Introduction to Poetry, An, 13th edition

  • X J. Kennedy
  • Dana Gioia

Introduction to Poetry, An

ISBN-13:  9780205686124

Add to cart form
Free delivery
$106.66 $133.32
Free delivery
$106.66 $133.32

What's included

  • Paperback

    You'll get a bound printed text.


Kennedy/Gioia's An Introduction to Poetry, 13th edition continues to inspire students with a rich collection of poems and engaging insights on reading, analyzing, and writing about poetry.  The authors of this bestselling book are the recipients of many prestigious poetry awards.  Features new to this edition include:


  • Exclusive conversation between Dana Gioia and U.S. Poet Laureate Kay Ryan, offer students an insider’s look into the importance of literature and reading in the life of this poet.
  • More than 50 new selections—from a wonderful range of poets including Kevin Young, Bettie Sellers, Mary Oliver, David Lehman, Constantine Cavafy, Rainer Maria Rilke, Anne Stevenson, James Weldon Johnson, Alice Fulton, Jimmy Baca, Rita Dove, Gwendolyn Brooks, and Lorine Niedecker, among others.
  • New 2009 MLA guidelines—provides students the updated source citation guidelines from the new 7th edition of the MLA Handbook and incorporates these in all sample student papers.

    Table of contents

    **Indicates new selection




    Interview with Kay Ryan


    1. Reading a Poem  

    Poetry or Verse

    Reading a Poem


     William Butler Yeats, The Lake Isle of Innisfree  

    Lyric Poetry  

      Robert Hayden, Those Winter Sundays  

    Adrienne Rich, Aunt Jennifer’s Tigers  

    Narrative Poetry  

     Anonymous, Sir Patrick Spence  

     Robert Frost, “Out, Out–”  

     Dramatic Poetry  

     Robert Browning, My Last Duchess  

    Didactic Poetry

     Writing Effectively

    Writers on Writing  

     Adrienne Rich, Recalling “Aunt Jennifer’s Tigers”  

    Thinking About Paraphrase  

     William Stafford, Ask Me  

     William Stafford, A Paraphrase of “Ask Me”  

    Checklist: Writing a Paraphrase

    Writing Assignment on Paraphrasing  

    More Topics for Writing

    Terms for Review


    2. Listening to a Voice


     Theodore Roethke, My Papa’s Waltz  

     Countee Cullen, For a Lady I Know  

     Anne Bradstreet, The Author to Her Book  

     Walt Whitman, To a Locomotive in Winter  

     Emily Dickinson, I like to see it lap the Miles  

     ** Kevin Young, Doo Wop

     Weldon Kees, For My Daughter  

    The Person in the Poem  

     Natasha Trethewey, White Lies  

     Edwin Arlington Robinson, Luke Havergal  

     Ted Hughes, Hawk Roosting  

     Suji Kwock Kim, Monologue for an Onion  

     William Wordsworth, I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud  

     Dorothy Wordsworth, Journal Entry  

     James Stephens, A Glass of Beer  

     Anne Sexton, Her Kind  

     William Carlos Williams, The Red Wheelbarrow  


     Robert Creeley, Oh No  

     W. H. Auden, The Unknown Citizen  

     Sharon Olds, Rites of Passage

     ** Rod Taylor, Dakota: October, 1822: Hunkpapa Warrior

     Sarah N. Cleghorn, The Golf Links  

     Edna St. Vincent Millay, Second Fig  

     ** Dorothy Parker, Comment

     ** Bob Hicok, Making It In Poetry

     Thomas Hardy, The Workbox  

    For Review and Further Study  

     William Blake, The Chimney Sweeper  

     ** Erich Fried, The Measures Taken 

     William Stafford, At the Un-National Monument Along the Canadian Border  

     Richard Lovelace, To Lucasta  

     Wilfred Owen, Dulce et Decorum Est  

    Writing Effectively

    Writers on Writing  

     Wilfred Owen, War Poetry  

    Thinking About Tone

    Checklist: Writing about Tone  

    Writing Assignment on Tone  

     Student Paper, Word Choice, Tone, and Point of View in Roethke’s “My Papa’s Waltz”  

    More Topics for Writing

    Terms for Review


    3. Words  

    Literal Meaning: What a Poem Says First  

     William Carlos Williams, This Is Just to Say  


     Marianne Moore, Silence  

     Robert Graves, Down, Wanton, Down!  

