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  5. Investigating Biology Laboratory Manual

Overview

With its distinctive investigative approach to learning, Investigating Biology Laboratory Manual, 9th Edition, is now more engaging than ever, with full-color art and photos throughout. The lab manual encourages students to participate in the process of science and develop creative and critical-reasoning skills.

Features and benefits

    Table of contents

    1 Scientific Investigation

    Laboratory Objectives

    Introduction

    Exercise 1.1 Questions and Hypotheses

    Exercise 1.2 Designing Experiments to Test Hypotheses

    Exercise 1.3 Designing an Experiment

    Exercise 1.4 Presenting and Analyzing Results

    Exercise 1.5 Interpreting and Communicating Results

    Reviewing Your Knowledge

    Applying Your Knowledge

    Student Media: BioFlix, Activities, Investigations, Videos, and Data Tables

    References

    Websites

     

    2 Microscopes and Cells

    Laboratory Objectives

    Introduction

    Exercise 2.1 The Compound Light Microscope

    Exercise 2.2 Basic Microscope Techniques

    Exercise 2.3 The Stereoscopic Microscope

    Exercise 2.4 The Transmission Electron Microscope

    Exercise 2.5 The Organization of Cells

    Reviewing Your Knowledge

    Applying Your Knowledge

    Investigative Extensions

    Student Media: BioFlix, Activities, Investigations, and Videos

    References

    Websites

     

    3 Diffusion and Osmosis

    Laboratory Objectives

    Introduction

    Exercise 3.1 Diffusion of Molecules

    Exercise 3.2 Osmotic Activity in Cells 

    Exercise 3.3 Investigating 0smolarity of Plant Cells

    Reviewing Your Knowledge

    Applying Your Knowledge

    Investigative Extensions

    Student Media: BioFlix, Activities, Investigations, Videos, and Data Tables

    References

    Websites

     

    4 Enzymes

    Laboratory Objectives

    Introduction

    Exercise 4.1 Experimental Method and the Action of Catechol 0xidase 90 Exercise 4.2 Inhibiting the Action of Catechol Oxidase 93

    Exercise 4.3 Influence of Enzyme Concentration, pH, and Temperature on the Activity of Amylase

    Reviewing Your Knowledge

    Applying Your Knowledge

    Investigative Extensions

    Student Media: BioFlix, Activities, Investigations, Videos, and Data Tables

    References

    Websites

     

    5 Cellular Respiration and Fermentation

    Laboratory Objectives

    Introduction

    Exercise 5.1 Alcoholic Fermentation

    Exercise 5.2 Cellular Respiration

    Exercise 5.3 Designing and Performing Your Open-Inquiry Investigation

    Reviewing Your Knowledge

    Applying Your Knowledge

    Student Media: BioFlix, Activities, Investigations, Videos, and Data Tables

    References

    Websites

     

    6 Photosynthesis

    Laboratory Objectives

    Introduction

    Exercise 6.1 The Wavelengths of Light for Photosynthesis

    Exercise 6.2 Pigments in Photosynthesis

    Exercise 6.3 Separation and Identification of Plant Pigments by Paper Chromatography

    Exercise 6.4 Determining the Absorption Spectrum for Leaf Pigments

    Reviewing Your Knowledge

    Applying Your Knowledge

    Investigative Extensions

    Student Media: BioFlix, Activities, Investigations, Videos, and Data Tables

    References

    Websites

     

    7 Mitosis and Meiosis

    Laboratory Objectives

    Introduction

    Exercise 7 .1 Modeling the Cell Cycle and Mitosis in an Animal Cell

    Exercise 7.2 Observing Mitosis and Cytokinesis in Plant Cells

    Exercise 7.3 Observing Chromosomes, Mitosis, and Cytokinesis in Animal Cells

    Exercise 7.4 Modeling Meiosis

    Exercise 7 .5 Meiosis in Sordaria fimicola: A Study of Crossing Over

    Reviewing Your Knowledge

    Applying Your Knowledge 

    Investigative Extensions

    Student Media: BioFlix, Activities, Investigations, and Videos

    References

    Websites

     

    8 Mendelian Genetics I: Fast Plants

    Laboratory Objectives

    Introduction

    Exercise 8.1 Inheritance of Anthocyanin Gene

    Exercise 8.2 Inheritance of Plant Color: Green, Yellow-Green, and Purple (Anthocyanin Present)

    Exercise 8.3 Inheritance of Variegated and Nonvariegated Leaf Color

    Reviewing Your Knowledge

    Applying Your Knowledge

    Investigative Extensions 214

    Student Media: BioFlix, Activities, Investigations, Videos, and Data Tables

    References

    Websites

     

    9 Mendelian Genetics II: Drosophila

    Laboratory Objectives

    Introduction

    Exercise 9.1 Establishing the Enzyme Reaction Controls

    Exercise 9.2 Determining the Pattern of Inheritance of the Aldox Gene

    Exercise 9.3 Determining Parental Genotypes Using Evidence from Progeny

    Exercise 9.4 Mapping Genes

    Reviewing Your Knowledge

    Applying Your Knowledge

    Investigative Extensions

    Student Media: BioFlix, Activities, Investigations, Videos, and Data Tables

    References

    Websites

     

