With changes to degree awarding powers, teaching excellence and potentially regulation all included in what the HE Minister called 'a wide-ranging' Green Paper, this Hot Breakfast event looked at how things are shaping up for UK higher education.
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With changes to degree awarding powers, teaching excellence and potentially regulation all included in what the HE Minister called 'a wide-ranging' Green Paper, this Hot Breakfast event looked at how things are shaping up for UK higher education.read more
‘We won’t waste a minute.’ That’s what David Cameron said as the Conservatives roared back into action six months ago and it’s certainly been the case this week with what Tom Bennett graphically described as “a hunter’s stew of policy announcements.”
Here’s the main bones.
The week summed up
For schools, the big story has been Nicky Morgan’s speech at the Policy Exchange think tank at the start of the week. Billed as her most important speech to date, it showed her prepared not just to continue her predecessor’s agenda but stamp her own mark on it as well. The theme was ‘educational excellence everywhere,’ her take on the real 3Es government should prioritise and contained a mix of updated and newly tuned announcements. The most contentious was around primary assessment: KS2 resits will go ahead and the government will look at assessment and reporting arrangements for 7 year olds. This has raised hackles about a return to KS1 testing and comes as concerns continue not just about the testing load but about how best to set baseline data for progress reporting. The other two big announcements were about the adoption of the EBacc for what will now be 90% of pupils in time, it’s currently at 38.6% for state schools, and the creation from next autumn of a new ‘Top Gun’ teaching force, intended to help out in those parts of the country where needs are greatest. Chris Husbands’ blog on the EBacc and Tom Bennett’s on the National Teacher Service both listed below offer interesting perspectives on each.
Moving on, the government has also announced this week what it rather grandly calls ‘ground-breaking reform to technical and professional education.’ This turns out to be another move to consolidate and strengthen the tech route for young people, in this case 16-19 year olds, with an all-through progression pathway of some 20 employer endorsed programmes that will feed young people on to higher-level apprenticeships and other routes. Details at this stage are sketchy, an expert panel under Lord Sainsbury has been set up and will report back next spring. Many will welcome a high-status route, after all status for vocational learning has been an issue for a long time but whether this will bring the simplicity that government desires remains to be seen, particularly as we already have existing prescribed routes for this stage of learning.
And so to the higher education Green Paper, finally launched this morning, and variously described in the media as ‘a major shake-up’ and ‘the biggest reform in decades.’ The focus as the title suggests is on teaching excellence through a new evolutionary metrics framework linked to fees, social mobility through a new advisory group and student choice through a wider range of providers. There’s a lot in the paper and extensive consultation let alone further technical papers and potentially legislation will follow into 2016/17. Both the THES and wonkhe have excellent summaries. You can sign up for wonkhe’s ongoing analysis and briefings.
Top headlines this week
- ‘Ministers consider national tests for seven year olds.’ (Monday)
- ‘Nicky Morgan to send top teachers to struggling schools.’ (Tuesday)
- ‘Tougher primary tests and top teachers in weak schools.’ (Wednesday)
- ‘Government to scrap GCSE and A level ICT qualifications.’ (Thursday)
- ‘Government plan to allow ‘better’ universities to raise fees.’ (Friday)
People/organisations in the news this week
- Jo Johnson, the HE Minister, who outlined proposals for a new phase of reform for higher education in a comprehensive Green Paper document which will remain open for consultation until mid-January 2016
- Education Secretary Nicky Morgan who made a major speech on the theme of educational excellence, calling among other things for a review of assessment arrangements for 7 year olds, implementation of the EBacc and the introduction of a National Teaching Service
