4. Assess current knowledge
If you ask students to predict their score before taking an exam, they will mostly likely make predictions that are higher than their actual score. Developing metacognitive skills helps students accurately assess their knowledge and study progress.
Why does it work?
Metacognition means “thinking about thinking” and helps students to be self-aware about their learning. Evidence suggests that having poor metacognitive skills can actually cause poor exam performance because students don’t choose the right study methods and don’t gauge how long they need to study for.
Metacognition helps students recognize their knowledge gaps and assess which study strategies are most effective for their situation.
The question now remains: How can you apply these strategies to your course design?
There are a range of ways you can bring these ideas into your classroom, from pop quizzes to a concept map project. Aside from creating your own activities, you can also use an eTextbook like Revel with pre-created critical thinking activities, quizzes, and interactive exercises embedded throughout. This enhanced eTextbook is an incredible resource that was designed based on decades of learning science research to help students develop these good study practices.
No matter how you choose to teach your students these study strategies, helping them develop good practices will not only benefit them throughout their university journey but also help them achieve their future goals more easily and efficiently.