Introduction to Materials Science for Engineers, 9th edition

  • James F. Shackelford

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Overview

Introduction to Materials Science for Engineers offers balanced treatment of the full spectrum of materials, including a range of new materials with high-tech applications.

Published by Pearson (January 22nd 2021) - Copyright © 2021

ISBN-13: 9780136912453

Subject: Mechanical Engineering

Category: Materials Science

Table of contents

Table of Contents

  1. Materials for Engineering
    • 1.1 The Material World
    • 1.2 Materials Science and Engineering
    • 1.3 Six Materials That Changed Your World
      • STEEL BRIDGES—INTRODUCING METALS
      • TRANSPARENT OXIDES—INTRODUCING CERAMICS
      • SMARTPHONES AND TABLETS—INTRODUCING GLASSES
      • NYLON PARACHUTES—INTRODUCING POLYMERS
      • KEVLAR®-REINFORCED TIRES—INTRODUCING COMPOSITES
      • SILICON CHIPS—INTRODUCING SEMICONDUCTORS
    • 1.4 Processing and Selecting Materials
    • 1.5 Looking at Materials by Powers of Ten

PART I: The Fundamentals

  1. Atomic Bonding
    • 2.1 Atomic Structure
    • 2.2 The Ionic Bond
      • COORDINATION NUMBER
    • 2.3 The Covalent Bond
    • 2.4 The Metallic Bond
    • 2.5 The Secondary, or van der Waals, Bond
    • 2.6 Materials—The Bonding Classification
  2. Crystalline Structure—Perfection
    • 3.1 Seven Systems and Fourteen Lattices
    • 3.2 Metal Structures
    • 3.3 Ceramic Structures
  3. Crystal Defects and Noncrystalline Structure—Imperfection
    • 4.1 The Solid Solution—Chemical Imperfection
    • 4.2 Point Defects—Zero-Dimensional Imperfections
    • 4.3 Linear Defects, or Dislocations—One-Dimensional Imperfections
    • 4.4 Planar Defects—Two-Dimensional Imperfections
    • 4.5 Noncrystalline Solids—Three-Dimensional Imperfections
  4. Diffusion
    • 5.1 Thermally Activated Processes
    • 5.2 Thermal Production of Point Defects
    • 5.3 Point Defects and Solid-State Diffusion
    • 5.4 Steady-State Diffusion
    • 5.5 Alternate Diffusion Paths
  5. Mechanical Behavior
    • 6.1 Stress Versus Strain
      • METALS
      • CERAMICS AND GLASSES
      • POLYMERS
    • 6.2 Elastic Deformation
    • 6.3 Plastic Deformation
    • 6.4 Hardness
    • 6.5 Creep and Stress Relaxation
    • 6.6 Viscoelastic Deformation
      • INORGANIC GLASSES
      • ORGANIC POLYMERS
      • ELASTOMERS
  6. Thermal Behavior
    • 7.1 Heat Capacity
    • 7.2 Thermal Expansion
    • 7.3 Thermal Conductivity
    • 7.4 Thermal Shock
  7. Failure Analysis and Prevention
    • 8.1 Impact Energy
    • 8.2 Fracture Toughness
    • 8.3 Fatigue
    • 8.4 Nondestructive Testing
    • 8.5 Failure Analysis and Prevention
  8. Phase Diagrams—Equilibrium Microstructural Development
    • 9.1 The Phase Rule
    • 9.2 The Phase Diagram
      • COMPLETE SOLID SOLUTION
      • EUTECTIC DIAGRAM WITH NO SOLID SOLUTION
      • EUTECTIC DIAGRAM WITH LIMITED SOLID SOLUTION
      • EUTECTOID DIAGRAM
      • PERITECTIC DIAGRAM
      • GENERAL BINARY DIAGRAMS
    • 9.3 The Lever Rule
    • 9.4 Microstructural Development During Slow Cooling
  9. Kinetics—Heat Treatment
    • 10.1 Time—The Third Dimension
    • 10.2 The TTT Diagram
      • DIFFUSIONAL TRANSFORMATIONS
      • DIFFUSIONLESS (MARTENSITIC) TRANSFORMATIONS
      • HEAT TREATMENT OF STEEL
    • 10.3 Hardenability
    • 10.4 Precipitation Hardening
    • 10.5 Annealing
      • COLD WORK
      • RECOVERY
      • RECRYSTALLIZATION
      • GRAIN GROWTH
    • 10.6 The Kinetics of Phase Transformations for Nonmetals