- The DfE who followed up Nicky Morgan’s speech by launching a consultation on implementing the EBacc with associated data on take-up and achievement in EBacc subjects to date
- The House of Commons Library who published a helpful Briefing Paper on the EBacc incorporating the latest announcements from this week
- Professor Chris Husbands who set the context for the latest announcement on the EBacc by looking at past governments’ attempts to enshrine a core curriculum
- BIS who have announced the creation of a new panel, due to meet shortly and report back in a few months, to help endorse a new professional and technical track for 16-19 year olds leading to speedier through-put to apprenticeships and other high-tech routes
- BIS who included a new monthly deadline and an online response survey as it updated its guidance on the approval process for apprenticeship standards
- The National Institute of Economic and Social Research who provided a useful research report on education and skills provision in the UK, USA, France and Germany as an evidence base for the joint Education Committees’ Inquiry into education, skills and productivity this week; p 23-26 has the conclusions
- The World Innovation Summit for Education whose latest conference revealed considerable dissatisfaction by member countries about the state of education in their respective countries and in particular in how well/poorly it was preparing young people for the world of work
- NIACE who following its recent link-up with CESI (the Centre for Economic and Social Inclusion) will adopt the name of the Learning and Work Institute from the start of 2016
- Nadhim Zahawi MP who has been appointed as the Prime Minister’s adviser on apprentices
- The Association of Colleges (AoC) who published a blog looking at some of the issues around the introduction of an apprenticeship levy
- The training company JTL who as the latest BBC Apprentice series got into its full swing set out to explain the differences between the show and the reality, listing eight in all
- The Education Committee who held the third of three witness sessions on the role of Regional Schools Commissioners
- The NAHT who published a survey report on school finances suggesting many were at breaking point
- Ofqual and the DfE who launched the latest round of consultation on new GCSEs and A levels covering in this case GCSE short course PE and AS/A level geology and politics, all due for first teaching from 2017 but who faced criticism for not re-developing GCSE and A level IT
- Ofqual who confirmed the assessment arrangements for the new GCSE Design and Technology
- Debate about whether independent or state school pupils achieve higher degree levels which continued this week with HEFCE amending data from an earlier report to make the case for the former and Cambridge Assessment publishing research on the impact of the introduction of the A* to make the case for the latter
- BBC Education Correspondent Sean Coughlan who reported on some of the difficulties schools in many coastal towns face and why this is causing concern
- The NFER who listed 7 building blocks as part of major research report on helping raise disadvantaged pupils’ attainment
- Tom Bennett and Professor Gren Ireson, each of whom wrote blogs highlighting some of the challenges facing the government as it seeks to set up a new National Teaching Service
- Shanghai maths teachers, the latest batch of whom have now arrived in this country to help out with maths masterclasses in English secondary schools
- The Maths Hub programme which is looking for a number of secondary school maths departments to join in a new, free programme of training to help teachers develop pupils’ maths reasoning
- The Institute of Engineering and Technology who as part of Tomorrow’s Engineers Week assembled a team of experts to help parents answer some of the more tricky technical questions that children tend to ask
- The National Literacy Trust who published its latest survey of teachers. literacy co-ordinators and assistants and reported that nearly a quarter of teachers don’t feel confident in teaching the new national curriculum literacy requirements
- The Education Endowment Foundation (EEF) who are launching a £10m campaign with Northern Rock Foundation to help improve literacy levels particularly for more disadvantaged primary school pupils in the North East
- Binge-watch, ‘to watch a complete series of TV programmes at one sitting,’ one of the top words/ phrases of the year included here in this listing of words for 2015 by Collins.
