# Essential University Physics, 4th edition

• Richard Wolfson

## Pearson eText Essential University Physics -- Instant Access

ISBN-13:  9780136874256

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## Overview

Essential University Physics focuses on the fundamentals and makes physics relevant by sharing the latest applications in a succinct and captivating style.

1 Doing Physics
1.1 Realms of Physics
1.2 Measurements and Units
1.3 Working with Numbers
1.4 Strategies for Learning Physics

Part One: Mechanics

2 Motion in a Straight Line
2.1 Average Motion
2.2 Instantaneous Velocity
2.3 Acceleration
2.4 Constant Acceleration
2.5 The Acceleration of Gravity
2.6 When Acceleration Isn't Constant

3 Motion in Two and Three Dimensions
3.1 Vectors
3.2 Velocity and Acceleration Vectors
3.3 Relative Motion
3.4 Constant Acceleration
3.5 Projectile Motion
3.6 Uniform Circular Motion

4 Force and Motion
4.1 The Wrong Question
4.2 Newton's First and Second Laws
4.3 Forces
4.4 The Force of Gravity
4.5 Using Newton's Second Law
4.6 Newton's Third Law

5 Using Newton's Laws
5.1 Using Newton's Second Law
5.2 Multiple Objects
5.3 Circular Motion
5.4 Friction
5.5 Drag Forces

6 Energy, Work, and Power
6.1 Energy
6.2 Work
6.3 Forces That Vary
6.4 Kinetic Energy
6.5 Power

7 Conservation of Energy
7.1 Conservative and Nonconservative Forces
7.2 Potential Energy
7.3 Conservation of Mechanical Energy
7.4 Nonconservative Forces
7.5 Conservation of Energy
7.6 Potential-Energy Curves

8 Gravity
8.1 Toward a Law of Gravity
8.2 Universal Gravitation
8.3 Orbital Motion
8.4 Gravitational Energy
8.5 The Gravitational Field

9 Systems of Particles
9.1 Center of Mass
9.2 Momentum
9.3 Kinetic Energy of a System
9.4 Collisions
9.5 Totally Inelastic Collisions
9.6 Elastic Collisions

10 Rotational Motion
10.1 Angular Velocity and Acceleration
10.2 Torque
10.3 Rotational Inertia and the Analog of Newton's Law
10.4 Rotational Energy
10.5 Rolling Motion

11 Rotational Vectors and Angular Momentum
11.1 Angular Velocity and Acceleration Vectors
11.2 Torque and the Vector Cross Product
11.3 Angular Momentum
11.4 Conservation of Angular Momentum
11.5 Gyroscopes and Precession

12 Static Equilibrium
12.1 Conditions for Equilibrium
12.2 Center of Gravity
12.3 Examples of Static Equilibrium
12.4 Stability

Part Two: Oscillations, Waves, and Fluids

13 Oscillatory Motion
13.1 Describing Oscillatory Motion
13.2 Simple Harmonic Motion
13.3 Applications of Simple Harmonic Motion
13.4 Circular Motion and Harmonic Motion
13.5 Energy in Simple Harmonic Motion
13.6 Damped Harmonic Motion
13.7 Driven Oscillations and Resonance

14 Wave Motion
14.1 Waves and Their Properties
14.2 Wave Math
14.3 Waves on a String
14.4 Wave Energy
14.5 Sound Waves
14.6 Interference
14.7 Reflection and Refraction
14.8 Standing Waves
14.9 The Doppler Effect and Shock Waves

15 Fluid Motion
15.1 Density and Pressure
15.2 Hydrostatic Equilibrium
15.3 Archimedes' Principle and Buoyancy
15.4 Fluid Dynamics
15.5 Applications of Fluid Dynamics
15.6 Viscosity and Turbulence

Part Three: Thermodynamics

16 Temperature and Heat
16.1 Heat, Temperature, and Thermodynamic Equilibrium
16.2 Heat Capacity and Specific Heat
16.3 Heat Transfer
16.4 Thermal-Energy Balance

17 The Thermal Behavior of Matter
17.1 Gases
17.2 Phase Changes
17.3 Thermal Expansion

18 Heat, Work, and the First Law of Thermodynamics
18.1 The First Law of Thermodynamics
18.2 Thermodynamic Processes
18.3 Specific Heats of an Ideal Gas

19 The Second Law of Thermodynamics
19.1 Reversibility and Irreversibility
19.2 The Second Law of Thermodynamics
19.3 Applications of the Second Law
19.4 Entropy and Energy Quality

Part Four: Electromagnetism

20 Electric Charge, Force, and Field
20.1 Electric Charge
20.2 Coulomb's Law
20.3 The Electric Field
20.4 Fields of Charge Distributions
20.5 Matter in Electric Fields

