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Policy Watch is our regular policy update service, covering national and international developments in the world of education. We try to keep things simple, sharing the latest news and information with you through weekly updates, monthly summaries, papers and events.

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About Steve

As head of UK education policy at Pearson, Steve’s been running the Policy Watch service for almost 20 years. He’ll keep you informed on all things education, along with the rest of his subscribers – there were more than 10,000 at the last count!

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  • Pocket Watch - Summer Headlines

    For those that missed them, whether by design or not, here’s a quick reminder of some of the main education stories from over the summer hols, August in particular.   

    The main story over the summer

    Given that August by tradition is results month, the main story/ies inevitably concerned exam and assessment results in some form. The month began with stories of Ministerial concern about aspects of the exam board system and ended with the same Ministers heralding a stable set of GCSE and A’ level results and an upbeat set of KS2 results. In between many familiar arguments about the exam system in general and specific trends in subjects, regions and so on were aired but perhaps the most notable feature, picked up in some of the headlines, was the emerging impact of government policies. ‘Gove’s generation’ as an Institute of Ed blog labelled this year’s entrants faced a number of changes instigated by the previous Education Secretary including those to early entry, resits and assessment, much of which showed in changing trends such as the drop in entries by 15 year olds and rise in entries for EBacc subjects for 16 yr olds and English/maths GCSE resits for 17 yr olds. More of course is to come as new GCSEs and de-coupled AS levels come in over the next few years. Maths had another bumper entry year at both GCSE and A’ level, languages remain a concern but this year’s big noise is Computing with a surge in entries at both GCSE and A’ level. Finally, one unusual fact from the BBC’s Education correspondent, Sean Coughlan: “there will be more people starting university this autumn than were getting five good GCSEs a couple of decades ago.”   

    The biggest debate over the summer

    Arguably there’ve been two, both familiar.

    First the long-term future of the GCSE exam. The GCSE has faced criticism for much of its 27 years, indeed the chief executive of Ofqual was said to have expressed amazement at the extent of this when she took over a few years back, and it faced a further barrage again this summer: ‘out of date,’ ‘ready to wither on the vine’ and ‘killing our young people;’ just a selection of comments from the boss of the CBI, a former Education Secretary and former headmaster respectively. The case against is threefold: they’re archaic, they expensive both in terms of time and cost and they don’t prepare kids very well for the future. In defence, as Tim Oates argued, most countries have, if not exams at age 16 certainly “high-stakes assessment,” they help ensure a qualitative bar of achievement for future progression and they provide a focal point for learning. There the argument rests, perhaps for another year with issues like Sir Mike Tomlinson’s Core + model for exams at age 16 still hanging in the air.

    The other debate this summer has been about the numbers going to university, up 3% to 47% at the last count with the student numbers cap lifted this year. Should we continue to encourage more people to go to university or should we be encouraging more to follow a skilled or professional pathway, what’s best for the individual, what’s best for the country? As HEFCE and others have argued, few would doubt the benefits that higher ed can bring and certainly the graduate premium, the return on investment, remains high but as both the Edge Foundation and the CIPD have argued in reports this summer, there are concerns that a rise in graduate numbers has not been reflected in a rise in high skilled jobs and productivity. At root, as Professor Alison Wolf argued recently is the question of whether university should be seen as a route to a job or as a wider learning and development experience …or both?

    The most worrying story

    Inevitably about funding and again there’ve been two.

    First the Sixth Form Colleges Association who published their annual funding impact survey on the eve of A’ level results day showing that a lot of Colleges were having to drop courses because of funding cuts and as far as they could see, things were only going to get worse. 72 of the 93 Colleges responded and of those, 26 feared for their very future. Increases in pension and NI contributions, the imposition of the VAT burden and the imminent ending of formula protection funding all suggest that the Association is not crying wolf. There’s considerable sympathy for their position as the recent IPPR Spending Review Paper indicates but the government seems intent on using the area-based reviews, which may or may not prove any more favourable, to help resolve the situation.

    Second, the Skills Funding Agency’s announcement at around the same time that they will have to clampdown on further qualification approvals for the remainder of the financial year for all bar a couple of categories of qualification: automatic approvals and those that qualify for 24+ Advanced Learning Loans. This is seen as a temporary measure and as the government regularly reminds us, there are a lot of qualifications on the stocks but it’s a sharp reminder of how tight things are at present.  

    The most significant speech of the summer

    It was more of an article than a speech but David Cameron’s comment piece as his government reached its first 100 days watermark on 15 August was significant for three reasons. First, it re-emphasised the message that however small its majority, the government intends to keep up the pace: “we will not waste a second in getting on with the job.” Things may be different once a new Labour leader is selected on 12 Sept but for the moment, it’s all go. Second, as if we needed reminding, the economy remains the b-all and end-all. And third, perhaps surprisingly, education remains a high priority with the Prime Minister for instance pushing the case for Academies and Free Schools.