Tweet(s) of the week
- “Tim Oates: ‘we have over-estimated what the national curriculum can do.’ @SchoolsWeek
- “Let experts decide can often mean ‘let more people like me have a say.’ @PExEducation
- “Rather than literacy, I wish we could talk about poems, literature, creativity…Michael Morpurgo.” @SchoolsImprove
- “Few things give me more pleasure than the all too rare experience of correcting people who say asterix instead of asterisk” @tombennett71 “and the teachers who open their spreadsheets in Edexcel.” @sxpmaths
Quote(s) of the week
- “Whilst adults argue about consultations and fight ideological battles, young people are losing on average 13 months of their education in a school that has already been deemed inadequate, before things start to get better. That can’t be right.” Education Secretary Nicky Morgan on the need to transform under performing schools
- “Ms Morgan is very keen on tests.” One of the professional association responds to Nicky Morgan’s announcement about reviewing testing arrangements for 7 year olds
- “Coastal schools, rural one-horse hamlets, island eyries and urban crucibles alike can struggle to attract the talent they need.” Tom Bennett on the challenges facing the National Teaching Service
- “As mass higher education has developed in the UK, it has been tempting for many employers to recruit more and more graduates from full-time HE courses (educated largely at state and individual expense) and then to complain about their lack of employability skills.” The NIESR report on skills training in the UK
- “There is no one broadly accepted definition of teaching excellence.” The HE Green Paper starts the discussion on defining teaching excellence
- “In higher education, as in schools, hospitals, the law and almost everywhere else, it is no longer possible simply to rely on professionalism-that is so last century.” Professor Peter Scott on why a Teaching Excellence Framework for HE won’t work
- “Paperwork is not now an aid to supporting teaching and learning but a Frankenstein’s monster taking over the whole of education.” Teachers and others express concern about the paperwork monster in an open letter to the Secretary of State
- “I don’t see the point of exams at 16-they get in the way.” The outgoing director-general of the CBI remains clear that reform of school exams is needed.
Number(s) of the week
- £1bn. How much is probably needed through the apprenticeship levy to help fund the proposed 3m target, according to the AoC
- 45%. The number of school leaders responding to NAHT’s survey who reckoned their school budget would be unsustainable within a couple of years
- 67.4%. The percentage of pupils who were not entered for the languages element of the EBacc in 2014/15 (against 22.1% for Humanities and 9.9% for Sciences)
- 3%. The percentage of scripts subject to some form of special consideration this summer according to figures published by Ofqual this week
- 76.1%. The number of teachers responding to the latest National Literacy Trust survey who confirmed that their school still had a library.
What to look out for next week
- Pearson Policy Hot Breakfast event on HE (Monday)
- CBI Annual Conference (Monday)
- MPs questions to the BIS Dept (Tuesday)
- HEFCE Annual Meeting (Thursday).
A mixed bag this week so let’s start with some good news.
The week summed up
18 year olds are continuing to apply to university in large numbers according to UCAS’s latest stats, a bit more money is being put into careers and enterprise guidance, and perhaps most significantly of all, the nation’s primary sector has come in for a shower of praise from perhaps an unexpected quarter: the Chief Inspector.
The latter story is particularly interesting. There’s been much interest recently in the ‘London effect,’ the improvement in performance of London schools where improvements at the primary stage has been one of the factors cited so is a Heineken effect now happening and it’s spreading to other parts? Sir Michael Wilshaw thinks so: “I think we have real grounds for optimism here.” The optimism is grounded in inspection evidence: “there were 2,293 more good and outstanding primary schools in the last academic year than in 2011-12.” So what’s fuelling this? As the quote listed below indicates, it’s pretty much a return to core essentials: grammar, synthetic phonics and so on. The only downside appears to be that not enough is carried forward into key stage 3.
It hasn’t all been good news this week. IPPR’s ‘State of the North’ report, for instance, highlighted the continuing attainment gap for many young people and the impact of deprivation on early years; the Equality and Human Rights Commission reported a similar tale highlighting the effect the recession was still having on specific groups of young people and the House of Lords Social Mobility Committee heard powerful witness testimony about how difficult it can be for some young people transitioning into work, particularly the low-skilled. For many, the Chief Inspector’s comment in his Annual Report last year, that when it comes to education, we have a divided nation, still rings true and remains one of the litmus tests for the Chancellor’s forthcoming spending announcements.
