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Laboratory Manual in Physical Geology, 12th edition

  • AGI American Geological Institute
  • NAGT National Association of Geoscience Teachers
  • Vincent Cronin
  • Dennis G. Tasa
Modified Mastering Geology with Pearson eText -- Instant Access -- for Laboratory Manual in Physical Geology

ISBN-13: 9780135870297

  • Mastering
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12th edition

Published by Pearson (May 9th 2020) - Copyright © 2021

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Build 21st century skills with new 3D media experiences

Laboratory Manual in Physical Geology offers an inquiry and activities-based approach that builds skills and gives students a complete learning experience in the lab. This user-friendly lab manual examines the basic processes of geology and their applications to everyday life, featuring an exceptional illustration program by Dennis Tasa and contributions from over 200 highly regarded geologists and geoscience educators. 


With the 12th Edition, lead author Vince Cronin and the newly formed NAGT editorial panel deliver the latest data and science, including new climate/environmental change and hazards/disasters lab activities.


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Table of contents

Laboratory 1

Filling Your Geoscience Toolbox

ACTIVITY 1.1 A View of Earth from Above

ACTIVITY 1.2 Finding Latitude and Longitude or UTM Coordinates of a Point

ACTIVITY 1.3 Plotting a Point on a Map Using UTM Coordinates

ACTIVITY 1.4 Scaling, Density, and Earth’s Deep Interior

ACTIVITY 1.5 Investigating Earth’s Highs and Lows

ACTIVITY 1.6 Unit Conversions, Scientific Notation, and Rates

ACTIVITY 1.7 Graphing and Interpreting Data


Laboratory 2

Plate Tectonics

ACTIVITY 2.1 Plate Motion from Different Frames of Reference

ACTIVITY 2.2 Plate Motion and the San Andreas Fault

ACTIVITY 2.3 Measuring Plate Motion Using GPS

ACTIVITY 2.4 Hotspots and Plate Motions

ACTIVITY 2.5 How Earth’s Materials Deform

ACTIVITY 2.6 Paleomagnetic Stripes and Seafloor Spreading

ACTIVITY 2.7 Atlantic Seafloor Spreading

ACTIVITY 2.8 Using Earthquakes to Identify Plate Boundaries


Laboratory 3

Mineral Properties, Identification, and Uses

ACTIVITY 3.1 Mineral Luster, Diaphaneity, Streak, and Color

ACTIVITY 3.2 Mineral Shape

ACTIVITY 3.3 Determining the Relative Hardness of a Mineral

ACTIVITY 3.4 Determining Specific Gravity

ACTIVITY 3.5 Mineral Analysis, Identification, and Uses

ACTIVITY 3.6 The Mineral Dependency Crisis

ACTIVITY 3.7 Urban Ore


Laboratory 4

Rock-Forming Processes and the Rock Cycle

ACTIVITY 4.1 Rock and the Rock Cycle

ACTIVITY 4.2 Rock Inquiry

ACTIVITY 4.3 What Are Rocks Made Of?

ACTIVITY 4.4 Rock-Forming Minerals

ACTIVITY 4.5 What Are Rock Texture and Fabric?


