G. W. Leibniz (1646-1716) was one of the great polymaths of the modern world. As well as being among the greatest Rationalist metaphysicians of the post-medieval age, he built the first mechanical calculator capable of multiplication and division, and developed the binary, base-two system. As a physicist, he made advances in mechanics, coining the term "kinetic energy." As a mathematician, Leibniz invented calculus independently of Newton, and it is his notation, not Newton's, which is used to this day. Perhaps best known for the atomic concept of¿the monad, Leibniz also made outstanding contributions to symbolic logic, aesthetics, history, linguistics, and political theory. With entries written by leading scholars in the field of Modern Philosophy, this Companion is an accessible and authoritative reference guide to Leibniz's life, work and. The book includes extended biographical sketches and an up-to-date and fully comprehensive bibliography. Gathering all these resources, this book will be an extremely valuable tool for those interested in Leibniz and the era in which he wrote.
List of Contributors \ Part I: Leibniz's Times and Philosophical Precursors \ 1. Introduction: Leibniz's Life and Works Brandon C. Look \ 2. Descartes and Leibniz Pauline Phemister \ 3. Leibniz and Hobbes Philip Beeley \ 4. Leibniz's Fascination with Spinoza Ursula Goldenbaum \ 5. Malebranche and Leibniz Sean Greenberg \ Part II: Leibniz's Philosophy \ 6. Leibniz's Metaphysics: The Path to Monadology Brandon C. Look \ 7. Logical Theory in Leibniz Samuel Levey \ 8. Leibniz's Theory of Cognition Martha Bolton \ 9. Leibniz's Theory of Modality Ohad Nachtomy \ 10. Leibniz's Theory of Causation Brandon C. Look \ 11. Leibniz's Philosophical Theology Martin Lin \ 12. Leibniz on Free Will Jack Davidson \ 13. Leibniz's Moral Philosophy Gregory Brown \ 14. Leibniz's Contribution to Natural Philosophy Fran¿ois Duchesneau \ 15. Leibniz and the Life Sciences Justin E.H. Smith \ 16. Leibnizian Mathematics Douglas M. Jesseph \ Part III: The Aftermath \ 17. Kant, The Leibnizians and Leibniz Anja Jauernig \ Bibliography \ Index of Names