More immediately we have the build-up to the higher education Green Paper, due shortly, and where this week, two new interesting Papers added to the debate. The first was from the HE Policy Institute looking at the decline of part-time learning and what to do about it. Described by Nick Hillman, the HEPI director as “arguably the single biggest problem facing higher education at the moment,” much of the answer, given current restrictions and shortages around funding, seems to lie in the Paper’s title: ‘It’s the Finance, Stupid!’ The second was a Paper from the university think tank million+ which ahead of the Green Paper, questioned the proposed linkage between a teaching excellence framework and any increase in fees: “the link with fees risks a reductionist, metrics-based approach that would be based on questionable data.” The build-up to the Green Paper incidentally is well charted on the wonkhe site here.
We are fortunate to have the authors of both Papers and wonkhe along with other commentators speaking at our Pearson Hot Breakfast Policy Seminar on higher education in a week’s time.
Top headlines this week
- ‘UCAS applications to be anonymous, says David Cameron.’ (Monday)
- ‘Sleepwalking into UK’s worst teacher recruitment crisis.’ (Tuesday)
- ‘Teacher shortage costing millions in supply staff.’ (Wednesday)
- ‘QAA publishes overview of Higher Education Reviews this year.’ (Thursday)
- ‘Prospects for young people have worsened, says report.’ (Friday)
People/organisations in the news this week
- The Prime Minister who announced that from 2017, individual candidate names will be removed from UCAS application forms to avoid any potential for bias
- The Chancellor who formally launched the National Infrastructure Commission with an initial focus on three areas: northern connectivity, London transport, and energy but where the skills pipeline will be crucial
- The Business Minister who opened a new innovation centre for high-tech small firms in Loughborough
- Cheshire and Warrington who become the next area to launch a Growth Hub to support and advise local business on matters such as the provision of skills and training
- Cabinet Minister Matt Hancock who used a speech to the Institute for Government to spell out how the digital revolution was helping transform public services such as education
- Lord Nash, Parliamentary Under Secretary for Schools, who made the case for high-rise schools as a way of tackling concerns about a lack of school places
- The All-Party Parliamentary Group which has been looking at Mindfulness and has included the creation of a new £1m Fund to help develop provision in schools among its recommendations
- The House of Lords Select Committee on Social Mobility which has been hearing a range of sometimes worrying evidence about the transition into employment for young people
- The Equality and Human Rights Commission whose latest survey on how far Britain is becoming a fairer society revealed that young people in general and certain groups in particular (the disabled, White boys, Black workers) had suffered under the recession
- The OECD who launched its new Centre for Opportunity and Equality to complement its policy activity and help focus attention on issues of social inequality
- The think tank IPPR who highlighted the closing of the attainment gap in early years, primary and secondary education as one of four big tests facing the architects of the Northern Powerhouse
- Instructure Research who investigated how well HE students around the world were being prepared for the world of work and found UK students ‘overly optimistic’ about their prospects
- UCAS who published the first of its regular updates on how the 2016 applications are going and reported that at this mid-October stage, applications by UK 18 yr olds were up 1% on last year although total UK applications were slightly (1%) down
- The HE Policy Institute (HEPI) who published a collection of essays by leading commentators looking at why there had been such a drop in part-time HE student numbers, what impact this was having and what to do about it (mainly change the inflexible funding rules)
- The university think tank million+ who published a policy briefing challenging current government proposals to link fee levels with a teaching excellence framework
- The Quality Assurance Agency (QAA) who published the findings from its latest round of peer reviews covering 24 HEIs and 62 colleges in which 30% of the former received commendations and 70% of the latter were deemed satisfactory
- The BIS Dept who published latest guidance for FE providers wishing to apply for Foundation Degree Awarding Powers (FDAP)
- AELP Chief Executive Stewart Segal who reflected on some of the issues around apprenticeships that had been raised at his Association’s recent Conference
- Previous Labour Education Ministers Estelle Morris and Jim Knight each of whom offered their thoughts on teacher recruitment in respective articles this week
- Sir Michael Wilshaw who issued the first of what are intended to be regular commentaries on different aspects of the education system, in this case focusing on the success of England’s primary schools and the difficulties of transitioning this into secondary
- Schools Week whose article on why schools in certain parts of the country had managed to improve their GCSE results as reported in the government’s recent interim data, attracted considerable interest
- The Careers and Enterprise Company who announced the launch of a £5m Investment Fund to help beef up careers and enterprise provision in so-called ‘cold spots’ across England
- Education correspondent Liz Lightfoot who examined the growing trend for super-size secondary schools noting that research on the optimum size of schools has so far proved inconclusive
- Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg and his wife who confirmed that the new school they intend to open will be different in concept in that it will integrate health and social care services for local families and children
- The government who launched its latest ‘Your Future: Their Future,’ advertising recruitment campaign for teachers and faced criticisms over claims of potential salary levels
- The National Union of Teachers (NUT) who organised a lobby of teacher supply agencies as concerns rose about teacher supply and recruitment costs.