PART II: Materials and Their Applications

  1. Structural Materials—Metals, Ceramics, and Glasses
    • 11.1 Metals
      • FERROUS ALLOYS
      • NONFERROUS ALLOYS
    • 11.2 Ceramics and Glasses
      • CERAMICS—CRYSTALLINE MATERIALS
      • GLASSES—NONCRYSTALLINE MATERIALS
      • GLASS-CERAMICS
    • 11.3 Processing the Structural Materials
      • PROCESSING OF METALS
      • PROCESSING OF CERAMICS AND GLASSES
  2. Structural Materials—Polymers and Composites
    • 12.1 Polymers
      • POLYMERIZATION
      • STRUCTURAL FEATURES OF POLYMERS
      • THERMOPLASTIC POLYMERS
      • THERMOSETTING POLYMERS
      • ADDITIVES
    • 12.2 Composites
      • FIBER-REINFORCED COMPOSITES
      • AGGREGATE COMPOSITES
      • PROPERTY AVERAGING
      • MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF COMPOSITES
    • 12.3 Processing the Structural Materials
      • PROCESSING OF POLYMERS
      • PROCESSING OF COMPOSITES
  3. Electronic Materials
    • 13.1 Charge Carriers and Conduction
    • 13.2 Energy Levels and Energy Bands
    • 13.3 Conductors
      • THERMOCOUPLES
      • SUPERCONDUCTORS
    • 13.4 Insulators
      • FERROELECTRICS
      • PIEZOELECTRICS
    • 13.5 Semiconductors
      • INTRINSIC, ELEMENTAL SEMICONDUCTORS
      • EXTRINSIC, ELEMENTAL SEMICONDUCTORS
      • COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTORS
      • PROCESSING OF SEMICONDUCTORS
      • SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES
    • 13.6 Composites
    • 13.7 Electrical Classification of Materials
  4. Optical and Magnetic Materials
    • 14.1 Optical Materials
      • OPTICAL PROPERTIES
      • OPTICAL SYSTEMS AND DEVICES
    • 14.2 Magnetic Materials
      • FERROMAGNETISM
      • FERRIMAGNETISM
      • METALLIC MAGNETS
      • CERAMIC MAGNETS
  5. Materials in Engineering Design
    • 15.1 Material Properties—Engineering Design Parameters
    • 15.2 Selection of Structural Materials—Case Studies
      • MATERIALS FOR HIP- AND KNEE-JOINT REPLACEMENT
      • METAL SUBSTITUTION WITH COMPOSITES
    • 15.3 Selection of Electronic, Optical, and Magnetic Materials—Case Studies
      • LIGHT-EMITTING DIODE
      • GLASS FOR SMART PHONE AND TABLET TOUCH SCREENS
      • AMORPHOUS METAL FOR ELECTRIC-POWER DISTRIBUTION
    • 15.4 Materials and Our Environment
      • ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION OF MATERIALS
      • ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS OF DESIGN
      • RECYCLING AND REUSE

APPENDIX 1: Physical and Chemical Data for the Elements

APPENDIX 2: Atomic and Ionic Radii of the Elements

APPENDIX 3: Constants and Conversion Factors and the Periodic Table of Elements

APPENDIX 4: Properties of the Structural Materials

APPENDIX 5: Properties of the Electronic, Optical, and Magnetic Materials

APPENDIX 6: Glossary

Answers to Practice Problems (PP) and Odd-Numbered Problems

Index

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