The Longman Reader, 12th edition

  • Judith Nadell, 
  • John Langan, 
  • Deborah A Coxwell-Teague

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The Longman Reader combines celebrated pedagogy with a wealth of readings to help you develop sound writing skills. The opening chapters focus on reading critically and the writing process, while subsequent chapters provide detailed writing instruction.

Published by Pearson (July 14th 2021) - Copyright © 2019

ISBN-13: 9780137536450

Subject: Composition

Category: Readers

Table of contents


1. Becoming a Critical Reader and Thinker
2. The Writing Process
3. Description
4. Narration
5. Illustration
6. Division-Classification
7. Process Analysis
8. Comparison-Contrast
9. Cause-Effect
10. Definition
11. Argumentation-Persuasion
12. Combining the Patterns


Thematic Contents
Overview of Checklists
Revision/Peer Review Checklist

1. Becoming a Critical Reader and Thinker
Critical Reading: An Introduction
Stage 1: Get an Overview of the Selection
First Reading: A Checklist
Stage 2: Deepen Your Sense of the Selection
Second Reading: A Checklist
Stage 3: Critically Evaluate the Selection
Critically Evaluating a Selection: A Checklist
Critically Assess Visuals in a Reading
Critically Assessing an Image: An Example
Critically Assessing a Graph: An Example
A Model Annotated Reading
Larry Rosen, "Our Obsessive Relationship with Technology"

2. The Writing Process
The Steps in the Writing Process
Stage 1: Using Prewriting to Get Started
Keep a Journal
Understand the Boundaries of the Assignment
Determine Your Purpose, Audience, and Tone
Analyzing Your Audience: A Checklist
Discover Your Essay's Limited Subject
Generate Raw Material About Your Limited Subject
Conduct Research
Organize the Raw Material
Activity Set 1: Prewrite
Stage 2: Identify the Thesis
Writing an Effective Thesis
Avoiding Thesis Pitfalls
Activity Set 2: Identify The Thesis
Stage 3: Support the Thesis with Evidence
What Is Evidence?
Where Do You Find Evidence?
How the Patterns of Development Help Generate Evidence
Characteristics of Evidence
Activity Set 3: Support the Thesis with Evidence
Stage 4: Organize the Evidence
Use the Patterns of Development
Select an Organizational Approach
Prepare an Outline
Outlining: A Checklist
Activity Set 4: Organize the Evidence
Stage 5: Write the First Draft
How to Proceed
Turning an Outline into a First Draft: A Checklist
Write the Supporting Paragraphs
Connect Ideas in the Supporting Paragraphs
Write the Introduction
Write the Conclusion
Create the Title
Pull It All Together
Sample First Draft by Caylah Francis
Activity Set 5: Write the First Draft
Stage 6: Revise the Essay
Five Revision Strategies
Peer Review: An Additional Revision Strategy
Revision/Peer Review Checklist
Peer Review Worksheet
Stage 7: Edit and Proofread
Student Essay: Final Edited and Proofread Draft by Caylah Francis
Activity Set 6: Revise the Essay

3. Description
What Is Description?
How Description Fits Your Purpose and Audience
Objective and Subjective Description
Tone and Language
Strategies for Using Description in an Essay
Revision Strategies
Description: A Revision/Peer Review Checklist
Student Essay by Leanna Stoufer
Activities: Description
Professional Selections: Description
Mario Suárez, "El Hoyo"
Cherokee Paul McDonald, "A View from the Bridge"
Judith Ortiz Cofer, "A Partial Remembrance of a Puerto Rican Childhood"
Patricia Smith, "Talking Wrong"
Michael Johnston, "The Human Eye"
Additional Writing Topics

4. Narration
What Is Narration?
How Narration Fits Your Purpose and Audience
Strategies for Using Narration in an Essay
Revision Strategies
Narration: A Revision/Peer Review Checklist
Student Essay by Laura Rose Dunn
Activities: Narration
Professional Selections: Narration
Audre Lorde, "The Fourth of July"
Lynda Barry, "The Sanctuary of School"
Daniel "Nane" Alejandrez, "César Chávez Changed My Life"
David Bardeen, "Lives; Not Close Enough for Comfort"
Dorothea Lange, "Migrant Mother"
Additional Writing Topics

