Fundamentals of HVACR, 4th edition

Published by Pearson (January 26, 2021) © 2022

  • Carter Stanfield
  • David Skaves


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For courses in HVACR.

Introduction to HVACR basics, in digestible units

Fundamentals of HVACR is a plain-language account of the principles of heating, ventilation, air conditioning and refrigeration. The text is comprehensive enough to serve as the basis of both HVACR courses and entire HVACR programs. Units are short and digestible, presenting complex material clearly and concisely. Practical tips and examples offer context and deepen understanding.

The 4th Edition has been updated and revised to meet current industry standards and requirements. It has 5 new units covering HVACR electronic controls, electrical installation, room air conditioners, CO2 refrigeration systems and hydrocarbon refrigeration units.

Hallmark features of this title

Comprehensive introduction to HVACR

  • Extensive coverage of electricity and electrical systems and components negates the need for a separate electrical text.
  • EPA Certification Outline is a cross-referenced listing of each EPA competency document.

Practical applications

  • Service tickets give examples of problems that service technicians commonly encounter. They explain how information in each unit can be used to solve these problems.
  • Safety, service and tech tips help technicians perform their jobs safely, efficiently and with a solid foundation of technical knowledge.

Learning aids

  • 2,900 visual aids, including photos, illustrations and diagrams, support technical clarity and student comprehension.
  • Review questions help assess students' grasp of the material.

New and updated features of this title

Alignment with industry standards

  • REVISED: The 4th Edition has been completely updated and revised to meet current industry requirements and standards.
  • UPDATED: Learning objectives have been updated for consistency with chapter content.

New content reflecting key skills and knowledge

  • NEW: 5 new units have been added to this edition: HVACR Electronic Controls (Ch. 35), Electrical Installation (Ch. 42), Room Air Conditioners (Ch. 48), CO2 Refrigeration Systems (Ch. 85) and Hydrocarbon Refrigeration Units (Ch. 86).
  • EXPANDED: Sustainability content has been built upon for the new edition.

Expanded coverage of electrical codes

  • EXPANDED: Electrical codes are addressed in greater detail in this edition.
  • EXPANDED: Additional coverage of commercial codes is now included.

Highlights of the DIGITAL UPDATE for Revel (available for Fall 2022 classes)

Instructors, contact your sales rep to ensure you have the most recent version of the course.

  • EXPANDED: 8 additional simulations, for a new total of 20, expose students to on-the-job scenarios and best-practice approaches.
  • EXPANDED: 370 additional unit and chapter quiz questions help students test their comprehension as they move through the text.

Features of Revel for the 4th Edition; published 2021

  • More than 200 minutes of video appear inline next to corresponding narrative. These video segments feature author and expert presentations of key concepts and skills.
  • Interactive exercises such as matching, drag-and-drop, multiple-choice and fill-in-the blank let students check their understanding at regular intervals.
  • Troubleshooting simulations are available for select chapters. They challenge students to respond to realistic scenarios, helping develop their decision-making skills.
  • Flashcards and study tools provide practice with all the important key terms.


  1. Introduction to Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration
  2. Being a Professional HVACR Technician
  3. Safety
  4. Hand and Power Tools
  5. Fasteners
  6. Measurements


  1. Properties of Matter
  2. Types of Energy and Their Properties
  3. Temperature and Thermodynamics
  4. Pressure and Vacuum


  1. Types of Refrigeration Systems
  2. The Refrigeration Cycle
  3. Compressors
  4. Condensers
  5. Metering Devices
  6. Evaporators
  7. Special Refrigeration Components
  8. Refrigerants and Their Properties
  9. Plotting the Refrigeration Cycle


  1. Refrigerant Safety
  2. Refrigerant System Servicing and Testing Equipment
  3. Piping and Tubing
  4. Soldering and Brazing
  5. Refrigerant System Piping
  6. Accessing Sealed Refrigeration Systems
  7. Refrigerant Management and the EPA
  8. Refrigerant Leak Testing
  9. Refrigerant System Evacuation
  10. Refrigerant System Charging


  1. Electrical Safety
  2. Basic Electricity
  3. Alternating Current Fundamentals
  4. Electrical Measuring and Test Instruments
  5. Electrical Components
  6. HVACR Electronic Controls
  7. Electric Motors
  8. Motor Controls
  9. Motor Application and Troubleshooting
  10. Electrical Diagrams
  11. Control Systems
  12. Communicating Control Systems
  13. Electrical Installation
  14. Electrical Troubleshooting


  1. Comfort and Psychrometrics
  2. Fans and Airflow
  3. Indoor Air Quality and Filtration
  4. Ventilation and Dehumidification
  5. Room Air Conditioners
  6. Residential Air Conditioning
  7. Mini-Split, Multisplit, and Variable Refrigerant Flow Systems
  8. Residential Split-System Air-Conditioning Installations
  9. Duct Installation
  10. Troubleshooting Air-Conditioning Systems


  1. Principles of Combustion and Safety
  2. Gas Heat
  3. Gas Furnace Controls
  4. Gas Furnace Installation
  5. Troubleshooting Gas Furnaces
  6. Oil-Fired Heating Systems
  7. Residential Oil Heating Service
  8. Residential Oil Heating Installation
  9. Troubleshooting Oil Heating Systems
  10. Residential Hot-Water Boilers
  11. Hydronic Heating Systems
  12. Humidifiers


  1. Electric Heat
  2. Electric Heat Installation
  3. Troubleshooting Electric Heat
  4. Heat Pump System Fundamentals
  5. Air-Source Heat Pump Applications
  6. Geothermal Heat Pumps
  7. Heat Pump Installation
  8. Troubleshooting Heat Pump Systems


  1. Green Buildings and Systems
  2. Residential Load Calculations
  3. Duct Design
  4. Zone Control Systems
  5. Testing and Balancing Air Systems


  1. Commercial Air-Conditioning Systems
  2. Commercial Control Systems
  3. Chilled-Water Systems
  4. Cooling Towers


  1. Commercial Refrigeration Systems
  2. Supermarket Equipment
  3. CO2 Refrigeration Systems
  4. Hydrocarbon Refrigeration
  5. Ice Machines
  6. Troubleshooting Refrigeration Systems


  1. Installation Techniques
  2. Planned Maintenance
  3. Refrigeration System Cleanup
  4. Troubleshooting

About our authors

Carter Stanfield was program director of the Air Conditioning Technology Department at Athens Technical College, where he taught full time from 1976 until his retirement in 2016. He currently teaches part time there. His industry credentials include both an RSES CMS and NATE certification and a State of Georgia Unrestricted Conditioned Air Contracting license. He graduated from the University of Georgia magna cum laude in 1995 with a Bachelor of Science degree in education. Mr. Stanfield believes that successful educational programs are focused on what the students do. Students start with a strong background in fundamental concepts and theory and then actively apply them to solve real problems. Practice and active application are the keys to students building both confidence and competence. For teaching tips and more, see his HVACR blog.

David Skaves, PE, has been a faculty member at the Maine Maritime Academy since 1986 and received the Teaching Excellence award at the college in 2006. His career background includes employment as a marine engineer on supertankers in the merchant marine, a production planner at Maine's Bath Iron Works Shipbuilding and an engineering consultant for combined cycle power plant performance testing throughout the United States as well as in Mexico and South America. In addition to having an MBA from the University of Maine at Orono, Professor Skaves is a registered professional engineer (retired), licensed first class stationary engineer and licensed marine chief engineer. He is currently a member of ASHRAE.

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