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For courses in Developmental Reading.
This package includes MyReadingLab™.
Builds on the skills for college reading success
Bridging the Gap encourages students to build on their previous reading experience to develop strategies for the demands of college reading. The authors help students create schemata through numerous academic readings and videos, and ultimately build new “bridges” with text-to-text, text-to-world, and text-to-self connections.
At the same time, fundamentals are strengthened through comprehensive skill instruction, critical-thinking activities, dependable exercises and examples, vocabulary development, and abundant high-interest readings. Each chapter introduces a new strategy, provides short exercises, and then offers practice through longer textbook selections. A new sequencing of topics begins with subjects that are critical to college reading success.
Personalize learning with MyReadingLab
MyReadingLab is an online homework, tutorial, and assessment program designed to work with this text to engage students and improve results. Within its structured environment, students practice what they learn, test their understanding, and pursue a personalized study plan that helps them develop their reading skills and promotes transference of those skills to college-level work. Full-length readings and assignments from the text are available in the etext version of MyReadingLab, strengthening the connection between the classroom and work done outside of class.
0134075196 / 9780134075198 Bridging the Gap Plus MyReadingLab with Pearson eText -- Access Card PackagePackage consists of:
- 0133995135 / 9780133995138 MyReadingLab with Pearson eText -- Glue in Access Card
- 0133995143 / 9780133995145 MyReadingLab with Pearson eText -- Inside Star Sticker
- 0134072766 / 9780134072760 Bridging the Gap: College Reading
Table of contents
1. Active Academic Reading
What Is Active Academic Reading?
What Can We Learn From Cognitive Psychology and Neuroscience?BRAIN BOOSTERBRAIN BOOSTER: Are You Paying Attention?Help Your Brain Absorb New Information
Poor Concentration: Causes and Cures
External DistractionsInternal DistractionsBRAIN BOOSTER: Are You Curious?READER’S TIP: Improving ConcentrationREADER’S TIP: Managing Electronic Communication
Is Reading Rate Important?
Varying Rate and Technique to Fit PurposeRate Variations and Prior KnowledgeREADER’S TIP: Efficient Reading: Adjusting Rate and Technique to Material and PurposeWhat Is Your Baseline Reading Rate?BRAIN BOOSTER: Music to Our Ears and to Our BrainsHabits for Faster Reading
Strategies for Reading Comprehension Tests
Plan for SuccessBefore Taking a TestBRAIN BOOSTER: Balance Memorization and Application in Test PreparationDuring the TestAfter the TestBRAIN BOOSTER: Turn Mistakes Into SuccessesRecognize the Major Types of Comprehension QuestionsREADER’S TIP: Key Words in Essay Questions
Locus of Control
SUMMARY POINTSSELECTION 1 PSYCHOLOGY“Are you Stalling? Win the Battle Against Procrastination!” from Samuel E. Wood, Ellen Green Wood, and Denise G. BoydCONCEPT PREP FOR PSYCHOLOGYSELECTION 2 HISTORY“Home Front Workers, Rosie the Riveter, and Victory Girls” from Jacqueline Jones, et al.CONCEPT PREP FOR HISTORYSELECTION 3 SCIENCE“Is there Enough Earth for Everyone?” from Teresa Audesirk, Gerald Audesirk, and Bruce E. ByersVOCABULARY BOOSTER: OVER, UNDER, AROUND, AND THROUGH
2. Strategic Reading and Study
What Is Strategic Reading?
Four Types of ReadersThe Stages of Reading
Stage 1: Strategies for Previewing
Signposts for PreviewingREADER’S TIP: Ask Questions While PreviewingPreview to Activate SchemataBRAIN BOOSTER: Schemata and Your Brain
Stage 2: Strategies for Integrating Knowledge While Reading
Integrating Ideas: How Do Good Readers Think?MetacognitionREADER’S TIP: Using Thinking Strategies While ReadingREADER’S TIP: Developing Metacognition for Reading
Stage 3: Strategies for Recalling
Recalling Through WritingThe Three Steps of RecallingREADER’S TIP: Thinking After ReadingBRAIN BOOSTER: Use It to Remember It!SUMMARY POINTSSELECTION 1 HISTORY“Madam C. J. Walker: Business Savvy to Generous Philanthropy” from America.gov ArchiveSELECTION 2 HEALTH“High-Risk Drinking and College Students” from Rebecca J. Donatelle and Patricia KetchumSELECTION 3 BUSINESS“Toms Shoes: ‘Be the Change You Want to See in the World’” from Gary Armstrong and Philip KotlerCONCEPT PREP FOR BUSINESSVOCABULARY BOOSTER: THE GOOD, THE BAD, AND THE UGLY
3. Organizing Textbook Information for Study
Get Organized for College Study
Building Knowledge NetworksThe Study ProcessOrganizing Textbook InformationBRAIN BOOSTER: Exercise to Boost Brain Power
Why Annotate?READER’S TIP: How to AnnotateWhen to Annotate
When and How to Take NotesThe Cornell MethodREADER’S TIP: How to Take Notes: The Cornell MethodOutliningREADER’S TIP: Guidelines for Successful OutliningBRAIN BOOSTER: Sleep and Problem SolvingMappingREADER’S TIP: How to MapSUMMARY POINTSSELECTION 1 BUSINESS COMMUNICATIONS“Watch Your Language!” from Gary Armstrong and Philip KotlerCONCEPT PREP FOR COMMUNICATIONS AND LANGUAGESELECTION 2 HEALTH“Managing Stress in College” from Rebecca J. DonatelleCONCEPT PREP FOR HEALTHSELECTION 3 CRIMINAL JUSTICE“Police DNA Collection Sparks Questions” from the Associated PressVOCABULARY BOOSTER: WHO’S WHO IN MEDICINE?
