green Paper, finally launched this morning, and variously described in the media as ‘a major shake-up’ and ‘the biggest reform in decades.’ The focus as the title suggests is on teaching excellence through a new evolutionary metrics framework linked to fees, social mobility through a new advisory group and student choice through a wider range of providers. There’s a lot in the paper and extensive consultation let alone further technical papers and potentially legislation will follow into 2016/17. Both the THES and wonkhe have excellent summaries. You can sign up for wonkhe’s ongoing analysis and briefings

    Top headlines this week

    • ‘Ministers consider national tests for seven year olds.’ (Monday)
    • ‘Nicky Morgan to send top teachers to struggling schools.’ (Tuesday)
    • ‘Tougher primary tests and top teachers in weak schools.’ (Wednesday)
    • ‘Government to scrap GCSE and A level ICT qualifications.’ (Thursday)
    • ‘Government plan to allow ‘better’ universities to raise fees.’ (Friday

    People/organisations in the news this week

    • Jo Johnson, the HE Minister, who outlined proposals for a new phase of reform for higher education in a comprehensive Green Paper document which will remain open for consultation until mid-January 2016
    • Education Secretary Nicky Morgan who made a major speech on the theme of educational excellence, calling among other things for a review of assessment arrangements for 7 year olds, implementation of the EBacc and the introduction of a National Teaching Service
    • The DfE who followed up Nicky Morgan’s speech by launching a consultation on implementing the EBacc with associated data on take-up and achievement in EBacc subjects to date
    • The House of Commons Library who published a helpful Briefing Paper on the EBacc incorporating the latest announcements from this week
    • Professor Chris Husbands who set the context for the latest announcement on the EBacc by looking at past governments’ attempts to enshrine a core curriculum
    • BIS who have announced the creation of a new panel, due to meet shortly and report back in a few months, to help endorse a new professional and technical track for 16-19 year olds leading to speedier through-put to apprenticeships and other high-tech routes
    • BIS who included a new monthly deadline and an online response survey as it updated its guidance on the approval process for apprenticeship standards
    • The National Institute of Economic and Social Research who provided a useful research report on education and skills provision in the UK, USA, France and Germany as an evidence base for the joint Education Committees’ Inquiry into education, skills and productivity this week; p 23-26 has the conclusions
    • The World Innovation Summit for Education whose latest conference revealed considerable dissatisfaction by member countries about the state of education in their respective countries and in particular in how well/poorly it was preparing young people for the world of work
    • NIACE who following its recent link-up with CESI (the Centre for Economic and Social Inclusion) will adopt the name of the Learning and Work Institute from the start of 2016
    • Nadhim Zahawi MP who has been appointed as the Prime Minister’s adviser on apprentices
    • The Association of Colleges (AoC) who published a blog looking at some of the issues around the introduction of an apprenticeship levy
    • The training company JTL who as the latest BBC Apprentice series got into its full swing set out to explain the differences between the show and the reality, listing eight in all
    • The Education Committee who held the third of three witness sessions on the role of Regional Schools Commissioners
    • The NAHT who published a survey report on school finances suggesting many were at breaking point
    • Ofqual and the DfE who launched the latest round of consultation on new GCSEs and A levels covering in this case GCSE short course PE and AS/A level geology and politics, all due for first teaching from 2017 but who faced criticism for not re-developing GCSE and A level IT
    • Ofqual who confirmed the assessment arrangements for the new GCSE Design and Technology
    • Debate about whether independent or state school pupils achieve higher degree levels which continued this week with HEFCE amending data from an earlier report to make the case for the former and Cambridge Assessment publishing research on the impact of the introduction of the A* to make the case for the latter
    • BBC Education Correspondent Sean Coughlan who reported on some of the difficulties schools in many coastal towns face and why this is causing concern
    • The NFER who listed 7 building blocks as part of  major research report on helping raise disadvantaged pupils’ attainment
    • Tom Bennett and Professor Gren Ireson, each of whom wrote blogs highlighting some of the challenges facing the government as it seeks to set up a new National Teaching Service
    • Shanghai maths teachers, the latest batch of whom have now arrived in this country to help out with maths masterclasses in English secondary schools
    • The Maths Hub programme which is looking for a number of secondary school maths departments to join in a new, free programme of training to help teachers develop pupils’ maths reasoning
    • The Institute of Engineering and Technology who as part of Tomorrow’s Engineers Week assembled a team of experts to help parents answer some of the more tricky technical questions that children tend to ask
    • The National Literacy Trust who published its latest survey of teachers. literacy co-ordinators and assistants and reported that nearly a quarter of teachers don’t feel confident in teaching the new national curriculum literacy requirements
    • The Education Endowment Foundation (EEF) who are launching a £10m campaign with Northern Rock Foundation to help improve literacy levels particularly for more disadvantaged primary school pupils in the North East
    • Binge-watch, ‘to watch a complete series of TV programmes at one sitting,’ one of the top words/ phrases of the year included here in this listing of words for 2015 by Collins

