Policy Eye - Highlights of week ending Friday 15 April 2016

A lot still on academisation this week but also an important report on graduate earnings and social mobility and Prince William admits a weakness at maths.

The week summed up

Education Secretary Nicky Morgan was at pains to point out this week that her Dept’s recent White Paper was a Paper about education rather than just about academies but nearly one month on from the Paper’s launch, it’s academies that continue to galvanise opinion. This week has seen a further rash of commentaries on the Paper, generally critical of some aspect and even some government backbenchers line up to offer their ‘friendly fire.’

Three issues dominated speeches on Wednesday when the Opposition led a debate on the matter.

First, and evident in Fiona Millar’s article in the Guardian earlier this week, the lack of local accountability as schools become in her words, ‘no different from branches of a supermarket.’

Second, elected parents on governing boards: once the requirement for parent governors to be on academy boards has been dropped, will the role be abandoned as one academy chain has already? The PM defended the right of academies to choose, but the blogs from Emma Knights and Conor Ryan cited below, present powerful arguments for exercising caution.

And third, and perhaps the one issue that pretty much crossed Party lines: if it ain’t broke, why try and fix it… if a school is performing well and everyone’s happy why try to change it?

The Education Secretary justified the changes and other matters as part of a logical next phase of reform to extend excellence and indeed the government won the debate but the trenches remain where they are.

It hasn’t all been about academies this week.

The Paper on graduate earnings from the Institute for Fiscal Studies has also attracted considerable attention and may yet prove to be a landmark moment in the growing industry of measuring returns let alone social mobility against learning outcomes.

The significance of the Paper, as Nick Hillman, Director of the HE Policy Institute, put it, lay not so much in what was revealed but in the fact that it enabled new, more penetrating questions to be asked about the relationship between costs and returns and how these played out for different social groups. It’ll not stop here as other parts of education will discover.

Finally FE, where the Minister has now issued guidance on transition grants, time-limited grants available for colleges where considerable re-structuring may be necessary following an area review. It’s not a lot, grants of up to £100,000 for FE and £50,000 for sixth form colleges, with colleges having to contribute 25%, and it will be interesting to see how far a new breed of management consultants now appears.

Top headlines this week

  • ‘Ofsted to penalize schools for ‘gaming’ league tables.’ (Monday)
  • ‘More than a third of new GCSEs and A’ levels still not ready.’ (Tuesday)
  • ‘Wealthy students keep getting richer.’ (Wednesday)
  • ‘Tory backbenchers challenge compulsory academy plan.’ (Thursday)
  • ‘'Popular schools make parents face over subscription criteria.' (Friday)

People/organisations in the news this week

General Policy

HE

FE/Skills

  • The BIS Dept which issued the latest guidance on transition grants for colleges involved in area reviews
  • The 157 Group of Colleges which published a skills manifesto ahead of the London Mayoral election proposing a tiered model of skills provision with local regions leading L1/2 provision, London wide technical institutes leading L3,4,5 provision under the Mayor’s direction and L6 remaining a national HE solution 
  • Truro and Penwith College which became the first college to be graded outstanding under Ofsted’s new inspection framework which was introduced last autumn
  • The Skills Funding Agency (SFA) and Education Funding Agency (EFA) which while not going for a full-blown merger is bringing together teams from the respective agencies to work on risk assessment and intervention
  • The Education Funding Agency (EFA) which updated its guidance on funding regulations and rates for 16- to 19-year-olds
    The National Skills Academy for Food and Drink which is working with employers and the industry generally to develop three new food industry degree apprenticeships 
  • Maths in Education and Industry (MEI,) which published a discussion paper about what a L2 Functional Skills in maths should look like in terms of content, standards and assessment.

Schools

Tweet(s) of the week

  • “The room that an academic walks into shapes the way they teach.” @LizbarnesStaffs 
  • “Spelling of ‘headteacher’ is a minefield. Or, as the DfE put it ‘a potential school site.’" @xtophercook 
  • “A type of education nimby-ism is appearing in some Tory backbenchers. Academies are great… but not for our great local primaries.” @seanjcoughlan 
  • “Rankings where you come top are loved by the marketing dept. But you’ll learn more from the ones where you come lower.” @QAAtweets

Word or phrase(s) of the week

Parent governors:" Are they being scrapped under academisation or not? The Prime Minister was challenged on this, MPs raised concerns about it and leading commentators took to the blogspace to argue the case. Apparently it’s being left to Academies to determine.

Quote(s) of the week

  • “Only one of the eight chapters is concerned with academies” - The Education Secretary reminds critics that there’s more to the recent White Paper than just academisation
  • “The current fad of isolating leadership as a stand-alone accomplishment is likely to have a damaging effect on leadership” - Frank Furedi worries about the modern ‘fetish’ with school leadership
  • “We found that despite the gap generally closing over time at all key stages, for the most disadvantaged secondary pupils, the gap is actually widening” - Natalie Perera, head of research at Centre Forum on one of the key messages that emerged from the think tank’s recent education report
  • “So while the exam board guidelines are not ideal, they are not bonkers, and may help to keep the drama GCSE alive” - Guardian theatre commentator Lyn Gardner enters the debate about the removal by two exam boards of compulsory live theatre attendance in their GCSE drama specs
  • “Your students have bright futures ahead of them and they should have their say in this crucial decision” - Ministers encourage university and college leaders to get their students to vote in the EU referendum
  • “What the internet does is rob children and teenagers of five minutes to think things through” - The government’s mental health tsar on the immediacy of sexting and the dangers this can bring 
  • “I’m terrible at maths… very bad at it” - Prince William makes an admission to school children in India.

Number(s) of the week

  • £8,000 and £5,300. The average gap in income between higher and lower-income background male and female graduates 10 years after graduating according to research from the Institute for Fiscal Studies
  • 6.5%. The drop in the number of people applying for university teacher-training programmes in 2015/16 according to latest UCAS figures
  • £50,000-£100,000. What the government is making available in the form of transition grants for colleges having to undertake significant changes following an area review
  • 100,419. The number of signatures on the Petition to include creative arts subjects in the Ebacc which at over 100,000 makes it eligible for a debate in Parliament
  • 2.9m. The number of young people (16- to 25-year-olds) who have taken up volunteering over the last year (up 2%) according to latest figures
  • 3. The number of children on average per classroom experiencing a mental health problem according to research from the think tank Centre Forum
  • 26%. The number of people in a survey by National Numeracy able or willing to answer a question that required some numeracy skills on the amount of sugar in a chocolate bar. See the question here.

What to look out for next week

All Party Parliamentary Group for the teaching profession meeting (Monday).
 

Steve Besley
Head of Policy
policywatch@pearson.com

Policy Eye is a nearly weekly additional service from Policy Watch offering a regular round-up of UK education headlines and stories from over the previous 7 days.