     John Donne, Batter my heart, three-personed God, for You 

    The Value of a Dictionary  

     Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Aftermath  

     ** Kay Ryan, Chemise

     J. V. Cunningham, Friend, on this scaffold Thomas More lies dead  

     Carl Sandburg, Grass

     ** Dan Anderson, Dog Haiku

    Word Choice and Word Order

     Robert Herrick, Upon Julia’s Clothes  

     ** Robert Burns, Auld Lang Syne

     Kay Ryan, Blandeur  

     Thomas Hardy, The Ruined Maid  

     Richard Eberhart, The Fury of Aerial Bombardment  

     Wendy Cope, Lonely Hearts  

    For Review and Further Study  

     E. E. Cummings, anyone lived in a pretty how town  

     Billy Collins, The Names  

     ** Charles Bukowski, Dostoevsky

     Anonymous, Carnation Milk  

     Gina Valdés, English con Salsa  

     Lewis Carroll, Jabberwocky  

    Writing Effectively

    Writers on Writing  

     Lewis Carroll, Humpty Dumpty Explicates “Jabberwocky”  

    Thinking About Diction  

    Checklist: Writing About diction

    Writing Assignment on Word Choice  

    More Topics for Writing

    Terms for Review


    4. Saying and Suggesting  

    Denotation and Connotation

     John Masefield, Cargoes  

     William Blake, London  

     Wallace Stevens, Disillusionment of Ten O’Clock  

     Gwendolyn Brooks, Southeast Corner  

     Timothy Steele, Epitaph  

     E. E. Cummings, next to of course god america i  

     Robert Frost, Fire and Ice  

     ** Diane Thiel, The Minefield  

     ** Ron Rash, The Day the Gates Closed  

     Alfred, Lord Tennyson, Tears, Idle Tears  

     Richard Wilbur, Love Calls Us to the Things of This World  

    Writing Effectively

    Writers on Writing  

     Richard Wilbur, Concerning “Love Calls Us to the Things of This World”  

    Thinking About Denotation and Connotation  

    Checklist: writing about What a Poem SAYS AND Suggests  

    Writing Assignment on Denotation and Connotation  

    More Topics for Writing

    Terms for Review


    5. Imagery  

     Ezra Pound, In a Station of the Metro  

     Taniguchi Buson, The Piercing Chill I Feel


     T. S. Eliot, The Winter Evening Settles Down 

     Theodore Roethke, Root Cellar  

     Elizabeth Bishop, The Fish  

     ** Rainer Maria Rilke, The Panther

     Charles Simic, Fork  

     Emily Dickinson, A Route of Evanescence  

     Jean Toomer, Reapers  

     Gerard Manley Hopkins, Pied Beauty  

    About Haiku  

     Arakida Moritake, The falling flower  

     Matsuo Basho, Heat-lightning streak  

     Matsuo Basho, In the old stone pool  

     Taniguchi Buson, On the one-ton temple bell  

     ** Taniguchi Buson, Moonrise on mudflats

     Kobayashi Issa, Only One Guy  

     Kobayashi Issa, Cricket  

    Haiku from Japanese Internment Camps  

     ** Suiko Matsushita, Cosmos in Bloom  

     ** Neiji Ozawa, The War–This Year

     Hakuro Wada, Even the Croaking of Frogs 

    Contemporary Haiku  

     Etheridge Knightn Making jazz swing in

     Lee Gurga, Visitor’s Room

     Penny Harter, broken bowl

     Jennifer Brutschy, Born Again

     John Ridland, The Lazy Man’s Haiku

     Garry Gay, Hole in the Ozone

    For Review and Further Study  

     John Keats, Bright star! Would I Were Steadfast as Thou Art  

     Walt Whitman, The Runner  

     T. E. Hulme, Image  

     William Carlos Williams, El Hombre  

     Robert Bly, Driving to Town Late to Mail a Letter  

     ** Paul Goodman, Birthday Cake

     Louise Glück, Mock Orange  

     Billy Collins, Embrace  

       ** Kevin Prufer, Pause, Pause

     Stevie Smith, Not Waving but Drowning  

    Writing Effectively

    Writers on Writing  

     Ezra Pound, The Image  

     Thinking About Imagery  

    Checklist: Writing about Imagery  

    Writing Assignment on Imagery  

     Student Paper, FADED BEAUTY: Elizabeth Bishop’s Use of Imagery in “The Fish”  

    More Topics for Writing

    Terms for Review


    6. Figures of Speech  

    Why Speak Figuratively?  

