Making Content Comprehensible for English Learners: The SIOP Model, 5th edition

  • Jana Echevarria, 
  • MaryEllen Vogt, 
  • Deborah Short

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Making Content Comprehensible for English Learners applies the SIOP® (Sheltered Instruction Observation Protocol) Model to improve academic gains for students. The text provides strategies to deliver grade-level content standards to English learners, develop their English skills, and get them college and career ready.

Published by Pearson (January 22nd 2016) - Copyright © 2017

ISBN-13: 9780134045375

Subject: Teaching English Learners

Category: ESOL Methods

Table of contents

Brief Table of Contents

1 Introducing the SIOP® Model
2 Lesson Preparation
3 Building Background
4 Comprehensible Input
5 Strategies
6 Interaction
7 Practice & Application
8 Lesson Delivery
9 Review & Assessment
10 Issues of Reading, RTI, and Special Education for English Learners
11 Effective Use of the SIOP® Protocol
12 Frequently Asked Questions: Getting Started with the SIOP® Model

Detailed Table of Contents

1 Introducing the SIOP® Model 1

Background on English Learners 3
Demographic Trends 3
Diverse Characteristics 4
School Reform, Standards, and Accountability 8
Achievement Gaps 10
Academic Language and Literacy 12
Research on Academic Language and Literacy 13
Role in Schooling 13
Effective Instructional Practice for English Learners: The SIOP® Model 15
Content-based ESL and Sheltered Content Instruction 15
Research and Development of the Sheltered Instruction Observation
Protocol (SIOP®) Model 17
Effective SIOP® Model Instruction 20
Implementing the SIOP® Model 24
Summary 25
Discussion Questions 25

2 Lesson Preparation 27

Background 28
Selecting and Writing Content and Language Objectives 35
Teaching Ideas for Lesson Preparation 50
Differentiating Ideas for Multi-level Classes 53
Rating Lessons with the SIOP® Protocol 54
The Lesson 55
Teaching Scenarios 56
Discussion of Lessons 62
Teaching with Technology 66
Summary 68
Discussion Questions 68

3 Building Background 70

Background 71
Something to Think About 74
Academic Vocabulary 76
Word Consciousness 80
Teaching Academic Vocabulary 80
Teaching Ideas for Building Background 81
Differentiating Ideas for Multi-level Classes 88
The Lesson 89
Teaching Scenarios 90
Discussion of Lessons 96
Teaching with Technology 99
Summary 100
Discussion Questions 100

4 Comprehensible Input 102

Background 104
Teaching Ideas for Comprehensible Input 111
Differentiating Ideas for Multi-level Classes 112
The Lesson 113
Teaching Scenarios 113
Discussion of Lessons 118
Teaching with Technology 122
Summary 124
Discussion Questions 124

5 Strategies 125

Background 126
Things to Consider When Teaching Learning Strategies 128
Three Types of Scaffolding 131
Teaching Ideas for Strategies 133
Differentiating Ideas for Multi-level Classes 136
The Lesson 137
Teaching Scenarios 138
Discussion of Lessons 145
Teaching with Technology 149
Summary 150
Discussion Questions 150

6 Interaction 152

Background 154
Typical Lesson 155
SIOP® Lesson 156
Oral Language Development 158
Teaching Ideas for Interaction 167
Differentiating Ideas for Multi-level Classes 169
The Lesson 171
Teaching Scenarios 171
Discussion of Lessons 176
Teaching with Technology 179
Summary 180
Discussion Questions 181

7 Practice & Application 182

Background 183
Teaching Ideas for Practice & Application 189
Differentiating Ideas for Multi-level Classes 190
The Lesson 192
Teaching Scenarios 193
Discussion of Lessons 198
Teaching with Technology 201
Summary 202
Discussion Questions 202

8 Lesson Delivery 204

Background 205
Linking Lesson Preparation and Lesson Delivery 210
Teaching Ideas for Lesson Delivery 212
Differentiating Ideas for Multi-level Classes 213
The Lesson 214
Teaching Scenarios 215
Discussion of Lessons 218
Teaching with Technology 222
Summary 223
Discussion Questions 223

9 Review & Assessment 225

Background 226
Classroom Context and the Review & Assessment Component 227
Formative and Summative Assessment 228
Informal Assessment 228
Formal Assessment 229
Teaching Ideas for Review & Assessment 235
Differentiating Ideas for Multi-level Classes 238
The Lesson 240
Teaching Scenarios 240
Discussion of Lessons 246
Teaching with Technology 250
Summary 251
Discussion Questions 252

10 Issues of Reading, RTI, and Special Education for English Learners 254

Issues of Reading Development and Assessment 255
Estimating Students’ Reading Levels 257
English Learners and the Common Core State Standards for Reading, Writing, Listening and Speaking 259
Assisting Struggling Learners: Response to Intervention 262
Issues Related to Special Education 264
Special Education Services: When Are They Appropriate? 267
Search for Intervention Rather than Disability 269
Teaching Ideas for Students with Special Needs 270
Summary 272
Discussion Questions 272

11 Effective Use of the SIOP® Protocol 274

Best Practice in Using the SIOP® Protocol 275
Scoring and Interpreting the SIOP® Protocol 277
Assigning Scores 278
Not Applicable (NA) Category 278
Calculating Scores 279
Using Non-Numeric Rating 280
Sample Lesson 280
Using SIOP® Scores and Comments 284
Reliability and Validity of the SIOP® 293
Summary 293
Discussion Questions 293

12 Frequently Asked Questions: Getting Started with the SIOP® Model 294

General SIOP® Questions 295
Questions About Getting Started with SIOP® in the Classroom 297
Questions About School-wide Implementation of the SIOP® Model 298
Appendix A: SIOP® (Sheltered Instruction Observation Protocol) 302
Appendix B: Lesson Plans 312
Appendix C: Research on the SIOP® (Sheltered Instruction Observation Protocol) Model 317

Appendix D: SIOP® Professional Development Resources 323
Glossary 326
References 331
Index 353

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