## Overview

*For upper-level to graduate courses in Probability or Probability and Statistics, for majors in mathematics, statistics, engineering, and the sciences.*

**Explores both the mathematics and the many potential applications of probability theory **

* A First Course in Probability* is an elementary introduction to the theory of probability for students in mathematics, statistics, engineering, and the sciences. Through clear and intuitive explanations, it presents not only the mathematics of probability theory, but also the many diverse possible applications of this subject through numerous examples. The

**10th Edition**includes many new and updated problems, exercises, and text material chosen both for interest level and for use in building student intuition about probability.

**0134753119 / 9780134753119 A First Course in Probability, 10/e**

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## Table of contents

**1. COMBINATORIAL ANALYSIS **

1.1 Introduction

1.2 The Basic Principle of Counting

1.3 Permutations

1.4 Combinations

1.5 Multinomial Coefficients

1.6 The Number of Integer Solutions of Equations

Summary

Problems

Theoretical Exercises

Self-Test Problems and Exercises

**2. AXIOMS OF PROBABILITY**

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Sample Space and Events

2.3 Axioms of Probability

2.4 Some Simple Propositions

2.5 Sample Spaces Having Equally Likely Outcomes

2.6 Probability as a Continuous Set Function

2.7 Probability as a Measure of Belief

Summary

Problems

Theoretical Exercises

Self-Test Problems and Exercises

**3. CONDITIONAL PROBABILITY AND INDEPENDENCE**

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Conditional Probabilities

3.3 Bayes’s Formula

3.4 Independent Events

3.5 *P*(·|*F*) Is a Probability

Summary

Problems

Theoretical Exercises

Self-Test Problems and Exercises

**4. RANDOM VARIABLES**

4.1 Random Variables

4.2 Discrete Random Variables

4.3 Expected Value

4.4 Expectation of a Function of a Random Variable

4.5 Variance

4.6 The Bernoulli and Binomial Random Variables

4.7 The Poisson Random Variable

4.8 Other Discrete Probability Distributions

4.9 Expected Value of Sums of Random Variables

4.10 Properties of the Cumulative Distribution Function

Summary

Problems

Theoretical Exercises

Self-Test Problems and Exercises

**5. CONTINUOUS RANDOM VARIABLES**

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Expectation and Variance of Continuous Random Variables

5.3 The Uniform Random Variable

5.4 Normal Random Variables

5.5 Exponential Random Variables

5.6 Other Continuous Distributions

5.7 The Distribution of a Function of a Random Variable

Summary

Problems

Theoretical Exercises

Self-Test Problems and Exercises

**6. JOINTLY DISTRIBUTED RANDOM VARIABLES**

6.1 Joint Distribution Functions

6.2 Independent Random Variables

6.3 Sums of Independent Random Variables

6.4 Conditional Distributions: Discrete Case

6.5 Conditional Distributions: Continuous Case

6.6 Order Statistics

6.7 Joint Probability Distribution of Functions of Random Variables

6.8 Exchangeable Random Variables

Summary

Problems

Theoretical Exercises

Self-Test Problems and Exercises

**7. PROPERTIES OF EXPECTATION**

7.1 Introduction

7.2 Expectation of Sums of Random Variables

7.3 Moments of the Number of Events that Occur

7.4 Covariance, Variance of Sums, and Correlations

7.5 Conditional Expectation

7.6 Conditional Expectation and Prediction

7.7 Moment Generating Functions

7.8 Additional Properties of Normal Random Variables

7.9 General Definition of Expectation

Summary

Problems

Theoretical Exercises

Self-Test Problems and Exercises

**8. LIMIT THEOREMS 394**

8.1 Introduction

8.2 Chebyshev’s Inequality and the Weak Law of Large Numbers

8.3 The Central Limit Theorem

8.4 The Strong Law of Large Numbers

8.5 Other Inequalities and a Poisson Limit Result

8.6 Bounding the Error Probability When Approximating a Sum of Independent Bernoulli Random Variables by a Poisson Random Variable

8.7 The Lorenz Curve

Summary

Problems

Theoretical Exercises

Self-Test Problems and Exercises

**9. ADDITIONAL TOPICS IN PROBABILITY**

9.1 The Poisson Process

9.2 Markov Chains

9.3 Surprise, Uncertainty, and Entropy

9.4 Coding Theory and Entropy

Summary

Problems and Theoretical Exercises

Self-Test Problems and Exercises

**10. SIMULATION**

10.1 Introduction

10.2 General Techniques for Simulating Continuous Random Variables

10.3 Simulating from Discrete Distributions

10.4 Variance Reduction Techniques

Summary

Problems

Self-Test Problems and Exercises

**Answers to Selected Problems**

**Solutions to Self-Test Problems and Exercises**

**Index**

**Common Discrete Distributions**

**Common Continuous Distributions**

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