     Alfred, Lord Tennyson, The Eagle  

     William Shakespeare, Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day?  

     Howard Moss, Shall I Compare Thee to a Summer’s Day?  

    Metaphor and Simile  

     Emily Dickinson, My Life had stood — a Loaded Gun  

     Alfred, Lord Tennyson, Flower in the Crannied Wall  

     William Blake, To see a world in a grain of sand  

     Sylvia Plath, Metaphors  

     N. Scott Momaday, Simile  

     Emily Dickinson, It dropped so low — in my Regard  

     ** Jill Alexander Essbaum, The Heart  

     Craig Raine, A Martian Sends a Postcard Home  

    Other Figures of Speech  

     James Stephens, The Wind  

     Margaret Atwood, You fit into me  

     George Herbert, The Pulley  

     Dana Gioia, Money  

     Charles Simic, My Shoes

     ** Carl Sandburg, Fog  

    For Review and Further Study  

     Robert Frost, The Silken Tent  

     Jane Kenyon, The Suitor  

     Robert Frost, The Secret Sits  

     A. R. Ammons, Coward  

     Kay Ryan, Turtle  

     ** Anne Stevenson, The Demolition  

     Robinson Jeffers, Hands  

     Robert Burns, Oh, my love is like a red, red rose  

    Writing Effectively

    Writers on Writing  

     Robert Frost, The Importance of Poetic Metaphor  

    Thinking About Metaphors  

    Checklist: Writing About Metaphors  

    Writing Assignment on Figures of Speech  

    More Topics for Writing

    Terms for Review


    7. Song  

    Singing and Saying  

     Ben Jonson, To Celia  

     ** James Weldon Johnson, Since You Went Away

     William Shakespeare, O mistress mine  

     Edwin Arlington Robinson, Richard Cory  

     Paul Simon, Richard Cory  


     Anonymous, Bonny Barbara Allan  

     Dudley Randall, Ballad of Birmingham  


     Bessie Smith with Clarence Williams, Jailhouse Blues  

     W. H. Auden, Funeral Blues  

     ** Kevin Young, Late Blues


     Run D.M.C., from Peter Piper  

    For Review and Further Study  

     John Lennon and Paul McCartney, Eleanor Rigby  

     Bob Dylan, The Times They Are a-Changin’  

     Aimee Mann, Deathly  

    Writing Effectively

    Writers on Writing  

     Paul McCartney, Creating “Eleanor Rigby”  

    Thinking About Poetry and Song

    Checklist: Writing About Song Lyrics 

    Writing Assignment on Song Lyrics  

    More Topics for Writing

    Terms for Review


    8. Sound  

    Sound as Meaning  

     Alexander Pope, True Ease in Writing comes from Art, not Chance  

     William Butler Yeats, Who Goes with Fergus?  

     John Updike, Recital  

     William Wordsworth, A Slumber Did My Spirit Seal  

     Emanuel di Pasquale, Rain  

     Aphra Behn, When maidens are young  

    Alliteration and Assonance  

     A. E. Housman, Eight O’Clock  

     James Joyce, All day I hear  

     Alfred, Lord Tennyson, The Splendor Falls on Castle Walls  


     William Cole, On my boat on Lake Cayuga  

     Hilaire Belloc, The Hippopotamus  

     Ogden Nash, The Panther  

     William Butler Yeats, Leda and the Swan  

     Gerard Manley Hopkins, God’s Grandeur  

     ** William Jay Smith, A Note on the Vanity Dresser 

     Robert Frost, Desert Places  

    Reading and Hearing Poems Aloud  

     Michael Stillman, In Memoriam John Coltrane  

     William Shakespeare, Full fathom five thy father lies  

     T. S. Eliot, Virginia  

    Writing Effectively

    Writers on Writing  

     T. S. Eliot, The Music of Poetry  

    Thinking About a Poem's Sound 

    Checklist: Writing About a Poem’s Sound  

    Writing Assignment on Sound  

    More Topics for Writing

    Terms for Review


    9. Rhythm  

    Stresses and Pauses  

     Gwendolyn Brooks, We Real Cool  

     Alfred, Lord Tennyson, Break, Break, Break  

     Ben Jonson, Slow, Slow, Fresh Fount, Keep Time With My Salt Tears  

     Dorothy Parker, Résumé  


     Edna St. Vincent Millay, Counting-out Rhyme  

     Jacqueline Osherow, Song for the Music in the Warsaw Ghetto  

     A. E. Housman, When I was one-and-twenty  

     William Carlos Williams, Smell!  

