Foundations of Policing in Canada, 1st edition

  • Paul McKenna

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Appropriate for community policing courses offered at colleges. This text looks at the history and development of the concept of community policing and closely examines the problem-solving approach that has become one of the key compone nts of this model of modern policing. It considers this approach as part of the overall process of organizational change which is occurring in policing across Canada.

Table of contents

1. To Begin at the Beginning.

Wrestling with Definitions. The Seeds of Community Policing in Traditional Practice. The Role of the Early English Constable. Sir Robert Peel and Two Divergent Models of Policing. Royal Irish Constabulary. Metropolitan London Police. American Antecedents. The Canadian Context.

2. Tracing the Outlines of Community Policing.

Crime Prevention as Community Policing. Theoretical Background. Practical Applications: Canada; United States; Great Britain; and other jurisdictions.

3. Understanding the Canadian Character.

Demographic Trends. Social Trends. Political Trends. Legislative Trends. Technological Trends. Crime Trends & Patterns. Global Trends.

4. Modern Organizations: The Great Reconstruction.

Reengineering in Public Service: Public Service of Canada; Alberta; Ontario; New Brunswick; and British Columbia. Organizational Review and Reform: Private Sector; Public Sector; Non-Governmental Organizations. New Models of Governance. Accountability. Alternate Service Delivery Models. Continuous Improvement and Constant.

5. Creating Dynamic Change in Police Organizations.

Bending Granite — A History of Reluctance. The Predictable Components of the Change Cycle. Special Challenges of Policing. Empowerment vs. Accountability. Institutional Change and the Transformation of Corporate Culture. Challenging, Changing and Supporting Police Middle Managers. Recruitment and the Potential for Organizational Transformation.

6. Problem-Solving: New Modes & Orders.

Definitions vs. Conceptual Frameworks. Fundamental Principles. Functional Considerations. Programs in Review. Leadership vs. Sponsorship. Practical Necessities for Community Policing. Areas of Current Practice: Canada, United States, Great Britain, and Other Jurisdictions.

7. The Challenges Raised by Community Policing.

The Educational Challenge of Community Policing. Transforming the System of Police Learning. Developing a New Paradigm for Policing. Stakeholder Education: Politicians, Citizens, Police Executives, Front-line Officers, Interest Groups, Potential Partners, and Communities. The Ethical Challenges of Community Policing. The Special Challenge of Race Relations in Canada. Cultural Mosaic of Canada. Hotspots and Areas of Conflict. Urban Issues and National Crises. Visible Ethnic Minorities and Urban Police. Police Shootings, Racism, and Public Complaints. First Nations Policing and Separate System of Justice Summary.

8. Community Policing Meets Technology: Conflict or Cooperation?

Information Technology. Computers and Crime. Internet as the Community's Umbilical Cord to the Police. Weapons, Surveillance, and Control— How Do They Fit with Community Policing?

9. The Operational Dilemma for Community Policing.

Gangs (including motorcycle gangs). Organized & International Crime. Drugs. Disorder and Social Problems: Homeless, Helpless, Hopeless. Enlisting Landlords and Neighbourhoods in Community Policing. Prostitution. False Alarms. Casinos and Gambling (Illegal and Legal).

10. The Loyal Opposition: Questioning the Assumptions of Community Policing.

Police Associations. Police Practitioners. Academics. Community Groups.

11. Measuring Success in Community Policing.

Performance Measurement. Theory and Practice. Criteria for Evaluation. Case Studies: Canada, United States, Great Britain, and Other Jurisdictions. Community Safety Audits. Community Surveys.

12. Canadian Content: Experiments & Lessons Learned.

Cases in Point: RCMP, Kingston, Edmonton, Peel Region, Belleville, Calgary, Winnipeg, Vancouver, Halifax, Guelph, Ottawa-Carleton Region, Halton Region, Niagara Region, etc.

13. Future Prospects for Community Policing: Will Problem-Solving Solve the Problems of Crime?

Appendix I: Bibliography on Community Policing.

Appendix II: Sample Public Opinion/Satisfaction Survey.

Appendix III: Sample Community Safety Audit Form.


Published by Pearson Canada (September 22nd 1997) - Copyright © 1998