Introduction to Fiction, An, 11th edition

  • X J. Kennedy
  • Dana Gioia

Introduction to Fiction, An

ISBN-13:  9780205687886

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Kennedy/Gioia's An Introduction to Fiction, 11th edition continues to inspire students with a rich collection of fiction and engaging insights on reading, analyzing, and writing about stories.


This bestselling anthology includes sixty-five superlative short stories, blending classic works and contemporary selections.  Written by noted poets X.J. Kennedy and Dana Gioia, the text reflects the authors' wit and contagious enthusiasm for their subject.  Informative, accessible apparatus presents readable discussions of the literary devices, illustrated by apt works, and supported by interludes with the anthologized writers.  This edition features 10 new stories, three masterwork casebooks, revised and expanded chapters on writing, and a new design.


  • New “Key Terms Review” feature at the end of every major chapter—provide students a simple study guide to go over key concepts and terms in each chapter.
  • New 2009 MLA guidelines—provides students the updated source citation guidelines from the new 7th edition of the MLA Handbook and incorporates these in all sample student papers.
  • New section on “Writing a Response Paper”—provides instructions and a sample student essay for this popular type of writing assignment.
  • Updated, revised format to increase accessibility and ease of use—newly added section titles and sub-titles will help Web-oriented students navigate easily from topic to topic in every chapter. Additionally, all chapters have been reviewed and updated to include relevant cultural references.


    Table of contents


    To the Instructor  

    About the Authors  


    ** Indicates new selections




    Interview with Amy Tan


    1. Reading a Story  

    The Art of Fiction

    Types of Short Fiction

        W. Somerset Maugham, The Appointment in Samarra  

        Aesop, The North Wind and the Sun  

        ** Bidpai, The Tortoise and the Geese

        Chuang Tzu, Independence  

        Jakob and Wilhelm Grimm, Godfather Death   


    The Short Story 

        John Updike, A & P  

    Writing Effectively

    Writers on Writing 

        John Updike, Why Write? 