     Walt Whitman, Beat! Beat! Drums!  

     David Mason, Song of the Powers  

     Langston Hughes, Dream Boogie  

    Writing Effectively

    Writers on Writing  

     Gwendolyn Brooks, Hearing “We Real Cool”  

    Thinking About Rhythm  

    Checklist: Scanning a Poem

    Writing Assignment on Rhythm  

    More Topics for Writing

    Terms for Review


    10. Closed Form  

    Formal Patterns  

     John Keats, This living hand, now warm and capable  

     Robert Graves, Counting the Beats  

     John Donne, Song (“Go and Catch a Falling Star”)  

     Phillis Levin, Brief Bio  

    The Sonnet  

     William Shakespeare, Let Me Not to the Marriage of True Minds

     Michael Drayton, Since There's No Help, Come Let Us Kiss and Part

     Edna St. Vincent Millay, What lips my lips have kissed, and where, and why  

     Robert Frost, Acquainted with the Night  

     ** William Meredith, The Illiterate

     Kim Addonizio, First Poem for You  

     ** Mark Jarman, Unholy  Sonnet: After the Praying

     A. E. Stallings, Sine Qua Non  

     R. S. Gwynn, Shakespearean Sonnet  

    The Epigram  

     Alexander Pope, Epigram Engraved on the Collar of a Dog

     Sir John Harrington, Of Treason

     Robert Herrick, Moderation

     William Blake, Her Whole Life Is An Epigram

     E. E. Cummings, a politician

     Langston Hughes, Prayer

     J. V. Cunningham, This Humanist

     John Frederick Nims, Contemplation

     Brad Leithauser, A Venus Flytrap

     Dick Davis, Fatherhood

     Anonymous, Epitaph of a Dentist

     Hilaire Belloc, Fatigue

     Wendy Cope, Variation on Belloc’s “Fatigue”

     Other Forms  

     Dylan Thomas, Do Not Go Gentle Into That Good Night  

     Robert Bridges, Triolet  

     Elizabeth Bishop, Sestina  

    Writing Effectively

    Writers on Writing  

     A. E. Stallings, On Form and Artifice  

    Thinking About a Sonnet  

    Checklist: Writing About a Sonnet

    Writing Assignment on a Sonnet  

    More Topics for Writing

    Terms for Review


    11. Open Form  

     Denise Levertov, Ancient Stairway  

     E. E. Cummings, Buffalo Bill ’s  

     W. S. Merwin, For the Anniversary of My Death  

     William Carlos Williams, The Dance  

     Stephen Crane, The Heart  

     Walt Whitman, Cavalry Crossing a Ford  

     Ezra Pound, Salutation  

     Wallace Stevens, Thirteen Ways of Looking at a Blackbird  

    Prose Poetry  

     Carolyn Forché, The Colonel  

     Charles Simic, The Magic Study of Happiness  

    Visual Poetry  

     George Herbert, Easter Wings  

     John Hollander, Swan and Shadow  

     ** Richard Kostelanetz, Simultaneous Translations

     Dorthi Charles, Concrete Cat  

    Seeing the Logic of Open Form Verse  

     E. E. Cummings, in Just-  

     ** A. E. Stallings, First Love: A Quiz

     ** David Lehman, Radio

     Carole Satyamurti, I Shall Paint My Nails Red  

     ** Alice Fulton, What I Like  

    Writing Effectively

    Writers on Writing  

     Walt Whitman, The Poetry of the Future  

    Thinking About Free Verse  

    Checklist: Writing about free verse  

    Writing Assignment on Open Form  

    More Topics for Writing

    Terms for Review


    12. Symbol  

     T. S. Eliot, The Boston Evening Transcript  

     Emily Dickinson, The Lightning is a yellow Fork  

     Thomas Hardy, Neutral Tones  

     Matthew 13:24-30, The Parable of the Good Seed  

     George Herbert, The World  

     Edwin Markham, Outwitted   

     Robert Frost, The Road Not Taken  

     Christina Rossetti, Uphill  

    For Review and Further Study

     William Carlos Williams, The Term  

     Ted Kooser, Carrie  

     ** Mary Oliver, Wild Geese

    Lorine Niedecker, Popcorn-can cover  

     ** Wallace Stevens, The Snow Man

     Wallace Stevens, Anecdote of the Jar  

    Writing Effectively

    Writers on Writing  

    William Butler Yeats, Poetic Symbols  

    Thinking About Symbols  

    Checklist: Writing About Symbols  

    Writing Assignment on Symbolism  

    More Topics for Writing

    Terms for Review


    13. Myth and Narrative  

     Robert Frost, Nothing Gold Can.

