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Laboratory Experiments for Chemistry: The Central Science, 13th edition

  • Theodore E. Brown
  • John H. Nelson
  • Kenneth C. Kemp

Published by Pearson (June 24th 2014) - Copyright © 2015

13th edition

Laboratory Experiments for Chemistry: The Central Science

ISBN-13: 9780321949912

Includes: Paperback
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In the Thirteenth Edition, all experiments were carefully edited for accuracy and safety.  Pre-labs and questions were revised and several experiments were added or changed. Two of the new experiments have been added to Chapter 11.

  • NEW! Solubility and the Effect of Temperature on Solubility is a new experiment in which the students measure the solubility above and below ambient temperature to generate a solubility curve. The students also determine the mass of an unknown solid in a saturated solution and then read a graph to identify the unknown solid.
  • NEW! Freezing Point Depression is an experiment that replaces Colligative Properties: Freezing Point Depression and Molar Mass. It now uses lauric acid, a non-toxic, non-flammable and and inexpensive compound, in place of cyclohexane as the solvent used to determine the molar mass of an unknown organic compound.
  • NEW! Enthalpy of Vaporization and Clausius–Clapeyron Equation is a new experiment that students perform to determine the enthalpy of vaporization of a compound by measuring the vapor pressure as a function of temperature.
  • NEW! Experiments concerning equilibrium thermodynamics and crystalline solids have been added.
  • NEW! Text references to the corresponding sections of Chemistry: the Central Science have been added.
  • NEW! "Give it Some Thought" (GIST) questions aid the student in understanding the principles exemplified by the experiment
  • NEW! More helpful hints in the Annotated Instructor’s Edition (AIE) have been added.

Table of contents

1. Basic Laboratory Techniques

2. Identification of Substances by Physical Properties

3. Separation of the Components of a Mixture

4. Chemical Reactions

5. Chemical Formulas

6. Chemical Reactions of Copper and Percent Yield

7. Chemical in Everyday Life: What Are They and How Do We Know?

8. Gravimetric Analysis of a Chloride Salt

9.  Solubility and the Effect of Temperature on Solubility

10. Paper Chromatography: Separation of Cations and Dyes

11. Molecular Geometries of Covalent Molecules: Lewis Structures and the VSEPR Model

12. Atomic Spectra and Atomic Structure

13. Behavior of Gases: Molar Mass of a Vapor

14. Determination of R: The Gas Law Constant

15. Activity Series

16. Electrolysis, the Faraday, and Avogadro’s Number

17. Electrochemical Cells and Thermodynamics

18. The Chemistry of Oxygen: Basic and Acidic Oxides and the Periodic Table

19. Freezing Point Depression Experiment

20. Titration of Acids and Bases

21. Reactions in Aqueous Solutions: Metathesis Reactions and Net Ionic Equations

22. Colorimetric Determination of an Equilibrium Constant in Aqueous Solution

23. Chemical Equilibrium: Le Châtelier’s Principles

24. Hydrolysis of Salts and pH of Buffer Solutions

25. Determination of the Dissociation Constant of a Weak Acid

26. Titration Curves of Polyprotic Acids

27. Determination of the Solubility- Product Constant for a Sparingly Soluble Salt

28. Heat of Neutralization

29. Rates of Chemical Reactions I: A Clock Reaction

30. Rates of Chemical Reactions II: Rate and Order of H2O2 Decomposition

31. Introduction to Qualitative Analysis

32. Abbreviated Qualitative Analysis Scheme

Part I: Chemistry of Group 1 Cations: Pb2+, Ag+, Hg22+

Part II: Chemistry of Group 2 Cations: Pb2+, Cu2+, Bi3+, Sn4+

Part III: Chemistry of Group 3 Cations: Fe3+, Ni2+, Mn2+, Al3+

Part IV: Chemistry of Group 4 Cations: Ba2+, Ca2+, NH4+, Na+

Part V: Chemistry of Anions: SO42-, NO3-, CO32-, Cl-, Br-, I-, CrO42-, PO43-, S2-, SO32-

Part VI: Analysis of a Simple Salt

33. Colorimetric Determination of Iron

34. Solubility and Thermodynamics

35. Analysis of Water for Dissolved Oxygen

36. Preparation and Reactions of Coordination Compounds: Oxalate Complexes

37. Oxidation-Reduction Titrations I: Determination of Oxalate

38.  Enthalpy of Vaporization and Clausius-Clapeyron Equation

39. Oxidation-Reduction Titrations II: A

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