Tweet(s) of the week
- “If we ever want to be a profession, we need to take responsibility for our own professional practice. Time to stop waiting for superman.” @tombennett71
- “Let children have five days a year of term time holidays, Netmums editor says.” @SchoolsImprove
- “Tell you what I want, what I really, really want…Geri Halliwell talks Free School.” @tonyparkin
- “An austerity plan for @George_Osborne: stop the regime of endless testing, it will save millions.” @tes
- “Titan schools will be like cheap high-rise housing, independent head warns.” @SchoolsImprove
Quote(s) of the week
- "The fact remains that much teaching at university is poor and if Ofsted were to come in and assess it I think there would be very large numbers of departments that get fours and threes.” Sir Anthony Seldon on the need for a teaching qualification for academics
- “The regulatory regime is byzantine and over-complex, expensive and time-consuming. It’s virtually impossible for a new higher ed institution to come into existence.” Professor Grayling on some changes needed for the HE sector
- “I would disagree that there is anything necessarily to be afraid of from mergers.” The FE Minister tries to reassure the FE sector about the outcomes of the current area reviews
- “The idea of schools being on one or two floors is not essential.” The DfE’s Lord Nash tells the TES that schools will need to be bigger to cope with the demand for places
- “Today’s primary school literacy lessons abound with talk of conjunctions and prepositions, of passive and active tenses, antonyms and ellipses.” The Chief Inspector relishes what’s going on in the nation’s primary school classrooms
- “I think this is a brutal piece of stupidity that you can make people good at language by telling them the names of things.” Children’s author Philip Pullman on proposals to develop a new course for primary school teachers to help them bone up on their grammar knowledge.
Number(s) of the week
- 0.5%. The growth figures for the UK economy in the last quarter, up in the service sector but with continuing worries about a further decline among growth making sectors such as Construction and Manufacturing
- 3. The number of ‘acid tests’ that should be applied to any testing regime according to President Obama (they should only be worth taking, should only enhance teaching and learning, and should only be one source of information on a child’s ability)
- £9.70. The returns to the economy and society generally for every £1 invested under the HE Innovation Fund
- £733m. How much schools in England spent on supply teacher agencies last year according to the National Union of Teachers
- £250,000. How much the proposed new College of Teaching is looking to source from teachers to help kick start the new College
- £65,000. The figure that the government’s latest advertising campaign claims ‘leading practitioners’ (teachers) can earn, which many dispute.
What to look out for next week
- NYA Youth Work week (all week)
- Politics in Education Summit (Monday)
- Nicky Morgan keynote speech on ‘Educational Excellence’ at Policy Exchange (Tuesday)
- Education Bill at Committee Stage of House of Lords (Tuesday)
- Education Committee witness session on the role of Regional Schools Commissioners (Wed)
- Student rally in London against fees and cuts (Wednesday).
Teacher recruitment, exam performance data, apprenticeships and the funding of high-level skills top the headlines this month where ‘quotes of the month’ pretty much capture the current mood.
