1 Introduction

1.1 Overview of Electrical Engineering

1.2 Circuits, Currents, and Voltages

1.3 Power and Energy

1.4 Kirchhoff’s Current Law

1.5 Kirchhoff’s Voltage Law

1.6 Introduction to Circuit Elements

1.7 Introduction to Circuits

2 Resistive Circuits

2.1 Resistances in Series and Parallel

2.2 Network Analysis by Using Series and Parallel Equivalents

2.3 Voltage-Divider and Current-Divider Circuits

2.4 Node-Voltage Analysis

2.5 Mesh-Current Analysis

2.6 Thévenin and Norton Equivalent Circuits

2.7 Superposition Principle

2.8 Wheatstone Bridge

3 Inductance and Capacitance

3.1 Capacitance

3.2 Capacitances in Series and Parallel

3.3 Physical Characteristics of Capacitors

3.4 Inductance

3.5 Inductances in Series and Parallel

3.6 Practical Inductors

3.7 Mutual Inductance

3.8 Symbolic Integration and Differentiation Using MATLAB

4 Transients

4.1 First-Order RC Circuits

4.2 DC Steady State

4.3 RL Circuits

4.4 RC and RL Circuits with General Sources

4.5 Second-Order Circuits

4.6 Transient Analysis Using the MATLAB Symbolic Toolbox

5 Steady-State Sinusoidal Analysis

5.1 Sinusoidal Currents and Voltages

5.2 Phasors

5.3 Complex Impedances

5.4 Circuit Analysis with Phasors and Complex Impedances

5.5 Power in AC Circuits

5.6 Thévenin and Norton Equivalent Circuits

5.7 Balanced Three-Phase Circuits

5.8 AC Analysis Using MATLAB

6 Frequency Response, Bode Plots, and Resonance

6.1 Fourier Analysis, Filters, and Transfer Functions

6.2 First-Order Lowpass Filters

6.3 Decibels, the Cascade Connection, and Logarithmic Frequency Scales

6.4 Bode Plots

6.5 First-Order Highpass Filters

6.6 Series Resonance

6.7 Parallel Resonance

6.8 Ideal and Second-Order Filters

6.9 Transfer Functions and Bode Plots with MATLAB

6.10 Digital Signal Processing

7 Logic Circuits

7.1 Basic Logic Circuit Concepts

7.2 Representation of Numerical Data in Binary Form

7.3 Combinatorial Logic Circuits

7.4 Synthesis of Logic Circuits

7.5 Minimization of Logic Circuits

7.6 Sequential Logic Circuits

8 Computers, Microcontrollers, and Computer-Based Instrumentation Systems

8.1 Computer Organization

8.2 Memory Types

8.3 Digital Process Control

8.4 Programming Model for the HCS12/9S12 Family

8.5 The Instruction Set and Addressing Modes for the CPU12

8.6 Assembly-Language Programming

8.7 Measurement Concepts and Sensors

8.8 Signal Conditioning

8.9 Analog-to-Digital Conversion

9 Diodes

9.1 Basic Diode Concepts

9.2 Load-Line Analysis of Diode Circuits

9.3 Zener-Diode Voltage-Regulator Circuits

9.4 Ideal-Diode Model

9.5 Piecewise-Linear Diode Models

9.6 Rectifier Circuits

9.7 Wave-Shaping Circuits

9.8 Linear Small-Signal Equivalent Circuits

10 Amplifiers: Specifications and External Characteristics

10.1 Basic Amplifier Concepts

10.2 Cascaded Amplifiers

10.3 Power Supplies and Efficiency

10.4 Additional Amplifier Models

10.5 Importance of Amplifier Impedances in Various Applications

10.6 Ideal Amplifiers

10.7 Frequency Response

10.8 Linear Waveform Distortion

10.9 Pulse Response

10.10 Transfer Characteristic and Nonlinear Distortion

10.11 Differential Amplifiers

10.12 Offset Voltage, Bias Current, and Offset Current

11 Field-Effect Transistors

11.1 NMOS and PMOS Transistors

11.2 Load-Line Analysis of a Simple NMOS Amplifier

11.3 Bias Circuits

11.4 Small-Signal Equivalent Circuits

11.5 Common-Source Amplifiers

11.6 Source Followers

11.7 CMOS Logic Gates

12 Bipolar Junction Transistors

12.1 Current and Voltage Relationships

12.2 Common-Emitter Characteristics

12.3 Load-Line Analysis of a Common-Emitter Amplifier

12.4 pnp Bipolar Junction Transistors

12.5 Large-Signal DC Circuit Models

12.6 Large-Signal DC Analysis of BJT Circuits

12.7 Small-Signal Equivalent Circuits

12.8 Common-Emitter Amplifiers

12.9 Emitter Followers

13 Operational Amplifiers

13.1 Ideal Operational Amplifiers

13.2 Inverting Amplifiers

13.3 Noninverting Amplifiers

13.4 Design of Simple Amplifiers

13.5 Op-Amp Imperfections in the Linear Range of Operation

13.6 Nonlinear Limitations

13.7 DC Imperfections

13.8 Differential and Instrumentation Amplifiers

13.9 Integrators and Differentiators