Remembering New Words and Unlocking MeaningAssociate Words in PhrasesAssociate Words with Rhymes or SoundsBRAIN BOOSTER: Use Your Senses to Make More Sense!Associate Words With ImagesSeek ReinforcementCreate Concept CardsUse Strategies to Unlock Meaning While Reading
Using Context Clues
Definition or SynonymElaborating DetailsExamplesComparisonContrastAntonymsLimitations of Context CluesMultiple Meanings of a Word
Understanding the Structure of Words
Using Word Reference Aids
Using a DictionaryUsing a GlossaryUsing a ThesaurusBRAIN BOOSTER: Meaning Matters!
Deepening Word Meaning
Exploring Word OriginsSolving AnalogiesREADER’S TIP: Categories of Analogy RelationshipsStudying Easily Confused WordsSUMMARY POINTSSELECTION 1 HEALTH“Technology and Health” from Rebecca J. DonatelleVOCABULARY BOOSTER: WHAT’S IN, WHAT’S OUT?WHAT’S HOT, WHAT’S NOT?
5. Main Idea and Supporting Details
Topics, Main Ideas, and Supporting Details
What Is a Topic?What Is a Main Idea?What Are Supporting Details?Distinguishing Topics, Main Ideas, and Details: A Closer Look
Strategies for Finding the Main Idea
Prior Knowledge and Constructing the Main IdeaIdentifying Main Ideas Among SentencesREADER’S TIP: Using Three Questions to Find the Main IdeaQuestioning for the Main Idea
Stated Main Ideas
The Topic SentenceHow Common Are Stated Main Ideas?Where Are Stated Main Ideas Located?
What Are Major and Minor Details?
READER’S TIP: Signals for Significance
Unstated Main Ideas
Unstated Main Ideas in SentencesUnstated Main Ideas in Paragraphs
Determining the Main Idea of Longer Selections
READER’S TIP: Getting the Main Idea of Longer SelectionsBRAIN BOOSTER: Brains Need the Right Amount of Sleep
Summary Writing: A Main Idea Skill
Why Summarize?READER’S TIP: How to SummarizeBRAIN BOOSTER: Chronic Stress and the BrainSUMMARY POINTSSELECTION 1 PSYCHOLOGY“The Obedience Study” from Carole Wade, Carol Tavris, and Maryanne GarryCONCEPT PREP FOR PSYCHOLOGYSELECTION 2 SHORT STORY“On the Sidewalk, Bleeding” from Evan HunterCONCEPT PREP FOR LITERATURESELECTION 3 CRIMINAL JUSTICE“Fighting Violent Gang Crime with Math” from Stuart WolpertVOCABULARY BOOSTER: THE SUN, THE MOON, AND THE STARS
6. Patterns of Organization
Textbook Organization: The Big Picture
What Do Transitional Words Do?
Words That Signal Addition
Words That Signal Examples or Illustrations
Words That Signal Time or Sequence
Words That Signal Comparison
Words That Signal ContrastREADER’S TIP: Transitions and Their FunctionsWords That Signal Cause and Effect
Patterns of Organization in Textbooks
BRAIN BOOSTER: Brains Like Patterns
Simple ListingDefinitionDescriptionTime Order, Sequence, or NarrationComparisonContrastComparison and ContrastCause and EffectClassificationSummaryLocation or Spatial OrderGeneralization and ExampleREADER’S TIP: Patterns of Organization and Signal Words
Clues to the Organizational Pattern
BRAIN BOOSTER: Watering the Brain
Mixed Organizational Patterns
SUMMARY POINTSSELECTION 1 COMMUNICATIONS“Managing Conflict” from Joseph A. DeVitoSELECTION 2 HISTORY“Barbara Johns Leads a Student Strike” from Clayborne Carson, et al.CONCEPT PREP FOR ART HISTORYSELECTION 3 BUSINESS“Why is Papa John’s Rolling in the Dough?” from Courtland L. Bovée, John V. Thrill, and Barbara E. SchatzmanVOCABULARY BOOSTER: CAN I GET THAT IN WRITING?