    10 Molecular Biology

    Laboratory Objectives

    Introduction

    Exercise 10.1 Mapping DNA Using Restriction Enzymes and Electrophoresis

    Exercise 10.2 Practice Problem for Mapping DNA

    Reviewing Your Knowledge

    Applying Your Knowledge

    Investigative Extensions

    Student Media: BioFlix, Activities, Investigations, and Videos

    References

    Websites

     

    11 Population Genetics: The Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium

    Laboratory Objectives

    Introduction

    Exercise 11.1 Testing Hardy-Weinberg EqÀũliÀǴium Using a Bead Model

    Exercise 11.2 Simulation of Evolutionary Change Using the Bead Model

    Exercise 11.3 Open-Inquiry Computer Simulation of Evolution

    Reviewing Your Knowledge

    Applying Your Knowledge

    Investigative Extensions

    Student Media: BioFlix, Activities, Investigations, Videos, and Data Tables

    References

    Websites

     

    12 Bacteriology

    Laboratory Objectives

    Introduction

    Exercise 12.1 Investigating Characteristics of Bacteria

    Exercise 12.2 Ecological Succession of Bacteria in Milk

    Exercise 12.3 Bacteria in the Environment

    Exercise 12.4 Controlling the Growth of Bacteria

    Reviewing Your Knowledge

    Applying Your Knowledge

    Investigative Extensions

    Student Media: BioFlix, Activities, Investigations, and Videos

    References

    Websites

     

    13 Protists  

    Laboratory Objectives

    Introduction

    Exercise 13.1 Supergroup Excavata

    Exercise 13.2 Supergroup •sAR•  

    Exercise 13.3 Supergroup Unikonta

    Exercise 13.4 Supergroup Archaeplastida

    Exercise 13.5 Designing and Performing an Open-Inquiry Investigation   

    Reviewing Your Knowleqge    

    Applying Your Knowledge      

    Student Media: BioFlix, Activities, Investigations, and Videos  

    References

    Websites

     

    14 Plant Diversity I: Bryophytes (Nonvascular Plants) and Seedless Vascular Plants

    Laboratory Objectives

    Introduction

    Exercise 14.1 Bryophytes (Nonvascular Plants)

    Exercise 14.2 Seedless Vascular Plants

    Reviewing Your Knowledge    

    Applying Your Knowledge      

    Student Media: BioFlix, Activities, Investigations, and Videos  

    References

    Websites

     

    15 Plant Diversity II: Seed Plants

    Laboratory Objectives         

    Exercise 15.1 Gymnosperms

    Exercise 15.2 Angiosperms 

    Reviewing Your Knowledge    

    Applying Your Knowledge      

    Investigative Extension

    Student Media: BioFlix, Activities, Investigations, and Videos  

    References

    Websites

     

    16 Bioinformatics: Molecular Phylogeny of Plants

    Exercise 16.1 Establishing Molecular Phylogenetic Relationships Among Rubisco Large Subunit Genes

    Exercise 16.2 Analyzing Phylogenetic Trees and Reporting Results

    Reviewing Your Knowledge    

    Applying Your Knowledge      

    Investigative Extension

    Student Media: BioFlix, Activities, Investigations, and Videos  

    References

    Websites

     

    17 The Kingdom Fungi

    Laboratory Objectives 

    Introduction

    Exercise 17.1 A Survey of Major Fungal Groups

    Exercise 17.2 Designing and Performing an Open-Inquiry Investigation

    Reviewing Your Knowledge

    Applying Your Knowledge

    Student Media: BioFlix, Activities, Investigations, and Videos

    References

    Websites  


    18 Animal Diversity I: Porifera, Cnidaria, Platyhelminthes, Mollusca, and Annelida

    Laboratory Objectives 

    Introduction

    Exercise 18.1 Phylum Porifera- Sponges(Scypha)

    Exercise 18.2 Phylum Cnidaria-Hydras (Hydra)

    Exercise 18.3 Phylum Pla tyhelminthes- Planarians(Dugesia)

    Exercise 18.4 Phylum Mollusca-Clams

    Exercise 18.5 Phylum Annelida-Clamworms (Nereis) and Earthworms (Lumbricus terrestris)

    Reviewing Your Knowledge    

    Applying Your Knowledge      

    Investigative Extension

    Student Media: BioFlix, Activities, Investigations, and Videos  

    References

    Websites

     

    19 Animal Diversity II: Nematoda, Arthropoda, Echinodermata, and Chordata

    Exercise 19.1 Phylum Nematoda-Roundworms (Ascaris)

    Exercise 19.2 Phylum Arthropoda

    Exercise 19.3 Phylum Echinodermata- Sea Star

    Exercise 19.4  Phylum Chordata

    Reviewing Your Knowledge    

    Applying Your Knowledge      

    Investigative Extension

    Student Media: BioFlix, Activities, Investigations, and Videos  

    References

    Websites

     