Laboratory 5

Igneous Rocks and Processes

ACTIVITY 5.1 Igneous Textures

ACTIVITY 5.2 Investigating Mineral Grain Size in Igneous Rock

ACTIVITY 5.3 Glassy and Vesicular Textures of Igneous Rock

ACTIVITY 5.4 Minerals That Form Igneous Rocks

ACTIVITY 5.5 Estimate the Percentage of Mafic Minerals

ACTIVITY 5.6 Estimate Mineral Composition of a Phaneritic Rock by Point Counting

ACTIVITY 5.7 Analysis and Interpretation of Igneous Rock

ACTIVITY 5.8 Tectonic Setting of Some Major Volcanic Rock Types

ACTIVITY 5.9 Geologic History of Southeastern Pennsylvania


Laboratory 6

Sedimentary Processes, Rocks, and Environments

ACTIVITY 6.1 Clastic Sediment

ACTIVITY 6.2 Bioclastic Sediment and Coal

ACTIVITY 6.3 Sedimentary Rock Inquiry

ACTIVITY 6.4 Sediment from Source to Sink

ACTIVITY 6.5 Sediment Analysis, Classification, and Interpretation

ACTIVITY 6.6 Hand Sample Analysis and Interpretation

ACTIVITY 6.7 Grand Canyon Outcrop Analysis and Interpretation

ACTIVITY 6.8 Using the Present to Imagine the Past—Dogs to Dinosaurs

ACTIVITY 6.9 Using the Present to Imagine the Past—Cape Cod to Kansas


Laboratory 7

Metamorphic Rocks, Processes, and Resources

ACTIVITY 7.1 Metamorphic Rock Inquiry

ACTIVITY 7.2 Minerals in Metamorphic Rock

ACTIVITY 7.3 Metamorphic Rock Analysis and Interpretation

ACTIVITY 7.4 Hand Sample Analysis, Classification, and Origin

ACTIVITY 7.5 Metamorphic Grades and Facies


Laboratory 8

Dating of Rocks, Fossils, and Geologic Events

ACTIVITY 8.1 Geologic Inquiry for Relative Dating

ACTIVITY 8.2 Determining Sequence of Events in Geologic Cross-Sections

ACTIVITY 8.3 Using Fossils to Date Rocks and Events

ACTIVITY 8.4 Numerical Dating of Rocks and Fossils

ACTIVITY 8.5 Infer Geologic History from a New Mexico Outcrop

ACTIVITY 8.6 Investigating a Natural Cross-Section in the Grand Canyon


Laboratory 9

Topographic Maps

ACTIVITY 9.1 Map and Google Earth Inquiry

ACTIVITY 9.2 Map Locations, Distances, Directions, and Symbols

ACTIVITY 9.3 Topographic Map Construction

ACTIVITY 9.4 Topographic Map and Orthoimage Interpretation

ACTIVITY 9.5 Relief and Gradient (Slope) Analysis

ACTIVITY 9.6 Topographic Profile Construction


Laboratory 10

Geologic Structures, Maps, and Block Diagrams

ACTIVITY 10.1 Map Contacts and Formations

ACTIVITY 10.2 Geologic Structures Inquiry

ACTIVITY 10.3 Fault Analysis Using Orthoimages

ACTIVITY 10.4 Appalachian Mountains Geologic Map

ACTIVITY 10.5 Cardboard Model Analysis and Interpretation

ACTIVITY 10.6 Block Diagram Analysis and Interpretation


Laboratory 11

Earthquake Hazards and Human Risks

ACTIVITY 11.1 Earthquake Hazards Inquiry

ACTIVITY 11.2 How Seismic Waves Travel Through Earth

ACTIVITY 11.3 Locate the Epicenter of an Earthquake

ACTIVITY 11.4 San Andreas Fault Analysis at Wallace Creek

ACTIVITY 11.5 New Madrid Seismic Zone


Laboratory 12

Stream Processes, Geomorphology, and Hazards

ACTIVITY 12.1 Streamer Inquiry

ACTIVITY 12.2 Introduction to Stream Processes and Landscapes

ACTIVITY 12.3 A Mountain Stream

ACTIVITY 12.4 Escarpments and Stream Terraces

ACTIVITY 12.5 Meander Evolution on the Rio Grande

ACTIVITY 12.6 Retreat of Niagara Falls

ACTIVITY 12.7 Flood Hazard Mapping, Assessment, and Risk


Laboratory 13

Groundwater Processes, Resources, and Risks

ACTIVITY 13.1 Groundwater Inquiry

ACTIVITY 13.2 Where Is the Nasty Stuff Going?

ACTIVITY 13.3 Using Data to Map the Flow of Groundwater

ACTIVITY 13.4 Karst Processes and Topography

ACTIVITY 13.5 Floridan Aquifer System

ACTIVITY 13.6 Land Subsidence from Groundwater Withdrawal


Laboratory 14

Glaciers and the Dynamic Cryosphere

ACTIVITY 14.1 The Cryosphere and Sea Ice

ACTIVITY 14.2 Mountain Glaciers and Glacial Landforms

ACTIVITY 14.3 Nisqually Glacier Response to Climate Change

ACTIVITY 14.4 Glacier National Park Investigation

ACTIVITY 14.5 Some Effects of Continental Glaciation


Laboratory 15

Desert Landforms, Hazards, and Risks

ACTIVITY 15.1 Dryland Inquiry

ACTIVITY 15.2 Sand Seas of Nebraska and the Arabian Peninsula

ACTIVITY 15.3 Dryland Lakes of Utah

ACTIVITY 15.4 Death Valley, California


Laboratory 16

Coastal Processes, Landforms, Hazards, and Risks

ACTIVITY 16.1 Coastline Inquiry

ACTIVITY 16.2 Introduction to Coastlines

ACTIVITY 16.3 Coastline Modification at Ocean City, Maryland

ACTIVITY 16.4 The Threat of Rising Seas


Laboratory 17

Earth’s Dynamic Climate

ACTIVITY 17.1 How Does Rising Temperature Affect Sea Level?

ACTIVITY 17.2 Melting Ice and Rising Sea Level

ACTIVITY 17.3 Using Tide Gauge Data to Model Sea-Level Change

ACTIVITY 17.4 Carbon Dioxide in the Atmosphere

ACTIVITY 17.5 The Climate Record from Cores

ACTIVITY 17.6 Local Effects of Sea-Level Rise

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