What Is an Inference?
What Is Required to Make a Reasonable Inference?
Implied Meaning in HumorBRAIN BOOSTER: The Brain’s Pleasure Center and Learning
Euphemisms and Politically Correct Language
IdiomsSimilesMetaphorsHyperbolePersonificationVerbal IronyFigurative Language in Poetry
Clues to Making Logical Inferences
Inferences Based on FactsInferences Based on the Voice of a Speaker or NarratorInferences Based on Action and DescriptionInferences Based on Prior KnowledgeBRAIN BOOSTER: Boost Brain Power ThroughCollaborationExpanding Prior KnowledgeREADER’S TIP: Making Inferences
SUMMARY POINTSSELECTION 1 SHORT STORY“A Dip in the Poole” from Bill PronziniCONCEPT PREP FOR PHILOSOPHY AND LITERATURESELECTION 2 PHILOSOPHY“Coyote” from Robert S. EllwoodSELECTION 3 PERSONAL NARRATIVE“Fear the College Years” from John CorcoranCONCEPT PREP FOR POLITICAL SCIENCEVOCABULARY BOOSTER: SAY, WHAT?
8. Point of View
What Is the Author’s Point of View?
Textbooks and the Author’s Point of ViewWhat Is Bias?READER’S TIP: Questions to Uncover BiasThe Importance of the Reader’s Point of ViewBRAIN BOOSTER: Male and Female Brains and Their Points of View
What Are Facts and Opinions?
What Is the Author’s Purpose?
What Is the Author’s Tone?
Using Tone and Other Clues to Determine the Point of View in Editorial CartoonsREADER’S TIP: Recognizing an Author’s ToneSUMMARY POINTSSELECTION 1 PHILOSOPHY“Decision” from Gary R. Kirby and Jeffery R. GoodpasterSELECTION 2 SCIENCE“Earth’s Changing Climate” from Teresa Audesirk, Gerald Audesirk, and Bruce E. ByersSELECTION 3 PSYCHOLOGY“Mental Disorder and Personal Responsibility” from Carole Wade, Carol Tavris, and Maryanne GarryVOCABULARY BOOSTER: LIGHTS, CAMERA, ACTION!
9. Graphic Illustrations
What Graphics Do
READER’S TIP: How to Read Graphic Illustrations
Types of Graphic Illustrations
DiagramsTablesMapsPie GraphsBar GraphsCumulative Bar GraphsLine GraphsFlowcharts
SUMMARY POINTSSELECTION 1 PERSONAL NARRATIVE“Little Income, Big Debt: Managing Money in College” from Trent HammSELECTION 2 SCIENCE“The Risks and Benefits of Weight Loss Plans” from Jane B. Reece et al.SELECTION 3 SOCIOLOGY“People, Technology, and the Environment” from John J. MacionisVOCABULARY BOOSTER: PLAY IT AGAIN, SAM
10. Critical Thinking
What Is Thinking?
What Is Analytical Thinking?What Is Critical Thinking?Critical Thinking Skills and College GoalsREADER’S TIP: Four Habits of Effective Critical ThinkersBarriers to Critical Thinking
Recognizing an Argument
Steps in Analyzing and Evaluating an Argument
Step 1: Identify the Position on the IssueStep 2: Identify the Support in the ArgumentREADER’S TIP: Types of Support for ArgumentsStep 3: Evaluate the SupportStep 4: Evaluate the Argument
Inductive and Deductive Reasoning
Applying the Four Steps of Critical Thinking
Explanation of the Four Steps
Creative and Critical Thinking
BRAIN BOOSTER: The Creative BrainSUMMARY POINTS
Technology, Crime, and Ethics
SELECTION 1 CRIMINAL JUSTICE“High Technology and Criminal Opportunity” from Frank J. SchmallegerSELECTION 2 CRIMINAL JUSTICE“Fighting Crime with Technology” from Frank J. SchmallegerSELECTION 3 ESSAY“The Writer and the Troll” from Lindy WestVOCABULARY BOOSTER: FOREIGN TERMS
Progress Chart for Reading Selections
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