    Thinking About Plot

    Checklist: Writing About Plot

    Writing Assignment on Plot  

    More Topics for Writing  

    Terms for Review 


    2. Point of View  

    Identifying Point of View

    Types of Narrators

    Stream of Consciousness

        William Faulkner, A Rose for Emily  

        Edgar Allan Poe, The Tell-Tale Heart

        ** Virginia Woolf, A Haunted House

        ** Eudora Welty, Why I Live at the P. O.

        James Baldwin, Sonny’s Blues  

    Writing Effectively

    Writers on Writing

        James Baldwin, Race and the African American Writer  

    Thinking About Point of View

    Checklist: Writing About Point of View

    Writing Assignment on Point of View  

    More Topics for Writing

    Terms for Review


    3. Character

    Types of Characters

        Katherine Anne Porter, The Jilting of Granny Weatherall  

        Katherine Mansfield, Miss Brill  

        ** Naguib Mahfouz, The Lawsuit 

        Raymond Carver, Cathedral  

    Writing Effectively

    Writers on Writing  

        Raymond Carver, Commonplace but Precise Language  

    Thinking About Character

    Checklist: Writing About Character

    Writing Assignment on Character

    More Topics for Writing

    Terms for Review


    4. Setting  

    Elements of Setting

    Historical Fiction



        Kate Chopin, The Storm  

        Jack London, To Build a Fire  

        T. Coraghessan Boyle, Greasy Lake  

        Amy Tan, A Pair of Tickets  

    Writing Effectively

    Writers on Writing  

        Amy Tan, Setting the Voice  

    Thinking About Setting

    Checklist: Writing About Setting

    Writing Assignment on Setting

    More Topics for Writing

    Terms for Review


    5. Tone and Style  




        Ernest Hemingway, A Clean, Well-Lighted Place  

        William Faulkner, Barn Burning  


        O. Henry, The Gift of the Magi  

        Ha Jin, Saboteur  

    Writing Effectively

    Writers on Writing  

        Ernest Hemingway, The Direct Style  

    Thinking About Tone and Style

    Checklist: Writing About Tone and Style

    Writing Assignment on Tone and Style

    More Topics for Writing

    Terms for Review


    6. Theme  

    Plot vs. Theme

    Theme as Unifying Device

    Finding the Theme

        Stephen Crane, The Open Boat  

        Alice Munro, How I Met My Husband  

        Luke 15:11–32, The Parable of the Prodigal Son  

        Kurt Vonnegut, Jr., Harrison Bergeron  

    Writing Effectively

    Writers on Writing  

        Kurt Vonnegut, Jr., The Themes of Science Fiction  

    Thinking About Theme

    Checklist: Writing about Theme

    Writing Assignment on Theme

    More Topics for Writing

    Terms for Review


    7. Symbol  



    Recognizing Symbols

        John Steinbeck, The Chrysanthemums  

        ** John Cheever, The Swimmer

        Ursula K. Le Guin, The Ones Who Walk Away from Omelas  

        Shirley Jackson, The Lottery  

    Writing Effectively

    Writers on Writing  

        Shirley Jackson, Biography of a Story  

    Thinking About Symbols

    Checklist: Writing About Symbols

    Writing Assignment on Symbols  

        Student Paper, An Analysis of the Symbolism in Steinbeck’s “The Chrysanthemums”  

    More Topics for Writing

    Terms for Review


    8. Reading Long Stories and Novels  

    Origins of the Novel


    Novels and Journalism

    Short Novels and Novellas

    The Future of the Novel

        Leo Tolstoy, The Death of Ivan Ilych  

        Franz Kafka, The Metamorphosis  

    Writing Effectively

    Writers on Writing  

        Franz Kafka, Discussing The Metamorphosis  

    Thinking About Long Stories and Novels

    Checklist: Writing About Ideas for a Research Paper

    Writing Assignment for a Research Paper

    Student Paper, Kafka’s Greatness

    More Topics for Writing

    Terms for Review


    9. Latin American Fiction 

        Jorge Luis Borges, The Gospel According to Mark  

        Octavio Paz, My Life with the Wave  

        ** Gabriel García Márquez, A Very Old Man with Enormous Wings  

        ** Inés Arredondo, The Shunammite   

    Writing Effectively

    Writers on Writing  

        Gabriel García Márquez, My Beginnings As A Writer

    Topics for Writing on “The Gospel According to Mark”  

    Topics for Writing on “My Life with Wave”  

    Topics for Writing on “a very old man with enormous wings”  

    Topics for Writing on “The Shunammite”  


    10. Critical Casebook: Flannery O’Connor  

        Flannery O’Connor, A Good Man Is Hard to Find  

        Flannery O’Connor, Revelation  

        Flannery O’Connor, Parker’s Back  

        Flannery O’Connor on Writing

        From “On Her Own Work”  

        On Her Catholic Faith

        From “The Grotesque in Southern Fiction”  

    Yearbook Cartoons

    Critics on Flannery O’Connor

        J. O. Tate, A Good Source Is Not So Hard to Find: The Real Life Misfit  

        Mary Jane Schenck, Deconstructing “A Good Man Is Hard to Find”  

        Louise S. Cowann The Character of Mrs. Turpin in “Revelation”  

        Kathleen Feeley, The Mystery of Divine Direction: “Parker’s Back”  

    Writing Effectively

    Topics for Writing  


    11. Critical Casebook: Three Stories in Depth  

    Nathaniel Hawthorne

        Young Goodman Brown 

        ** Nathaniel Hawthorne on Writing

        ** Reflections on Truth and Clarity in Literature

        ** Criticizing His Own Work

    Critics on Hawthorne

        ** Herman Melville, Excerpt from a Review of “Mosses from and Old Manse”

        ** Edgar Allan Poe, The Genius of Hawthorne's Short Stories

    Critics on “Young Goodman Brown”