    The most important policy paper of the summer

    Any number stand out here including the Sutton Trust’s report on pay differentials for privately educated graduates, Cambridge assessment’s research into the difficulties in making exam predictions, QAA’s response to the Quality Assessment Review, the Children’s Society Good Children’s Report and Policy Exchange’s Paper on a levy on schools for GCSE English and maths resits in FE. But given the government’s priority being attached to them, the levy consultation and accompanying announcements about apprenticeships is perhaps the most important in terms of future policy impact. The downside is that the consultation raises more questions than answers about for instance which employers would fall in scope or not, about whether there should be a limit to how much an employer’s account could be topped up and how long they should have to use it and whether it will enable quality training or quick and dirty. The levy as Julian Gravatt at the AoC said is “just a tool to encourage training, investment and a focus on skills” but it could be a very important one and it’s one that needs to be got right.   

    The most noticeable survey of the summer

    Again there’ve been a number over the summer including the annual National Student Satisfaction Survey, The Motor Industry Institute survey let alone the Sixth Form Colleges and CIPD Labour Market surveys already mentioned but the one whose results may run for some time is the ASCL (Association of School and College Leaders) survey about the EBacc. The government intends that pupils starting secondary school this year will work towards the EBacc subjects at GCSE; critics feel this is prescriptive, not suitable for all pupils and want more flexibility over how it’s applied. In their survey, ASCL found that as many as 87% of respondents opposed the requirement in its current form. We may not have heard the last.

    read more
  • Pocket Watch - Autumn Scheduling

    With the government passing its first 100 days last month, seemingly intent on keeping up the pace, it looks like we’re heading for another busy autumn.

    Here’s a few things to look out for over the coming months for the world of education.

    Government ‘stuff’

    The main event here will come on 25 November when the Chancellor announces the outcomes of the 2015 Spending Review. Launched earlier this summer, the Review will determine dept budgets and spending priorities for a large chunk of this Parliament and so has the potential to be a defining moment. Individuals have been invited over the summer to submit their thoughts on where the review’s projected £20bn of savings should come from (the closing date is actually today) while individual Depts will no doubt continue their wrangling throughout the next few months.

    At the last major such review in 2010, the BIS Dept went close to the wire before its budget details were settled and given some of the dire predictions that have been circulating this time, similar brinkmanship may be required again. Some decisions such as that on converting HE maintenance grants to loans from 2016 have already been taken while the Chancellor’s announcement in his Summer Budget that he was allowing a further year to move into surplus has taken some of the heat out of things. The Review should include some specifics such as an update on the future funding formula for schools, the apprenticeship levy for FE and the recent review of Business-University research in HE but if we weren’t already convinced, it will remind us that ‘turning round the economy’ remains the government’s top priority.

    On the legislative front, three education-related Bills have already started their journey through Parliament with the Education Bill and its proposals about ‘coasting’ schools attracting the most comment. The other two up and running Bills are about to swap places, the Cities and Local Devolution Bill to the Commons and the Childcare Bill to the Lords. Three more Bills, on Enterprise, on Employment and Welfare, and on Immigration are due to be introduced shortly. Each will be worth watching. The Enterprise Bill will enshrine any new definition of apprenticeships, the Employment and Welfare Bill will endorse the government’s new earn and learn arrangements for young people while the Immigration Bill will include clauses on skilled worker visa arrangements and requisite levels of English for certain public facing jobs.

    Elsewhere a number of Select Committees have important Inquiries lined up for this autumn. The Education Committee, who have both Nicky Morgan and Sir Michael Wilshaw up before it this month, will be looking into the role of Regional Schools Commissioners and Ofsted while the BIS Committee will be examining the government’s Productivity Plan. Two other Committee Inquiries worth noting include the Lords Social Mobility Committee which is investigating the transition into work for young people and where the call for evidence closes on 14 Sept. It’s due to consider evidence over the autumn before issuing a report next March. The other one is the Home Affairs Committee which will be looking into the Tier 2 Skilled Workers System for which a visa cap was introduced three years ago and where there are concerns about the impact on recruitment in many sectors. This Committee is calling for evidence submissions by 9 Sept. 

    Finally, the government will be keeping a close eye on a number of structural reforms as the year progresses. These include the further academisation of the schools system, the area-based reviews for FE and the lifting of the numbers cap in HE.

