1. The Writing Process: Making Effective Choices.
Planning. Practical Tip: Understanding the Assignment. Practical Tip: The Reverse Outline. Creating a First Draft. Practical Tip: Overcoming Writer's Block. A Special Situation: Collaborative Writing. Editing. 2. Sources: Building on Other Texts.
Choosing Research Sources. The Special Qualities of Journal Articles. Reading Your Sources. Practical Tip: Critical Reading. Taking Useful Notes. Acknowledging Sources. Practical Tip: Basic Formula for MLA Systems. Footnotes or Endnotes in Any System. Practical Tip: Basic Formula for Endnotes/Footnotes System. Practical Tip: Basic Formula for APA System. Practical Tip: Basic Formula for Numbered-List System. 3. The Essay: A Way of Exploring Ideas.
Organizing the Essay. The Special Case of Essays. Analyzing Literature or Art. Practical Tip: When to Write the Introduction. Practical Tip: What to Do if Your Essay Is Too Short. The Critique, Book Review, or Book Report. Editing the Essay : Special Concerns. 4. The Report: Thinking About Facts.
The Lab Report. Field Notes. The Business Report. Practical Tip: Editing for Objectivity. Special Visual Effects. 5. Other Practical Forms: Getting Things Done.
Proposals. Electronic Mail (E-Mail) Messages. Résumés and Letters of Application. Practical Tip: Having Résumés Ready. Practical Tip: Making the Most of Application Forms. Practical Tip: Creating an Electronic Résumé. Admission Letters. 6. Strong Style: Connecting to Your Reader.
Developing Coherent Paragraphs. Practical Tip: Using Sentence Structure Subjects to Unify Paragraphs. Creating Lively Sentences. Using Exact, Plain Language. Practical Tip: Using Readability Scores. 7. Standard Grammar: Making Things Clear.
Respecting Sentence Boundaries. What is a Sentence? Practical Tip: Using However and Therefore. Maintaining Subject-Verb Agreement. Practical Tip: Dealing with Verb Endings. Practical Tip: Avoiding He or She. Verbs: The Forms They Take. Combining Verb Forms. Keeping Pronouns Clear. Personal Pronouns: The Forms They Take. Practical Tip: Choosing Between Who and Whom. 8. The Right Words: Adapting to Fit.
Increasing Your Vocabulary. Practical Tip: Using the Dictionary Profitably. Practical Tip: Using the Thesaurus Safely. Choosing Unbiased Language. Getting the Details Right. Practical Tip: Ending a Sentence with a Preposition. Spelling With out Tears. Sorting Out Confusable or Misused Words. 9. Punctuation and Other Conventions: Guiding Your Reader.
The Period. Practical Tip: Getting Abbreviations Right. Practical Tip: Spelling Out Abbreviations and Acronyms. The Semicolon. The Colon. The Comma. Practical Tip: Choosing Between That and Which. The Dash. The Exclamation Mark. Quotation Marks. The Apostrophe. Practical Tip: Choosing Between It's and Its. Parentheses. Brackets. The Hyphen. Practical Tip: Testing for Hyphens. The Ellipsis. Italics, Boldface, and Underlining. Capitals. Other Conventional Symbols. Index.