        ** Richard H. Fogle, Ambiguity in “Young Goodman Brown”

        ** Paul J. Hurley, Evil Wherever He Looks

        ** Nancy Bunge, Complacency and Community


    Charlotte Perkins Gilman  

        The Yellow Wallpaper 

        Charlotte Perkins Gilman on Writing

        Why I Wrote “The Yellow Wallpaper”  

        Whatever Is  

        The Nervous Breakdown of Women  

    Critics on “The Yellow Wallpaper”

        Juliann Fleenor, Gender and Pathology in “The Yellow Wallpaper”  

        Sandra M. Gilbert and Susan Gubar, Imprisonment and Escape: The Psychology of Confinement  

        Elizabeth Ammons, Biographical Echoes in “The Yellow Wallpaper”  


    Alice Walker  

        Everyday Use

        Alice Walker on Writing

        The Black Woman Writer in America  

        Reflections on Writing and Women's Lives

    Critics on “Everyday Use”

        Barbara T. Christian, “Everyday Use” and the Black Power Movement  

        Houston A. Baker and Charlotte Pierce-Baker, Stylish vs. Sacred in “Everyday Use”  

        Elaine Showalter, Quilt as Metaphor in “Everyday Use”  

    Writing Effectively

    Topics for Writing on “Young goodman brown”  

    Topics for Writing on “The Yellow Wallpaper”  

    Topics for Writing on “Everyday Use”  


    12. Stories for Further Reading  

    Chinua Achebe, Dead Men’s Path  

    ** Sherman Alexie, This Is What It Means to Say Phoenix, Arizona

    Margaret Atwood, Happy Endings  

    Ambrose Bierce, An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge  

    Willa Cather, Paul’s Case  

    Anton Chekhov, The Lady with the Pet Dog  

    Kate Chopin, The Story of an Hour  

    Sandra Cisneros, The House on Mango Street  

    Ralph Ellison, Battle Royal  

    Zora Neale Hurston, Sweat  

    James Joyce, Araby  

    ** Franz Kafka, Before the Law  

    Jamaica Kincaid, Girl  

    Jhumpa Lahiri, Interpreter of Maladies  

    D. H. Lawrence, The Rocking-Horse Winner  

    Bobbie Ann Mason, Shiloh  

    ** Lorrie Moore, How To Become A Writer

    Joyce Carol Oates, Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?  

    Tim O’Brien, The Things They Carried  

    Tillie Olsen, I Stand Here Ironing  

    Tobias Wolff, The Rich Brother  


    13. Writing about Literature

        Read Actively

            Robert Frost, NOTHING GOLD CAN STAY

        Plan Your Essay

        Discover Your Ideas

            Sample Student Prewriting Exercises

        Developing a Literary Argument

        Writing a Rough Draft

            Sample Student Paper (Rough Draft)

        Revise Your Draft

        Some Final Advice on Rewriting

        Document Sources to Avoid Plagiarism

        The Form of Your Finished Paper

        Spell-Check and Grammar Check Programs



    14. Writing About a Story

        Read Actively

        Think About the Story

        Discover Ideas

            Sample Student Prewriting Exercises

        Write a Rough Draft

        What’s Your Purpose? Common Approaches to Writing about Fiction

        Topics for Writing


     15. Writing a Research Paper

        Browse the Research

        Choose a Topic

        Begin Your Research

        Evaluate Sources

        Organize Your Research

        Refine Your Thesis

        Organize Your Paper

        Write and Revise

        Maintain Academic Integrity

        Acknowledge All Sources

        Documenting Sources Using MLA Style

        Reference Guide for Citation


    16.  Critical Approaches to Literature

        Formalist Criticism

        Biographical Criticism

        Historical Criticism

        Psychological Criticism

        Mythological Criticism

        Sociological Criticism

        Gender Criticism

        Reader-Response Criticism

        Deconstructionist Criticism

        Cultural Studies


    Terms for Review



    Photo Acknowledgements

    Index of Major Themes

    Index of Authors and Titles

    Index of Literary Terms

    Published by Pearson (September 21st 2009) - Copyright © 2010