# Statistics: Informed Decisions Using Data, 6th edition

• Michael Sullivan

## Choose the option that's right for you

### Single

\$9.99 / mo

\$4.99 / mo

For first 4 months, then \$9.99 a month, 4-month minimum term for \$19.96

• Access this eText title
• Up to 2 devices
• Discounted tutor access

### Multi

\$14.99 / mo

\$7.49 / mo

For first 4 months, then \$14.99 a month, 4-month minimum term for \$29.96

• Access over 1,500 titles
• Up to 2 devices
• Discounted tutor access

• Learn anytime, anywhere

Get the app to access your eText whenever you need it

• Find it fast

Quickly navigate your eText with search

• Stay organized

Access all your eTexts in one place

• Easily continue access

Keep learning with auto-renew

## Overview

Statistics: Informed Decisions Using Data offers clear explanations with new and updated examples and problems that use real data, challenging you to think conceptually.

ISBN-13: 9780136872740

Subject: Statistics, Introductory

Category: Introductory Statistics

Preface to the Instructor
Resources for Success
Applications Index

I. GETTING THE INFORMATION YOU NEED

1. Data Collection
1.1 Introduction to the Practice of Statistics
1.2 Observational Studies versus Designed Experiments
1.3 Simple Random Sampling
1.4 Other Effective Sampling Methods
1.5 Bias in Sampling
1.6 The Design of Experiments
Chapter 1 Review
Chapter Test
Making an Informed Decision: What College Should I Attend?
Case Study: Chrysalises for Cash

II. DESCRIPTIVE STATISTICS

2. Organizing and Summarizing Data
2.1 Organizing Qualitative Data
2.2 Organizing Quantitative Data: The Popular Displays
2.3 Additional Displays of Quantitative Data
2.4 Graphical Misrepresentations of Data
Chapter 2 Review
Chapter Test
Making an Informed Decision: Tables or Graphs?
Case Study: The Day the Sky Roared

3. Numerically Summarizing Data
3.1 Measures of Central Tendency
3.2 Measures of Dispersion
3.3 Measures of Central Tendency and Dispersion from Grouped Data
3.4 Measures of Position and Outliers
3.5 The Five-Number Summary and Boxplots
Chapter 3 Review
Chapter Test
Making an Informed Decision: What Car Should I Buy?
Case Study: Who Was "A Mourner"?

4. Describing the Relation between Two Variables
4.1 Scatter Diagrams and Correlation
4.2 Least-Squares Regression
4.3 Diagnostics on the Least-Squares Regression Line
4.4 Contingency Tables and Association
4.5 Nonlinear Regression: Transformations (online)
Chapter 4 Review
Chapter Test
Making an Informed Decision: Relationships among Variables on a World Scale
Case Study: Thomas Malthus, Population, and Subsistence

III. PROBABILITY AND PROBABILITY DISTRIBUTIONS

5. Probability
5.1 Probability Rules
5.2 The Addition Rule and Complements
5.3 Independence and the Multiplication Rule
5.4 Conditional Probability and the General Multiplication Rule
5.5 Counting Techniques
5.6 Simulating Probability Experiments
5.7 Putting It Together: Which Method Do I Use?
5.8 Bayes's Rule (online)
Chapter 5 Review
Chapter Test
Making an Informed Decision: The Effects of Drinking and Driving
Case Study: The Case of the Body in the Bag

6. Discrete Probability Distributions
6.1 Discrete Random Variables
6.2 The Binomial Probability Distribution
6.3 The Poisson Probability Distribution
6.4 The Hypergeometric Probability Distribution (online)
6.5 Combining Random Variables (online)
Chapter 6 Review
Chapter Test
Making an Informed Decision: Should We Convict?
Case Study: The Voyage of the St. Andrew

7. The Normal Probability Distribution
7.1 Properties of the Normal Distribution
7.2 Applications of the Normal Distribution
7.3 Assessing Normality
7.4 The Normal Approximation to the Binomial Probability Distribution
Chapter 7 Review
Chapter Test
Making an Informed Decision: Stock Picking
Case Study: A Tale of Blood Chemistry

IV. INFERENCE: FROM SAMPLES TO POPULATION

8. Sampling Distributions
8.1 Distribution of the Sample Mean
8.2 Distribution of the Sample Proportion
Chapter 8 Review
Chapter Test
Making an Informed Decision: How Much Time Do You Spend in a Day . . . ?
Case Study: Sampling Distribution of the Median

9. Estimating the Value of a Parameter
9.1 Estimating a Population Proportion
9.2 Estimating a Population Mean
9.3 Estimating a Population Standard Deviation
9.4 Putting It Together: Which Method Do I Use?
9.5 Estimating with Bootstrapping
Chapter 9 Review
Chapter Test
Making an Informed Decision: How Much Should I Spend for this House?
Case Study: Fire-Safe Cigarettes

10. Hypothesis Tests Regarding a Parameter
10.1 The Language of Hypothesis Testing
10.2 Hypothesis Tests for a Population Proportion
10.3 Hypothesis Tests for a Population Mean
10.4 Hypothesis Tests for a Population Standard Deviation
10.5 Putting It Together: Which Method Do I Use?
10.6 The Probability of a Type II Error and the Power of the Test
10.2A Using Simulation to Perform Hypothesis Tests on a Population Proportion (online)
10.2B Hypothesis Tests for a Population Proportion Using the Normal Model (online)
10.3A Using Simulation and the Bootstrap to Perform Hypothesis Tests on a Population Mean (online)
Chapter 10 Review
Chapter Test
Making an Informed Decision: Selecting a Mutual Fund
Case Study: How Old Is Stonehenge?

