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Essential University Physics, 4th edition

  • Richard Wolfson
Pearson eText Essential University Physics -- Instant Access

ISBN-13: 9780136874256

Includes: eText (12-month access)

4th edition

Published by Pearson (January 14th 2019) - Copyright © 2020

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Overview

Essential University Physics focuses on the fundamentals and makes physics relevant by sharing the latest applications in a succinct and captivating style.

Pearson eText is an easy-to-use digital textbook that you can read online or offline. Make it your own by adding highlights and notes, and learn on the go with the mobile app. At the end of your subscription, you can opt to renew access to your eText and personalized notes.

Table of contents

1 Doing Physics  
1.1 Realms of Physics  
1.2 Measurements and Units  
1.3 Working with Numbers  
1.4 Strategies for Learning Physics  

Part One: Mechanics  

2 Motion in a Straight Line  
2.1 Average Motion  
2.2 Instantaneous Velocity  
2.3 Acceleration  
2.4 Constant Acceleration  
2.5 The Acceleration of Gravity  
2.6 When Acceleration Isn’t Constant  

3 Motion in Two and Three Dimensions  
3.1 Vectors  
3.2 Velocity and Acceleration Vectors  
3.3 Relative Motion  
3.4 Constant Acceleration  
3.5 Projectile Motion  
3.6 Uniform Circular Motion  

4 Force and Motion  
4.1 The Wrong Question  
4.2 Newton’s First and Second Laws  
4.3 Forces  
4.4 The Force of Gravity  
4.5 Using Newton’s Second Law  
4.6 Newton’s Third Law  

5 Using Newton’s Laws  
5.1 Using Newton’s Second Law  
5.2 Multiple Objects  
5.3 Circular Motion  
5.4 Friction  
5.5 Drag Forces  

6 Energy, Work, and Power  
6.1 Energy  
6.2 Work  
6.3 Forces That Vary  
6.4 Kinetic Energy  
6.5 Power  

7 Conservation of Energy  
7.1 Conservative and Nonconservative Forces  
7.2 Potential Energy  
7.3 Conservation of Mechanical Energy  
7.4 Nonconservative Forces  
7.5 Conservation of Energy  
7.6 Potential-Energy Curves  

8 Gravity  
8.1 Toward a Law of Gravity  
8.2 Universal Gravitation  
8.3 Orbital Motion  
8.4 Gravitational Energy  
8.5 The Gravitational Field  

9 Systems of Particles  
9.1 Center of Mass  
9.2 Momentum  
9.3 Kinetic Energy of a System  
9.4 Collisions  
9.5 Totally Inelastic Collisions  
9.6 Elastic Collisions  

10 Rotational Motion  
10.1 Angular Velocity and Acceleration  
10.2 Torque  
10.3 Rotational Inertia and the Analog of Newton’s Law  
10.4 Rotational Energy  
10.5 Rolling Motion  

11 Rotational Vectors and Angular Momentum  
11.1 Angular Velocity and Acceleration Vectors  
11.2 Torque and the Vector Cross Product  
11.3 Angular Momentum  
11.4 Conservation of Angular Momentum  
11.5 Gyroscopes and Precession  

12 Static Equilibrium  
12.1 Conditions for Equilibrium  
12.2 Center of Gravity  
12.3 Examples of Static Equilibrium  
12.4 Stability  

Part Two: Oscillations, Waves, and Fluids  

13 Oscillatory Motion  
13.1 Describing Oscillatory Motion  
13.2 Simple Harmonic Motion  
13.3 Applications of Simple Harmonic Motion  
13.4 Circular Motion and Harmonic Motion  
13.5 Energy in Simple Harmonic Motion  
13.6 Damped Harmonic Motion  
13.7 Driven Oscillations and Resonance  

14 Wave Motion  
14.1 Waves and Their Properties  
14.2 Wave Math  
14.3 Waves on a String  
14.4 Wave Energy
14.5 Sound Waves  
14.6 Interference  
14.7 Reflection and Refraction  
14.8 Standing Waves  
14.9 The Doppler Effect and Shock Waves  

15 Fluid Motion  
15.1 Density and Pressure  
15.2 Hydrostatic Equilibrium  
15.3 Archimedes’ Principle and Buoyancy  
15.4 Fluid Dynamics  
15.5 Applications of Fluid Dynamics  
15.6 Viscosity and Turbulence  

Part Three: Thermodynamics  

16 Temperature and Heat  
16.1 Heat, Temperature, and Thermodynamic Equilibrium  
16.2 Heat Capacity and Specific Heat  
16.3 Heat Transfer  
16.4 Thermal-Energy Balance  

17 The Thermal Behavior of Matter  
17.1 Gases  
17.2 Phase Changes  
17.3 Thermal Expansion  

18 Heat, Work, and the First Law of Thermodynamics  
18.1 The First Law of Thermodynamics  
18.2 Thermodynamic Processes  
18.3 Specific Heats of an Ideal Gas  

19 The Second Law of Thermodynamics  
19.1 Reversibility and Irreversibility  
19.2 The Second Law of Thermodynamics  
19.3 Applications of the Second Law  
19.4 Entropy and Energy Quality  