21 Gauss's Law
21.1 Electric Field Lines
21.2 Electric Field and Electric Flux
21.3 Gauss's Law
21.4 Using Gauss's Law
21.5 Fields of Arbitrary Charge Distributions
21.6 Gauss's Law and Conductors

22 Electric Potential
22.1 Electric Potential Difference
22.2 Calculating Potential Difference
22.3 Potential Difference and the Electric Field
22.4 Charged Conductors

23 Electrostatic Energy and Capacitors
23.1 Electrostatic Energy
23.2 Capacitors
23.3 Using Capacitors
23.4 Energy in the Electric Field

24 Electric Current
24.1 Electric Current
24.2 Conduction Mechanisms
24.3 Resistance and Ohm's Law
24.4 Electric Power
24.5 Electrical Safety

25 Electric Circuits
25.1 Circuits, Symbols, and Electromotive Force
25.2 Series and Parallel Resistors
25.3 Kirchhoff's Laws and Multiloop Circuits
25.4 Electrical Measurements
25.5 Capacitors in Circuits

26 Magnetism: Force and Field
26.1 What Is Magnetism?
26.2 Magnetic Force and Field
26.3 Charged Particles in Magnetic Fields
26.4 The Magnetic Force on a Current
26.5 Origin of the Magnetic Field
26.6 Magnetic Dipoles
26.7 Magnetic Matter
26.8 Ampère's Law

27 Electromagnetic Induction
27.1 Induced Currents
27.3 Induction and Energy
27.4 Inductance
27.5 Magnetic Energy
27.6 Induced Electric Fields

28 Alternating-Current Circuits
28.1 Alternating Current
28.2 Circuit Elements in AC Circuits
28.3 LC Circuits
28.4 Driven RLC Circuits and Resonance
28.5 Power in AC Circuits
28.6 Transformers and Power Supplies

29 Maxwell's Equations and Electromagnetic Waves
29.1 The Four Laws of Electromagnetism
29.2 Ambiguity in Ampère's Law
29.3 Maxwell's Equations
29.4 Electromagnetic Waves
29.5 Properties of Electromagnetic Waves
29.6 The Electromagnetic Spectrum
29.7 Producing Electromagnetic Waves
29.8 Energy and Momentum in Electromagnetic Waves

Part Five: Optics

30 Reflection and Refraction
30.1 Reflection
30.2 Refraction
30.3 Total Internal Reflection
30.4 Dispersion

31 Images and Optical Instruments
31.1 Images with Mirrors
31.2 Images with Lenses
31.3 Refraction in Lenses: The Details
31.4 Optical Instruments

32 Interference and Diffraction
32.1 Coherence and Interference
32.2 Double-Slit Interference
32.3 Multiple-Slit Interference and Diffraction Gratings
32.4 Interferometry
32.5 Huygens' Principle and Diffraction
32.6 The Diffraction Limit

Part Six: Modern Physics

33 Relativity
33.1 Speed c Relative to What?
33.2 Matter, Motion, and the Ether
33.3 Special Relativity
33.4 Space and Time in Relativity
33.5 Simultaneity Is Relative
33.6 The Lorentz Transformations
33.7 Energy and Momentum in Relativity
33.8 Electromagnetism and Relativity
33.9 General Relativity

34 Particles and Waves
34.1 Toward Quantum Theory
34.3 Photons
34.4 Atomic Spectra and the Bohr Atom
34.5 Matter Waves
34.6 The Uncertainty Principle
34.7 Complementarity

35 Quantum Mechanics
35.1 Particles, Waves, and Probability
35.2 The Schrödinger Equation
35.3 Particles and Potentials
35.4 Quantum Mechanics in Three Dimensions
35.5 Relativistic Quantum Mechanics

36 Atomic Physics
36.1 The Hydrogen Atom
36.2 Electron Spin
36.3 The Exclusion Principle
36.4 Multielectron Atoms and the Periodic Table
36.5 Transitions and Atomic Spectra

37 Molecules and Solids
37.1 Molecular Bonding
37.2 Molecular Energy Levels
37.3 Solids
37.4 Superconductivity

38 Nuclear Physics
38.1 Elements, Isotopes, and Nuclear Structure
38.3 Binding Energy and Nucleosynthesis
38.4 Nuclear Fission
38.5 Nuclear Fusion

39 From Quarks to the Cosmos
39.1 Particles and Forces
39.2 Particles and More Particles
39.3 Quarks and the Standard Model
39.4 Unification
39.5 The Evolving Universe

Appendices
Appendix A Mathematics
Appendix B The International System of Units (SI)
Appendix C Conversion Factors
Appendix D The Elements
Appendix E Astrophysical Data