13.10 Active Filters

14 Magnetic Circuits and Transformers

14.1 Magnetic Fields

14.2 Magnetic Circuits

14.3 Inductance and Mutual Inductance

14.4 Magnetic Materials

14.5 Ideal Transformers

14.6 Real Transformers

15 DC Machines

15.1 Overview of Motors

15.2 Principles of DC Machines

15.3 Rotating DC Machines

15.4 Shunt-Connected and Separately Excited DC Motors

15.5 Series-Connected DC Motors

15.6 Speed Control of DC Motors

15.7 DC Generators

16 AC Machines

16.1 Three-Phase Induction Motors

16.2 Equivalent-Circuit and Performance Calculations for Induction Motors

16.3 Synchronous Machines

16.4 Single-Phase Motors

16.5 Stepper Motors and Brushless DC Motors

Appendices

A Complex Numbers

B Nominal Values and the Color Code for Resistors

C The Fundamentals of Engineering Examination

D Answers for the Practice Tests

E Online Student Resources

**3 Force System Resultants**

Chapter Objectives

3.1 Moment of a Force–Scalar Formulation

3.2 Cross Product

3.3 Moment of a Force–Vector Formulation

3.4 Principle of Moments

3.5 Moment of a Force about a Specified Axis

3.6 Moment of a Couple

3.7 Simplification of a Force and Couple System

3.8 Further Simplification of a Force and Couple System

3.9 Reduction of a Simple Distributed Loading

**4 Equilibrium of a Rigid Body**

Chapter Objectives

4.1 Conditions for Rigid-Body Equilibrium

4.2 Free-Body Diagrams

4.3 Equations of Equilibrium

4.4 Two- and Three-Force Members

4.5 Free-Body Diagrams

4.6 Equations of Equilibrium

4.7 Characteristics of Dry Friction

4.8 Problems Involving Dry Friction

**8 Mechanical Properties of Materials**

Chapter Objectives

8.1 The Tension and Compression Test

8.2 The Stress—Strain Diagram

8.3 Stress—Strain Behavior of Ductile and Brittle Materials

8.4 Strain Energy

8.5 Poisson’s Ratio

8.6 The Shear Stress—Strain Diagram

**9 Axial Load**

Chapter Objectives

9.1 Saint-Venant’s Principle

9.2 Elastic Deformation of an Axially Loaded Member

9.3 Principle of Superposition

9.4 Statically Indeterminate Axially Loaded Members

9.5 The Force Method of Analysis for Axially Loaded Members

9.6 Thermal Stress

**10 Torsion**

Chapter Objectives

10.1 Torsional Deformation of a Circular Shaft

10.2 The Torsion Formula

10.3 Power Transmission

10.4 Angle of Twist

10.5 Statically Indeterminate Torque-Loaded Members

**11 Bending**

Chapter Objectives

11.1 Shear and Moment Diagrams

11.2 Graphical Method for Constructing

Shear and Moment Diagrams

11.3 Bending Deformation of a Straight Member

11.4 The Flexure Formula

11.5 Unsymmetric Bending

**12 Transverse Shear**

Chapter Objectives

12.1 Shear in Straight Members

12.2 The Shear Formula

12.3 Shear Flow in Built-Up Members

13 Combined Loadings

Chapter Objectives

13.1 Thin-Walled Pressure Vessels

13.2 State of Stress Caused by Combined Loadings

**14 Stress and Strain Transformation**

Chapter Objectives

14.1 Plane-Stress Transformation

14.2 General Equations of Plane-Stress Transformation

14.3 Principal Stresses and Maximum In-Plane Shear Stress

14.4 Mohr’s Circle–Plane Stress

14.5 Absolute Maximum Shear Stress

14.6 Plane Strain

14.7 General Equations of Plane-Strain Transformation

*14.8 Mohr’s Circle–Plane Strain

*14.9 Absolute Maximum Shear Strain

14.10 Strain Rosettes

14.11 Material Property Relationships

**15 Design of Beams and Shafts**

Chapter Objectives

15.1 Basis for Beam Design

15.2 Prismatic Beam Design

**16 Deflection of Beams and Shafts**

Chapter Objectives

16.1 The Elastic Curve

16.2 Slope and Displacement by Integration

*16.3 Discontinuity Functions

16.4 Method of Superposition

16.5 Statically Indeterminate Beams and Shafts–Method of Superposition

**17 Buckling of Columns**

Chapter Objectives

17.1 Critical Load

17.2 Ideal Column with Pin Supports

17.3 Columns Having Various Types of Supports

*17.4 The Secant Formula

**Appendix**

A Mathematical Review and Expressions

B Geometric Properties of An Area and Volume

C Geometric Properties of Wide-Flange Sections

D Slopes and Deflections of Beams

Preliminary Problems Solutions

Fundamental Problems

Solutions and Answers

Selected Answers

Index