    20 Plant Anatomy

    Laboratory Objectives 

    Introduction

    Exercise 20.1 Plant Morphology

    Exercise 20.2 Plant Primary Growth and Development

    Exercise 20.3 Cell Structure of Primary Tissues

    Exercise 20.4 Structure of Tissues Produced by Secondary Growth

    Exercise 20.5 Grocery Store Botany: Modifications of Plant Organs

    Reviewing Your Knowledge    

    Applying Your Knowledge      

    Investigative Extension

    Student Media: BioFlix, Activities, Investigations, and Videos  

    References

    Websites

     

    21 Plant Growth

    Laboratory Objectives 

    Introduction

    Exercise 21.1 Factors Influencing Seed Germination

    Exercise 21.2 Plant Growth Regulators: Auxin

    Exercise 21.3 Plant Growth Regulators: Gibberellins

    Exercise 21.4 Designing and Performing an Open-Inquiry Investigation

    Reviewing Your Knowledge    

    Applying Your Knowledge      

    Student Media: BioFlix, Activities, Investigations, and Videos  

    References

    Websites

     

    22 Vertebrate Anatomy I: The Skin and Digestive System

    Laboratory Objectives 

    Introduction

    Exercise 22.1 Histology of the Skin

    Exercise 22.2 Introduction to the Fetal Pig

    Exercise 22.3 The Digest ive System in the Fetal Pig

    Reviewing Your Knowledge    

    Applying Your Knowledge      

    Case Study

    Student Media: BioFlix, Activities, Investigations, and Videos  

    References

    Websites

     

    23 Vertebrate Anatomy II: The Circulatory and Respiratory Systems

    Laboratory Objectives 

    Introduction

    Exercise 23.1 Glands and Respiratory Structures of the Neck and Thoracic Cavity

    Exercise 23.2 The Heart and the Pulmonary Blood Circuit

    Exercise 23.3 The Heart and the Systemic Circuit in the Thorax

    Exercise 23.4 The Systemic Circuit in the Abdominal Cavity

    Exercise 23.5 Blood

    Exercise 23.6 Fetal Pig Circulation

    Exercise 23.7 Details of the Respiratory System

    Reviewing Your Knowledge    

    Applying Your Knowledge      

    Case Studies

    Student Media: BioFlix, Activities, Investigations, and Videos  

    References

    Websites

     

    24 Vertebrate Anatomy Ill: The Excretory Reproductive, and Nervous Systems

    Laboratory Objectives 

    Introduction

    Exercise 24.1 The Excretory System

    Exercise 24.2 The Reproductive System

    Exercise 24.3 Nervous Tissue, the Spinal Cord and Reflex Arc, the Sheep Brain, and the Vertebrate Eye

    Reviewing Your Knowledge    

    Applying Your Knowledge      

    Case Studies

    Student Media: BioFlix, Activities, Investigations, and Videos  

    References

    Websites

     

    25 Animal Development

    Laboratory Objectives 

    Introduction

    Exercise 25.1 Development in Echinoderms: Sea Urchin and Sea Star

    Exercise 25.2 Development in an Amphibian

    Exercise 25.3 Development in the Zebraflsh

    Exercise 25.4 Development in a Bird: The Chicken

    Reviewing Your Knowledge    

    Applying Your Knowledge      

    Investigative Extensions

    Student Media: BioFlix, Activities, Investigations, and Videos  

    References

    Websites

     

    26 Animal Behavior

    Laboratory Objectives 

    Introduction

    Exercise 26.1 Taxis in Brine Shrimp

    Exercise 26.2 Kinesis in Pill Bugs

    Exercise 26.3 Agonistic Display in Male Siamese Fighting Fish

    Exercise 26.4 Reproductive Behavior in Fruit Flies

    Exercise 26.5 Designing and Performing Your Open-Inquiry Investigation

    Reviewing Your Knowledge    

    Applying Your Knowledge      

    Student Media: BioFlix, Activities, Investigations, and Videos  

    References

    Websites

     

    27 Ecology I: Terrestrial Eco logy

    Laboratory Objectives 

    Introduction

    Exercise 27.1 Biotic Components

    Exercise 27.2 Ablotic Components

    Exercise 27.3 Data Analysis

    Reviewing Your Knowledge    

    Applying Your Knowledge      

    Optional Exercise: Investigating Weedy Fields

    Student Media: BioFlix, Activities, Investigations, Videos, and Data Tables

    References

    Websites

     

    28 Ecology II: Computer Simulations of a Pond Ecosystem

    Laboratory Objectives 

    Introduction

    Exercise 28.1 Computer Model of the Pond Ecosystem

    Exercise 28.2 Investigating the Effects of Disturbance on the Pond Ecosystem

    Reviewing Your Knowledge    

    Applying Your Knowledge      

    Investigative Extensions

    Student Media: BioFlix, Activities, Investigations, and Videos  

    References

    Websites

     

    Appendix A Scientific Writing  and Communication

    Appendix B The Metric System

    Appendix C Instrumentation and Techniques

    Appendix D Chi-Square Test

    Appendix C Terminology and Techniques for Dissection

     

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