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  5. Documents in World History, Volume I: From Ancient Times to 1500

Documents in World History, Volume I: From Ancient Times to 1500, 3rd edition

  • Peter N. Stearns
  • Stephen S. Gosch
  • Erwin P. Grieshaber

Published by Pearson Higher Education (July 25th 2002) - Copyright © 2003

3rd edition

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Overview

  • Study questions at the end of each section allow students to test their understanding of the documents and encourage them to think critically.
  • Introductions for each section place the documents in a broad historical context and provide students with guidelines for analyzing the readings.

Table of contents

* indicates new document. All chapters contain a “Visual Source.

Geographical Contents.


Topical Contents.


Preface.


Introduction.

I. EARLY CIVILIZATIONS.

1. Mesopotamian Values: A Pessimistic View.

The Gilgamesh Epic.
2. Babylonian Law: How an Early State Regulated Its Subjects.

Code of Hammurabi.
3. Egypt: Religious Culture and the Afterlife.

Book of the Dead.
4. The Hebrew Bible.

Isaiah; Psalms; Exodus.

II. THE CLASSICAL PERIOD, 1000 B.C.E. TO 500 C.E.

CHINA.

5. Key Chinese Values: Confucianism.

The Analects.
6. Legalism: An Alternative System.

Han Fei-Tzu.
7. Daoism.

Daodejing.
8. Women in Classical China: Pan Zhao.

Lessons for Women.
*9. The Role of State in the Economy.

The Salt and Iron Debates.

CLASSICAL INDIA.

10. “To Fight in a Righteous War.”

Varna and Moral Duty in India.
11. What the Buddha Taught: The Four Noble Truths.

From the Buddha's First Sermon.
*12. Emperor Ashoka and “Right Conduct.”

The Doctrine of Dhamma.
13. State, Society, and Economy in India: The Arthashastra.

Kautilya: Treatise on Material Gain.
14. Gender Relations in India: Three Types of Evidence.

The Therigatha; Laws of Manu; The Mahabharata.

GREECE AND ROME.

15. The Greek Political Tradition: Sparta.

Plutarch on Sparta.
*16. Athenian Democracy and Culture.

Pericles' Funeral Oration.
17. Mediterranean Social and Family Structure.

Aristotle, Politics and Economics.
18. Principles of Roman Political Virtue: Plutarch.

Moralia (Precepts of Statecraft).
*19. The Roman Military and the Empire.

Josephus.
*20. Women and the Law in Rome.

Legal Codes.
*21. The Fall of Rome.

Marcellinus.

GLOBAL CONTACTS AND WORLD RELIGIONS.

22. Global Contacts: Whistling Arrows and Chinese Emperors.

Sima Qian; silk statistics.
23. Precious Commodities and Cultural Interchange: Rome, Arabia, India and China.

*24. Monks and Monarchs: Buddhism Spreads to China, Korea, and Japan.

Suetonius; Strabo; Pliny; Faxian.
*25. The Spread of Christianity.

Justin, Anonymous Documents.

III. THE POST-CLASSICAL PERIOD: 500-1500 C.E.: EXPANSIONS AND CONTACTS.

THE ISLAMIC MIDDLE EAST.

26. The Koran and the Family.

Koran.
27. The Islamic Religion.

The Hadith.
28. Religious and Political Organization in the Islamic Middle East.

Al-Mawardi: Ordinance of Government.
*29. Arab Literature.

The Thousand and One Nights.

CHINA AND JAPAN.

30. Peasant Life in Tang and Sung China: Evidence from Poetry and Legal Documents.

DuFu; Bo Zhuyi; Liu Zongyuan; Bi Rixiu..
31. “The Noble and Magnificent City of Hangzhou:” Marco Polo in China.

The Travels of Marco Polo.
32. Valor and Fair Treatment: The Rise of the Samurai.

The Tale of the Heike; Hojo Shigetoki.

EASTERN EUROPE: BYZANTIUM AND RUSSIA.

33. The Early Stages of the Byzantine Empire.

Procopius on Justinian.
34. Russia Converts to Christianity.

Russian Primary Chronicle.

WESTERN EUROPE.

35. Feudalism: Contemporary Descriptions and the Magna Carta.

Fulbert, Bishop of Chartres on Feudalism; Feudal Contract; the Magna Carta.
36. Medieval Theology: Thomas Aquinas Blends Faith and Reason.

Summa Theologica.
37. Ideals of Courtly Love: A New Definition of “Relationships”.

Andreas Capellanus: Art of Courtly Love.
*38. Chaucer and the Literary Traditions of the Middle Ages.

Canterbury Tales.
39. Merchants and the Rise of Commerce.

The Gild Merchant of Southampton.

AFRICA.

40. Al-Bakri on West Africa.

41. African Kingdoms and Islam.

Ibn Battula.

THE AMERICAS.

42. The Mayan Creation Story.

Popol Vuh.
43. Tribute Under the Aztecs.

Oviedo y Valdes, Historia General y Natural de la Indias.
*44. The Andean Kingdom of Chuquito in 1567.

Waldeman Soriano Visita.

FORCES OF CHANGE.

45. Merchants and Trade: Sources and Comparison.

Ibn Khaldun; Reginald of Durham on St. Godric.
46. Global Contacts: Travelers to Holy Places: Buddhist, Christian and Muslim Pilgrims.

Sramana Huili, Xuanzang; Willibald, Anonymous Nun of Heidenheim; Ibn Jubayr; al-Umari.
47. Global Contacts: Sailing to Calicut: Chinese and Portuguese Voyages.

Ma Huan, Journal of the First Voyage of Vasco da Gama.
*48. The Crusades: Christian and Muslim Views.

Ekkeharsi; Count Stephen Bek-el-Oin; Vsamals Ibn-Mungidh.

THE MONGOLS.

49. Chinggis Khan and the Rise of the Mongols.

Juvaini; Russian Chronicles; Rashid al-Din; William of Rubruck.
*50. The Mongol Empire Takes Shape.

Asian and European Sources.
*51. Mongol Rule in Russia.

Chronicles of Time.

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