    School specific

    For schools, this autumn sees the first of three years of implementing new GCSEs, AS and A levels. This year’s batch includes the three big GCSEs, two English and one maths, and some 13 AS and A levels. At the same time, preparation work for the next two batches continues with consultation on the design and assessment of the 2017 ‘batch’ due to complete on 24 September. Also in September, the new Year 7 will start on their journey leading to the EBacc suite of GCSEs by 2018, initial trials of the National Reference Test are scheduled and the government report on Assessment without Levels is due for publication. The Rochford Review on assessment arrangements for pupils with low attainment incidentally reports in December.

    Moving on, in mid-October, the government will for the first time publish provisional GCSE and other qualification performance data from this year’s exams including also for the first time provisional Attainment 8 data for schools that opted in early for this. Final performance tables will be published as normal in January with the aim of helping parents as they make secondary school choices although as some head teachers are planning to publish a rival set of performance tables at around the same time, it may all get a bit messy.

    Other things schools may be looking out for this autumn include the new Ofsted inspection regime which begins this month, the three new teacher workload groups, (on marking, on planning and resources and on data management,) proposed recently by the Education Secretary, and further developments around the College for Teaching and the Teacher Professional Development and Behaviour Management Expert Groups.

    For FE

    Autumn is an important time for the FE sector where the annual Colleges Conference and Skills Show in November often provide a focal point for announcements and developments.

    FE providers will be awaiting the Spending Review announcements in November with more trepidation than most given recent announcements although their first task is to submit, by the end of this month, their updated financial plans following the latest cuts announced in July. The other big challenge facing the sector is its potential reshaping in the wake of the area-based reviews. These are due to get under way this month and continue through to March 2017 and form part of the shift towards greater local determinism. Government involvement in these reviews will be “proportionate to the level of risk” but most people believe the opportunity will also be used to review financial, quality and other issues of post-16 provision.

    Three other things for FE to look out for this autumn include further development work around apprenticeships with a new Delivery Board and target in place and two consultations, one on status now complete and the other on the Levy, completing next month. Second, the reform programme around Functional Skills along with the new post QCF qualification framework due to be in place from 1 October. And third, further consultation on outcome based success measures along with more destination and earnings data both due in the coming weeks.

    For HE

    For HE where the ramifications of the lifting of the cap on student numbers this year will no doubt be scrutinised for much of the autumn four issues stand out. First, quality assurance where a Green Paper on a Teaching Excellence Framework is promised and where consultation on HEFCE’s proposals on quality assurance closes on 18 Sept. Second, funding where institutions will be advised of their revised teaching grants in October, consultation on freezing the loan repayment threshold closes on 14 October and consultation on allowing some tuition fees to increase in line with inflation may follow. Third, further activity around validation arrangements, with the government likely to consider options for opening out the degree market to other ‘best’ providers. And fourth, visa issues where an Immigration Bill and Home Affairs Committee Inquiry are looming and a Migration Advisory Committee Report is due before the year end.

    read more
  • Policy Eye - week ending September 4 2015

    Two announcements, a big push on maths and a wave of concerns about impending shortages of teachers and school places; welcome to another education year.

    The week summed up

    The two announcements first. One was the Prime Minister’s ‘we will not waver’ pledge as he announced 18 new Free Schools as part of his government’s commitment to open 500 over the lifetime of this Parliament. Over 250 are already open and a further 50+ will join them this term and although the government considers them among other things as helping meet the demand for school places, they remain controversial. As the Prime Minister indicated in his comment piece last month, the government sees reform of the school system as one of its top priorities and if the tone of this latest announcement is anything to go by, it won’t ‘waver’ from this, criticisms or no.

    The other announcement was more of a reminder from the DfE of the new Core Maths qualifications starting this month. More practical in nature and aimed at 16+ year olds with a grade C in maths, these new qualifications which have been trialled for some time and carry the same UCAS points as an AS, are intended to help encourage more young people to continue with maths in some form beyond GCSE. Only a fifth of young people at present do this and we have one of the poorest track records in this area of any OECD country, something the government is keen to tackle, although as the Association of Colleges and others have pointed out, whether we have enough trained maths teachers to teach the growing numbers is another matter.

    Maths in fact has been very much in the news this week with the new GCSE maths also debuting, the government considering an extension of the Chinese style maths teaching programme, Scotland launching two new maths support groups, Carol Vorderman launching her 30-day maths online challenge, the charity National Numeracy hosting a ‘Week of Inspirational Maths’ and as indicated below, others pitching in with their own resources such as maths walks for schools and training resources for teachers in colleges. Just over 69% of entries gained a C grade or better in maths GCSE this year, up slightly on last year, but if my maths is correct still, it still leaves just over 30% without the standard level.