     William Wordsworth, The world is too much with us  

     H. D., Helen  

     ** Constantine Cavafy, IThaca  


     Louise Bogan, Medusa  

     John Keats, La Belle Dame sans Merci  

    Personal Myth  

     William Butler Yeats, The Second Coming  

     Gregory Orr, Two Lines from the Brothers Grimm  

    Myth and Popular Culture  

     Charles Martin, Taken Up  

     Andrea Hollander Budy, Snow White  

     Anne Sexton, Cinderella  

    Writing Effectively  

    Writers on Writing  

     Anne Sexton, Transforming Fairy Tales  

    Thinking About Myth

    Checklist: Writing About Myth  

    Writing Assignment on Myth  

     Student Paper, The Bonds Between Love and Hatred in H. D.’s “Helen”  

    More Topics for Writing

    Terms for Review


    14. Poetry and Personal Identity  

     Sylvia Plath, Lady Lazarus  

     Rhina Espaillat, Bilingual/Bilingüe  

     Culture, Race, and Ethnicity  

     Claude McKay, America  

     Samuel Menashe, The Shrine Whose Shape I Am  

     Francisco X. Alarcón, The X in My Name  

     Judith Ortiz Cofer, Quiñceañera  

     ** Sherman Alexie, The Powwow at the End of the World

     Yusef Komunyakaa, Facing It  


     Anne Stevenson, Sous-Entendu  

     ** Bettie Sellers, In the Counselor's Waiting room

     Donald Justice, Men at Forty  

     Adrienne Rich, Women  

    For Review and Further Study  

     Shirley Geok-lin Lim, Learning to Love America  

     Philip Larkin, Aubade  

    Writing Effectively

    Writers on Writing  

     Rhina Espaillat, Being a Bilingual Writer  

    Thinking About Poetry of Personal Identity  

    Checklist:  Writing About Voice and Personal Identity

    Writing Assignment on Personal Identity  

    More Topics for Writing


    15. Translation  

    Is Poetic Translation Possible?  

    World Poetry  

     Li Po, Moon-Beneath Alone Drink (literal translation)  

     Translated by Arthur Waley, Drinking Alone by Moonlight  

    Comparing Translations  

     Horace, “Carpe Diem” Ode (Latin text)  

     Horace, Seize the Day (literal translation)  

     Translated by Edwin Arlington Robinson, Horace to Leuconoe  

     Translated by James Michie, Don’t Ask  

     Translated by A. E. Stallings, A New Year’s Toast  

     Omar Khayyam, Rubaiyati

     ** Translated by Edward FitzGerald, XII: A Book of Verses Underneath the Bough  

     ** Translated by Edward FitzGerald, VII: Come, Fill the Cup

     ** Translated by Edward FitzGerald, XIII: Some for the Glories of this World

     ** Translated by Edward FitzGerald, XXIV: Ah, Make the Most of What We Yet May Spend

     ** Translated by Edward FitzGerald, LXXI: The Moving Finger writes

     ** Translated by Edward FitzGerald, XCIX: Ah Love! Could You and I with Him Conspire


     Anonymous, We four lads from Liverpool are  

     Hugh Kingsmill, What, still alive at twenty-two?  

