The word Accessibility is sometimes shortened to “A11y,” simply the first and last letter of “accessibility,” and the amount of letters (11) between them.
The right or opportunity to use or benefit from something. In education, this often refers to the ways in which educational institutions and public policies ensure that learners have equal access to educational opportunities and learning resources.
An impediment to a learner’s access to full and equitable participation.
Properties that allow a product, service, or facility to be used by people with a wide range of capabilities, either directly or in conjunction with assistive technologies. Although the term "accessibility" typically addresses users who have a disability, the concept is not limited to disability issues. Informally, the word Accessibility is sometimes shortened to “A11y,” simply the first and last letter of “accessibility,” and the amount of letters (11) between them.
To be able to reach or use something, regardless of ability.
Any site or application content that is developed in a way to include additional structure or information that is used by assistive technology to improve the access to and consumption of the content for people with disabilities.
Accessible Media Player
An application that plays audio, video, or animation files, but is fully operable with keyboard-only navigation and assistive technology devices. An accessible media player must provide keyboard support, visible focus indicators, clear labels, and sufficient contrast between colors or text, controls, and background.
Accessible Portable Item Protocol (APIP)
Provides assessment programs and question item developers with a data model for standardizing the interchange file format for digital test items. The APIP standard accomplishes two important goals. First, the standard allows digital tests and items to be ported across APIP-compliant test item banks. Second, it provides a test delivery interface with some information and resources required to make a test and an item accessible for many students with a variety of disabilities and special needs.
An accommodation is a means or method outside of Section 508 standards designed to assist users with disabilities in cases where the application of current Section 508 standards is neither feasible nor helpful.
Alternative Text (often referred to as “alt-text”)
Text that is added to non-text content (via HTML markup), usually images, which can be read by screen readers and other text-to-speech programs so that visually impaired or blind users are able to understand the purpose and function of the non-text content.
American Sign Language (ASL)
American Sign Language (ASL) is a complete, complex language that employs signs made by moving the hands combined with facial expressions and postures of the body. It is the primary language of many North Americans who are deaf and is one of several communication options used by people who are deaf or hard-of-hearing.
Any kind of tool, equipment, or product that can help a person with a disability to function successfully at school, home, work, and in the community. For example, computer software and hardware, such as voice recognition programs, screen readers, and screen magnifiers, help people with mobility and sensory impairments use computer technology. People with physical disabilities that affect movement can use wheelchairs, scooters, walkers, canes, crutches, prosthetic devices, and orthotic devices, to enhance their mobility. Adaptive switches make it possible for a child with limited motor skills to play with toys and games.
Audio Description (AD)
An additional audio track in videos, animations, movies, tv shows, and live performances that describes visual detail on screen that is not apparent from the audio alone, so that visually-impaired/blind users are able to understand all the content.