Social Psychology, 9th Edition
• An individualized study plan for each student, based on performance on chapter pre-tests, helps students focus on the specific topics where they need the most support. The personalized study plan arranges content from less-complex thinking, like remembering and understanding–to more-complex critical thinking skills–like applying and analyzing, and is based on Bloom’s taxonomy. Every level of the study plan provides a formative assessment quiz.
• Media assignments for each chapter – including videos with assignable questions – feed directly into the gradebook, enabling instructors to track student progress automatically.
• The Pearson eText lets students access their textbook anytime and anywhere, and any way they want, including listening online.
• Writing Space provides everything you need to foster better writing, all in one place. It's a single place to create, track, and grade writing assignments, provide writing resources, and exchange meaningful, personalized feedback with students, quickly and easily. The availability of auto-graded, assisted-graded, and create-your-own assignments within Writing Space lets you decide your level of involvement in evaluating your students' work. The auto-graded option allows you to assign writing in large classes without the burden of having to grade all student work by hand. And thanks to integration with Turnitin®, Writing Space can check students’ work for improper citation or plagiarism.
• Learning Catalytics™ is an interactive, student response tool that uses students’ smartphones, tablets, or laptops to engage them in more sophisticated tasks and thinking. Now included with MyLab & Mastering with eText, Learning Catalytics enables you to generate classroom discussion, guide your lecture, and promote peer-to-peer learning with real-time analytics. Instructors, you can:• Pose a variety of open-ended questions that help your students develop critical thinking skills.• Current, comprehensive, and cutting edge, the MyPsychLab Video Series for Social Psychology covers the most recent research, science, and applications. Clips from ABC’s wildly popular What Would You Do? series and help students discover how real people in real-world scenarios bring to life classic concepts in social psychology. The video series is also available to adopters on a DVD. Contact your Pearson representative for more information.
• Monitor responses to find out where students are struggling.
• Use real-time data to adjust your instructional strategy and try other ways of engaging your students during class.
• Manage student interactions by automatically grouping students for discussion, teamwork, and peer-to-peer learning.
• Try It! exercises throughout the text invite students to apply specific social psychology concepts to their everyday behavior, encouraging them to become more active participants in the learning process. Many of these exercises have been updated for the Ninth Edition.
• Opening vignettes introduce real-life examples that illustrate the concepts to come. These compelling stories are referred to throughout each chapter, to help students stay focused on the chapter narrative.
• Mini-stories woven into each chapter illustrate specific content while bringing the material to life. Each of these compelling stories pairs a real-life phenomenon that is designed to pique students’ interest with an experiment that attempts to explain that phenomenon.
• NEW! Learning objectives at the beginning of each chapter guide students as they work through the text. The learning objectives are repeated in the sections of the chapter in which they are most relevant, as well as in the chapter-ending summary.
• Each chapter’s headings and subheadings indicate a clear framework for course content, helping students to see the “big picture” of where the chapter is going as well as to draw connections between sections.
• NEW! All major sections of every chapter now end with review quizzes to help students better master course material.
• Chapter-ending summaries offer a succinct shorthand presentation of the chapter information, helping students review what they’ve read and prepare for exams.
• Key terms are set in bold at the first instance they appear in the narrative, and defined in the margin. Students may also also look up key terms in the alphabetical glossary at the end of this textbook.
• Social Psychology presents a balance of classic and contemporary research in the field. Including cornerstone studies alongside more recent research, the authors help students to appreciate the continuity and depth of the ever-evolving field of social psychology.
• NEW! The Ninth Edition has been updated significantly with numerous references to new research.
A framework that aids comprehension and boosts retention• Learning objectives at the beginning of each chapter guide students as they work through the text. The learning objectives are repeated in the sections of the chapter in which they are most relevant, as well as in the chapter-ending summary.A balanced approach to research
• All major sections of every chapter now end with review quizzes to help students better master course material.• The Ninth Edition has been updated significantly with numerous references to new research.
• Chapter 2, “Methodology: How Social Psychologists Do Research”–a readable, student-friendly chapter on social psychology research methods–has been updated with new references and examples.
• Chapter 3, “Social Cognition: How We Think About the Social World,” has been reorganized to make the structure clearer to students. There are now four major sections: “On Automatic Pilot: Low-Effort Thinking,” “Types of Automatic Thinking,” “Cultural Differences in Social Cognition,” and “Controlled Social Thinking.” There are also new sections on automatic goal pursuit and decision making. Finally, the chapter has been updated with numerous new references.