Part Four: Electromagnetism  

20 Electric Charge, Force, and Field  
20.1 Electric Charge  
20.2 Coulomb’s Law  
20.3 The Electric Field  
20.4 Fields of Charge Distributions  
20.5 Matter in Electric Fields  

21 Gauss’s Law  
21.1 Electric Field Lines  
21.2 Electric Field and Electric Flux  
21.3 Gauss’s Law  
21.4 Using Gauss’s Law  
21.5 Fields of Arbitrary Charge Distributions  
21.6 Gauss’s Law and Conductors  

22 Electric Potential  
22.1 Electric Potential Difference  
22.2 Calculating Potential Difference  
22.3 Potential Difference and the Electric Field  
22.4 Charged Conductors  

23 Electrostatic Energy and Capacitors  
23.1 Electrostatic Energy  
23.2 Capacitors  
23.3 Using Capacitors  
23.4 Energy in the Electric Field  

24 Electric Current  
24.1 Electric Current  
24.2 Conduction Mechanisms  
24.3 Resistance and Ohm’s Law  
24.4 Electric Power  
24.5 Electrical Safety  

25 Electric Circuits  
25.1 Circuits, Symbols, and Electromotive Force  
25.2 Series and Parallel Resistors  
25.3 Kirchhoff’s Laws and Multiloop Circuits  
25.4 Electrical Measurements  
25.5 Capacitors in Circuits  

26 Magnetism: Force and Field  
26.1 What Is Magnetism?  
26.2 Magnetic Force and Field  
26.3 Charged Particles in Magnetic Fields  
26.4 The Magnetic Force on a Current  
26.5 Origin of the Magnetic Field  
26.6 Magnetic Dipoles  
26.7 Magnetic Matter  
26.8 Ampère’s Law  

27 Electromagnetic Induction  
27.1 Induced Currents  
27.2 Faraday’s Law  
27.3 Induction and Energy  
27.4 Inductance  
27.5 Magnetic Energy  
27.6 Induced Electric Fields  

28 Alternating-Current Circuits  
28.1 Alternating Current  
28.2 Circuit Elements in AC Circuits  
28.3 LC Circuits  
28.4 Driven RLC Circuits and Resonance  
28.5 Power in AC Circuits  
28.6 Transformers and Power Supplies  

29 Maxwell’s Equations and Electromagnetic Waves  
29.1 The Four Laws of Electromagnetism  
29.2 Ambiguity in Ampère’s Law  
29.3 Maxwell’s Equations  
29.4 Electromagnetic Waves  
29.5 Properties of Electromagnetic Waves  
29.6 The Electromagnetic Spectrum  
29.7 Producing Electromagnetic Waves  
29.8 Energy and Momentum in Electromagnetic Waves  

Part Five: Optics  

30 Reflection and Refraction  
30.1 Reflection  
30.2 Refraction  
30.3 Total Internal Reflection  
30.4 Dispersion  

31 Images and Optical Instruments  
31.1 Images with Mirrors  
31.2 Images with Lenses  
31.3 Refraction in Lenses: The Details  
31.4 Optical Instruments 

32 Interference and Diffraction  
32.1 Coherence and Interference  
32.2 Double-Slit Interference  
32.3 Multiple-Slit Interference and Diffraction Gratings  
32.4 Interferometry  
32.5 Huygens’ Principle and Diffraction  
32.6 The Diffraction Limit  

Part Six: Modern Physics

33 Relativity  
33.1 Speed c Relative to What?  
33.2 Matter, Motion, and the Ether  
33.3 Special Relativity  
33.4 Space and Time in Relativity  
33.5 Simultaneity Is Relative  
33.6 The Lorentz Transformations  
33.7 Energy and Momentum in Relativity  
33.8 Electromagnetism and Relativity  
33.9 General Relativity  

34 Particles and Waves  
34.1 Toward Quantum Theory  
34.2 Blackbody Radiation  
34.3 Photons  
34.4 Atomic Spectra and the Bohr Atom  
34.5 Matter Waves  
34.6 The Uncertainty Principle  
34.7 Complementarity  

35 Quantum Mechanics  
35.1 Particles, Waves, and Probability  
35.2 The Schrödinger Equation  
35.3 Particles and Potentials  
35.4 Quantum Mechanics in Three Dimensions  
35.5 Relativistic Quantum Mechanics  

36 Atomic Physics  
36.1 The Hydrogen Atom  
36.2 Electron Spin  
36.3 The Exclusion Principle  
36.4 Multielectron Atoms and the Periodic Table  
36.5 Transitions and Atomic Spectra  

37 Molecules and Solids  
37.1 Molecular Bonding  
37.2 Molecular Energy Levels  
37.3 Solids  
37.4 Superconductivity  

38 Nuclear Physics  
38.1 Elements, Isotopes, and Nuclear Structure  
38.2 Radioactivity  
38.3 Binding Energy and Nucleosynthesis  
38.4 Nuclear Fission  
38.5 Nuclear Fusion  

39 From Quarks to the Cosmos  
39.1 Particles and Forces  
39.2 Particles and More Particles  
39.3 Quarks and the Standard Model  
39.4 Unification  
39.5 The Evolving Universe  

Appendices
Appendix A Mathematics  
Appendix B The International System of Units (SI)  
Appendix C Conversion Factors  
Appendix D The Elements  
Appendix E Astrophysical Data
Answers to Odd-Numbered Problems

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