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Diversity, Oppression, and Social Functioning: Person-In-Environment Assessment and Intervention, 3rd edition

  • George A. Appleby
  • Edgar A. Colon
  • Julia Hamilton

Published by Pearson (March 15th 2010) - Copyright © 2011

3rd edition

Diversity, Oppression, and Social Functioning: Person-In-Environment Assessment and Intervention

ISBN-13: 9780205787296

Includes: Paperback
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The diverse populations presented in the text are described within an ecological, strengths perspective. The authors’ thesis is that, in order to work effectively with diverse populations, it is necessary to take into consideration the complex dynamics of social functioning and social oppression. The “Person-In-Environment” theoretical framework provides a basis for analysis of the social, economic, and political reality of these diverse populations. The text presents an affirmative practice approach and builds on the available diversity practice literature.


This text can be used in diversity practice courses, courses on working with oppressed populations, and other practice courses (such as advanced practice) that focus on diversity issues.

Table of contents

1 Framework for Practice with Diverse and Oppressed Clients
George A. Appleby
Theory for Practice 5
Ecological Framework for Practice 6
Diversity and Strengths Perspective 9
Value Base for Practice 10
Assessment and Intervention Framework 10
Conclusion 13
References 14

2 Culture, Social Class, and Social Identity Development
George A. Appleby
Culture 18
Norms 18
Values 20
Language and Culture 21
Cultural Change 23
Subcultures 25
Social Class 26
Education and Social Class 29
Social Identity Development 30
Social Categorization 30
Social Comparison 31
Person-in-Environment Classification System 32
Conclusion 34
References 35

3 Ethnic Identity Development 36
Elizabeth Rodriguez-Keyes
Western Models of Identity Development 36
Erik Erikson 36
James Marcia 38
Critique of Western Psychological Theories 40
Ethnic Identity 41
References 45

4 Risk and Resilience: Impact of Early Trauma on Psychological and Physiological Functioning 47
Tammy Moscrip
An Ecological Framework: The Person-in-Environment System 47
Psychological and Physiological Impacts of Early Trauma 48
The Adverse Childhood Experiences Study 49
The Stress Response: How Can Stress Translate into Illness? 51
Neurobiology of Early Trauma: Understanding the Mind-Body Connection 52
Coping Mechanisms and Resilience 55
Assessing the Brain-Behavior Connection: Implications for Client Resiliency 57
Conclusion 57
References 59

5 Dynamics of Oppression and Discrimination 61
George A. Appleby
Oppression and Power 61
Sexual Oppression 64
Racial Oppression 66
Discrimination 66
Diversity 67
Identity 69
Stigma and Stigma Management 70
Effects of Stigmatization 71
Conclusion 75
References 76

6 African-Americans: Consequences of Discrimination 78
Esther Howe and Julia Hamilton
The African American Community: A Socioeconomic Profile 79
Race and Developmental Process 79
African American Family Values and Patterns 81
The Role of the African American Churches 83
Educational Functioning and Achievement 83
Effects of Interethnic Interaction 84
Ethnicity within the African American Community 84
Assessment and the Social Worker’s Role 85
Case Study 86
Conclusion 88
References 88

7 Women and Sexist Oppression 90
Barbara Worden
Case Study 92
The PIE Classification System for Problems in Social Functioning 93
PIE Assessment of Jean 94
The Empowerment Framework 95
Male Models of Structured Reality 96
Madness as a Feminist Construct 98
Macro-Analysis: Feminist Epistemologies and the Nature of Knowledge Making 99
What Do We Mean by the Oppression of Women? 102
Feminization of Poverty 103
Conclusion 105
Helpful Websites 105
References 106

8 A Multi-diversity Perspective on Latinos: Issues of Oppression and Social Functioning 108
Edgar Colon
Who is the Latino/Latina? 108
Socio-demographic Profile 110
Racial and Ethnic Identity 110
Poverty and Social Status 110
Labor Force Participation 111
Latino Immigration to the United States 111
Mexicans 111
Puerto Ricans 112
Cubans 112
Central and South Americans 113
Dominicans 113
Latino Normative and Cultural Values 114
Respect, Dignity, and Personalism 114
Help Seeking Behaviors 115
Latino Family 115
Gender Roles 116
Family Support System 116

A PIE Perspective of Working with Issues of Oppression and Social Functioning 117
Assessing for Social Functioning Problems 117

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