• Chapter 4, “Social Perception: How We Come to Understand Other People,” now includes a new section, “First Impressions: Quick but Long-Lasting,” with new coverage of thin-slicing, belief perseverance, and the use of nonverbal communication to personal advantage (e.g., in the form of power posing). The chapter also presents updated research and conclusions regarding the universality of emotional expression, and new popular media examples from programs such as Breaking Bad, Duck Dynasty, and the podcast Serial.
• Chapter 5, “The Self: Understanding Ourselves in a Social Context,” has been reorganized into seven major sections instead of five, which should make the material clearer to students. The authors also revised the opening example, added a section on affective forecasting, reorganized some of the other sections (e.g., on culture and the self and on mindsets), added two new figures, and deleted or consolidated two other figures. Nearly 50 references to recent research have been added.
• Chapter 6, “The Need to Justify Our Actions,” now includes a revised definition of cognitive dissonance and two-dozen new references. These updates include studies examining dissonance and cheating, hypocrisy and its consequences for self-justification, the justification of kindness in very young children, and a field study of justification of effort among participants in a religious ritual in Mauritius.
• Chapter 7, “Attitudes and Attitude Change: Influencing Thoughts and Feelings,” includes some reorganization of section order in response to reviewer suggestions and an updated analysis of advertising, stereotypes, and culture. New Try It! exercises have also been added regarding the role of automatic thought processes in consumer-related attitudes.
• Chapter 8, “Conformity: Influencing Behavior,” now boasts a new section on tactics of social influence, including the foot-in-the-door and door-in-the-face technique. We have also added review of the Bond et al. (2012) election study in which the appearance of an “I Voted” button on Facebook was found to influence users’ own likelihood of voting. This chapter also discusses the role of normative social influence in the polar plunge trend and the ALS ice bucket challenge that went viral on social media in 2014.
• Chapter 9, “Group Processes: Influence in Social Groups,” includes a new section on the relationship between group diversity, morale, and performance. The discussion of deindividuation has also been updated to consider the tendency as it is manifested in on-line contexts.
• Chapter 10, “Interpersonal Attraction: From First Impressions to Close Relationships,” has a new opening vignette focusing on Tinder and other dating-related apps/websites. The authors have expanded the treatment of fertility and attraction in response to reviewer feedback, and also added new research on the relationship between genetic similarity and attraction.
• Chapter 11, “Prosocial Behavior: Why Do People Help?” includes substantially revised sections on religion and prosocial behavior and on positive psychology. The authors also discuss recent research by van den Bos on appraisal and bystander intervention and recent media examples, such as a mention of the movie Kick Ass.
• Chapter 12, “Aggression: Why Do We Hurt Other People? Can We Prevent It?,” has undergone significant organizational changes for clarity and narrative flow. The first section now unifies various answers to the question of the origins of aggression–evolutionary, cultural, learned, physiological influences–with special attention to gender and aggression (similarities as well as the familiar differences). The authors have also added a section, “Putting the Elements Together: The Case of Sexual Assault,” with updated references and the addition of the latest studies about causes of rape and sexual assault, sexual scripts, and a 2015 review of research on sexual miscommunications.
• Chapter 13, “Prejudice: Causes, Consequences, and Cures,” includes additional coverage of the Implicit Association Test (IAT) as it relates to measuring implicit bias. The chapter also now includes more social neuroscience research on social categorization and expands its discussion of the effects of prejudice on its targets. Several new glossary entries have been added to reflect these updates.
• The Social Psychology in Action (SPA) chapters–“Making a Difference with Social Psychology: Attaining a Sustainable Future,” “Social Psychology and Health,” and “Social Psychology and the Law”–have been updated with many references to new research. These applied chapters remain brief to make it easy for instructors to integrate them into different parts of the course in whatever fashion he or she deems best. SPA1, “Making a Difference with Social Psychology: Attaining a Sustainable Future,” has a new opening example about the effects of climate change on U.S. cities and a new discussion of how experiences make people happier than material things. In SPA2, “Social Psychology and Health,” the authors revised the sections on perceived control, “tend and befriend” responses to stress, and behavioral causes of health problems. SPA3, “Social Psychology and Law,” includes updated information on the role of post-identification feedback on eyewitness confidence and revised conclusions regarding the repressed memory debate.