    Tweet(s) of the week

    • “Tim Oates: ‘we have over-estimated what the national curriculum can do.’ @SchoolsWeek
    • “Let experts decide can often mean ‘let more people like me have a say.’ @PExEducation
    • “Rather than literacy, I wish we could talk about poems, literature, creativity…Michael Morpurgo.” @SchoolsImprove
    • “Few things give me more pleasure than the all too rare experience of correcting people who say asterix instead of asterisk” @tombennett71 “and the teachers who open their spreadsheets in Edexcel.” @sxpmaths

    Quote(s) of the week

    • “Whilst adults argue about consultations and fight ideological battles, young people are losing on average 13 months of their education in a school that has already been deemed inadequate, before things start to get better. That can’t be right.”  Education Secretary Nicky Morgan on the need to transform under performing schools
    • “Ms Morgan is very keen on tests.” One of the professional association responds to Nicky Morgan’s announcement about reviewing testing arrangements for 7 year olds
    • “Coastal schools, rural one-horse hamlets, island eyries and urban crucibles alike can struggle to attract the talent they need.” Tom Bennett on the challenges facing the National Teaching Service 
    • “As mass higher education has developed in the UK, it has been tempting for many employers to recruit more and more graduates from full-time HE courses (educated largely at state and individual expense) and then to complain about their lack of employability skills.” The NIESR report on skills training in the UK
    • “There is no one broadly accepted definition of teaching excellence.” The HE Green Paper starts the discussion on defining teaching excellence 
    • “In higher education, as in schools, hospitals, the law and almost everywhere else, it is no longer possible simply to rely on professionalism-that is so last century.” Professor Peter Scott on why a Teaching Excellence Framework for HE won’t work
    • “Paperwork is not now an aid to supporting teaching and learning but a Frankenstein’s monster taking over the whole of education.” Teachers and others express concern about the paperwork monster in an open letter to the Secretary of State
    • “I don’t see the point of exams at 16-they get in the way.” The outgoing director-general of the CBI remains clear that reform of school exams is needed. 

    Number(s) of the week

    • £1bn. How much is probably needed through the apprenticeship levy to help fund the proposed 3m target, according to the AoC
    • 45%. The number of school leaders responding to NAHT’s survey who reckoned their school budget would be unsustainable within a couple of years
    • 67.4%. The percentage of pupils who were not entered for the languages element of the EBacc in 2014/15 (against 22.1% for Humanities and 9.9% for Sciences)
    • 3%. The percentage of scripts subject to some form of special consideration this summer according to figures published by Ofqual this week
    • 76.1%. The number of teachers responding to the latest National Literacy Trust survey who confirmed that their school still had a library. 

    What to look out for next week

    • Pearson Policy Hot Breakfast event on HE (Monday)
    • CBI Annual Conference (Monday)
    • MPs questions to the BIS Dept (Tuesday)
    • HEFCE Annual Meeting (Thursday).
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