This title is out of print.
Dale H. Schunk, University of North Carolina at Greensboro
The main objectives of this text are:
The text focuses primary emphasis on cognitive theories that stress learners’ constructions of beliefs, skills, strategies, and knowledge. Behavioral views are also discussed. Following an introductory chapter on learning that discusses key learning issues and historical perspectives, the second chapter discusses conditioning theories of learning. The next five chapters discuss cognitive theories and processes of learning: social cognitive theory, cognitive information processing theory, cognitive learning processes, constructivist theory, and cognition and instruction. The next four chapters cover the key topics of development and learning, neuroscience of learning, content-area learning, and motivation. The concluding chapter asks readers to examine their beliefs about learning, fit these with existing theories, and determine how to apply learning principles to improve teaching and learning. Chapters have numerous applications that apply learning principles to real-world settings. By blending theory, research, and applications throughout, the text provides instructors and students with a unified view of learning in educational settings.
Chapter 1 – Learning: Introduction, Issues, Historical Perspectives
Learning Theory and Research
Functions of theory
Methods of Assessing Learning
Ratings by others
Precursors of Modern Learning Theories
Learning theory and philosophy
Beginnings of the psychological study of learning
Structuralism and functionalism
Critical Issues in the Study of Learning
Which processes affect learning?
What is the role of memory?
What is the role of motivation?
How does transfer occur?
Which processes are involved in self-regulation?
What are the implications for instruction?
Relation of Learning and Instruction
Integration of theory and practice
Three Learning Scenarios
Kathy Stone’s third-grade class
Jim Marshall’s U. S. History class
Gina Brown’s educational psychology class
Chapter 2 – Conditioning Theories
Laws of exercise and effect
Revisions to Thorndike’s theory
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