    Finally shortages of teachers and of school places, an impending storm according to a Guardian headline last weekend (“Teacher shortages and rising pupil numbers put schools on edge of crisis”) and one which has gathered momentum as the new education year has started. It’s perhaps no surprise that the National Audit Office has announced it’ll investigate initial teacher training while the title of the latest London Councils report on school places, ‘Do the Maths,’ not only sticks with the maths theme but pretty much says it all. 

    Top headlines this week

    • ‘Get out of your comfort zone state school leaders are told.’ (Monday)
    • ‘Shortage of teachers set to spark new schools crisis. (Tuesday)
    • ‘Cameron launches wave of free schools.’ (Wednesday)
    • ‘Sixth formers to be offered courses in real life maths.’ (Thursday)
    • ‘DfE starts overseas recruitment drive to combat teacher shortage.’ (Friday)

    People/organisations in the news this week

    • The Prime Minister who promised to deliver two waves of new schools every year (March and Sept) from now to 2020 as he announced the first wave of new Free Schools under the current Parliament
    • The Business Secretary who pledged to introduce tougher sanctions for employers if they don’t pay the National Living Wage when it’s introduced next April
    • Nichola Sturgeon who prioritised education along with a return to standardised assessments at the end of primary and beginning of secondary education as she set out a new Programme for Government in Scotland
    • The think tank IPPR who called for 16-19 provision and science to be protected as it considered some of the options facing the Chancellor in his forthcoming Spending Review
    • Professor Sir David Greenaway, Vice-Chancellor at the University of Nottingham who has succeeded Sir David Eastwood as Chair of the Russell Group
    • Professor Hugh Brady who has succeeded Sir Eric Thomas as Vice-Chancellor and President at Bristol University
    • The Office of the Independent Adjudicator (OIA,) the HE students’ Ombudsman, whose remit from this month has been extended to cover HE courses in FE, Sixth Form Colleges and other recognised settings
    • Universities UK who published its latest (2013-2014) useful smorgasbord of facts and figures about UKHE with the increasing diversity of the sector one of the key messages
    • The HE Policy Institute who published a report comparing the German university system (which has scrapped tuition fees) with that in England
    • Middlesex University who will be rolling out its unique free course book scheme whereby students are able to download one free e-book per module over the duration of their course
    • The British Chambers of Commerce who is launching a new ‘Your Future’ careers programme with help from the Skills Funding Agency to help young people connect with employers
    • The car manufacturer Aston Martin who may be about to make many young people’s dreams come true as it announces plans to recruit ten new apprenticeships
    • Ofsted who opened the doors with the publication of its complaints procedure and updated senior management structure
    • The Education and Training Foundation who are launching their ‘training’ modules with schemes of work and resources to help teachers deliver GCSE English and maths resits
    • Core Maths, a post-16 practical option for those who already have a C in GCSE maths and who may need to keep their maths skills up, which comes in from this Sept. (Sample question: ‘Sam invests £1,000 in a savings account. The compound interest is fixed at 4% each year. How many years will it take for the value of the investment to exceed £2,000?’ Answer at bottom of this section)
    • Former government adviser Robert Hill whose latest blog highlights the rise in the number of multi-academy trusts
    • Natasha Devon, the DfE’s first ever mental health champion for schools who will call for a ‘Five a Day’ of peace and meditation as part of her new programme for schools
    • John Dunford who reflected on his two years as National Pupil Premium Champion now that the role has closed and who highlighted 12 areas of good practice that he’d collected on the way
    • Kim Knappett, a secondary science teacher in London, this year’s President of the Association of Teachers and Lecturers (ATL)
    • Teacher workloads and school funding, highlighted as the top two concerns in the NASUWT top ten list of teacher priorities as the new term begins
    • Newcastle University Teaching Fellow Steve Humble who explained how ‘maths walks’ (taking groups out to apply maths) can help overcome some of the stigma about maths
    • The Guardian Teacher Network whose latest ‘How to teach’ article covered ‘How to teach coding and programming’ in primary and secondary school
    • Better YCT, the new app launched by the UCL Institute of Education to help teach Mandarin to primary school pupils
    • Mobile phones, the subject of further debate this week about their use in schools with Sir Michael Wilshaw saying ‘ban them,’ Tom Bennett saying ‘they should be kept in their holsters until really necessary’ but the head of a leading school arguing that ‘they can’t disinvented so we should find ways to control them’
    • Henry VIII who emerged as the worst monarch in history in a poll conducted by the Historical Writers Association followed in order by Edward VIII, Kings John and Charles I
    • “On your way into school on the first day you spot a colleague? Do you hide, rush over, wave or engage in group moan?” One of a number of questions in The Guardian’s ‘Back to school’ teacher quiz
    • (Answer to the Core Maths question: 18 years).

