## Table of Contents

**1. Whole Numbers**

1.1 Reading and Writing Whole Numbers

1.2 Adding Whole Numbers

1.3 Subtracting Whole Numbers

1.4 Multiplying Whole Numbers

1.5 Dividing Whole Numbers

1.6 Long Division

1.7 Rounding Whole Numbers

1.8 Exponents, Roots, and Order of Operations

1.9 Reading Pictographs, Bar Graphs, and Line Graphs

1.10 Solving Application Problems

** **

**2. Multiplying and Dividing Fractions**

2.1 Basics of Fractions

2.2 Mixed Numbers

2.3 Factors

2.4 Writing a Fraction in Lowest Terms

2.5 Multiplying Fractions

2.6 Applications of Multiplication

2.7 Dividing Fractions

2.8 Multiplying and Dividing Mixed Numbers

** **

**3. Adding and Subtracting Fractions**

3.1 Adding and Subtracting Like Fractions

3.2 Least Common Multiples

3.3 Adding and Subtracting Unlike Fractions

3.4 Adding and Subtracting Mixed Numbers

3.5 Order Relations and the Order of Operations

** **

**4. Decimals**

4.1 Reading and Writing Decimal Numbers

4.2 Rounding Decimal Numbers

4.3 Adding and Subtracting Decimal Numbers

4.4 Multiplying Decimal Numbers

4.5 Dividing Decimal Numbers

4.6 Fractions and Decimals

**5. Ratio and Proportion **

5.1 Ratios

5.2 Rates

5.3 Proportions

5.4 Solving Proportions

5.5 Solving Application Problems with Proportions

** **

**6. Percent**

6.1 Basics of Percent

6.2 Percents and Fractions

6.3 Using the Percent Proportion and Identifying the Components in a Percent Problem

6.4 Using Proportions to Solve Percent Problems

6.5 Using the Percent Equation

6.6 Solving Application Problems with Percent

6.7 Simple Interest

6.8 Compound Interest

** **

**7. Measurement**

7.1 Problem Solving with U.S. Measurement Units

7.2 The Metric System – Length

7.3 The Metric System – Capacity and Weight (Mass)

7.4 Problem Solving with Metric Measurement

7.5 Metric—U.S. Measurement Conversions and Temperature

** **

**8. Geometry**

8.1 Basic Geometric Terms

8.2 Angles and Their Relationships

8.3 Rectangles and Squares

8.4 Parallelograms and Trapezoids

8.5 Triangles

8.6 Circles

8.7 Volume

8.8 Pythagorean Theorem

8.9 Similar Triangles

** **

**9. Introduction to Basic Algebra **

9.1 Signed Numbers

9.2 Adding and Subtracting Signed Numbers

9.3 Multiplying and Dividing Signed Numbers

9.4 Order of Operations

9.5 Evaluating Expressions and Formulas

9.6 Solving Equations

9.7 Solving Equations with Several Steps

9.8 Using Equations to Solve Application Problems

**10. Statistics **

10.1 Circle Graphs

10.2 Bar Graphs and Line Graphs

10.3 Frequency Distributions and Histograms

10.4 Mean, Median, and Mode

** **

**11. The Real Number System**

11.1 Exponents, Order of Operations, and Inequality

11.2 Variables, Expressions, and Equations

11.3 Real Numbers and the Number Line

11.4 Adding Real Numbers

11.5 Subtracting Real Numbers

11.6 Multiplying and Dividing Real Numbers

11.7 Properties of Real Numbers

11.8 Simplifying Expressions

** **

**12. Equations, Inequalities, and Applications**

12.1 The Addition Property of Equality

12.2 The Multiplication Property of Equality

12.3 More on Solving Linear Equations

12.4 An Introduction to Applications of Linear Equations

12.5 Formulas and Additional Applications from Geometry

12.6 Ratio, Proportion, and Percent

12.7 Solving Linear Inequalities

** **

**13. Graphs of Linear Equations and Inequalities in Two Variables; Functions**

13.1 Linear Equations in Two Variables; The Rectangular Coordinate System