Key headlines from the month
- iPads. A third of pre-school kids now have one according to research
- Reception assessment. NUT leads the handing in of a petition against baseline assessment
- Foundation stage. 70% of pupils at required levels in latest government figures
- Primary schools. Come in for praise in Chief Inspector’s monthly commentary
- Numeracy projects. EEF trials new resources to help with primary mental maths
- School absences. PM announces new tougher truancy rules
- School holidays. LGA call for more reasoned approach
- School types. Education Secretary approves new grammar school site in Kent
- School sizes. Local councils plan to increase intake in many secondary schools
- School funding. Likely to be down by 8% over next 4 years according to IfS
- Exam appeals. Ofqual due to consult on possible changes
- Performance data. Government publishes interim figures from this year’s exams
- Destination data. Latest unofficial data shows 73% participation by 18 yr olds
- Work experience. BCCs call for restoration of this for under 16s
- Careers. Careers and Enterprise Co launch new £5m Investment (support) Fund
- Mindfulness. New report published calling for training in schools
- Teachers. NUT survey suggests workload proving unbearable for many
- Maths teachers. 10% more trainees needed next year under latest government modelling
- Teacher recruitment. Education Committee to hold one-off session
- Workload Challenge. 3 new groups under way
- Education and Adoption Bill. Moves to 2nd Reading in the Lords
- Cities and Local Government Devolution Bill. Progresses to 2nd Reading in the Commons
- Functional Skills. BIS calls on ETF to lead new development programme
- FE. BIS confirm latest area-review schedule
- Apprenticeships. Ofsted critical of some provision for younger people
- Apprenticeship levy. Consultation closes with employers expressing concerns
- Devolution. Sheffield City latest region to sign up for local growth deal
- HE applications. UCAS and others commit to anonymous forms to remove bias
- 2016 applications. UCAS report latest figures as of 15 Oct deadline
- University websites. Which? complain that some fail to have up-to-date info on fees.
Reports/Publications of the month (in order of publication)
- Making Apprenticeships Work. C/G’s Industry Skills Board includes a UCAS style application system among its 25 proposals to reform the apprenticeship system
- Levels of Success. The Sutton Trust examines the earnings potential of apprenticeships v degrees and finds many best apprenticeships offer better returns than some non-Russell degrees
- Funding for disadvantaged pupils. The Public Accounts Committee reports on its review into the pupil premium and concludes that although its helped, more could be done to close the gap
- Annual Qualifications Market Report for 2013/14. Ofqual reports on the size and nature of the market which saw 16m certificates issued and 166 regulated awarding bodies in place
- The Contribution of FE and Skills to Social Mobility. BIS’s commissioned report highlights the contribution of FE in general and voc quals in particular in hitting core social mobility targets
- University Technical Colleges. The DfE updates its guidance for new applicants
- FE Statistical First Release. BIS publishes latest data on learner participation and attainment showing apprenticeship starts up but only modest increases at 16-19 and at higher-level
- Provisional GCSE and equivalent results 2014/15. The DfE publishes provisional data earlier this year showing a slight increase (to 52.8%) in numbers getting 5 A*-Cs
- A level and other level 3 results 2014/15. The DfE also publish early picture of A level performance showing familiar traction of slight drop in A*s but overall pass rate up to 98.7%
- Education and Adoption Bill. House of Lords Library explains all in a helpful summary of the Bill’s proposals for their Lordships
- Higher, Further, Faster, More. The think tank Policy Exchange urges the BIS Dept to consider re-assigning HE funds to support FE higher-level skills training
- Apprenticeships: developing skills for future prosperity. Ofsted points the fingers as it finds apprenticeships failing to meet the needs of some young people and employers
- Intervening in failing, underperforming and coasting schools. The DfE updates guidance on schools causing concern and issues consultation on new coasting and intervention criteria
- Why Teach? Pearson/LKMco ask the question and conclude that for many teachers it’s being able to make a difference to young people’s lives that really counts
- It’s the finance, stupid. HEPI collates essays from leading commentators on the decline in p/t student numbers and, as the title argues, suggests money’s got a lot to do with it
- Higher Education Review: 2014/15 Findings. QAA reports back on its latest round of peer reviews of 24 HEIs and 62 FECs and finds enhancement of learning a concern for the latter.