    Tweet(s) of the week

    Quote(s) of the week

    • “The weather may have been a washout this month but the sun has certainly been shining on the British economy.” The CBI in its latest economic survey
    • “At present 3 children per average classroom has a diagnosable mental health problem with many more struggling with undiagnosed conditions such as anxiety.” The DfE’s new champion for children’s mental health on the importance of the task facing her
    • “In today’s world of comparable outcomes, performance relative to other schools is arguably more important than absolute performance.’ Education Datalab reflects on its trials in measuring progress in English and maths in Year 7
    • “Having given up fags a few years ago, I can confidently say smart phones are addictive and if we care about children at all, we should help create spaces for them where they aren’t allowed to chew on the thin black plastic teat of their iphones every heartbeat.” Behaviour ‘expert’ Tom Bennett on the lure of smart phones
    • “Assessment is a rickety vehicle driven too quickly over the wrong ground.” NAHT general secretary Russell Hobby on concerns about assessment at the start of a new year.

    Number(s) of the week

    • 2m. The number of adults studying and training in colleges according to AoC figures
    • 8.4m. The number of students in schools, both public and private, in England who will be heading back to school this week and next
    • Just under 45%. The number of Free Schools opened in deprived communities according to data from Full Fact
    • 6. The number of new FE colleges approved to offer provision for 14-16  yr olds from this year
    • 25%. The number of parents who, according to research commissioned by Santander, are prepared to move house to ensure a place at a ‘good’ school
    • £23 an hour. The average cost of a private tutor as a survey by the Sutton Trust reveals more and more parents are turning to them
    • 45%. The number of young people targeted daily by bullies according to research from the Diana Award charity.

    What to look out for next week

    • The 3rd annual ResearchEd National Conference with a galaxy of speakers (this Saturday, Sept 5 all day)
    • Parliament returns (Monday)
    • Education Committee witness session with the Education Secretary (Wednesday)
    • New Labour leader announced (Saturday)
    • National Numeracy in conjunction with Stanford University hosts a ‘Week of Inspirational Maths,’ with lesson plans and resources at KS2/3 for participating schools (Monday-Friday)
    • And coming up: Pearson and the London Knowledge Lab are offering three high profile events with leading thinkers examining how smarter digital tools can improve learning. The first event will be hosted in London on 22 Sept with follow-up events on 15 Oct and 17 Nov. Details and booking here
    read more
  • Policy Tracker - Keeping track of what happened in the world of education in August 2015

    Results month of course with Key Stage 2, GCSE, AS/A and vocational results all reporting and coming under heavy media scrutiny for much of the month accordingly.

    Overall the results were regarded as ‘stable’ with only minimal year on year changes although with more 11 year olds achieving expected levels in reading, writing and maths, more 16/17 year olds gaining requisite GCSEs, more entries in core A level subjects, more securing places at university and more interest in apprenticeship routes, there was a lot to welcome. Nor should we forget the UK team who performed heroically in this month’s World Skills event in Rio. Attention is now turning to the new education year where Academies, assessment levels, the EBacc, the Education Bill, the Apprenticeship Levy, 16+ funding and the HE Teaching Excellence Framework, to mention just a few of the items listed below, are already jostling for attention.

    Key headlines from the month

    • KS2 results. 80% of 11 yr olds achieve standard L4 in this year’s reading, writing and math tests
    • Parental prosecutions for children’s school absences. Up 25% in latest stats
    • Back to School gear. Pupils on average now carry around £270 of tech gear in their bags
    • Child literacy. Government launches new book club scheme
    • Mental health. DfE appoints first ever champion for schools
    • EBacc. 87% of teachers against compulsory introduction according to ASCL survey
    • GCSE results. Stable, 69% A*-Cs but impact of government policy on entry and trends evident 
    • A levels. 98.1% overall pass rate, growth of core subjects, some regional variation
    • Chinese style maths lessons. Government keen to expand
    • Wales. Gets its own qualifications regulatory body
    • Grade predictions. Cambridge Assessment highlight the challenges
    • Teachers as exam markers. Debate hots up as need for more intensifies
    • Initial teacher training. National Audit Office to examine and report before Christmas
    • Estelle Morris. Heads up new school improvement partnership in Birmingham
    • Inspections. Ofsted publishes sector leaflets and final details as new framework looms  
    • Education Bill. Unions unite to highlight concerns
    • Academy schools. The PM aims for clean sweep
    • Regional Schools Commissioners. Government said to be revising role
    • Sixth Form Colleges. Struggling with cuts according to latest funding survey
    • Career Colleges. Lord Baker proposes 25 more over next 4 years
    • 16-18 NEETs. Down to 7.5% in latest (April-June) stats
    • FE. New AoC President identifies 3 priorities (College influence, reputation, values)
    • FE funding. SFA replaces 2 advisory groups with new localism group
    • L2 English. All public-facing public sector workers to have it
    • Apprenticeship Levy. Government launches consultation on some operational details
    • Apprenticeships. Barnardo’s calls for some to be reserved for youngsters in care
    • Skills quals. SFA clamps down on further approvals for rest of financial year
    • World Skills. UK emerges with 3 gold, 4 silver, 2 bronze, 20+ medallions
    • Post QCF. Ofqual confirm future info and arrangements
    • National Living Wage. Government issues further explanatory statement
    • Tuition fees. Uni of Law promise refunds where graduates fail to secure jobs after 9 months
    • Uni entry. Entries up 3% on last year in latest end of month stats
    • HE students. Record (77%) numbers of uni students now working to fund their courses
    • Student Satisfaction. Remains at 86% in latest National Student Survey
    • Alternative providers. HEFCE publishes latest info on applications and re-designation.