1. Introducing Social Psychology
2. Methodology: How Social Psychologists Do Research
3. Social Cognition: How We Think About the Social World
4. Social Perception: How We Come to Understand Other People
5. The Self: Understanding Ourselves in a Social Context
6. The Need to Justify Our Actions: The Costs and Benefits of Dissonance Reduction
7. Attitudes and Attitude Change: Influencing Thoughts and Feelings
8. Conformity: Influencing Behavior
9. Group Processes: Influence in Social Groups
10. Interpersonal Attraction: From First Impressions to Close Relationships
11. Prosocial Behavior: Why Do People Help?
12. Aggression: Why Do We Hurt Other People? Can We Prevent It?
13. Prejudice: Causes, Consequences, and Cures
SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY IN ACTION 1 — Making a Difference with Social Psychology: Attaining a Sustainable Future
SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY IN ACTION 2 — Social Psychology and Health
SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY IN ACTION 3 — Social Psychology and the Law
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is Professor Emeritus at the University of California at Santa Cruz and one of the most renowned social psychologists in the world. In 2002, he was chosen as one of the 100 most eminent psychologists of the twentieth century. Dr. Aronson is the only person in the 120-year history of the American Psychological Association to have received all three of its major awards: for distinguished writing, distinguished teaching, and distinguished research. Many other professional societies have honored his research and teaching as well. These include the American Association for the Advancement of Science, which gave him its highest honor, the Distinguished Scientific Research award; the American Council for the Advancement and Support of Education, which named him Professor of the Year of 1989; the Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues, which awarded him the Gordon Allport prize for his contributions to the reduction of prejudice among racial and ethnic groups; and the William James Award from the Association for Psychological Science. In 1992, he was named a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. A collection of papers and tributes by his former students and colleagues, The Scientist and the Humanist, celebrates his contributions to social psychological theory and its application to real-world problems. Dr. Aronson’s own recent books for general audiences include Mistakes Were Made (but not by ME)
, with Carol Tavris, and a memoir, Not by Chance Alone: My Life as a Social Psychologist
Tim Wilson did his undergraduate work at Williams College and Hampshire College and received his PhD from the University of Michigan. Currently Sherrell J. Aston Professor of Psychology at the University of Virginia, he has published numerous articles in the areas of introspection, attitude change, self-knowledge, and affective forecasting, as well as a recent book, Redirect: The Surprising New Science of Psychological Change . His research has received the support of the National Science Foundation and the National Institute for Mental Health. He has been elected twice to the Executive Board of the Society for Experimental Social Psychology and is a Fellow in the American Psychological Society and the Society for Personality and Social Psychology. In 2009, he was named a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. In 2015 he received the William James Fellows Award from the Association for Psychological Science. Wilson has taught the Introduction to Social Psychology course at the University of Virginia for more than 30 years. In 2001 he was awarded the University of Virginia All-University Outstanding Teaching Award, and in 2010 was awarded the University of Virginia Distinguished Scientist Award.
Robin Akert graduated summa cum laude from the University of California at Santa Cruz, where she majored in psychology and sociology. She received her PhD in experimental social psychology from Princeton University. She is currently a Professor of Psychology at Wellesley College, where she was awarded the Pinanski Prize for Excellence in Teaching early in her career. She publishes primarily in the area of nonverbal communication, and recently received the AAUW American Fellowship in support of her research. She has taught the social psychology course at Wellesley College for nearly 30 years.
Sam Sommers earned his B.A. from Williams College and his Ph.D. from the University of Michigan. Since 2003 he has been a faculty member in the Department of Psychology at Tufts University in Medford, Massachusetts. His research examines issues related to stereotyping, prejudice, and group diversity, with a particular interest in how these processes play out in the legal domain. He has won multiple teaching awards at Tufts, including the Lerman-Neubauer Prize for Outstanding Teaching and Advising and the Gerald R. Gill Professor of the Year Award. He was also inducted into the Tufts Hall of Diversity for his efforts to promote an inclusive climate on campus for all students. He has testified as an expert witness on issues related to racial bias, jury decision-making, and eyewitness memory in criminal trial proceedings in seven states. His first general audience book on social psychology was published in 2011, titled Situations Matter: Understanding How Context Transforms Your World . His next book, titled Your Brain on Sports , is co-authored with L. Jon Wertheim of Sports Illustrated and will be published in early 2016.
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