**1. Introduction.**

Electronic Systems. The Design Process. Integrated Circuits. Basic Amplifier Concepts. Cascaded Amplifiers. Power Supplies and Efficiency. Decibel Notation. Amplifier Models. Ideal Amplifiers. Amplifier Frequency Response. Differential Amplifiers. Summary. Problems.

**2. Operational Amplifiers.**

The Ideal Operational Amplifier. The Summing-Point Constraint. The Inverting Amplifier. The Noninverting Amplifier. Design of Simple Amplifiers. Op-Amp Imperfections in the Linear Range of Operation. Large-Signal Operation. DC Imperfections. Computer-Aided Analysis of Op-Amp Circuits. A Collection of Amplifier Circuits. Integrators and Differentiators. Summary. Problems.

**3. Diodes and Diode Circuits.**

Diode Characteristics. Load-Line Analysis. The Ideal-Diode Model. Rectifier Circuits. Wave-Shaping Circuits. Diode Logic Circuits. Voltage-Regulator Circuits. Linear Small-Signal Equivalent Circuits. Basic Semiconductor Concepts. Physics of the Junction Diode. Switching and High-Frequency Behavior. Computer-Aided Analysis of Diode Circuits. Summary. Problems.

**ANATOMY OF A CIRCUIT DESIGN: A FUNCTION GENERATOR.**

**4. Bipolar Junction Transistors.**

Basic Operation of the *npn* Bipolar Junction Transistor. Load-Line Analysis of a Common-Emitter Amplifier. The *pnp* Bipolar Junction Transistor. Large-Signal DC Circuit Models. Large-Signal DC Analysis of BJT Circuits. Small-Signal Equivalent Circuits. The Common-Emitter Amplifier. The Emitter-Follower. The BJT as a Digital Logic Switch. Summary. Problems.

**5. Field-Effect Transistors.**

NMOS Transistors. Load-Line Analysis of a Simple NMOS Amplifier. Bias Circuits. Small-Signal Equivalent Circuits. The Common-Source Amplifier. The Source Follower. JFETS, Depletion-Mode MOSFETs, and *p*-channel Devices. Summary. Problems.

**ANATOMY OF A CIRCUIT DESIGN: A DISCRETE MULTISTAGE AMPLIFIER.**

**6. Digital Logic Circuits.**

Basic Concepts. Electrical Specifications for Logic Gates. The Resistor-Pull-Up NMOS Inverter. Dynamic Response of the Resistor-Pull-Up NMOS Inverter. The CMOS Inverter. Propagation Delay of the CMOS Inverter. CMOS NOR and NAND Gates. Dynamic Logic. The CMOS Transmission Gate and Pass Transistor Logic. Summary. Problems.

**7. Differential and Multistage IC Amplifiers.**

Design Rules for Discrete and Integrated Circuits. IC Biasing with BJTs. IC Biasing with FETs. Large-Signal Analysis of the Emitter-Coupled Differential Pair. Small-Signal Equivalent-Circuit Analysis of the Emitter-Coupled Differential Pair. Design of the Emitter-Coupled Differential Amplifier. The Source-Coupled Differential Pair. Examples of Multistage IC Amplifiers. Summary. Problems.

**8. Frequency Response.**

Bode Plots. Common-Source Amplifiers at High Frequencies. The Miller Effect. The Hybrid-â€¦p Model for the BJT. Common-Emitter Amplifiers at High Frequencies. Common-Base, Cascode, and Differential Amplifiers. Emitter Followers. Low-Frequency Response of *RC*-Coupled Amplifiers. Summary. Problems.

**9. Feedback and Oscillators.**

Effects of Feedback on Gain. Reduction of Nonlinear Distortion and Noise. Input and Output Impedances. Practical Feedback Networks. Design of Feedback Amplifiers. Transient and Frequency Response. Effects of Feedback on Pole Locations. Gain Margin and Phrase Margin. Dominant-Pole Compensation. Examples of IC Amplifiers with Feedback. Oscillator Principles. The Wien-Bridge Oscillator. Summary. Problems.

**ANATOMY OF A CIRCUIT DESIGN: A CARDIAC PACEMAKER.**

**10. Output Stages and Power Supplies.**

Thermal Considerations. Power Devices. Class-A Output Stages. Class-B Amplifiers. Linear Voltage Regulators. Linear-Power-Supply Design. Summary. Problems.

**11. Active Filters and Tuned Circuits.**

Active Low-Pass Filters. Active High-Pass Filters. Active Bandpass Filters. The Series Resonant Circuit. The Parallel Resonant Circuit. Series-Parallel Transformations. Impedance-Matching Networks: A Design Example. Tuned Amplifiers. *LC* Oscillators. Crystal-Controlled Oscillators. Summary. Problems.

**12. Waveshaping Circuits and Data Converters.**

Comparators and Schmitt Trigger Circuits. Astable Multivibrators. The 555 Timer. Precision Rectifiers. Precision Peak Detector. Sample-and-Hold Circuits. Precision Clamp Circuits. Data Conversion. Digital-to-Analog Converters. Analog-to-Digital Converters. Summary. Problems.

**ANATOMY OF A CIRCUIT DESIGN: A PRECISION AC TO DC CONVERTER.**

**Appendix A. Discrete Resistors.**

**Appendix B. Data Sheet for the 2N2222A BJT.**

**Index.**