    Reports/Publications of the month (in order of publication)

    • Private Pay Progression. The Sutton Trust and upReach crunch the figures and conclude that privately educated graduates secure bigger and quicker pay rises than state school peers
    • Labour Market Outlook. CIPD’s latest employer survey suggests a brighter picture for young job hunters and apprentices in particular
    • Funding Impact Survey Report. The Sixth Form Colleges Association paints a bleak picture as its latest survey finds cuts biting ever deeper
    • Quality Assessment Review. QAA responds to the current review of HE QA arrangements with some additional proposals of its own to enhance the quality of students’ academic experience
    • The graduate labour market: an uncomfortable truth. The Edge Foundation argues that some labour market data is not all it seems and some jobs don’t require degrees
    • Can the 3m target for apprenticeships be achieved? The Institute of the Motor Industry surveys employers and concludes careers advice and employability skills need to improve
    • Over qualification and sills mismatch in the graduate labour market. CIPD report on the graduate labour market and suggest oversupply is leading to a mismatch between skills and jobs
    • The Good Childhood Report 2015. The latest annual Report from the Children’s Society reveals it’s not all good with many worrying about bullying, school life and low esteem
    • Business plan 2015-2016. The Skills Funding Agency’s latest Business Plan sticks with five core objectives but recognises a more challenging environment
    • Progress 8 measure in 2016 and 2017. The DfE issues further guidance on the Progress 8 accountability measure with particular reference to schools who have chosen to opt in early
    • Apprenticeships Levy. The government’s opening consultation on how the levy system should operate from 2017 leaves many of the practical details still to be resolved
    • Crossing the Line.  The think tank Policy Exchange continues the levy theme by proposing that schools should pay a ‘resit’ levy to help cover the costs of GCSE Eng/maths resits in FE
    • The Common Inspection Framework. Ofsted publishes the final version of its new common inspection framework and issues handbooks and leaflets for each respective sector
    • The Chancellor’s Choices. The think tank IPPR suggest a more ‘progressive’ set of choices for the Chancellor including protecting 16-19 funding as it submits its ideas for the Spending Review. 

    Speeches of the month

    • The Prime Minister’s ‘first 100 days’ progress statement lists the economy as the central task but also puts school reform and standards high up the government’s future agenda
    • Nick Gibb’s 25 August Researchers in Schools speech extols the benefits of ‘evidence-based’ research and the potential benefits it can bring modern teaching and learning. 

    Quotes of the month

    • “I profoundly believe this is the right direction for our country because I want teachers not bureaucrats deciding how best to educate our children.” The PM on rolling out Academies
    • “If you think there is a better way to do things we want to know.” The Chancellor invites views on where cuts could be made as the Spending Review gets under way
    • “Much of what is spent goes on health and safety or senior management rather than improving skills on the shop floor.” The BIS Secretary on employer investment in apprenticeships
    • “I will propose a reformed funding model for post-18 education, looking at a graduate tax to replace tuition fees and support for apprenticeships.” Labour leader contender Andy Burnham
    • “Clearing is no longer the education equivalent of the bargain basement.” Uni of Bedford V.C. Bill Rammell calls for changes to the University Clearing system
    • “There will be more people starting university this autumn than were getting 5 good GCSEs a couple of decades ago.” The BBC’s Education Correspondent on the scramble for uni places
    • “The sector cannot survive on starvation rations.” Sixth Form Colleges tighten the belt
    • “It’s more important than ever that you don’t use your children’s results to boost your parental ego.” One parent’s advice about Results Day.