Speeches of the month
- George Osborne’s 5 October Conference speech announces the creation of a new National Infrastructure Commission to help oversee the push towards local skills and growth
- Nicky Morgan’s 6 October Conference speech promises greater provision of childcare opportunities and further ‘raising of the bar’ on standards
- David Cameron’s 7 October Conference speech includes commitments to more academies and Free Schools and a registration scheme for religious supplementary schools
- Glenys Stacey’s 8 October HMC speech sets out to soothe independent sector concerns about exam marking arrangements, appeals procedures, qualification reform and much more
- Glenys Stacey’s 22 October FAB Conference speech highlights the changing nature of the qualification system with its impact on regulation and awarding organisations
- Sir Michael Wilshaw’s 22 October CBI speech challenges schools, FE providers, employers and government to help improve apprenticeship arrangements for young people.
Quotes of the month
- “Learning is about so much more than just filling in the right bubble.” President Obama reacts to concerns from American teachers about too much testing
- “Early indications from the regions showed that colleges could be forced into shotgun marriages.” Labour’s FE Minister on marrying in haste as a result of area-based reviews
- “We want to see a new politically independent Levy Board setting the rate based on clear evidence with the funds ring-fenced.” The CBI respond to the apprenticeship levy consultation
- “We do not believe that coasting should be about isolated dips in performance but about identifying schools which have consistently not stretched their pupils sufficiently over a number of years.” The DfE incorporates the stretch challenge in its coasting consultation
- “This does not reflect a change in this government’s position on selective schools.” The Education Secretary on the decision to allow a new grammar school site
- “It is not clear to me that paying markers more of its own will deliver improvement although of course we don’t argue against this.” Ofqual Chief Executive confirms it’s not all about the money
- “This is a goldilocks scenario. It must be neither too fast nor too slow. We need a gap of at least 2 years between design and implementation.” The NAHT’s Gen Sec on school funding reform
- “Schools shouldn’t be places where business people drop their kids off at the beginning of the day like they drop off their dry cleaning.” The Chief Inspector on employer engagement.
Word or phrase of the month
- ‘Gig work.’ No 9-5 jobs anymore, more gig work instead‘
- Self-serving generation.’ Kids who turn to google for anything from careers to homework.
‘Guilty parties,’ ‘abuse of trust,’ ‘organise yourselves,’ just some of the strong language used by Ofsted’s Chief Inspector this week as he launched the inspectorate’s latest report on apprenticeships.
The report follows concerns raised by the Chief Inspector in his Annual Report last year particularly about the poor take-up among young people and the lack of skill development in some programmes. Subsequently, Ofsted undertook further survey and visit work and this report is the result of that. The sub-text is: ‘how well do apprenticeships meet the needs of young people, their employers and the economy?’ The answer is not well enough…yet.
The current context
As has been regularly touted, the government has positioned apprenticeships as a major policy priority for the duration of this Parliament. 2.38m apprenticeship were delivered over the last Parliament and a new target has been set of 3m over this one. The argument is that these are good for business, good for individuals and good for the country at large. The latest data published a couple of weeks ago shows that there were 492,700 apprenticeship starts in the academic year 2014-15 but that at 16-18 and for higher level apprenticeships, both key priorities for the government, there were only modest increases. That said, the government is undertaking a major reform programme designed to ensure that apprenticeships are high-quality, meet employer and learner needs and deliver what’s needed more generally. The reforms include the development of recognised industry standards through industry-led trailblazers, the introduction of an employer’s levy and provision for a statutory definition of apprenticeships to be applied. In fairness these reforms have yet to be implemented meaning the Ofsted report reflects a ‘before’ rather than an ‘after’ position.
What did Ofsted find?