     ** Stanley J. Sharpless, How Do I Hate You?  Let Me Count the Ways

     Gene Fehler, If Richard Lovelace Became a Free Agent  

     Aaron Abeyta, thirteen ways of looking at a tortilla  

    Writing Effectively

    Writers on Writing  

    Arthur Waley, The Method of Translation  

    Thinking About a Parody  

    Checklist: Writing About a Parody 

    Writing Assignment on Parody  

    More Topics for Writing  


    16. Poetry in Spanish: Literature of Latin America  

     Sor Juana, Presente en que el Cariño Hace Regalo la Llaneza  

     Translated by Diane Thiel, A Simple Gift Made Rich by Affection  

     Pablo Neruda, Muchos Somos  

     Translated by Alastair Reid, We Are Many  

     Jorge Luis Borges, Amorosa Anticipación  

     Translated by Robert Fitzgerald, Anticipation of Love  

     Octavio Paz, Con los ojos cerrados  

     Translated by Eliot Weinberger, With Eyes Closed

    Surrealism in Latin American Poetry  

     Frida Kahlo, The Two Fridas  

     César Vallejo, La cólera que quiebra al hombre en niños  

     Translated by Thomas Merton, Anger  

    Contemporary Mexican Poetry  

     José Emilio Pacheco, Alta Traición  

     Translated by Alastair Reid, High Treason  

     Tedi López Mills, Convalecencia  

     Translated by Cheryl Clark, Convalescence  

     ** Francisco Segovia, Cada árbol en Su Sombra

     Translated by Don Share with César Perez, Every Tree in Its Shadow

    Writers on Translating  

     Alastair Reid, Translating Neruda  

    Writing Assignment on Spanish Poetry  

    More Topics for Writing  


    17. Recognizing Excellence  

     Anonymous, O Moon, when I gaze on thy beautiful face  

     Emily Dickinson, A Dying Tiger — moaned for Drink  

     Rod McKuen, Thoughts on Capital Punishment  

     William Stafford, Traveling Through the Dark  

     ** Dylan Thomas, In My Craft or Sullen Art  

    Recognizing Excellence  

     William Butler Yeats, Sailing to Byzantium  

     Arthur Guiterman, On the Vanity of Earthly Greatness  

     Percy Bysshe Shelley, Ozymandias  

     Robert Hayden, The Whipping  

     Elizabeth Bishop, One Art  

     W. H. Auden, September 1, 1939  

     Walt Whitman, O Captain! My Captain!  

     Paul Laurence Dunbar, We Wear the Mask  

     Emma Lazarus, The New Colossus  

     Edgar Allan Poe, Annabel Lee  

    Writing Effectively

    Writers on Writing  

     Edgar Allan Poe, A Long Poem Does Not Exist  

    Thinking About an Evaluation  

    Checklist: Writing an Evaluation 

    Writing Assignment on Evaluating a Poem  

    More Topics for Writing  


    18. What Is Poetry?  

     Archibald MacLeish, Ars Poetica 

     Dante, Samuel Johnson, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, William Wordsworth, Thomas Carlyle, Thomas Hardy, Emily Dickinson, Gerard Manley Hopkins, Robert Frost, Wallace Stevens, Mina Loy, T. S. Eliot, W. H. Auden, J. V. Cunningham, **José Garcia Villa, **Christopher Fry, Elizabeth Bishop, **Joy Harjo, Jorge Luis Borges, Octavio Paz, William Stafford, **Charles Simi , Some Definitions of Poetry  —

     Ha Jin, Missed Time  


    19. Two Critical Casebooks
    Emily Dickinson and Langston Hughes  


    Emily Dickinson  

     Success is counted sweetest  

     Wild Nights — Wild Nights!  

     ** There’s a certain Slant of light

     I Felt a Funeral, in my Brain  

     I’m Nobody! Who are you?  

     The Soul selects her own Society  

     Some keep the Sabbath going to Church  

     After great pain, a formal feeling comes  

     ** Much Madness is divinest Sense

     This is my letter to the World  

     I heard a Fly buzz — when I died  

     I started Early — Took my Dog  

     Because I could not stop for Death  

     The Bustle in a House  

     Tell all the Truth but tell it slant  

    Emily Dickinson on Emily Dickinson

     Recognizing Poetry  


    Critics on Emily Dickinson  

     Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Meeting Emily Dickinson  

     Thomas H. Johnson, The Discovery of Emily Dickinson’s Manuscripts  

     Richard Wilbur, The Three Privations of Emily Dickinson  

     Cynthia Griffin Wolff, Dickinson and Death (A Reading of “Because I could not stop for Death”)  

     Judith Farr, A Reading of “My Life had stood — a Loaded Gun”  


    Langston Hughes  

     The Negro Speaks of Rivers  

     ** My People

      Mother to Son  

     Dream Variations  

     I, Too  

     The Weary Blues  

     Song for a Dark Girl  


     Ballad of the Landlord  


     Theme for English B  

     Subway Rush Hour  

     Harlem [Dream Deferred]  