    Word or phrase of the month

    • 'Alphabet.’ New Google language
    • ‘Learning Gain.’ Something governments are keen to measure.
    read more
  • Policy Eye - week ending August 14 2015

    Results week of course for advanced level students and as one sixth former tweeted at the start of the week: “you can almost smell the apprehension.”

    The week summed up

    For those seeking just the cut down version, Thursday’s headline below taken from the BBC website (‘top grades down but more university places,’) pretty much nails it but there is of course much more to it than that. Commentary, analysis and reflection continues to pour in and will continue to do so until appeals and performance data is complete and UCAS issues its final report at the end of the year, but for the moment perhaps, four themes stand out.

    First the results themselves which have stayed pretty stable this year with a slim (0.1%) rise in the overall pass rate and the number (8.2%) getting the very top grade also remaining stable but where the rise in entries for the so-called core subjects has continued. Maths, computing, geography and even Spanish were all noticeably up. There may be three reasons for this. First, these are the ‘facilitating’ subjects that help secure a place at top universities; second students may have reacted to government messages in the Productivity Plan and elsewhere but third, budgetary pressures may well have put the squeeze on other subjects. Either way it’s allowed the government to add further weight to the EBacc effect which gains new momentum next month as the incoming Year 7s are put on the EBacc diet.

    Second, the anticipated surge in university entry appears under way with 409,000 students already having secured places (up 3% on last year) and Clearing, Adjustment and all sorts of helplines at full throttle. Universities of course have a free rein on numbers this year and it seems also from surveys that fewer young people will defer entry this year perhaps due to changes to maintenance grants and potentially fees but once again its raised the question of whether we need a post-qualification application system to help ease the summer scramble for places.

    Third, it’s not all about uni, interest in alternative routes remains high. The vocational route through BTECs has remained prominent for some time and as colleges, the SFA and the CBI have all been stressing, apprenticeships offer a valued alternative as well. PwC’s figures on applications for its Higher Apprenticeships (up 17%) are a case in point. Also this week, Edge Foundation and HR Magazine have both published pieces highlighting careers where degrees aren’t necessary.

    Fourth, with 16-19 provision unprotected from cuts and Sixth Form Colleges painting a dire picture of future prospects, it’s perhaps no surprise that the results this year are tinged with warnings that providers will find it difficult to generate the same offer let alone the same level of results in future.

    Top headlines this week

    • ‘Increase in university students working to fund studies.’ (Monday)
    • ‘Schools Minister: ’vague’ qualifications will be thing of past.’ (Tuesday)
    • ‘Children ditching books for phones.’ (Wednesday)
    • ‘A levels: top grades down but more university places.’ (Thursday)
    • ‘Class of 2015 has fallen victim to education cuts, say head teachers.’ (Friday)

    People/organisations in the news this week

    • Schools Minister Nick Gibb who claimed that the current A level students were ‘the best in a generation,’ and that while the government’s latest reforms to exams had helped restore credibility, further reform of the exam board system may be needed
    • Professor Chris Husbands whose latest blog examined the merits and demerits of exam board system reform
    • Ofqual, UCAS and the BBC, each of whom has useful summaries of the A level results and university applications
    • The 2015 WorldSkills event which has been running this week in Sao Paulo and which has seen over 60 nations, including the UK, compete in what has been described as ‘the biggest vocational education and skills excellence event in the world’
    • Labour leadership candidate Jeremy Corbyn who pledged, if elected, to re-create a version of the old Ministry of Labour to help train and support the workforce of the future
    • Michelle Mone OBE who has been appointed to head a government review to report next year, on supporting business start-ups in disadvantaged communities
    • Sir Nigel Thrift, Vice-Chancellor at Warwick University, whose blog in the build-up to A level results day stressed that alongside any string of exam results, young people should develop wider skills and aptitudes
    • Toni Pearce, outgoing President of the NUS, who is joining NIACE as its new Head of Employment and Skills with a particular brief on supporting apprenticeships
    • Ed Sheeran, who left school at 16 but who is now being honoured by his local university in Suffolk with an honorary doctorate
    • The QAA who set out an alternative approach to quality assurance in HE that would be brisk-based, focused on students’ academic experience and built around quality profiling and peer to peer annual dialogue, as it issued its response to HEFCE’s current QA review
    • The University of Law who have promised that from this Sept, graduates who don’t secure a job in the legal or commerce sectors within 9 months of graduating, would be entitled to a refund of up to half their tuition fee 
    • Carlos Vargas-Silva, Associate Professor at Oxford University, who wrote a comment piece in The Conversation about foreign students staying in the UK and some of the data used to measure this
    • The latest annual National Student Survey of final year undergraduates in UK universities which reported a continuing satisfaction rating of 86% overall
    • The CIPD (Chartered institute of Personnel and Development) whose latest employer survey suggested that what it called ‘the long dark decade for young job hunters’ was ending as more employers looked to recruit young people
    • The Edge Foundation who published a report arguing that some of the occupational classifications used in surveys were not graduate jobs and that many professional jobs did not actually require a degree
    • The CBI who highlighted a number of issues around the apprenticeship levy as it set out its initial thoughts in a discussion document
    • ‘They’re only for people with bad grades,’ ‘they’re only for young people,’ ‘I won’t get a good qualification;’ three of the Top Ten Apprenticeship Myth-Busters published by Barclays as it sought to remind young people of the availability of the apprenticeship option   
    • The Skills Funding Agency who announced a clampdown on further qualification approvals except in exceptional cases, for the remainder of the 2015/16 financial year
    • The Sixth Form Colleges Association whose latest annual funding impact survey painted a pretty sobering picture of belt tightening in that sector
    • The NAHT, ATL, NUT and Unison who have joined forces to set out their concerns about the current Education and Adoption Bill
    • Ofqual who looked at issues around variability in A level results for institutions and published the results in a series of charts
    • VoiceED who published an infographic on why teachers change exam boards
    • Chinese style teaching, the subject of a documentary on BBC2 recently and likely to be extended for some primary maths classes in the coming year
    • ’10 things secondary teachers need to know about the new primary maths curriculum.’ The latest in a series of useful summary pieces on the TES website highlighting recent curriculum changes
    • Year 7. Apparently the most expensive school year for parents who often have to shell out for new equipment, uniform and other resources which can amount to as much as £6.000+
    • British parents who emerged as some of the most anxious and restrictive in Europe when it came to allowing their offspring to play outside or go out alone after dark, in a study published by the Policy Studies Institute.