In the words of an accompanying press release Ofsted found that “the government’s ambition to boost apprenticeships in England and create a higher skilled workforce is being undermined.” And it is being undermined by a number of problems summarised as follows:
- There’s too much variable and poor quality provision. “Inspectors found that in a third of the 45 providers visited, apprenticeships did not provide sufficient, high-quality training that stretched apprentices and improved their capabilities.” The report went on to cite examples of too much making of coffee and sandwiches and cleaning the floors rather than specific skill development, a claim disputed by AELP in Conference this week and one which was clearly not the case in many ‘traditional’ apprenticeship schemes but where the service industries appeared to be the main culprits.
- Not enough young people, 16-18 year olds, are taking up apprenticeships. This has been an issue for some time and debate continues to rage about why this is the case. As the Association of School and College Leaders (ASCL) pointed out in its response, the decimation of careers guidance for young people has hardly helped but Ofsted feel that more could and should be done by schools and colleges both to inform and to prepare young people for apprenticeships. It’s a point the Edge Foundation and the British Chambers of Commerce in their recent reports have been making for some time and it well may be as the Association of Colleges argue that we need a return to some kind of pre-apprenticeship programme as a way in. Either way the issue of information and careers guidance continues to ring loud and clear.
- Apprenticeship growth hasn’t been focused on the sectors where the skill shortages are at their most acute. Again not a new issue and one that the Engineering and Construction Boards respectively have been raising for some time but one that’s becoming increasingly important as the government’s Productivity Plan takes shape. “Nationally the number of apprentices starting since 2009/10 has almost doubled in business, admin and law and nearly tripled in health and care. Over the same period, in IT and engineering, the increase was at a lower rate and in construction, the number declined.”Websites like ‘Go Construct’ and ‘Tomorrow’s Engineers’ all help, let alone the ‘Get in.Go far’ marketing drive from the National Apprenticeship Service and other agencies but it’s clearly a hard slog and in need of some new momentum.
- Employers, especially small and medium-sized business need to do more. This year’s CBI/Pearson Employers’ Survey reported that 66% of employers surveyed were involved in apprenticeships in some form with two-thirds of them looking to do more. Things like the apprenticeship Grant for Employers and the current publicity around apprenticeships have clearly helped but Ofsted is concerned that too many employers have been slow to get involved and many, particularly small businesses, find the whole engagement process daunting. “They told inspectors they fear that a burden of bureaucracy would fall on them.” The Chief Inspector urged businesses not to hold back: “organise yourselves. It’s no use waiting for others to put structures in place…use your networks and knowledge to find solutions.” How far such strictures work remains to be seen but for many, the uncertainty over the levy and where to start at a local level, remain big issues.
So what would a ‘good’ apprenticeship look like?
The report goes on to list some of the key features of what it considered to be ‘successful’ apprenticeships, most of which were to be found in the more established areas of motor vehicle, engineering and construction.
Broadly this comes down to good practice before, during and after. So at the before stage, best schemes invite the candidate in for a probationary period, establish rules and set clear goals. During the programme, apprentices are encouraged develop relevant skills including English and maths and are supported through regular reviews. And after, apprentices are helped with progression onwards and upwards and their contribution evaluated. It sounds motherhood and apple pie stuff but involves a lot of time, effort and resource and as Ofsted found, many schemes were not able to provide all this.
What’s Ofsted recommending?
The report lists 15 recommendations, mainly aimed at government and providers and at this stage fairly broad brush in nature.
Urging schools and colleges for instance to “provide impartial careers guidance about apprenticeships to all pupils and their parents,” is of course worth highlighting but as the ASCL comment earlier indicated, if there’s no formal mechanism in place for this to happen then it’s not going to get very far. Having said that if, as the report indicates, some schools were actually blocking providers and employers from going in and offering advice, then this raises a bigger issue about the impartiality of such advice and guidance.
The issue seems to be as the Chief Inspector put it in his closing remarks when launching the report: “we have won the argument over the value of apprenticeships but we have yet to make them a sought-after and valid alternative career choice for hundreds of thousands of young people.” That’s the challenge that sits alongside the dash to deliver 3m more apprenticeship places.read more