     ** Homecoming

     As Befits a Man  

    Langston Hughes on Langston Hughes

     The Negro Artist and the Racial Mountain  

     The Harlem Renaissance  

    Critics on Langston Hughes

     Arnold Rampersad, Hughes as an Experimentalist  

     Rita Dove and Marilyn Nelson, Langston Hughes and Harlem  

     Darryl Pinckney, Black Identity in Langston Hughes  

     Peter Townsend, Langston Hughes and Jazz  

     Onwuchekwa Jemie, A Reading of “Dream Deferred”  

    Topics for Writing About Emily Dickinson  

    Topics for Writing About Langston Hughes  


    20. Critical Casebook: T. S. Eliot’s “The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock”  

    T. S. Eliot  

     The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock  

    Publishing “Prufrock”

    The Reviewers on Prufrock  

     Unsigned, Review from Times Literary Supplement  

     Unsigned, Review from Literary World  

     Unsigned, Review from New Statesman  

     Conrad Aiken, From “Divers Realists,” The Dial  

     Babette Deutsch, from “Another Impressionist,” The New Republic  

     Marianne Moore, From “A Note on T. S. Eliot’s Book,”  Poetry  

     May Sinclair, From “Prufrock and Other Observations: A Criticism,” The Little Review  

    T. S. Eliot on Writing

     Poetry and Emotion  

     The Objective Correlative  

     The Difficulty of Poetry  

    Critics on “Prufrock”

     Denis Donoghue, One of the Irrefutable Poets  

     Christopher Ricks, What’s in a Name?  

     Philip R. Headings, The Pronouns in the Poem: “One,” “You,” and “I”  

     Maud Ellmann, Will There Be Time?  