    Tweet(s) of the week

    • “Electing a UN secretary-general takes three months and candidates for Bake Off wait four weeks, so why does applying to university take nearly a year? @tes
    • “Schools Minister: vague qualifications will be thing of past.” @SchoolsImprove
    • “Over 60% of the people who checked their @CCEA_info GCE results this morning used a smartphone or tablet” @CCEA
    • “If your A level results aren't great, be cheered by the fact that I got a C and two Us. And I'm currently sitting in a villa in St Tropez.” @Jeremy Clarkson
    • “Parents sign petition and threaten withdrawals after introduction of homework.” @MailOnline
    • “16-19 education in danger of being turned into Cinderella service.” @ascl

    Quote(s) of the week

    • “These results provide the clearest proof that the introduction of the EBacc and our drive to persuade more pupils to study core academic subjects has been a success.” The Schools Minister hails the increase in entries for core subjects at A level this year
    • “While pupils sit in halls and write answers in booklets, almost everything that happens from there on has been revolutionised by technology.” The Guardian observes the exam marking process at first hand
    • “My concern is in five or ten years’ time young men will be the new disadvantaged group. I remain astounded that there is not more political and societal focus on this.” UCAS chief executive Mary Curnock Cook on the news that girls continue to apply to university in much greater number than boys
    • “Three-quarters will be paying off their loans in their ’50s.”  Will Hutton in a comment piece on the challenges facing many of today’s university students
    • “We’re working on the assumption that the rate will be around 0.5% of payroll.” The CBI on its working assumtion for the apprenticeship levy
    • “The sector cannot survive on starvation rations.” The Sixth Form Colleges Association sums up the bleak prospects facing many Sixth Form Colleges
    • "I should add that we are not intending for this to be a big consumer brand with related products.” Google boss Larry Page on its rebranding as Alphabet.

    Number(s) of the week

    • £412. How much uni students earn on average a month according to recent research from insurers Endsleigh, as record numbers (77%) are reported to be turning to part-time work to help pay for their uni courses
    • 7%. How few students are planning to defer their university entry and take a gap year this year according to research published by Bucks New University
    • 98.1%. The overall pass rate (A-E) at A level this year, up slightly (0.1%) on last year
    • 29.1%. The rise in entries for A level Computing this year, the biggest increase for any A level subject
    • 30%. The number of A level students who reckon their parents get more stressed than they do about Results Day according to recent research by the Student Room and Bradford University
    • 33%. The number of employers with hard to fill vacancies looking to recruit young people in the coming months according to the CIPD’s latest quarterly survey
    • 26. The number of Sixth Form Colleges who fear they might be out of business by the end of the decade according to the Association’s latest funding survey
    • 16,430. The number of parents prosecuted in 2014 (up 25% on 2013) for failing to ensure their children attended school. 

    What to look out for next week

    • MPs on summer recess
    • GCSE Results Day (Thursday).
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