11. Inference on Two Population Parameters
11.1 Inference about Two Population Proportions
11.2 Inference about Two Means: Dependent Samples
11.3 Inference about Two Means: Independent Samples
11.4 Inference about Two Population Standard Deviations
11.5 Putting It Together: Which Method Do I Use?
11.1A Using Randomization Techniques to Compare Two Proportions (online)
11.2A Using Bootstrapping to Conduct Inference on Two Dependent Means (online)
11.3A Using Randomization Techniques to Compare Two Independent Means (online)
Chapter 11 ReviewChapter Test
Making an Informed Decision: Which Car Should I Buy?
Case Study: Control in the Design of an Experiment

12. Inference on Categorical Data
12.1 Goodness-of-Fit Test
12.2 Tests for Independence and the Homogeneity of Proportions
12.3 Inference about Two Population Proportions: Dependent Samples
Chapter 12 Review
Chapter Test
Making an Informed Decision: Benefits of College
Case Study: Feeling Lucky? Well, Are You?

13. Comparing Three or More Means
13.1 Comparing Three or More Means (One-Way Analysis of Variance)
13.2 Post Hoc Tests on One-Way Analysis of Variance
13.3 The Randomized Complete Block Design
13.4 Two-Way Analysis of Variance
Chapter 13 Review
Chapter Test 687
Making an Informed Decision: Where Should I Invest?
Case Study: Hat Size and Intelligence

14. Inference on the Least-Squares Regression Model and Multiple Regression
14.1 Testing the Significance of the Least-Squares Regression Model
14.2 Confidence and Prediction Intervals
14.3 Introduction to Multiple Regression
14.4 Interaction and Dummy Variables
14.5 Polynomial Regression
14.6 Building a Regression Model
14.1A Using Randomization Techniques on the Slope of the Least-SquaresRegression Line (online)
Chapter 14 Review
Chapter Test
Making an Informed Decision: Buying a Home
Case Study: Housing Boom

15. Nonparametric Statistics
15.1 An Overview of Nonparametric Statistics
15.2 Runs Test for Randomness
15.3 Inference about Measures of Central Tendency
15.4 Inference about the Difference between Two Medians: Dependent Samples
15.5 Inference about the Difference between Two Medians: Independent Samples
15.6 Spearman's Rank-Correlation Test
15.7 Kruskal-Wallis Test
Chapter 15 Review
Chapter Test
Making an Informed Decision: Where Should I Live?
Case Study: Evaluating Alabama's 1891 House Bill 504

Photo Credits
Appendix A Tables
Appendix B Lines (online)
Index

Introducing Pearson+. Reimagined learning, designed for you. Choose from one eText or over 1,500 eTexts and study tools, all in one place, for one low monthly subscription. A new way to buy books that fits your budget. Make the most of your study time with offline access, enhanced search, notes and flashcards — to get organized, get the work done quicker and get results. Plus, with the app, put textbooks in your pocket and learn wherever. It's time to upgrade the textbook and simplify learning, so you can have time to live too.

Pearson eText is an easy-to-use digital textbook available from Pearson+. Make it your own by adding notes and highlights. Download the Pearson+ mobile app to learn on the go, even offline. Listen on the go with our new audiobook feature, available for most titles.

When you choose a plan, you're signing up for a 4-month 'term'. We will charge your payment method each month until your 4-month term has ended. You can turn on auto-renew in My account at any time to continue your subscription before your 4-month term has ended.

When you purchase a Pearson+ subscription, it will last 4 months. Before your initial 4-month term ends, you can extend your subscription by turning auto-renew on in My account. If you turn auto-renew on, we’ll automatically renew your subscription and charge you every month until you turn off auto-renew.

To avoid the next payment charge, make sure you turn auto renewal off 1 day before the auto renewal date. You can subscribe again after auto-renew has been turned off by purchasing another Pearson+ subscription. We use your credit card to renew your subscription automatically. To make sure your learning is uninterrupted, please check your card details before your first monthly payment.

With a Multi Pearson+ subscription plan, you can download up to 5 titles on the Pearson+ app from My list on each of your authorized devices every month.

When you're using your Multi Pearson+ subscription plan in a browser, you can select and read from as many titles as you like.