5. Illustration
What Is Illustration?
How Illustration Fits Your Purpose and Audience
Strategies for Using Illustration in an Essay
Revision Strategies
Illustration: A Revision/Peer Review Checklist
Student Essay by Charlene Adams
Activities: Illustration
Professional Selections: Illustration
Kay S. Hymowitz, "Tweens: Ten Going On Sixteen"
Casey Cavanaugh, "Why We Still Need Feminism"
Stuart Rojstaczer, " Grade Inflation at American Colleges and
Beth Johnson,"Bombs Bursting in Air"
Emmy Blotnick, "A Visual History of Shoes"
Additional Writing Topics

6. Division-Classification
What Is Division-Classification?
How Division-Classification Fits Your Purpose and Audience
Strategies for Using Division-Classification in an Essay
Revision Strategies
Division-Classification: A Revision/Peer Review Checklist
Student Essay by Catherine Gispert
Activities: Division-Classification
Professional Selections: Division-Classification
Amy Tan, "Mother Tongue"
David Brooks, "Harmony and the Dream"
Francis Gilbert, "What Makes a Great Teacher?"
Todd Kliman, "Coding and Decoding Dinner"
Truity Psychometrics, "The Best Careers for Your Personality Type"
Additional Writing Topics

7. Process Analysis
What Is Process Analysis?
How Process Analysis Fits Your Purpose and Audience
Problem Solving
Process Analysis Combined with Other Strategies
Strategies for Using Process Analysis in an Essay
Revision Strategies
Process Analysis: A Revision/Peer Review Checklist
Student Essay by Jared Mosley
Activities: Process Analysis
Professional Selections: Process Analysis
Amy Sutherland, "What Shamu Taught Me About a Happy Marriage"
Alex Horton, "On Getting By"
Caroline Rego, "The Fine Art of Complaining"
Werner Gundersheimer, "A Mother's Secret"
Antonia C. Novello, "First Aid for Choking"
Additional Writing Topics

8. Comparison-Contrast
What Is Comparison-Contrast?
How Comparison-Contrast Fits Your Purpose and Audience
Strategies for Using Comparison-Contrast in an Essay
Revision Strategies
Comparison-Contrast: A Revision/Peer Review Checklist
Student Essay by Blake Norman
Activities: Comparison-Contrast
Professional Selections: Comparison-Contrast
Jeffrey N. Wasserstrom, "A Mickey Mouse Approach to Globalization"
Pico Iyer, "Chapels: On the Rewards of Being Quiet"
Stefany Anne Golberg, "You Can Take It with You"
Savita Iyer, "The Pros and Cons of Going Vegan"
Fatima Alissa, "Aleppo: Before and After the Syrian Civil War"
Additional Writing Topics 326

9. Cause-Effect
What Is Cause-Effect?
How Cause-Effect Fits Your Purpose and Audience
Strategies for Using Cause-Effect in an Essay
Revision Strategies
Cause-Effect: A Revision/Peer Review Checklist
Student Essay by Erica Zwieg
Activities: Cause-Effect
Professional Selections: Cause-Effect
Jane S. Shaw, "Nature in the Suburbs"
Leila Ahmed, "Reinventing the Veil"
Jacques D'Amboise, "Showing What Is Possible"
Juan Williams, "The Ruling That Changed America"
DecideToDrive, "OMG"
Additional Writing Topics

10. Definition
What Is Definition?
How Definition Fits Your Purpose and Audience
Strategies for Using Definition in an Essay
Revision Strategies
Definition: A Revision/Peer Review Checklist
Student Essay by Olivia Fletcher
Activities: Definition
Professional Selections: Definition
Jhumpa Lahiri, "My Two Lives"
Laura Fraser, "The Inner Corset"
Lillian Comas-Díaz, "Hispanics, Latinos, or Americanos: The Evolution of Identity"
Josie Appleton, "The Body Piercing Project"
Quinn Mathews, "Global Warming Brochure"
Additional Writing Topics