     Burton Raffel, “Indeterminacy” in Eliot’s Poetry  

     John Berryman, Prufrock’s Dilemma  

     M. L. Rosenthal, Adolescents Singing  

    Topics for Writing  


    21. Poems for Further Reading  

     Anonymous, Lord Randall  

     Anonymous, The Three Ravens  

     Anonymous, Last Words of the Prophet  

     Matthew Arnold, Dover Beach  

     John Ashbery, At North Farm  

     Margaret Atwood, Siren Song  

     W. H. Auden, As I Walked Out One Evening  

     W. H. Auden, Musée des Beaux Arts  

     ** Jimmy Baca, Spliced Wire

     Elizabeth Bishop, Filling Station  

     William Blake, The Tyger  

     William Blake, The Sick Rose  

     Gwendolyn Brooks, The Mother  

     ** Gwendolyn Brooks, The Rites for Cousin Vit

     Elizabeth Barrett Browning, How Do I Love Thee? Let Me Count the Ways  

     Robert Browning, Soliloquy of the Spanish Cloister  

     Geoffrey Chaucer, Merciless Beauty  

     John  Ciardi, Most Like an Arch This Marriage

     Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Kubla Khan  

     Billy Collins, Care and Feeding  

     Hart Crane, My Grandmother’s Love Letters  

     E. E. Cummings, somewhere i have never travelled, gladly beyond  

     Marisa de los Santos, Perfect Dress  

     John Donne, Death be not proud  

     John Donne, The Flea  

     John Donne, A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning  

     ** Rita Dove, Daystar

     John Dryden, To the Memory of Mr. Oldham  

     T. S. Eliot, Journey of the Magi  

     Robert Frost, Birches  

     Robert Frost, Mending Wall  

     Robert Frost, Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening  

     Allen Ginsberg, A Supermarket in California  

     Donald Hall, Names of Horses  

     Thomas Hardy, The Convergence of the Twain  

     Thomas Hardy, The Darkling Thrush  

     Thomas Hardy, Hap  

     Seamus Heaney, Digging  

     ** Anthony Hecht, The Vow

     George Herbert, Love  

     Robert Herrick, To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time  

     ** Tony Hoagland, Beauty

     Gerard Manley Hopkins, Spring and Fall  

     Gerard Manley Hopkins, No worst, there is none  

     Gerard Manley Hopkins, The Windhover  

     A. E. Housman, Loveliest of trees, the cherry now  

     A. E. Housman, To an Athlete Dying Young  

     Randall Jarrell, The Death of the Ball Turret Gunner  

     Robinson Jeffers, To the Stone-cutters  

     Ben Jonson, On My First Son  

     Donald Justice, On the Death of Friends in Childhood  

     John Keats, Ode on a Grecian Urn  

     John Keats, When I have fears that I may cease to be  

     John Keats, To Autumn  

     Ted Kooser, Abandoned Farmhouse  

     Philip Larkin, Home is so Sad  

     Philip Larkin, Poetry of Departures  

     D. H. Lawrence, Piano  

     Denise Levertov, The Ache of Marriage  

     Shirley Geok-lin Lim, To Li Po

     Robert Lowell, Skunk Hour  

     Andrew Marvell, To His Coy Mistress  

     Edna St. Vincent Millay, Recuerdo  

     John Milton, When I consider how my light is spent  

     Marianne Moore, Poetry  

     Marilyn Nelson, A Strange Beautiful Woman  

     Howard Nemerov, The War in the Air  

     ** Lorine Niedecker, Sorrow Moves in Wide Waves

     Sharon Olds, The One Girl at the Boys’ Party  

     Wilfred Owen, Anthem for Doomed Youth  

     Linda Pastan, Ethics  

     Sylvia Plath, Daddy  

     Edgar Allan Poe, A Dream within a Dream  

     Alexander Pope, A little Learning is a dang’rous Thing  

     Ezra Pound, The River-Merchant’s Wife: A Letter  

     Dudley Randall, A Different Image  

     John Crowe Ransom, Piazza Piece  

     Henry Reed, Naming of Parts  

     Adrienne Rich, Living in Sin  

     Edwin Arlington Robinson, Miniver Cheevy  

     Theodore Roethke, Elegy for Jane  

     William Shakespeare, When, in disgrace with Fortune and men’s eyes  

     William Shakespeare, Not marble nor the gilded monuments  

     William Shakespeare, That time of year thou mayst in me behold  

     William Shakespeare, My mistress’ eyes are nothing likethe sun  

     ** Charles Simic, The Butcher Shop

     Christopher Smart, For I will consider my Cat Jeoffry  

     Cathy Song, Stamp Collecting  

     William Stafford, The Farm on the Great Plains  

     Wallace Stevens, The Emperor of Ice-Cream  

     Jonathan Swift, A Description of the Morning  

     Alfred, Lord Tennyson, Ulysses  

     Dylan Thomas, Fern Hill  

     John Updike, Ex-Basketball Player  

     Derek Walcott, The Virgins  

     Edmund Waller, Go, Lovely Rose  

     Walt Whitman, from Song of the Open Road  

     Walt Whitman, I Hear America Singing  

     Richard Wilbur, The Writer  

     William Carlos Williams, Spring and All  

     William Carlos Williams, To Waken an Old Lady  

     William Wordsworth, Composed upon Westminster Bridge  

     James Wright, A Blessing  

     James Wright, Autumn Begins in Martins Ferry, Ohio  

     Mary Sidney Wroth, In this strange labyrinth  

     Sir Thomas Wyatt, They flee from me that sometime did me sekë  

     William Butler Yeats, Crazy Jane Talks with the Bishop  

     William Butler Yeats, The Magi  

     William Butler Yeats, When You Are Old  


    22. Writing about Literature

     Read Actively

      Robert Frost, NOTHING GOLD CAN STAY

     Plan Your Essay

     Discover Your Ideas

      Sample Student Prewriting Exercises

     Developing a Literary Argument

     Writing a Rough Draft

      Sample Student Paper (Rough Draft)

     Revise Your Draft

     Some Final Advice on Rewriting

     Document Sources to Avoid Plagiarism

     The Form of Your Finished Paper

     Spell-Check and Grammar Check Programs


    23. Writing about a Poem

     Read Actively

     Think About the Poem

     Discover Your Ideas

     Write a Rough Draft

     Common Approaches to Writing about Poetry

     How to Quote a Poem

     Topics for Writing

      Robert Frost, IN WHITE


    24. Writing a Research Paper

     Browse the Research

     Choose a Topic

     Begin Your Research

     Evaluate Sources

     Organize Your Research

     Refine Your Thesis

     Organize Your Paper

     Write and Revise

     Maintain Academic Integrity

     Acknowledge All Sources

     Documenting Sources Using MLA Style

     Reference Guide for Citation


    25.  Critical Approaches to Literature

     Formalist Criticism

     Biographical Criticism

     Historical Criticism

     Psychological Criticism

     Mythological Criticism

     Sociological Criticism

     Gender Criticism

     Reader-Response Criticism

     Deconstructionist Criticism

     Cultural Studies


    Terms for Review



    Photo Acknowledgements

    Index of Major Themes

    Index of First Lines of Poetry

    Index of Authors and Titles

    Index of Literary Terms

    Published by Pearson (September 21st 2009) - Copyright © 2010