13.2 Graphing Linear Equations in Two Variables

13.3 The Slope of a Line

13.4 Writing and Graphing Equations of Lines

13.5 Graphing Linear Inequalities in Two Variables

13.6 Introduction to Relations and Functions

13.7 Function Notation and Linear Functions

**14. Systems of Linear Equations and Inequalities **

14.1 Solving Systems of Linear Equations by Graphing

14.2 Solving Systems of Linear Equations by Substitution

14.3 Solving Systems of Linear Equations by Elimination

14.4 Applications of Linear Systems

14.5 Solving Systems of Linear Inequalities

** **

**15. Exponents and Polynomials**

15.1 Adding and Subtracting Polynomials

15.2 The Product Rule and Power Rules for Exponents

15.3 Multiplying Polynomials

15.4 Special Products

15.5 Integer Exponents and the Quotient Rule

15.6 Dividing a Polynomial by a Monomial

15.7 Dividing a Polynomial by a Polynomial

15.8 An Application of Exponents: Scientific Notation

** **

**16. Factoring and Applications**

16.1 Factors; The Greatest Common Factor

16.2 Factoring Trinomials

16.3 Factoring Trinomials by Grouping

16.4 Factoring Trinomials by Using the FOIL Method

16.5 Special Factoring Techniques

16.6 A General Approach to Factoring

16.7 Solving Quadratic Equations by Factoring

16.8 Applications of Quadratic Equations

** **

**17. Rational Expressions and Functions**

17.1 Rational Expressions and Functions; Multiplying and Dividing

17.2 Adding and Subtracting Rational Expressions

17.3 Complex Fractions

17.4 Equations with Rational Expressions and Graphs

17.5 Applications of Rational Expressions

17.6 Variation

** **

**18. Equations, Inequalities, and Systems Revisited**

18.1 Review of Solving Linear Equations and Inequalities

18.2 Set Operations and Compound Inequalities

18.3 Absolute Value Equations and Inequalities

18.4 Review of Systems of Linear Equations in Two Variables

18.5 Systems of Linear Equations in Three Variables; Applications

**19. Roots, Radicals, and Root Functions**

19.1 Radical Expressions and Graphs

19.2 Rational Exponents

19.3 Simplifying Radical Expressions

19.4 Adding and Subtracting Radical Expressions

19.5 Multiplying and Dividing Radical Expressions

19.6 Solving Equations with Radicals

19.7 Complex Numbers

** **

**20. Quadratic Equations, Inequalities, and Functions **

20.1 Solving Quadratic Equations by the Square Root Property

20.2 Solving Quadratic Equations by Completing the Square

20.3 Solving Quadratic Equations by the Quadratic Formula

20.4 Equations Quadratic in Form

20.5 Formulas and Applications

20.6 Graphs of Quadratic Functions

20.7 More about Parabolas and Their Applications

20.8 Polynomial and Rational Inequalities

** **

**21. Inverse, Exponential, and Logarithmic Functions **

21.1 Operations on Functions and Composition

21.2 Inverse Functions

21.3 Exponential Functions

21.4 Logarithmic Functions

21.5 Properties of Logarithms

21.6 Common and Natural Logarithms

21.7 Exponential and Logarithmic Equations and Their Applications

**22. Nonlinear Functions, Conic Sections, and Nonlinear Systems**

22.1 Additional Graphs of Functions; Operations and Composition

22.2 The Circle and the Ellipse

22.3 The Hyperbola and Other Functions Defined by Radicals

22.4 Nonlinear Systems of Equations

22.5 Second-Degree Inequalities and Systems of Inequalities

**Appendix A**. Inductive and Deductive Reasoning

**Appendix B**. Solving Systems of Linear Equations by Matrix Methods

**Appendix C**. Synthetic Division