11. Argumentation-Persuasion
What Is Argumentation-Persuasion?
How Argumentation-Persuasion Fits Your Purpose and Audience
Logos, or Soundness of the Argument
Pathos, or the Emotional Power of Language
Ethos, or Credibility and Reliability
Analyzing Your Audience
Strategies for Using Argumentation-Persuasion in an Essay
Using Rogerian Strategy: A Checklist
Questions for Using Toulmin Logic: A Checklist
Revision Strategies
Argumentation-Persuasion: A Revision/Peer Review Checklist
Student Essay by Lydia Gumm
Activities: Argumentation-Persuasion
Professional Selections: Argumentation-Persuasion
Stanley Fish, "Free-Speech Follies"
Mary Sherry, "In Praise of the ‘F' Word"
Wendell Berry, "Farming and the Global Economy"
Mike Rose, "Blue-Collar Brilliance"
Paired Readings: Obesity in America
Michael Marlow & Sherzod Abdukadirov, "Government Intervention Will Not Solve Our Obesity Problem"
Anna Brones, "Should the Government Be Responsible for Regulating Obesity?"
Paired Readings: Gender in the Classroom
Gerry Garibaldi, "How the Schools Shortchange Boys"
Michael Kimmel, "A War Against Boys?"
Paired Readings: Selling Human Organs
Alexander T. Tabarrok, "A Moral Solution to the Organ Shortage"
Virginia Postrel, "Need Transplant Donors? Pay Them"
Tami Luhby, Tal Yellin, and Caroline Matthews, "Just How Much Better Off Are College Grads Anyway?"
Additional Writing Topics

12. Combining the Patterns
The Patterns in Action: During the Writing Process
The Patterns in Action
Student Essay by Houston Barber
Professional Selections: Combining the Patterns
Hillary Rodham Clinton, "Remarks to the United Nations Fourth World Conference on Women Plenary Session"
Alice Steinbach, "The Miss Dennis School of Writing"
Jonathan Swift, "A Modest Proposal"
Paramount Pictures, "Selma"

Appendix A: A Guide To Using Sources
Understanding Primary Versus Secondary Research
Conducting Primary Research
Conducting Interviews
Gathering Information with Surveys
Conducting Secondary Research
Finding Books on Your Subject
Finding Periodicals on Your Subject
Finding Sources on the Internet
Learning More About the Advantages and Limitations of the Library and the Web
Preparing an Annotated Bibliography
Recording Information About the Source
Critically Evaluating Sources
Seriousness of Approach
Critically Evaluating Articles and Books: A Checklist
Critically Evaluating Internet Materials: A Checklist
Analyzing and Synthesizing Source Material
Analyzing Source Material
Synthesizing Source Materials
Analyzing and Synthesizing Source Material: A Checklist
Effectively Using Quotation, Summary, and Paraphrase
Using Quotation, Summary, and Paraphrase: A Checklist
Avoiding Plagiarism
Integrating Sources into Your Writing
Using Sources Effectively
Awkward Use of a Quotation
Effective Use of a Source
Introducing a Source
Using Variety in Attributions
Shortening or Clarifying Quotations
Capitalizing and Punctuating Short Quotations
Presenting Statistics
Integrating Sources into Your Writing: A Checklist
Documenting Sources to Avoid Plagiarism
What Needs to Be Documented?
What Does Not Need to Be Documented?
Creating In-Text References: MLA Format
Preparing the Works Cited List: MLA Format
General Instructions for the MLA Works Cited List
Citation Examples
Preparing the References List: APA Format
Parenthetic Citations in the Text
General Instructions for the APA References List
Citing Print Sources-Periodicals
Citing Print Sources-Books
Citing Sources Found on a Website
Citing Sources Found Through an Online Database or Scholarly Project
Citing Other Common Sources
Examining How Sources Are Used Correctly in Both MLA and APA Formats in a Student
Authored Research Essay
MLA Style Documentation
APA Style Documentation

Appendix B: Avoiding Ten Common Writing Errors
1. Fragments
2. Comma Splices and Run-ons
3. Faulty Subject--Verb Agreement
4. Faulty Pronoun Agreement
5. Misplaced and Dangling Modifiers
6. Faulty Parallelism
7. Comma Misuse
8. Apostrophe Misuse
9. Confusing Homonyms
10. Misuse of Italics and Underlining

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